VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

an epithet of Hecate or Diana, whose images were placed at the forks of roads, 6.13, et al. (trivium)

9

the intersection of three roads; a road-crossing; a public place, 4.609. (trēs and via)

1

to have the honor of a triumph; with acc. of the country over which the triumph is held, to triumph over, conquer, 6.836. (triumphus)

1

the grand procession at Rome awarded to a victorious general; a victory, 2.578.

6

A Trojan woman, 5.613.

1

(subst.), the Trojans, 1.30, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

27

1. Troy, the capital of the Troad, 2.625, et al. 2. A city built by Helenus in Epirus, 3.349. 3. A part of the city of Acesta in Sicily, 5.756. 4. The name of an equestrian game of Roman boys, 5.602.

87

adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

6

adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

40

one of the sons of Priam, 1.474.

1

of Trojan descent; Trojan, 3.359; Trōiugenae, ārum, c., Trojans, 8.117. (Trōia and cf. gignō)

3

(adj.), of Troy, Trojan, 1.119.

22

a memorial of the turning (cf. τρέπειν, to turn) or rout of an enemy; the trunk of a tree on which were hung the arms or spoils of an enemy slain; any memento of victory; a trophy.

7

Trojan, 6.52, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

7

to slaughter, kill, slay, 2.494. (trux and caedō)

2

a pole, boathook, pike, 5.208. (trudō)

1

to thrust, shove, push, 4.405.

1

the stem, stock, or trunk of a tree; stem, trunk, 6.207; trunk of the human body, 2.557.

10

adj. (truncus), stripped of its branches, 3.659; mutilated, maimed, mangled, 6.497; broken, shattered, 11.9.

3

(adj.), ferocious, grim, stern, fierce, 10.447.

1

you, freq.; abl. with cum, tēcum, vōbīscum, with you; vōsmet, yourself, yourselves, 1.207.

419

a trumpet, 2.313, et al.; trumpet-signal, 11.424.

9

to look at, gaze upon, behold, regard, 4.451, et al.; watch, guard, defend, maintain, protect, 1.564, et al.; p., tūtus, a, um, secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; subst., tūtum, ī, n., safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882; adv., tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381.

19

your friends, kinsmen, countrymen, descendants, etc., 3.488; freq. (tuus)

14

a follower of Camilla, 11.656.

1

Tullus Hostilius, the third king of Rome, 6.814.

2

(adv.), then, freq.; then too; at the same time, moreover, 4.250, et al.; referring to a perf. p., 5.719; answering to, cum, cum — tum, while — at the same time; both — and, not only — but; opposed to nunc, 10.14.

240

to swell, 2.381; to be puffed up, boastful, 11.854; p., tumēns, entis, swollen, 2.381.

6

adj. (tumeō), swollen, 1.142; distended, 10.387; elated, 9.596; incensed, angry, 6.407; causing to swell, swelling, 3.357.

12

a swelling; of the mind, passion, indignation, resentment, 8.40. (tumeō)

1

commotion; uproar; outcry, 9.397; shouting, cries, 3.99; haste, 11.447; uprising, 6.857. (tumeō)

14

a rising ground; a low hill, 9.195; a mound, 2.713; sepulchral mound, sepulcher, tomb, 3.304; 11.103. (tumeō)

31

(adv.), then, at that time; then, thereupon, afterwards, 11.208. (tum-ce)

8

to beat, pound, bruise, strike, smite, 1.481; lash, 5.125; (fig.), importune, assail, 4.448.

5

the under-garment of men and women; vest, tunic, 9.616; cuirass, corselet, 10.314.

5

confusion, uproar, tumult, 5.152; a crowd, throng, 2.580; multitude, 6.305; herd, 1.191; flock, 3.233.

21

to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

7

adj. (turbō), confused; mingled, foul, 6.296; dismal, dark, 6.534; whirling, 5.696; of the mind, sad, troubled, 4.353; startled, in alarm, 11.814; furious, 11.742.

15

a tornado, whirlwind; storm, tempest, 1.442; whirling cloud, 3.573; wind accompanying the lightning; lightning-blast, 1.45; 6.594; whirling or stormy force, 11.284, et al.; a whirling top, a child's top, 7.378. (cf. turba)

17

to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

36

adj. (tūs), of frankincense, 6.225.

1

adj. (tūs and cremō), incense-burning, 4.453.

1

a squadron or troop, properly of Roman cavalry; in general, a troop, squadron, 5.560; host, army, 11.503; in turmās, into or in squadrons, 11.599.

8

the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.

152

(adj.), unsightly, unseemly, freq.; squalid, 6.276; foul; besmeared, covered, 5.358; shameful, base, dishonorable, disgraceful, 2.400.

4

to make indecent; to soil, disfigure, defile, 12.611. (turpis)

2

adj. (turris and gerō), turret-bearing, tower-crowned, 7.631; 10.253.

2

a tower, 2.445, et al.

17

adj. (turris), turreted, 8.693; crowned with turrets; with crown of towers, 6.785; tower-like, towering, lofty, 3.536.

3

incense, 1.417, et al.

3

the people of Etruria; Etruscans, Etrurians, Tuscans, 11.629, et al.

2

(adj.), Etrurian, Tuscan.

5

a means of protection; a defense, 5.262. (tūtor)

1

to protect, defend, 2.677; befriend, 5.343. (tueor)

3

safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882.

3

secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; (adv.), tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381. (tueor)

27

your, yours. (tū)

115

son of Oeneus and Periboea, and father of Diomed, 6.479.

1

the son of Tydeus, Diomedes or Diomed, 1.97, et al.

7

a drum, timbrel, tambourine, 9.619.

1

a daughter of Tyndarus; Helen, 2.569.

2

adj. (Typhōeus), pertaining to the giant Typhoeus; Typhoian, 1.665.

1

Typhoeus or Typhon, a giant struck down to Hades by the thunderbolt of Jupiter.

2

a sovereign prince, chief, ruler, 4.320; in a bad sense, a despot, tyrant, 1.361.

7

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.403.

1

adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

14

adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

11

the Tyrrheni, a branch of the Pelasgic race who are said to have settled in Etruria; Etrurians, Tuscans, 8.603.

4

adj. (Tyrrhēnī), Tyrrhenian; Etruscan, Tuscan, 1.67; subst., Tyrrhēnus, ī, m., a Tuscan, 10.787.

28

the name of an Etruscan ally of Aeneas, 11.612.

1

the sons of Tyrrheus, 7.484. (Tyrrheus)

2

a shepherd of Latium, in the service of Latinus, 7.532, et al.

3

Tyre, the ancient maritime capital of Phoenicia, 1.346.

4

cow, 6.251; heifer, 4.61.

2

to be empty; to be open, 11.179; to be free from, unoccupied by, with abl., 3.123; (impers.), vacat, there is leisure, one has time, 1.373.

4

adj. (vacō), empty, void, 12.592; open, 5.515; deserted, 2.528; solitary, 2.761; 4.82; without employment, unoccupied; subst., vacuum, ī, n., emptiness, void space, 12.906.

11

to go, walk, advance, go on, 2.396, et al.; rush, 2.359; move, speed on, 8.702; imperat., vāde, away, go on! 3.462.

9

adj. (vadum), that can be forded; fordable, shallow, 7.728.

1

a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

20

a scabbard, sheath, 4.579.

5

a wailing, 6.426. (vāgiō)

1

to wander about, 6.886; ride to and fro, career about, 5.560; to be rumored round, spread, 2.17. (vagus, wandering)

5

strong, vigorous, powerful, 5.431. (valeō)

1

to be strong physically; to be well, vigorous, powerful; to excel, 5.67; to have power, be able; can, 2.492; to avail; can do, 12.798; imperat., vale, farewell! 2.789.

21

a Latin warrior, 10.752.

1

adj. (valeō), strong, 1.120; vigorous, powerful, 5.15; mighty, 2.50; heavy, massive.

16

a valley, dell, dale, ravine, vale, 1.186, et al.

14

to surround with a rampart; to encamp around, 11.915. (vāllum)

1

a rampart, breastwork, or fort with palisades, 9.524.

9

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

13

vapor, steam, 7.466; fiery vapor; fire, 5.683.

3

to send out steam; to fumigate; perfume, 11.481. (vapor)

1

a., to diversify; exchange, relieve, 9.164; n., change, waver, 12.223. (varius)

2

(adj.), diversified, manifold, various, 5.605, et al.; different, 4.286; mingled, 11.475; varying, 1.748; changing, 4.564; subst., varium, iī, n., a changeable, fickle, inconstant thing, 4.569.

41

ravager, destroyer, 9.772. (vāstō)

1

to make void or empty; to desolate, lay waste, ravage, devastate, 1.471, et al.; deprive of, strip, rob, with acc. and abl., 8.8. (vāstus)

4

(adj.), empty, void, wild, waste, 9.323; vast, unbounded, 1.118; huge, enormous, immense, 3.647; deep-, vast-, sounding, 1.245.

46

a prophet, soothsayer, augur, seer, 3.433; prophetess, 3.187; poet, bard, 6.662; priest, 11.774.

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