VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

a female conqueror; in triumph, 7.544; as adj., victorious, 3.54. (vincō)

2

a living; nourishment, sustenance, food, 1.214. (vīvō)

4

to see or perceive, in all senses of the words, freq.; see to it, look to it; determine, 10.744; (pass.), vidērī, to be seen, 2.461, et al.; to seem, appear, 1.396, et al.; (impers.), vidētur, vīsum est, it seems to one, seems good, proper, is the will of; one thinks, judges, 2.428, et al.

214

to bereave, with acc. and abl., 8.571. (viduus)

1

to be active, lively, vigorous; to flourish, be strong, 2.88; excel, 4.175.

2

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

2

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

4

n., to be awake, watch, 10.228; wake up, awake, 4.573; a., to watch against, look out for, guard against; p., vigilāns, antis, watchful, 5.438. (vigil)

5

(num. adj. indecl.), twenty, 1.634.

2

activity, force, vigor, energy, 6.730. (vigeō)

2

(adj.), of small value; cheap, worthless, insignificant, base, inferior, 11.372.

1

adj. (villus), shaggy, hairy, 8.177.

2

shaggy hair, 5.352; nap, 1.702.

2

a flexible twig; osier, sprout, shoot, sprig, stem, 3.31.

3

to bind, 11.81; bind round, 1.337; wreathe, bind round, 12.120.

4

a., to conquer, 1.529, et al.; slay, 10.842; overcome, overpower, overwhelm, 1.122; dispel, 1.727; win, possess, 6.148; persuade, 2.699; n., to be victorious, gain the victory, conquer, 11.712.

59

that which serves for binding; a chain, 6.395; fetter, bond, 1.54; a rope, cable, 1.168; 2.236; cord, 5.510; a halter, 11.492; morally, a bond, tie, 4.16; pl., vincula or vincla, ōrum, n., gauntlets, 5.408; a sandal, 4.518; (fig.), constraint, compulsion, 7.203. (vinciō)

22

to claim or get by legal process; claim; rescue, save, 4.228. (vindex, defender)

1

wine, 1.195, et al.

20

a violet, 11.69.

1

adj. (violō), that may be violated; violable; nōn violābile, inviolable, 2.154.

1

violence, 11.354; fierceness, impetuosity, fire, passion, fury, rage, 12.9. (violentus)

4

adj. (vīs), having much or excessive force; violent, impetuous, 6.356.

2

to exercise force upon; hurt, wound, 11.277; break, 7.114; devastate, 11.255; desecrate, profane, 2.189; stain, 12.67. (vīs)

9

adj. (vīpera, viper), pertaining to vipers or snakes; viperous, snaky, 6.281.

3

a man as distinguished by sex, 9.479, and freq.; husband, 2.744; hero, 6.415; pl., virī, ōrum, comrades, friends, 2.668; citizens, 1.264; people in general, 1.532.

170

a woman of masculine spirit; a heroine, warlike maid, 12.468. (cf. vir)

1

a Latin hero, son of Hippolytus and Aricia, 7.762.

2

a green or grassy spot; a lawn or meadow, 6.638. (vireō)

1

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1

a twig, bough, branch, 6.144; a wand (the caduceus of Mercury), 4.242. (vireō)

5

adj. (virga), made of twigs; of basketwork; checkered or striped; plaid-, 8.660.

1

adj. (virga), of twigs, rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7.463.

1

adj. (virgō), pertaining to a virgin; of a virgin, of virgins; a maiden's, 11.68; maiden-, virgin-, 2.168.

5

virginity, 12.141. (virgo)

3

a maiden, virgin, freq.; virgin daughter, 2.403; virgin child, 11.565; the transformed virgin, Io, 7.791.

47

(used only in the plural) a growth of brambles; a thicket, grove, 12.522; shrubs, 3.23; shoots or sprigs, 12.207. (virga)

6

green, grassy, verdant, 5.388; mossy, 8.630. (viridō)

2

adj. (vireō), verdant, green, 3.24; green wood-, 7.677; fresh, blooming, 5.295; vigorous, 6.304.

15

to be green, verdant. (viridis)

1

adj. (vir), pertaining to a man; male, 7.50; manly, 3.342; of manhood, 9.311.

3

manhood; valor, courage, 2.367, et al.; prowess, 1.566; moral worth, virtue, 5.344; greatness, glory, 6.806; heroism, 4.3; heroic effort, struggle, 12.913. (vir)

38

strength, force; persistence, industry, force, power, 2.452; keenness of scent, 4.132; might, 7.432; violence, fury, 1.69; hurt, injury, 3.242; pl., vīrēs, ium, physical power, strength, 2.639; military strength, power, resources, 2.170; natural power, 7.258; personal power, influence, 8.404.

110

the mistletoe, 6.205.

1

an inner part of the body; pl., vīscera, um, the entrails, vitals, 6.599; the flesh, 1.211; heart, bosom, 6.833.

12

to look at much; look at carefully, observe, see, 2.63; visit, 8.157. (videō)

2

anything seen; a vision, 3.172; portent, prodigy, 4.456. (videō)

1

a seeing; vision, sight, 4.277; a phenomenon, spectacle, appearance, sight, 2.212; aspect, 11.271; prodigy, 3.36. (videō)

12

life, 2.92; of society or nations, 6.663; the living spirit, a soul or spirit, 4.705. (vīvō)

49

adj. (vīta), pertaining to life; essential to life, vital, 1.388.

1

a vine-planter, 7.179. (vītis, a vine, and 1. serō)

1

to shun, avoid, 2.433.

2

adj. (vitrum), of or like glass, clear, shining, crystal, 7.759.

1

a fillet, band, or chaplet for the head, especially for religious occasions, 5.366, et al.

18

a young bullock, steer, calf, 5.772.

1

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

2

adj. (vīvō), full of life; lively, vigorous, ardent, 5.754; quick, swift, 12.753.

4

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

16

adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

10

adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

3

(adv.), hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, 5.263, and freq.

39

to take revenge for, to avenge, 2.576.

4

Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

14

(adj.), any, any one, in clauses expressing or implying a negative; (subst., m.), any one, any, 1.440, et al. (for ūnulus from ūnus)

49

an elm tree, elm, 6.283.

1

(adj.), that is beyond; farther, 6.314; (adv.), ulterius, farther, 12.806; superl., ultimus, a, um.

1

the end, goal, 5.317; the last, the final hour; the end, 2.446. (ulterior)

2

(of space), the farthest, uttermost; remotest, utmost, 4.481; (of time), the last, 2.248; the remotest, 7.49; (of order), the last, 5.347; (of quality), worst, most humiliating, most degrading, 4.537. (superl. of ulterior)

12

an avenger, 2.96; translated adjectively, avenging, 6.818. (ulcīscor)

6

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

7

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

1

adj. (ulcīscor), avenging, 2.587.

6

(adv.), to the farther side; furthermore, over and above, moreover, 2.145, et al.; even, 9.127; beyond the limit of necessity; uncompelled, unasked, unimpelled; apart from all external influences, of one's self, of one's own accord or motion, voluntarily, willingly; unprompted by any words on another's part, first, 2.372; 4.304; unaddressed, 10.606; promptly, 10.282; impetuously, 12.3. (cf. ulterior)

26

water-grass, sedge, 2.135.

2

a yelling, howling, 7.395; wailing, shrieking, 4.667. (ululō)

4

to howl, 6.257; wail, shriek, 4.168; to utter wild cries of triumph, 11.662; shriek the name of; invoke with cries, 4.609.

6

(adj.), Umbrian; subst., Umber, brī, m., an Umbrian dog or hound, 12.753.

1

the boss of a shield, 2.546; a shield, 7.633.

5

shade, shadow, 1.165, et al.; darkness, night, 2.693, et al.; a shade of doubt, 12.669; the shade of the dead, freq.; a ghost, 4.386; a phantom, 10.636; pl., umbrae, ārum, the Manes, shades, 3.638; freq.; sub umbrās, to the abode of the dead, 4.660.

69

adj. (umbra and ferō), shady, 6.473.

1

to shade, 6.772; (pass.), to be thrown into shadow; to be darkened, grow dark, 3.508. (umbra)

2

a soothsayer of the Marsi, 7.752.

2

adj. (umbra), shady; dark, shadowy, 8.242.

2

(adv.), even at any time, ever, 6.770; at all, 12.649.

11

(adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

24

adj. (ūnus and animus), of one mind or heart; sympathizing, loving, 4.8; with one heart, 12.264.

3

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

1

(adj.), hooked, crooked, 1.169; talon-shaped, hooked, 3.217.

8

a wave, billow, 1.161; freq.; the sea, 3.202; water, river, stream, 9.22.

109

(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

19

(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

7

(adv.), from or on every side or all sides; all around, everywhere, 3.193, et al. (unde and -que)

35

to rise in waves; of flame, smoke, dust, etc., surge, 2.609; overflow, stream forth, burst forth, gush, 10.908; boil, seethe, 6.218; of lines or reins, hang free, flow, 5.146. (unda)

7

adj. (unda), billowy, stormy, 4.313; sea-washed, 3.693.

2

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

3

a finger-nail, 4.673; talon, 12.255; claw, 5.352; in unguem, (polished) to the nail.

7

a hoof, 8.596. (unguis)

4

(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

5

(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

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