VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | X | Z
Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

Sparta, or Lacedaemon, in Laconia.

2

adj. (Sparta), Spartan, 1.316.

1

a rustic weapon having an iron head with projecting hook or blade, something like a halberd; a hunting spear, 11.682.

1

to walk about or to and fro; move about, 4.62. (spatium)

1

room, space, distance, 5.321, et al.; course, voyage, 10.219; place, direction, 5.584; respite, time, 4.433; pl., spatia, ōrum, course, track, 5.316.

16

aspect, appearance, 6.208; sight, 2.407; form; in a moral sense, reputation, propriety, honor, 4.170. (speciō, look)

3

a means of seeing or knowing; token, symbol, emblem, 12.164. (speciō, look)

1

a striking object of sight; a sight, show, spectacle, 6.37. (spectō)

1

a beholder, 10.443. (spectō)

1

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

1

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

8

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

2

a lookout; scout, spy, 12.349. (speculor)

1

to look out, mark, survey, behold, espy, 7.477; watch, consider, observe, 1.516. (specula)

6

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

4

a cave, cavern; cavity, deep wound, 9.700.

5

a cavern, 1.60; retreat, 5.213.

12

to sever, remove; (fig.), reject, despise, scorn, disdain, 4.678; insult, 1.27.

3

to hope, w. acc.; hope for, 1.451; expect, fear, 1.543; look for, expect, 4.419; w. acc. and inf., 9.158; w. inf. fut., 4.382; w. inf. pres., 4.338. (spēs)

19

hope, expectation, prospect, freq.

46

a sharp point; (meton.), an arrow, a dart, javelin, spear, 5.307.

17

a thorn, 3.594, et al.; the vertebrae, spine, backbone, 10.383.

2

Spio, one of the Nereids, 5.826.

1

a fold, coil, especially of serpents, 2.217, et al.

2

adj. (spīrō), that may be breathed; vital, 3.600.

1

a breathing-place; (fig.), of Hades, breathing vent, mouth, 7.568. (spīrō)

1

a means of breathing; of the lungs, breathing-cell, air-duct, channel, 9.580. (spīrō)

1

a breathing; breath; air; blast, 12.365; life, soul, spirit, 4.336; divine air, mien, 5.648. (spīrō)

4

to breathe, blow, 5.844; palpitate, 4.64; pant; breathe heavily, 7.510; heave, boil, 10.291; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; w. acc., 1.404; p., spīrāns, antis, lifelike, breathing, 6.847.

12

(adj.), compact, thick, dense, 2.621; hardened, 5.336.

3

to shine, gleam, 7.6.

1

to shine, gleam, 7.6.

1

adj. (splendeō), gleaming, shining, bright, brilliant; splendid, sumptuous, stately, 1.637.

1

to take the spoils; to strip; despoil, 12.297; plunder, rob, 5.661; with acc. and abl., strip, deprive, despoil of, 5.224, et al. (spolium)

8

that which is taken from the body of a slain man or beast; spoil, trophy, 1.289; spolia opīma, the arms or spoils taken by a victorious general from the body of a hostile commander slain in battle, 6.855.

22

the frame of a bedstead or couch; a couch, 1.698.

1

to promise, pledge, give assurance, 5.18, et al.

3

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

3

one promised as a bride; the betrothed, 2.345. (spondeō)

1

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

2

froth, foam, spray, 1.35; pl., spray, 3.208. (spuō, spit)

5

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

12

adj. (spūma), foamy, frothy, foaming, 2.419.

5

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

13

adj. (spūma), full of foam; foaming, 6.174.

2

to be rough, foul, neglected, waste; p., squālēns, entis, foul, filthy, neglected, squalid, 2.277; of armor, scaly, covered with work of scales, embossed, 10.314.

3

foulness, roughness, filth, squalor, 6.299. (squāleō)

1

a scale of fishes, serpents, etc.; of the small plates or scales of armor, 11.488; singular as a collective, scales, 5.88, et al.

6

adj. (squāma), covered with scales; scaly, 2.218.

1

adj. (stō), steadfast, lasting, permanent, 1.73.

2

to be in a stall or standing-place; to stay, harbor, dwell, 6.286. (stabulum)

1

stable, stall, 2.499; a shepherd's dwelling, grange, 7.512; den, haunt, 6.179; cattle-camp, 8.207. (stō)

9

to be stagnant, to form a standing pool; to overflow, so as to form standing pools or lakes; overflow, 3.698. (stāgnum)

1

a collection of standing water; a pond, pool, lake; sluggish water or stream, 6.323; pl., stāgna, ōrum, deep waters of the sea, 1.126; waters, 6.330. (stō)

9

a standing; place of standing; station, post, 9.183; anchorage, 2.23; resting-place, haunt, 5.128. (stō)

5

to station, place, set, 1.724; to place at or on the altar; found, build, 1.573; set up, 8.271; restore, stay, 12.506; of the mind, resolve, determine, decide, 11.302. (status)

13

a standing; position, state, condition, 7.38. (stō)

1

a star, freq.; a meteor, 2.694.

7

to cover over with stars; to stud with stars; p., stellāns, antis, starry, 7.210; p., stellātus, a, um, set with stars; (fig.), glittering, gleaming, 4.261. (stella)

2

(adj.), unproductive, unfruitful, 3.141; barren, 6.251.

2

adj. (sternō), throwing flat; throwing the rider; plunging, 12.364.

1

to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

47

a lightning-forger; a cyclops at the forge of Vulcan, 8.425.

1

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2

a Rutulian slain by Pallas, 10.388.

1

to spur; to rouse, urge, 4.576; infuriate, incite, 4.302. (stimulus)

2

a prick; spur, (fig.), 6.101, et al.; incentive, sting.

6

pressing on, charging together, 10.328; surrounded, 4.544. (stīpō)

1

a log or post, stem, trunk of a tree, 3.43; club, 7.524.

5

to tread down, compress; pack together, store up, 1.433; load, w. acc. and dat., 3.465; throng around, attend, 4.136.

6

the lower part of the trunk together with the roots of plants and trees; the extremity, end; root; trunk, tree, 12.770; (fig.), origin, descent, lineage, stock, race, 1.626, et al.

19

to stand; stand up or erect, 2.774; remain standing, remain, 1.268; rise, 6.554; stand one's ground, fight, 5.414; of blood, to be stanched, 12.422; stand complete, be built, 3.110; stand at anchor, be moored, 3.277, 403; to be situated, lie, 3.210; remain firm, persistent, 7.374; to stand out with, be filled with, 6.300; to be thick with, 12.408; emphatic for esse, to be, 6.471, et al.; of the mind, to be fixed, 1.646; to depend, 2.163; (impers.), stat, it is fixed, determined, resolved, 2.750, et al.; stāre prō, to defend, 8; 653.

88

the gullet; chest, stomach, 9.699.

1

a prostrating; slaughter, havoc, carnage, 6.829, et al.; ēdere strāgem, to make havoc, 9.784. (cf. sternō)

6

something spread out; a couch, litter, 11.67. (sternō)

1

that which is spread out; a layer, cover; bed, couch, 3.513; pavement, 1.422. (sternō)

7

a noise; an uproar; din, 6.559; stir, noise of festivity, 1.725; confused noise, 1.422. (strepō)

6

to make a noise; murmur, 6.709; of music, resound, 8.2; of arms, ring, rattle, clash, 10.568.

4

a mass or bar of hot iron, 8.421. (stringō)

1

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

1

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

21

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

4

a harsh, grating, or whizzing sound; a creaking, whistling, 1.87; din, clank, rattling, 6.558; humming, 7.65. (strīdō)

7

adj. (strīdō), hissing, whizzing, twanging, 12.267.

1

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

19

the Strophades, two small islands in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Messenia, where the Harpies were allowed to remain, and where Zetes and Calais turned back from the pursuit of them. Hence the name, from στρέφειν, to turn; the islands of turning, 3.210.

2

to place side by side or upon; to pile up; build, erect, 3.84; cover, load, 5.54; arrange, 1.704; like īnstruō, to form or draw out a line of battle, 9.42; (fig.), to plan, purpose, intend, 4.271; bring about, effect, 2.60. (rel. to sternō)

13

adj. (Strӯmon, a river of Thrace), Strymonian, Thracian, 10.265.

2

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.414.

1

earnest feeling or effort; eager or deep anxiety, 12.131; desire, impatience, 4.400; emulous zeal, rival acclamation, applause, 5.148; desire, purpose, 2.39; pursuit, study, sympathy, interest, 5.450; delight, 11.739; abl., studiō, with zeal, earnestly, thoughtfully, 6.681, et al. (studeō, to be zealous)

11

to amaze, stupefy, astound, bewilder, 5.643; surprise, 7.119. (stupeō and faciō)

2

to be amazed or dazed; to be bewildered, confounded, lost in wonder, 1.495; wonder at, 2.31.

8

the coarse part of flax; the calking of a ship; tow, 5.682.

1

adj. (stūppa), made of tow or flax; flaxen, 2.236.

2

adj. (Styx), pertaining to the Styx; of Hades; Stygian, 4.638, et al.

18

the Styx, the river of Hades which encompassed the final abode of the dead, 6.439, et al. ("the hateful")

2

to advise, warn, urge, exhort, 1.357, et al.; invite, 2.9; impel, prompt, 11.254; compel, force, 10.367.

11

(prep. with abl. and acc.); (with abl.), under, (denoting situation); beneath, under, freq.; at the foot of, 3.5; in the lower part of a thing, in, 1.453; down in, deep in, 1.36; by, close, to, 5.837; (of time), in, 4.560; (of rank or order), just behind, next after, 5.323; close to, in subjection to, subordinate to, under, 9.643; by reason of, under, 2.83; (with acc.), denoting tendency, down to, 4.243; down under, into, 4.654; down before, 6.191; near to, 5.327; in the midst of, 12.811; (of approaching the foot of some high object), up to or close to, 2.442; to or towards, 6.541; (of some object situated above or on high), up to, towards, 3.422, et al.; of time, just before or after; following after, in reply to, 5.394; coming under, subject to, under, 4.618; sub noctem, at nightfall, 1.662.

160

to put under; place or fasten under, 12.675; bury, 7.347.

2

to haul, draw up, 1.573; w. abl. of place, 3.135; (w. acc. and dat.), draw, rescue from, 10.81; draw or take away stealthily, withdraw, 6.524; draw from beneath, 3.565.

8

Pages

CSVWord DocumentXLSXML