VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

(adj.), of Claros, a town in Ionia, noted for one of the oracles of Apollo located there; Clarian, 3.360.

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to send out steam; to fumigate; perfume, 11.481. (vapor)

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adj. (cēra), waxen, 12.589.

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a kind of wild goat; a roe. (caper)

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adj. (torqueō), of twisted work, winding, 7.351.

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a surname of the Junian gens, derived from Lucius Junius Brutus, the patrician leader who delivered Rome from the Tarquins, 6.818.

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to go before; surpass, 12.84.

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a town of Cyprus, 10.51.

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num. adj. (sex and centum), six hundred, 10.172.

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Palamedes, son of the Euboean king Nauplius, who derived his lineage from the Egyptian king Belus, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy; killed through the intrigues of Ulysses, 2.82.

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to bear to; heap upon, add to, 3.63. (ad and gerō)

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to cover up or over, 2.300.

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to embitter; to aggravate, augment, 11.407. (acerbus)

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to estimate from the beginning; reckon, review, survey, 6.682.

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matter, stuff, material, 11.328. (rel. to māter)

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a Greek prince, surgeon of the Greeks at Troy, and said to have been the son of Aesculapius, 2.263.

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a harbinger, forerunner, 11.139.

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Phorbas, a son of Priam, killed at the siege of Troy, 5.842.

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adj. (lacrima), tearful; sad, mournful, piteous, 11.274.

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to taste, 1.473. (gustus, taste)

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formed of leaves; covered with leaves; leafy. (frōns)

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adj. (fēmina), pertaining to women; female, 9.142; a woman’s, of a woman, 2.584; of women, 4.667; fit for a woman, 12.53.

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adj. (ex and somnus), sleepless, 6.556.

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of Echion, one of the Theban ancestors, produced from the dragon’s teeth; Echionian, Theban, 12.515. (Echīon)

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to stretch apart or out; extend, distend; fill, 1.433.

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a nymph in the train of Juno, 1.72.

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(adj.), of the same color, 8.82.

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a pole, lever, bar, bolt, 7.609. (vehō)

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cētē, κῆτος, whales, sharks, sea-monsters, 5.822.

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a swelling; of the mind, passion, indignation, resentment, 8.40. (tumeō)

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(adj.), Thracian; subst. pl., Thrāces, um, Thracians, 3.14, et al.

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to be in a stall or standing-place; to stay, harbor, dwell, 6.286. (stabulum)

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Anxur, or Terracina, a town on the coast of Latium, 10.545; a Latin warrior, 10.545.

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a small palm; an oar-blade, 5.163. (palma)

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Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, one of the confidential counselors of Augustus, and his principal military commander, 8.682.

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to lead apart or away; to separate, 4.385.

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(subst.), right, 1.604. (regō)

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to inclose with walls; fortify; construct, build, 1.271. (moenia)

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to blow; breathe forth noisily, by snoring, 9.326.

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to stretch forth, hold forth, lift, 8.274; (pass.), to be stretched out, extend, 6.597. (prō and regō)

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the mother of Onites, 12.515.

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a Trojan slain by Turnus, 9.574.

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adj. (pateō), opening, wide; wide, broad.

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to bind together, bind up, 7.816.

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unequal; uneven in surface, rounding, 10.303; of the sun, torrid, 7.227; too narrow, dangerous, 5.203; treacherous, 11.531; morally, unfavorable, hard, inequitable, 4.618; unjust, cruel, 1.668, et al.

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to command, govern, rule, 12.719. (imperō)

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a kid; Haedī, ōrum, m., the constellation of the Kids in the hand of Auriga, whose rising portends storms.

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adj. (genius), pertaining to, or sacred to the birth-spirit, or guardian genius; genial, joyous, happy, festive, 6.603.

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surpassing; beautiful, stately, 12.250.

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riches, wealth, 6.610. (dīves)

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to reap; clip, break off, pluck, 11.68.

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(adj.), of Danaus, king of Argos; Greek, 3.602; subst., Danaī, ōrum, m., the Greeks, 2.327.

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one of the Titans, and father of Latona, 4.179.

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to fall down; succumb, yield, 4.19. (sub and cubō)

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sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

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an extensive forest in the country of the Bruttii in Southern Italy, 12.715.

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a Trojan, 9.767.

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daughter of Erectheus, king of Athens, and wife of Boreas.

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(adj.), sound in body or mind; male sānus, diseased, morbid with love, love-sick, 4.8.

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adj. (rōstrum), beaked; adorned with beaks, 8.684.

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(adj.), mellow; ripe, ripening; of a lake or pool, mild, gentle; calm, still, 8.88.

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worthy of mention; famed, renowned, 10.793.

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to play or practice beforehand; prepare for, 12.106.

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to burn at the point, 7.524.

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adj. (lūctus and faciō), causing grief; woe-bearing, 7.324.

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a fish.

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(adj.), not saluted; without farewell greeting (separated by tmesis), 9.288.

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to call down good or, more usually, evil by prayer; to invoke evil upon, imprecate, invoke, 4.629.

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adj. (glaciēs), of ice; icy, 3.285.

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adj. (fūnis), made of or pertaining to a rope, cord, or wick; subst., fūnāle, is, n., a wax taper, candle, torch, 1.727.

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an ant, 4.402.

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the Fabaris, a small branch of the Tiber, 7.715.

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to redeem from roughness; to teach, instruct, 9.203. (ē and rudiō)

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to devour, consume, 2.215; taste, 5.93; feed upon, graze.

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a conqueror, 7.651. (dēbellō)

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adj. (Typhōeus), pertaining to the giant Typhoeus; Typhoian, 1.665.

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to be dark, darken, 2.606. (> cālīgō 1)

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fear, apprehension, dread, anxiety, 1.202; personified, Fear, 9.719. (timeō)

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sandals; winged sandals, 4.239. (tālus, ankle)

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the Araxes, a river of Armenia Major, 8.728.

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a rustic weapon having an iron head with projecting hook or blade, something like a halberd; a hunting spear, 11.682.

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begotten of, born of, sprung from, with abl., 2.540; offspring, son of, 5.244; daughter of, 7.331. (serō, serere, sēvī, satus)

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the wild olive. (olea)

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to push or thrust off; to conceal, hide, 6.7.

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to repel; disprove, refute, falsify, disappoint, 12.41.

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adj. (Nāryx or Nāricium), of Naryx, a town of the Locri; Narycian, 3.399.

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adj. (quadrīgae), pertaining to a team of four; four-horse-, 12.162.

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(adj.), forward; prompt, active, 12.85; (adv.), properē, hastily, in haste, speedily, 6.236.

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to fly about; flit around, 8.24.(pervolō)

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to embosom; to penetrate, 2.229.

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a Rutulian, 9.344.

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(adj.), thin, slender.

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to select, choose, 7.274. (ē and legō)

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to endow, portion, 7.318. (dōs)

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to turn down or away; of the eyes, to close in sleep, 4.185.

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to sow or plant.

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adj. (versō and color), of various colors, particolored, 10.181.

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adj. (vadum), that can be forded; fordable, shallow, 7.728.

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adj. (bis and via), leading two ways, 11.516; subst., bivium, iī, n., the meeting of two roads; a crossway, 9.238.

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adj. (aurum and coma), golden-haired; (fig.), golden-leaved, or with golden sprays, 6.141.

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