VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

the Greeks, 2.327.

45

adj. (coniūnctus), all taken together; all in a body; all, the whole, 1.154.

45

to demand, require, 11.901; 1.414; ask, inquire, 3.59; request, call, ask for, 1.728; seek, summon, 10.661; entreat, supplicate, 1.666; claim, 5.342; w. two accusatives, 4.50.

45

a ship, 1.120.

46

to will, wish, desire, intend, purpose, freq.; followed by the infin., with or without subject acc., by the subj., or by a noun in the acc.; wish, desire, 2.104, et al.; of the gods, order, decree, 5.50, et al.; be willing, 1.733; think of, intend, mean; of things, to signify, mean, 6.318.

46

(adj.), below, lower; comp., īnferior, ius, lower; less distinguished, inferior, 6.170; superl., īnfimus or īmus, a, um, lowest, deepest, 2.419; inmost, 2.120; below, 4.387; lowest part, bottom of, 3.39; ex īmō, from the foundation, 2.625; īma, ōrum, n., depths.

46

a leader, guide, head, 1.364; chief, captain, commander, 2.261; groom (others, a pilot), 3.470. (dūcō)

46

(adj.), empty, void, wild, waste, 9.323; vast, unbounded, 1.118; huge, enormous, immense, 3.647; deep-, vast-, sounding, 1.245.

46

(num. adj. pron., indecl.), so many, 4.182, et al.

46

to tear or pull away, freq.; w. the object from which in abl., w. prep. or without a prep.; or in the dat.; unsheath; draw, 4.579; snatch, 10.788; catch, 7.119; take away, 2.736; rescue, 1.596; bear safely, 2.665; hasten, 2.619; imperat., away! 3.560; (pass.), ēripī, escape, 12.948; ēripere sē, hasten, fly, 12.917. (ex and rapiō)

46

hope, expectation, prospect, freq.

46

to speak; to say “yes”; say, 1.142, et al.; sometimes pleonastic after fārī, etc., 5.551. (If the i in this verb is followed by a consonant, the a is short; as aīs, aīt; otherwise i coalesces with the following vowel; as āiō, pronounced ā-yō.)

46

(adv.), at a long distance, far; far off, remote, 1.252; from afar, 3.556; far out, or forward, 11.606; in a long train, 11.94; longē esse, to be far away; (fig.), to be unavailing, 12.52; comp., longius, farther; too far, 5.461.

47

the Rutulians, an ancient tribe of Latium dwelling south of the Tiber, 1.266, et al.

47

a falling; close; fall, destruction, 2.507; fortune, chance, fate, 1.615; event, 8.533; hardship, misfortune, 1.599; danger, peril, 2.563; juncture, crisis, 4.560; fate, death, 5.869. (cadō)

47

to die, perish, 2.353, et al.; fut. p., moritūrus, a, um, destined to die, 12.55; resolved to die, 4.519.

47

to distinguish; discern, perceive, see, behold, 1.413; freq., descry, 3.552; for dēcernere, to contend, decide, 12.709. (rel. to κρίνω, decide)

47

light, 1.306, and freq.; day or hour, 2.668; life, 4.631; the upper world as opposed to Hades; flame, 12.115; mental light, 12.669; metaph., glory, light, 2.281; lūce, in the light, by day, 9.153. (cf. lūceō)

47

a maiden, virgin, freq.; virgin daughter, 2.403; virgin child, 11.565; the transformed virgin, Io, 7.791.

47

to use the mouth in utterance; to speak, 7.446; w. acc., argue, plead, 6.849; beg, pray, implore, entreat, beseech, 1.525; ask, pray, beg for, 4.451; w. two acc., 11.111; w. subj., 6.76; w. inf., 6.313. (1. ōs)

47

(adj.), set apart, consecrated, holy, sacred, 2.167, et al.; consecrated to, priest of, 6.484; devoted to the infernal gods; damned, accursed, 5.57.

47

to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

47

(adj.), vast, huge, immense, 1.110; wild, savage, barbarous, 1.616; cruel, ruthless, 1.347; unnatural, monstrous, hideous, 6.624; (adv.), immāne, wildly, fiercely, 12.535.

47

to raise, prick up, 4.183; rise, spring up, arise, 3.513, et al.; as an enemy, 10.28; to swell, 9.30; to tower up, 10.725; increase, grow, rise, 4.274; impend, threaten, 4.43. Cf. subrigō. (sub and regō)

47

son of Capys and Themis, and father of Aeneas by Venus, 2.687, et al.

48

(adj.), unlucky; unfortunate, luckless, unhappy, 1.475, et al.; sad, miserable, 2.772; of ill omen, ill-starred, ill-boding, fatal, 2.245; unfruitful.

48

(prep. w. abl.), before, in front of, 12.661; on the front of an elevated place; on, 9.575; in defense of, 8.653; on account of, for the sake of, 6.821; in place of, instead of, for, 1.659; for, in return for, 3.604; in preference to, 5.483; prō sē, according to his strength, 5.501.

48

a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

49

the earth, 6.140; ground, soil, earth, 1.358; land, 1.171; a land (of an island), 1.34; a country, territory, state, kingdom, 11.245; personified, Tellūs, the goddess Tellus or Earth, 4.166.

49

to pour; freq., pour in, 12.417; pour forth, 2.329; discharge, 11.610; shed, 3.348; emit, 2.684; put forth, 12.207; bear, 8.139; disperse, rout, defeat, 2.421; prostrate, slay, 1.193; utter, 3.344; (pass.), fundī, to spread, gather, crowd, 3.635; to assemble, swarm, 6.709; p., fūsus, a, um, lying extended, stretched out; expended, thrown away, 7.421; flowing, 10.137; overspread, 10.838; fundī circum, to encompass, encircle, 12.433.

49

(adj.), new, freq.; recent, fresh, 2.98; unusual, strange, unknown, 1.307; superl., novissimus, a, um, last, 4.650.

49

(adj.), any, any one, in clauses expressing or implying a negative; (subst., m.), any one, any, 1.440, et al. (for ūnulus from ūnus)

49

life, 2.92; of society or nations, 6.663; the living spirit, a soul or spirit, 4.705. (vīvō)

49

to go or come under, into, or up to; alone, or with acc. and prep., or with dat.; without a case, come up, 2.216; go under, bend, stoop down under, 10.522; come after; follow, 2.725; take one's place, 12.471; enter, 1.171; come into or upon the mind, suggest itself, occur, 2.560; with acc. and prep., go, advance towards, 8.359; with dat., come or go up to, down to, into, 5.203; succeed to, 5.176; come after, follow, 10.371; with acc., approach, enter, 1.400; go under a burden, bear, with abl. of instrument, 2.708; go under the yoke, draw, 3.113; enter the mind of, strike, occur to, 9.757; approach, reach, 3.512; approach, 7.22; meet, encounter, 10.798; attack, 9.344.

49

turned toward or against; before, in front, opposite, 1.166; opposing, 3.38; against the wind, 12.370; contrary, 2.416; toward, to meet, 6.684; (subst.), adversus, ī, m., an enemy, 9.761; adversum, ī, n.; in adversum, opposite, 8.237; pl., adversa, ōrum, n., misfortunes, accidents, 9.172.

50

(adv.), far off, at a distance, 2.42; far hence, away, 6.258; from a distance, from far, 10.401; high, aloft, 5.642.

50

a margin, border, 12.924; coast, shore, 3.396; region, 2.91; rim, extremity, 10.477; pl., outline, compass, 9.528.

50

a camp, 2.462; fleet, 4.604; naval camp, station, 3.519; hive, 12.589. (sing., castrum, ī, n., castle, fort)

50

a breeze or breath of air; the air; wind or blast of the bellows, 8.403; breath, 9.580; breath of life, the soul, spirit, life, 1.98; life-blood, 10.908; soul, 9.580; the soul of the dead, shade, manes, 5.81; the spirit or soul not yet inhabiting its destined body, 6.720.

50

to take with the hand, freq.; seize, 2.314; (fig.), conquer, 9.267; occupy, 1.396; catch, captivate, deceive, charm, allure, receive, accept, 3.488; enter upon, celebrate, 7.403; contain, 7.466; confine, 9.644; p., subst., captus, ī, m., a prisoner, captive, 2.64.

50

(num. adj., superl. of prior), first in space, time, order, degree, or dignity (usually referring to three or more); first, foremost, 5.151; front, fore-, 5.566; nearest, 2.32; first part of, 1.541; edge, border, outskirt of, 9.244; chief, 9.785; earliest, first, 1.345; for the first time, 11.573; as an adv., 1.442; 6.810, et al.; in the earliest times, 1.1; prīma proelia, the beginning of battle, 12.103; subst., prīmum, ī, n., the chief concern, affair, work, 8.408; prīmī, ōrum, m., foremost, first, 2.494; prīma, ōrum, n., the first place, front, van, 10.157; first prize, 5.194; adv., prīmum, first, 2.375; ut prīmum, as soon as, 1.306; prīmō, at first, in the beginning, 4.176; in prīmīs, or imprīmīs, especially, chiefly, 1.303.

50

to set in motion; to move, freq.; to wield, 8.565; break up, 3.519; shake, 3.91; remove, 5.349; take away, 3.700; (fig.), affect, move, 1.714; influence, persuade, 3.187; excite, arouse, stir up, raise, 2.96; inspire, 7.641; disturb, trouble, 6.399; revolve, meditate, 3.34; unfold, rehearse, declare, 1.262; open up, enter upon, 7.45; sīgna movēre, break up the camp, march, advance; arma movēre, to get ready for battle, 12.16.

51

the back of men or animals, 1.296, et al.; the stern of a ship, 5.168; skin, hide, 1.211; gauntlet, hide, 5.403; form, frame, body, 2.231; carcass, body, 1.635; length, long body, 2.208; a layer, plate, 10.482; pl., terga, ōrum, members, frame, 6.422; gauntlets, 5.419; ā tergō, behind, 1.186; in tergum, to the rear, 11.653; vertere or dare terga, to run away, retreat, 6.491; 9.794.

51

a chariot, car, 1.156; a chariot team, chariot horses, 7.163; pl. for the sing., 10.574. (currō)

51

a boy, 1.267; youth, 1.475; son, child, boy, 4.94; infant, 8.632.

52

to seek, search, look for, 1.380; inquire, ask, demand, 1.370; ask as a gift, 4.647; desire, 7.449; miss, 10.395.

52

the upper air; ether, sky, heaven, 1.90; in a general sense, air, 1.587, et al.

52

a citadel, stronghold, fortress, tower, 2.56, et al.; high abode, heaven, 1.250; a summit, height, 1.56; mountain, hill, 6.783; palace, 4.410. (arceō)

52

a fleeing; a flight, 1.137; escape, 11.815; speed, 1.317; voyage, 3.190; personif., 9.719; ēripere, agitāre fugam, to hasten one’s flight, 2.619, 640; dare fugam, w. dat., to yield, i.e. take flight, 12.367. (fugiō)

53

a comrade; companion, 2.294; friend, follower, 2.796; attendant, 4.664; ally, confederate, 2.181; guide, 6.292; guardian, tutor, 9.649. (com- and eō)

53

to be near or by; to be present, at hand, or here, 1.595; to have arrived, 2.132; to be with, attend, 2.701; aid, accompany, 10.547; be propitious, 3.116; to beset, 2.330; inf., adfore, to be about to come, destined to come, 7.270. (imp. subj., adforem, -ēs, -et, -ent)

53

(adv.), to this place; hither, here, 2.18, and freq.; hūc — hūc, this way and this, or this way and that, 11.601; hūc — illūc, this way and that, in every direction, 12.764. (hīc)

53

arable land; land; a field, 1.246; soil; plain, the ground, 12.237; the shore, 2.209; pl., arva, ōrum, fields, lands, country; waters, 8.695. (arō)

53

to roll, 1.86; roll along or down, 1.101; roll or cast up, 3.206; toss, hurl, 12.906; roll over, roll in the dust, 12.329; cast, hurl down, 1.116; 9.512; roll, wheel, 1.163; of books, open, unroll, 1.262; of the Fates, fix the circle of events, decree, ordain, dispose, 1.22; 3.376; of the mind, revolve, meditate, reflect upon, 1.305; pass, continue, live through, experience, endure, suffer, 1.9; rotam volvere, to complete a cycle, period; (pass.), volvī, roll over, roll, 10.590; turn or wind about, 7.350; to be shed, to flow, 4.449; roll on, revolve, 1.269.

53

to press, freq.; tread upon, 2.380; trample, 5.331; press together, close, 6.155; press after, pursue, 1.324; overflow, overwhelm, 1.246; press upon, 2.530; follow up in speech, 7.119; stab, slay, 9.330; hem in, 11.545; suppress, keep down, conceal, 1.209; 12.322; obscure, withdraw, 4.81; restrain, curb, 1.63; check, discourage, 11.402; repress, 4.332; subject, reduce, oppress, 1.285; premere vestīgia, arrest the footsteps, 6.197; plant one's footsteps on, tread on (with abl. of place), 11.788.

53

adj. (pater), pertaining to one's father or ancestors; a father's, 2.658; paternal, natural to a father, 1.643; exacted by a father, 7.766; due to, felt for a father or parent, 9.294; ancestral, hereditary, 3.249; of one's country, native, 3.281; belonging to the nation, of the country, 11.374.

54

to fly, 1.300, et al.; of rumor, to be spread rapidly, noised or spread abroad, 3.121.

54

(prep. and adv.; prep. w. acc.), over against; opposite to, 1.13; against, 5.370; to, 9.280; on the contrary, 12.779; on the other hand, in reply, 1.76.

54

the upper bone of the arm; the shoulder, 1.501, and freq.

54

the same, 1.240; at the same time, at once, 3.80, et al. (is and -dem)

55

a conqueror, victor, freq.; as adj., successful, 3.439; in triumph, 2.329; with success, 8.50; victorious, 1.192. (vincō)

55

to hear, with acc., or acc. and infin., freq.; to listen to, hear of, 2.11; to heed, 4.612; p., audītus, a, um, heard of, known by report, 7.96; p., subst., audītum, ī, n., a thing heard; report, 3.107.

55

(adv.), amid these things; meanwhile, in the meantime, 1.418, et al.

55

a goddess, 1.17. (fem. of deus)

55

to make or do, with or without an object; freq.; constitute, render, make, 1.80; perform, execute, 1.302; do, 2.110; make or represent, in art, 8.710; compose, make; handle, manage, make, of sails or ropes, 5.281, 830; suppose, grant, 4.540; to cause, make, w. inf., 2.539; effect, cause that, take care, see, w. subj., 12.438; old fut. perf.; faxō, I will cause, will see to it, 9.154; p., factus, a, um, made, wrought, 10.527.

55

to save, 3.86, et al.; reserve, 1.207; retain, keep, 6.200; hold, 7.179; continue, maintain, 10.340; guard, 2.450; keep, cherish, 1.36; preserve, inherit, 7.52; sit by, 2.568; dwell, abide by, 6.402; give heed to, watch, observe, 6.338; 11.200.

56

report, rumor, 1.532; tradition, 7.765; renown, name, fame, 1.463; glory, 9.195; fame, reputation, honor, 4.91; personified as a goddess, Fame, Rumor, 4.173. (cf. φήμη, report)

56

to put, set, place, 1.706, et al.; lay, stretch, 1.173; level, 12.569; deposit, 6.73; plant, settle, fix, 3.88; set up, establish, make, 1.264; assign, appoint, 1.278; dispose, determine, 10.623; bestow, 6.611; put to rest or sleep, 4.527; bury, 6.508; for dēpōnō, lay down or aside, (fig.), 1.302; 9.687; give up for another, change, 8.329; give up, 11.309; lose, 12.209; n. (sc. sē), to subside, be hushed, sink to rest, 7.27; 10.103.

56

Juno, the Sabine and Roman name for the wife and sister of Jupiter, daughter of Saturn, 1.4, et al.; Iūnō īnferna, the Juno of the lower world, Proserpine, 6.138.

56

(adj.), hard, to the touch; tough, stiff, 5.403; hardy, 5.730; sturdy, 7.504; strong, 2.479; harsh, unpleasant; stern, cruel; inexorable; insensible, 4.428; difficult, 1.563; grievous, heavy, 4.488; rough, dangerous, 3.706; much enduring, 2.7; 4.247; much suffering, tired with grief, 12.873.

57

a constellation; (fig.), season, 4.309; star, 6.338; bright aspect; weather; storm, 12.451; pl., sīdera, um, weather, vicissitudes of weather, 5.628.

57

he who begets; father, sire, 1.155, et al. (gignō)

57

(gen. nūllīus, dat. nūllī, adj.) no, not any, 1.184; unobservant, regardless, 11.725; subst., no one, nobody, none, 4.456. (nē and ūllus)

57

a gift, present, 1.652; reward, prize, 5.266; sacrifice, offering, 3.301; 4.63; bounty, blessing, 2.269. (dō)

58

to seize, snatch, freq.; carry off, bear away, 1.28; tear off, 6.496; take, 2.675; kindle by rapid motion, 1.176; rescue, 1.378; plunder, pillage, 2.374; hurry, speed, 4.286; swiftly lead on, 12.450; hasten into, penetrate, range, 6.8; ravish, violate, 4.198.

58

(adj.), fierce, fell, wrathful, of men, animals, and things; cruel, 1.458; dreadful, direful, fearful, 2.559; furious, 9.792; stern, bloody, 6.824; formidable, valiant, warlike, 1.99; relentless, 12.849; maddening, angering; bitter, 1.25; mortal, 12.857.

59

a., to conquer, 1.529, et al.; slay, 10.842; overcome, overpower, overwhelm, 1.122; dispel, 1.727; win, possess, 6.148; persuade, 2.699; n., to be victorious, gain the victory, conquer, 11.712.

59

a gate, 1.294, et al.; passage, avenue, door, 1.83.

60

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

60

a consort; husband, 1.343, et al.; wife, 2.597, et al.; betrothed, 3.331; spouse, bride, 9.138. (coniungō)

60

the sea, freq.; ocean, 1.84; water, flood, 1.246.

61

a day, the diurnal period of twenty-four hours, 1.732, et al.; a day, as distinguished from night, 5.43, et al.; a fixed, definite, or proper season, period, or time; daylight, 1.88; an indefinite period of time; time, 5.783; 6.745; length of time, 11.425.

61

(adj.), alone, sole, only, 1.664, et al.; solitary, 4.82; lonely, 4.462; remote, solitary, 11.545; one only, an only, 7.52; (adv.), sōlum, only.

61

honor, praise, renown, glory, 1.609, et al.; recompense, reward, 1.253; an honor, prize, 5.342; (meton.), sacrifice, offering, 1.49; luster, beauty, 1.591; celebration, game, ceremonial, festival, 5.601; libation, 3.178; a robe or mantle, 7.815.

61

you, pl.; abl. with cum, vōbīscum, with you; vōsmet, yourself, yourselves, 1.207.

62

a sword, 2.393, et al.; knife, 2.155.

62

a command; will; espec. the divine will or purpose, 1.8; divine command, 7.385; divine power, 1.666; authority, revelation, 3.363; impulse, 1.674; assistance, 5.56; divine keeping, protection, 2.703; divine regard, favor, 4.611; permission, 6.266; presence, 1.447; manifestation, 2.623; majesty, divinity, 1.48; divine attribute, 10.221; a deity, god, divinity, 2.735; sacred image, 2.178. (nuō, nod)

62

to take to one’s self; to receive, 1.304; take in or up, admit, receive, 1.123; 3.79; entertain, 3.353; see, 8.155; hear, attend, listen to, learn, 2.65; heed, regard, 4.611. (ad and capiō)

62

a seat of any kind, freq.; (meton.), an habitation, abode, dwelling (pl. for sing.), 2.634; destined or proper place, 2.232; foundation, 2.465; of the sea, bottom, 1.84; temple, shrine, 2.742; palace, 2.760; final resting-place, grave, tomb, 6.328; realm, 7.52. (sedeō)

62

a fleet, 1.39; a ship, 6.334; a troop or body of soldiers, 7.716; pl., armies or hosts (coming in ships or fleets), 3.602. (rel. to καλέω, call)

62

(interrog. enclitic; in direct questions), 1.37; 4.32; (in indirect questions), whether, 5.703; followed by an or -ne, -ne — an, -ne — -ne, whether — or, 1.308; with apostrophe, 3.319.

63

anger, fury, wrath, freq.; resentment, hatred, 1.251; revengeful, wrathful thought, 2.575; curse, wrathful intent, 11.443; vengeance, 12.946; pl. angry passions, wrath, 1.4, et al.; personif., Īrae, ārum, f., the Demon of wrath, Wrath, 12.336.

64

to bear, carry, bring back, 4.392; bear again, 5.564; cast up, vomit, 9.350; turn, 12.657; of solemn rites, render, pay, 5.605; bring back as a prize, win, get, 4.93; put back, stay, 11.290; repeat, 5.598; claim, 7.49; answer, reply, 4.31; report, relate, announce, 1.309; reproduce, resemble, 4.329; imitate, 10.281; turn, change, 11.426; 1.281; render, make, 8.343; vōce referre, speak, utter, exclaim, 1.94; referre pedem, return; (pass.), referrī, go back, recede, 2.169; return, revert, 12.37.

64

a mountain, hill, mount, 3.105; rock, crag, cliff, 6.360; a mighty or huge rock, 12.687; a great wave, 1.105. (rel. to -mineō, project)

65

the foot; claw, talon, paw, hoof, freq.; of the current of a river, 9.125; the footrope at the lower corner of a sail, the sheet; hence, facere pedem, to manage the sheet, shift the sail; tack, 5.830; pedem reprimere, to retreat, draw back, 2.378; ferre pedem, go, 2.756; efferre pedem, go out, depart, 2.657; pedem advertere, approach, draw near, 6.386; aequō pede, in equal combat, 12.465. (ποῦς, ποδός)

65

a shout, et al.; loud cry or shriek, 2.488; a call, 2.769; clamor, outcry, shouting, 1.87; sound, roaring sound, 3.566. (clāmō)

66

light, 2.683, et al.; a light; a luminary, star; a taper, candle, 8.411; fire, 9.189; daylight, dawn, day, 6.356; beam, ray, 8.69; the eye, 1.226, et al.; life, 2.85; air, 3.600; glow, brightness, beauty, luster, 1.590; pl., emphatic for sing., 12.63, et al.; lūmina ducum, splendid leaders, 11.349. (lūceō)

66

a sharp edge or point; edge, 2.333; an arrowhead, 11.862; the sight of the eye, 6.200; the eye, 4.643; an army in line of battle; army, 10.408; the shock, of battle, 12.662; light; pl., aciēs, the eyes, 12.558; squadrons, battalions, troops, 2.599; battles, 6.829; aciēs īnferre, to charge, 10.364.

67

(conj.), and, freq.; moreover, also, too, freq.; and even, and indeed; and yet; and immediately, 9.22; et — et, both — and, freq.

67

a parent; father, sire, 1.75, et al.; mother, 2.591; ancestor, 2.448, et al. (pariō)

67

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