VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

the common name of the three daughters of Phorcus, terrible on account of their snaky hair; especially, the head of the Gorgon on the shield of Minerva, 2.616.

3

adj. (Gorgōn), pertaining to a Gorgon; Gorgonian, 7.341.

1

(adj.), of Gortyna, a town in Crete; Gortynian, Cretan.

1

the name of a Roman family in the gens Sempronia, especially Tiberius and Gains, 6.842.

1

(adj.), thin, slender.

1

to step, walk, go, 1.312; move, advance, 10.572.

10

the one who steps or marches; an epithet of Mars, 3.35. (gradior)

2

a step, footstep, pace, 3.598; step, stair, 1.448; cōnferre gradum, to walk side by side, 6.488. (gradior)

8

Greece.

1

the Greeks, 1.467, et al.

17

a native Greek; a Greek, 3.550. (Grāius and gignō)

2

(adj.), Greek, Greek, 2.598; subs., Grāius, iī, m., a Greek, 3.594.

8

grass, 3.537, et al.; a blade of grass or of grain, 7.809; plant; herb, 2.471; pasture, meadow; grassy field, plain, 7.655.

8

adj. (grāmen), of turf, grassy, 5.287, et al.

6

adj. (grandis and aevum), very aged; old, aged, 1.121.

1

(adj.), large, great; big, ponderous, 4.405.

3

hail, 4.120, et al.

5

defect. (found only in nom. and acc. pl.), f. (grātor), thanks, 1.600; in a bad sense, return, reward, 2.537.

3

acceptableness, agreeableness; charm, delight, love, 6.653; gratefulness, gratitude, thankfulness, 4.539; regard, 7.402. (grātus)

5

to wish joy to; w. dat. (the acc. is doubtful), rejoice with; congratulate, 4.478; greet, welcome (perhaps w. esse), 5.40. (grātus)

2

(adj.), acceptable, pleasing, agreeable, welcome, 2.269, et al.; dear, 10.158; thankful, grateful, 11.127.

14

(adj.), heavy, 1.728, et al.; pregnant, 1.274; ponderous, firm, 5.437; (fig.), grave, venerable, 1.151; stern, grave (gravely), 5.387; cruel, 10.630; fierce, 10.755; weighed down with years or disease; infirm, enfeebled, 2.436; grievous, hard, 6.56; painful, deep, 4.1; offensive; comp., graviōra, um, subst., n. pl., greater hardships, sufferings, 1.199.

1

adj. (gravis), heavy, 7.507, et al.; with young, pregnant; (fig.), pregnant, teeming with, 4.229.

3

(adj.), heavy, 1.728, et al.; pregnant, 1.274; ponderous, firm, 5.437; (fig.), grave, venerable, 1.151; stern, grave (gravely), 5.387; cruel, 10.630; fierce, 10.755; weighed down with years or disease; infirm, enfeebled, 2.436; grievous, hard, 6.56; painful, deep, 4.1; offensive; comp., graviōra, um, subst., n. pl., greater hardships, sufferings, 1.199.

30

Graviscae or Gravisca, a Tuscan town, 10.184.

1

(adv.), heavily; deadly, 7.753; greatly, deeply, 1.126; heavily, mournfully, 2.288. (gravis)

8

to weigh down, 9.437; oppress, burden, 2.708; (pass.), to resist, yield reluctantly, 10.628. (gravis)

4

to weigh down, 9.437; oppress, burden, 2.708; (pass.), to resist, yield reluctantly, 10.628. (gravis)

2

the lap, the bosom, 1.685, et al.; ante gremium suum, in front of or before one's self, 11.744.

12

a stepping; step, walk, course, way, 1.401; of a ship, 5.162; air, mien, gait, 5.649; ferre gressum, to walk, 6.677; efferre gressum, to go forth or out, 2.753; comprimere gressum, to stop, stay one’s steps, 6.389. (gradior)

14

a herd, 6.38; flock; litter; the young, 8.85.

3

a crane.

2

(adj.), of Grynia, a town in Asia Minor, the seat of one of the oracles of Apollo; Gryneian, 4.345

1

a helm, 5.176. (gubernō, steer)

3

a helmsman, pilot, 3.269. (gubernō)

3

a whirlpool, gulf, 3.421; flood, 2.497; wave, billow, 3.564; rolling, raging sea, abyss, 1.118; sea, ocean, 7.704.

20

to taste, 1.473. (gustus, taste)

1

a drop, 3.28.

2

the throat, 6.421.

4

one of the Cyclades, between Tenos and Ceos, 3.76.

1

1. Gyas, commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.222. 2. A Latin slain by Aeneas, 10.318.

11

a Trojan, 9.762.

1

an Arcadian slain by Tolumnius, 12.272.

1

a circle, circular track, ring; circuit, 10.884; coil, 5.85.

4

a rein, 1.63, et al.; strap, thong, 9.587; whip, 7.380; immissīs or laxīs habēnīs, with all the reins let out, without restraint, unchecked, 5.662; pressīs or adductīs habēnīs, with tightened reins, 12.622. (habeō)

20

to have, in the most general sense, freq.; hold, possess, 5.262; wield, use, 12.88; maintain, keep up, perpetuate; seize, inspire, possess, animate, 4.581; deem, esteem, reckon, regard, 2.102; designate, call, 12.134; hōc habet, he has got it, he is wounded, 12.296.

69

adj. (habeō), handy, wieldy, convenient, easily handled, light, 11.555; well formed, 1.318; well fitted for, adapted to, fit for; well fitted, 9.365

5

to have continually, have in possession; occupy, inhabit, 3.106; dwell, 3.110. (habeō)

11

the having itself or one’s self; condition, habit; dress, attire, 1.315. (habeō)

3

(adv.), by this way or route, 8.203; this way, here, 1.467; on one side, 12.565.

10

(adv.), thus far, so far, of space and time; thus far (separated by tmesis), 5.603; 6.62.

4

adj. (Hādria), pertaining to the Adriatic Sea; Adriatic, 11.405.

1

a kid; Haedī, ōrum, m., the constellation of the Kids in the hand of Auriga, whose rising portends storms.

1

a Rutulian, 9.685.

1

a Latin slain by Aeneas, 10.537.

1

to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

39

1. An ally of Turnus, formerly companion of Agamemnon, 7.724. 2. Another ally of Turnus, 10.411.

6

a breathing; breath, 4.684; exhalation, vapor, 6.240. (hālō)

2

a Trojan, 9.767.

1

to breathe; exhale or emit odor; be fragrant or redolent, 1.417.

1

a Trojan, 9.765.

1

a hook, ring, 3.467.

2

a Thracian huntress, daughter of King Harpalycus, 1.317.

1

a Trojan warrior, 11.675.

1

a Harpy, a fabled monster, half woman and half bird, 3.112, et al.

5

an inspector of entrails; diviner, soothsayer, prophet, 8.498.

2

a spear, 2.50, and freq.; hasta pūra, a headless spear, 6.760; pampinea hasta, a thyrsus, 7.396.

72

the shaft of a spear; a spear, lance, javelin, 1.313, et al.; a spear-like sapling or branch; a shoot, 3.23. (hasta)

11

(adv.), not at all; not, 1.387, et al.

102

not at all

1

to draw any fluid, 9.23; drink; drain, 1.738; draw blood with a weapon; devour, slay, 2.600; pierce, 10.314; take in with the eyes or ears; receive, 12.26; perceive, see, 4.661; hear, 4.359; strain, thrill, 5.137; suffer, 4.383; conceive, 10.648.

13

to be blunt; (fig.), to be sluggish, run slowly, 5.396.

1

to make blunt; to make dull; to impair, dim, obscure, 2.605. (hebes, blunt)

2

a river of Thrace, 1.317, et al.; a Trojan slain by Mezentius, 10.696.

3

the sister of Latona; usually identified with Diana and Luna, and so represented with three heads, 4.511.

5

son of Priam, and chief defender of Troy, 1.99, et al.

16

adj. (Hector), of Hector, 2.543; Hectorean, Trojan, 1.273.

6

daughter of Dymas and wife of Priam, 2.501, et al.

2

Helen, daughter of Jupiter and Leda, sister of Clytemnestra and of Castor, and wife of Menelaus; on account of her flight with Paris to Troy, the immediate cause of the ten years' siege and destruction of that city; whence she was carried back by Menelaus to Sparta, 1.650, et al.

2

a Lycian, follower of Aeneas, 9.545.

2

a prophet, son of Priam; carried away captive by Pyrrhus to Epirus, where he became the husband of Andromache and ruler of a small kingdom, 3.329, et al.

11

a mountain in Boeotia, and favorite resort of Apollo and the Muses, 7.641, et al.

2

a Sicilian Trojan, and friend of King Acestes, 5.73, et al.

4

any grassy or herbaceous growth; grass, turf, 1.214, et al; fodder; herb, plant, 3.650; grassy land, pasture, meadow, 3.221; a plant.

19

a Rutulian, 9.344.

1

the god of strength and labor, son of Jupiter and Alcmena, 5.410, et al.

4

adj. (Herculēs), of Hercules; Herculean, 3.551, et al.

6

an heir, 4.274.

2

adj. (erus), pertaining to an owner, master, or mistress; master’s, 7.490.

2

a Tuscan, 11.642.

1

daughter of Menelaus and Helen, and wife of Orestes, 3.328.

1

a river in Aeolis, depositing gold, 7.721.

1

adj. (Hernicī), of the Hernici, an Italian tribe of Latium; Hernican, 7.684.

1

a demigod; a hero, 6.192, et al.; an illustrious man, champion, hero, 5.453.

23

an owner, householder, master, lord, 3.324.

1

daughter of Laomedon, saved from a sea monster by Hercules, and afterwards wife of Telamon, 8.157.

1

the western land; Italy, 1.569, et al.

12

the daughters of Hesperus, the Hesperides; called also daughters of Erebus and Nox, to whom was given the care of the fabled gardens of the Hesperides, in an island of the Atlantic west of Mount Atlas, 4.484; adj., Hesperian, Italian, 8.77.

2

(adj.), of Hesperus; western (as related to Asia and Greece); Hesperian, Italian, 3.418.

4

(adj.), of yesterday, yesterday's, 8.543.

1

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