VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

a going down; descent, 6.126. (dēscendō)

1

to mark off; divide, distinguish, describe, 6.850; write, 3.445.

2

to cut off, 8.438.

1

to disconnect, loosen one’s self; leave, 3.711; forsake, abandon, desert, 4.323; leave behind, 5.220; give up, break off, 9.694.

31

desert, waste places, 1.384; haunts, 7.404.

2

one who has deserted; a renegade, 12.15. (dēserō)

1

desolate; abandoned, 12.664; uninhabited, solitary, lonely, 3.646.

10

sloth. (dēsidō)

1

to sink down, 3.565.

1

to mark out, designate, 5.755.

2

to leap or spring down; alight from, 10.453. (dē and saliō)

3

(with infin.), to leave off, cease, desist, 4.360; (with acc.), cease, end; n., forbear, 10.881; terminate, 10.211.

5

to cease, desist, w. abl., 1.37; w. dat., 10.441.

3

to make solitary, lay waste, 11.367; leave without guidance, deprive of commanders, leave in disorder, 11.870. (dē and sōlus)

2

to look down upon, 1.396. (dēspiciō)

3

to look down upon, 1.224; despise, reject, 4.36. (dē and speciō, look)

2

to place apart; destine, doom, 2.129.

1

to destroy, tear down, 4.326.

1

to become unaccustomed; p., dēsuētus, a, um, unaccustomed, unused, 6.814; neglected, unfamiliar, unpracticed, 2.509; unused to love; dormant, 1.722.

4

to be absent, 7.678; to be wanting or missing, 2.744; fail, be wanting, lacking, 10.378. (deest, deeram, deero, etc., often pronounced and sometimes spelled dest, etc.)

7

(adv.), from above; above, 1.165.

9

to uncover, 10.133; lay bare, expose to view, 8.241.

2

(comparative adjective) worse; more degenerate, 8.326.

1

to hold from or back; hold, detain, 2.788. (dē and teneō)

3

to thunder loudly, storm; thunder out, cease to thunder, 10.809.

1

to turn from; turn off, away, or aside, 5.165; bend, turn, 4.196; return, turn back, 5.832.

6

to draw from; take from, 5.260.

1

to thrust down or away; push off from, 1.145; drive from, thrust out, 6.584; thrust down, 7.772.

6

to cast down, 5.175; strike down, 10.555; drive away, remove, 6.412.

3

to come down; arrive at, reach, w. acc. of place, 1.365, et al.

4

adj. (dēvehō), inclined downwards; descending; declining.

1

to bind fast; bind, 8.394.

1

to conquer completely, to vanquish, 9.264; wage successfully, 10.370.

3

to fly down, 4.702.

1

to roll down; throw, hurl down, 2.449.

1

to set apart by vows; devote, 12.234; p., dēvōtus, a, um, devoted, destined, doomed, 1.712.

3

a god, deity, 1.9, et al.; in general, god the deity, 6.749; a goddess, 2.632; the god Bacchus; (meton.), wine, 9.337.

181

(adj.), right, as opp. to left, 5.162; on the right hand, 8.237; right handed, adroit, dexterous, 9.769; fit, 4.294; favorable, auspicious, propitious, 4.579; dextrā, on the right.

12

the right hand, 1.408; valor, 10.610; faith, a pledge, 7.366.

111

a goddess of the Italians, and regarded by them as one with the Greek Artemis, daughter of Latona, and sister of Apollo; called Luna, as goddess of the moon; Hecate, as an infernal deity, invoked in magic rites, 4.511; and Diana, as goddess of the chase, 1.499. (rel. to Iānus = Diānus)

11

dominion, power, sway, rule, 1.622. (only in gen., dat., acc., and abl. sing.)

4

devote, consecrate, 5.60; pronounce, 1.73. (rel. to dīcō)

3

to say, 1.81; speak of, mention, 4.43; celebrate; tell, rehearse, relate, recount, 1.753; sing, recite, 6.644; name, call, 1.277; pronounce, 6.231; declare, 12.112; disclose, portend, foretell, 3.362; bid, 5.551; speak, say, 3.312; announce, 1.137.

149

adj. (Dictē), of Dicte, a mountain in Crete; Dictaean, Cretan, 3.171.

2

dittany, an aromatic plant found on Mount Dicte, in Crete, 12.412. (Dicte)

1

a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

93

Dido, daughter of Belus, king of Phoenicia, who fled from her brother Pygmalion to Africa, where she founded the city of Carthage, 1.299.

34

to spread abroad, disseminate, 7.144.

2

to lead or draw apart; separate, sever, 3.419; distract, 5.720.

3

Didymaon, an artist, mentioned only by Virgil, 5.359.

1

a day, the diurnal period of twenty-four hours, 1.732, et al.; a day, as distinguished from night, 5.43, et al.; a fixed, definite, or proper season, period, or time; daylight, 1.88; an indefinite period of time; time, 5.783; 6.745; length of time, 11.425.

61

to carry apart; tear asunder or in pieces, 8.643; stay, keep at bay, 9.135; put off, postpone, delay, 6.569.

5

adj. (dis- and facilis), difficult; struggling, hard, 4.694; unyielding, stubborn, unfruitful; dangerous, 5.865.

2

to be distrustful; to distrust, 3.51.

1

to cleave asunder; split, pierce, 9.589.

1

to flee apart; run away, flee, 2.212.

6

to pour round about, pour out, 10.908; diffuse; spread, multiply, 7.708; to put in disorder, dishevel, 1.319; spread abroad, 4.195.

5

to carry apart, separate one thing from another; arrange, dispose, lay in order, 3.446; explain, interpret, 2.182.

2

a finger, 6.647; toe, 5.426.

3

(w. acc. and abl.), to deem worthy of, 1.335; (w. inf.), think, fit, deign, 4.192; p., dīgnātus, a, um, with pass. meaning, deemed worthy of, honored by, 3.475. (dīgnus)

2

(w. acc. and abl.), to deem worthy of, 1.335; w. inf., think, fit, deign, 4.192; p., dīgnātus, a, um, with pass. meaning, deemed worthy of, honored by, 3.475. (dīgnus)

5

(adj., w. abl.), deserving of, worthy of; with depend. clause or absol., fit, due, meet, worthy, 1.600, et al.; dīgna indīgna, worthy (and) unworthy; all fortunes, all things alike, 12.811.

20

to walk or go apart, aside, or away; depart, 3.410; separate, 4.80; come from, 2.718. (di- and gradior)

6

a going away; a departure, parting, 3.482.

2

to disjoin, separate, drive away from, 1.252.

1

to slip, glide, fall apart; depart, pass away, 4.705.

1

to love, 8.590; p., dīlēctus, a, um, loved, dear, 1.344.

4

to love, 8.590; p., dīlēctus, a, um, loved, dear, 1.344.

4

a washing away, flood, deluge, 12.205; desolation, destruction, 7.228. (dīluō, cleanse)

2

to measure, mark out; lay out.

1

to send apart or away, 1.571; dispatch, 1.577; dismiss, 10.46; give up, 11.706.

9

to move apart or away; remove, dispel, 3.589; divide, 5.839.

5

Mount Dindymus or Dindyma, in Mysia, sacred to Cybele, 9.618.

1

Mount Dindymus or Dindyma, in Mysia, sacred to Cybele, 9.618.

1

to distinguish by number, enumerate, reckon, count, 6.691.

1

Diomedes, son of Tydeus, and king of Argos, distinguished among the Greeks at Troy, 1.752.

5

adj. (Diōnē), pertaining to Dione, mother of Venus; Dionaean, 3.19.

1

a son of Priam and companion of Aeneas, 5.297.

5

a Trojan, 9.574.

1

a Fury, 12.869; pl., Dīrae, ārum, the Furies, 4.473, et al.

5

to lay straight, bring into a definite line; to aim, direct, 1.401, et al. (dē and regō)

11

to take asunder; to separate, 7.227; break off, end, 5.467; decide, 12.79. (dis- and emō)

3

to tear apart or off; snatch, tear away, 3.227; plunder, pillage, sack, 2.563. See also dēripiō. (dis- and rapiō)

6

to overthrow, tear apart or away from, 10.363.

1

(adj.), accursed; portentous; fearful, dreadful, awful, dire, cruel, horrible, freq.; accursed, 2.261; unhallowed, impious, 6.373; foul, carrion, 3.262; wild, furious, ardent, 9.185; pl., dīra (adv.), fearfully, 10.572.

33

Pluto, the ruler of Hades, 4.702, et al.

9

to go apart or away, retire, withdraw, depart, 2.644; open, 9.20.

10

to distinguish one thing from another; determine, distinguish, decide, 12.898; perceive, 3.201; mark, set off; work, embroider, 4.264.

4

to pluck asunder, to tear in pieces; disperse, 9.313. (dis- and carpō)

1

a departing, departure, 6.464. (discēdō)

2

to tear asunder, pull in pieces, rend, 12.602.

1

to ungird; p., discīnctus, a, um, loose-robed; indolent, effeminate, 8.724.

1

to open; loosen, 12.782. (dis- and claudō)

1

to learn, w. acc., 6.433; learn how, w. inf., 5.222.

11

(adj.), of different color, 6.204.

1

difference in feeling, or mind; dissension, strife; personified, Discord or Eris, 6.280. (discors)

2

difference in feeling, or mind; dissension, strife; personified, Discord or Eris, 6.280. (discors)

5

adj. (dis- and cor), disagreeing, 2.423; hostile, 9.688; opposing, contending, 10.356.

3

to be discordant in sound; (fig.), to differ, 10.434.

1

a separating interval, space, 5.154; separation, division, 10.382; distance, 3.685; difference, distinction, 1.574; variation, division, of sound; note, 6.646; crisis, danger, peril, 1.204; pl., difference, 10.529. (discernō)

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