VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

an accusation, arraignment, charge, 2.98; imputation, 12.16; fault, crime, 2.65; infamy, 10.851; cause of woe, 10.183; guilty occasion, guilty instigator, 12.600; cause, 7.339. (cernō)

15

adj. (crīnis), of the hair, belonging to the hair, 11.576.

2

the hair, 1.480; train of meteors, 5.528; (often in the pl.), the hairs of the head, the hair.

28

a river in the southwestern part of Sicily, 5.38.

1

adj. (crīnis), long-haired, 1.740.

3

to crisp, curl; to vibrate, brandish, 1.313.

2

a crest, plume, 3.468; helmet, 7.185.

17

adj. (crista), crested, plumed, 1.468.

1

adj. (crocus), of saffron; saffron-colored, yellow, 4.585.

7

saffron; saffron color, 9.614.

1

adj. (crūdus), unfeeling, ruthless, cruel, inhuman, 2.124; relentless, 1.547; unnatural, 6.24; mortal, deadly, 2.561; bloody, 1.355; bitter, 1.361.

30

(adv.), cruelly, barbarously, 6.495. (crūdēlis)

1

to become harsh; to grow fierce, 7.788. (crūdus)

2

(adj.), bloody, raw; of untanned hide, of raw hide, 5.69; covered with blood, bloody, 12.507; fresh, strong, vigorous, 6.304; rough, green, 9.743; deadly, cruel, fatal, 10.682.

6

to make bloody, stain with blood, 10.731. (cruentus)

1

(adj.), bloody, blood-stained, 1.296; covered with blood, 10.498.

22

shed blood; gore, 3.43; 4.455; blood.

20

the leg, especially from the knee to the ankle.

2

a crust, 7.115.

1

the people of Crustumerium, a town of the Sabines, or a town itself, 7.631.

1

a lair, bed, couch, 3.324. (cubō, lie down)

8

the elbow, 4.690. (cubō, lie down)

1

a top, summit, height, 2.290; house top, ridge, roof, 2.458. (cf. columna)

15

a stalk, stem; thatch; straw hut, 8.654.

1

a wrong action; crime, fault, 2.140.

4

to blame; p., culpātus, a, um, at fault; blameable; the guilty cause, 2.602. (culpa)

1

plowed fields; fields.

2

a plowshare; a knife, 6.248. (colō)

1

a husbandman, cultivator; inhabitant; worshiper, 11.788. (colō)

2

an inhabitant; protectress, 3.111. (colō)

2

a tilling; civilization, 8.316; dress, guise, appearance, 3.591; habits, mode of life, life, 5.730. (colō)

3

(adv.), when, freq.; and then, 3.10; vel cum, then again, 11.406; (conj.), whereas, while, when, though, since, because, freq.

164

(prep. with abl.), with, 1.74, et al. With personal pronouns mē, tē, sē, etc., it is suffixed; as mēcum, tēcum, etc.; and usually with the relative; as quōcum, quibuscum, etc. In composition the archaic form com- is employed instead of cum; remaining unchanged before b, m, p; changed to con- before l, cor- before r, co- generally before vowels, h, and gn; and before all other letters, con-.

139

Cumae, an ancient Greek town of Campania, west of Naples, 6.2.

1

adj. (Cūmae), Cumaean, 3.441.

2

to heap up; load, 5.532; make greater, increase, 4.436. (cumulus)

5

a heap; flood, mass, 1.105.

2

a cradle; birthplace, 3.105. (cūnae, cradle)

1

to delay, hesitate, linger, wait, 4.133; keep one's ground, stand at bay, 10.717.

1

to delay, hesitate, linger, wait, 4.133; keep one's ground, stand at bay, 10.717.

12

adj. (coniūnctus), all taken together; all in a body; all, the whole, 1.154.

45

a wedge, 6.181; a wedge-shaped battalion; battalion, 12.269; dare cuneōs, to form battalions, 12.575; pl., cuneī, ōrum, the seats of the theater; an assembly, 5.664.

7

a Ligurian ally of Aeneas, 10.186.

1

a Rutulian, 12.539.

1

ardent longing, desire; love, 7.189; ardor, thirst, 9.354; resolve, 2.349; personified, Cupīdō, inis, m., Cupid the son of Venus, and god of love, 1.658. (cupiō)

3

ardent longing, desire; love, 7.189; ardor, thirst, 9.354; resolve, 2.349; personified, Cupīdō, inis, m., Cupid the son of Venus, and god of love, 1.658. (cupiō)

12

adj. (cupiō), desirous, fond, fondly, 8.165.

1

to desire, be desirous; wish, 6.717; long, 4.394.

8

the cypress; a branch of cypress, 2.714.

3

(adv.), wherefore? for what reason? why? 1.408, et al. (for quārē)

10

care, solicitude, anxiety, 1.261; toil; charge, duty, 1.704; love, passion, pang, 4.531; affection, love, 1.646; thought, 9.757; grief, anguish, 4.332; personified, Cūrae, Cares, 6.274.

69

care, solicitude, anxiety, 1.261; toil; charge, duty, 1.704; love, passion, pang, 4.531; affection, love, 1.646; thought, 9.757; grief, anguish, 4.332; personified, Cūrae, Cares, 6.274.

1

a Sabine town east of Rome, 6.811.

3

the earliest inhabitants of Crete; Cretans, 3.131.

1

one of the divisions of the Quirites of which the Comitia Curiata were composed; the place for the meeting of their senate; hence, a senate house, 7.174.

2

to care for; have in charge; regard, attend to, 2.536; bring about, effect; to take care of, refresh with rest, food, and sleep, 3.511. (cūra)

7

career, course, 8.408. (currō)

1

to run, freq.; flow, 1.607; dart, shoot, 2.694; penetrate, thrill, 2.120; (with cogn. acc.), traverse, sail over, 3.191.

15

a chariot, car, 1.156; a chariot team, chariot horses, 7.163; pl. for the sing., 10.574. (currō)

51

a running; running, 12.890; hastening, hurrying to and fro, 4.672; speed, 5.67; way, passage, voyage, course, 1.157; career, onset, 12.489; pursuit, 9.559; hunting, the chase, 5.253; stream, current, channel, 6.313. (currō)

73

to bend, curve, 3.533; swell, 3.564; wind, 7.381. (curvus)

4

(adj.), curved, bent, bending, 2.51; winding, 2.748; crooked.

17

a spear point, 7.817; point, 5.208; spear, lance, javelin; a spear, 12.386; a spear or, perhaps, the shaft of a spear as a scepter, 1.81.

12

a watching, watch; guardianship, care; a watch, guard, 6.574. (cūstōs)

3

to guard, 8.218. (cūstōs)

2

a guard; overseer, watchman, keeper, freq.; guardian, governor, master, 5.546; collectively, a patrol, a guard, 1.564.

24

1. Cybele, the principal goddess of Phrygia, corresponding to the “Magna Mater” of the Romans, and often identified with Rhea and Ops, 10.220. 2. A mountain in Phrygia sacred to Cybele, 3.111.

1

1. Cybele, the principal goddess of Phrygia, corresponding to the “Magna Mater” of the Romans, and often identified with Rhea and Ops, 10.220. 2. A mountain in Phrygia sacred to Cybele, 3.111.

2

the Cyclades, the islands grouped around Delos in the Aegean Sea, 3.127.

2

adj. (Cyclōps), pertaining to the Cyclops; Cyclopean, 1.201.

1

a Cyclops, one of the Cyclopes, fabulous giants of Sicily, supposed to have a round eye in the middle of the forehead, 3.569.

10

a swan, 1.393.

5

a king of the Ligurians, friend of Phaëthon, placed among the constellations, as the swan, 10.189.

1

1. A Cydonian or Cretan; of Cydonia, on the north coast of Crete, 12.858. 2. A Trojan warrior, 10.325.

2

a mountain in the east of Arcadia, the birthplace of Mercury, 8.139.

1

adj. (Cyllēnē), of Cyllene; Cyllenian; subst. m., the Cyllenian god; Mercury, 4.252.

3

a boat, skiff, 6.303.

2

a small, skiff-shaped drinking cup; cup, 3.66.

2

Cymodoce, a Nereid, 5.826; 10.225.

1

Cymodoce, a Nereid, 5.826; 10.225.

1

Cymothoe, a Nereid, 1.144.

1

a mountain in Delos, birthplace of Apollo and Diana, 1.498.

2

a cypress, 3.680.

1

a large island in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1.622.

1

an island south of Laconia, near which Venus was said to have been born of the foam of the sea, 1.680.

3

adj. (Cythēra), Cytherean; subst., Cytherēa, ae, f., the Cytherean goddess; Venus, 1.257.

6

Daedalus, the father of Greek sculpture; supposed to be of the time of Minos and Theseus; employed by Minos to build the Cretan Labyrinth, 6.14.

2

(adj.), artificial, skillful, cunningly wrought; wily, artful, 7.282.

1

the Dahae, a Scythian people beyond the Caspian, 8.728.

1

to inflict loss upon; to doom, condemn, consign, devote, with dat., 4.699; to condemn, with gen., 6.430. (damnum, loss)

3

daughter of Acrisius, and mother of Perseus, 7.410.

1

the Greeks, 2.327.

45

(adj.), of Danaus, king of Argos; Greek, 3.602; subst., Danaī, ōrum, m., the Greeks, 2.327.

1

a feast, banquet, 1.210; food, viands, 1.706; flesh of sacrificial victims, 6.225; usually found in the pl., but the gen. pl. is not used.

16

Troy, 2.281.

6

a son or descendant of Dardanus; Aeneas, 10.545; pl., Dardanidae, ārum (um), the Trojans, 1.560, et al.; adj., Dardanian, Trojan, 2.59.

21

a son or descendant of Dardanus; Aeneas, 10.545; pl., Dardanidae, ārum (um), the Trojans, 1.560, et al.; adj., Dardanian, Trojan, 2.59.

1

a daughter or descendant of Dardanus, 2.787.

1

adj. (Dardanus), Dardanian, Trojan, 5.711; subst., Dardanius, iī, m., the Dardanian; the Trojan, 12.14.

33

(adj.), Trojan, 5.119; subst., the Dardanian; Aeneas, 4.662; the Trojan, for the nation, 11.287.

5

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