VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

a Ligurian chief, 10.186.

1

(adv.), around, 7.535; (prep. with acc.), about, around.

4

adj. (Circē), of Circe, 7.10.

2

a sorceress, daughter of Helios and Perse or Perseis, 3.386, et al.

4

adj. (circus), pertaining to the Circus Maximus; Circensian, 8.636.

1

a going round; circuit, 3.413. (circumeō)

2

a circle or orbit; ring; chain, torques, collar, 5.559. (circus)

2

(adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

42

(adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

32

to put or throw around; (with abl.), to encircle, surround, encompass, inclose with, 1.368; of dress, gird, 9.462; adorn, 6.207; set, 1.593; border, 4.137; (with dat.), throw around, 2.792; twine or coil around, 2.219; put round, 2.510.

18

lead around

1

to go about, circle round, 11.761. (circum and eō)

1

to bear round; pass around, sprinkle, purify by sprinkling, 6.229; cast about, 12.558.

3

to bend around; turn far round, 3.430.

2

to pour around; to encompass, surround; (pass.), circumfundor, fūsus sum, (in middle signif.), to rush around, surround, 2.383; p., circumfūsus, a, um, surrounding, 1.586; gathering around, 6.666.

7

to tie or bind round or to, 11.555.

1

to take one’s stand around; gather round; assail, surround, 8.490.

1

to sound about; raise a din around, 8.474.

1

to look around; cast a glance round upon; survey, 2.68; look round and see, 12.896; observe, 3.517; look round for, look out, seek. (cīrcum and speciō, look)

4

to stand around; hem in; threaten, beset, 10.905; encompass, threaten, 2.559.

8

woven round, 1.649. (circum and texō)

1

to come about; surround, 6.132.

1

to fly around or surround in flying; hover round, swoop round, 3.233; enshroud, cover, 2.360.

3

to roll round; (pass.), to complete, 3.284.

1

a circle, circuit, circular area, 5.289; surrounding multitude or throng of spectators, 5.109.

3

the daughter of Cisseus; Hecuba, 7.320. (Cisseus)

2

1. Cisseus, a king of Thrace, said by a late myth to have been the father of Hecuba, 5.537. 2. A Rutulian, 10.317.

2

swiftly driven or swiftly running, 12.373. (cito -are)

1

a mountain of Boeotia, where the orgies of Bacchus were celebrated, 4.303.

1

the cithara, cithern, or lute, 1.740.

4

(adv.), speedily; soon; (comp.), citius, 5.242.

2

swiftly moved or driven; speedy, rapid, swift, 1.301; as an adv., 4.574. (cieo)

11

adj. (cīvis), pertaining to the citizen; civil, civic, 6.772.

1

a citizen, 2.42, et al.; pl., comrades, 5.196.

15

destruction; slaughter, carnage, 2.361; scourge, destroyers, 6.843.

4

(adv.), secretly, 1.350.

1

to call, 12.600; call; call upon, 4.674; cry out or aloud, shout, 9.442. (rel. to καλέω, call)

5

a shout, et al.; loud cry or shriek, 2.488; a call, 2.769; clamor, outcry, shouting, 1.87; sound, roaring sound, 3.566. (clāmō)

66

a clashing sound; braying, din, blast, 2.313; rushing sound, flapping, 3.226. (clangō, resound)

4

to become clear to the ear or eye; grow loud, increase, 2.301.

1

(adj.), of Claros, a town in Ionia, noted for one of the oracles of Apollo located there; Clarian, 3.360.

1

(adj.), clear, of sight or sound; clear, 1.588; shining, bright, lustrous, 9.582; making clear; fair, bright; shrill, loud, 3.519; (fig.), renowned, 1.284; noble, illustrious, honored, 1.550.

23

Clarus, a Lycian follower of Aeneas, 10.126.

1

the sound of the trumpet; the trumpet, 7.637. (classis)

1

a fleet, 1.39; a ship, 6.334; a troop or body of soldiers, 7.716; pl., armies or hosts (coming in ships or fleets), 3.602. (rel. to καλέω, call)

62

a club, 10.318.

1

adj. (Claudius), pertaining to the family of Claudius; Claudian, 7.708.

1

to shut or close; freq., shut up; shut up or close against, 1.233; inclose, bound, 8.473; confine, 6.734; with circum, surround, 1.311; subst., clausum, ī, n., a pen.

20

(adj.), lame, limping, maimed, 5.278.

1

fastenings; bolts, bars; barriers, 1.56; narrows, straits, 3.411. (claudō)

6

a chief of the Sabines, 7.707.

2

a nail, a peg; a helm, 5.177.

3

a client, dependent, 6.609.(cluō, to hear)

1

adj. (clipeus), armed with a shield, or shield-bearing, 7.793.

1

a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

1

a round shield; a shield, 2.227, et al.

49

commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.222.

9

the Roman heroine who escaped with other maiden hostages from the camp of Porsena, and swam across the Tiber to Rome, 8.651.

1

a Trojan, 9.574.

2

the name of a Greek silversmith, 10.499.

1

a Roman gentile name, 5.123.

1

adj. (Clūsium), of Clusium, 10.655.

1

one of the chief cities of Etruria, now Chiusi, 10.167.

1

the name of several Trojans, 9.774; 10.129, etc.

4

Horatius Cocles, the Roman hero who defended the bridge against the Tuscans, 8.650.

1

(adj.), of Cocytus, 7.479.

1

the Cocytus, “the river of lamentation,” in the lower world, 6.132.

4

to go or come together, assemble, 7.582; come together in conflict, join battle; of the blood, stand still, congeal, curdle, 3.30; come to terms, form a compact, 7.317; coīre in ūnum, to come to one place, unite, concentrate, combine, 9.801, et al.

11

to begin, 1.521.

9

a thing begun; an undertaking, enterprise, design, 4.642, et al. (coepiō)

5

to keep in, hem in, confine, restrain, 6.439; push on, lead on, 9.27. (com- and arceō)

2

a coming together, an assembly, 5.43; a flock, 1.398; banquet, feast, 1.735. (coeō)

4

one of the Titans, and father of Latona, 4.179.

1

(adj.), near by birth; kindred, 3.502.

3

a name common to a family; a surname; name, 1.267.

13

(adj.), of the same, or his name, 6.383. (cognōmen)

1

to get complete knowledge of; ascertain, trace out; know; learn, 2.10; for agnōscō, recognize, 6.340.

7

to drive, lead, assemble together, 4.289; condense, 5.20; close up, 12.457; urge, impel, 9.463; force (of tears), feign, 2.196; compel, 1.563; with two accusatives, 3.56. (com- and agō)

25

to hold together, restrain, confine, 3.424; check, curb, repress, 12.314. (com- and habeō)

3

a cohort, one of the divisions or regiments of a Roman legion; a cohort; a fleet or squadron, 3.563; a troop, 11.500.

4

to slip or fall together or completely; sink down, 6.226; swoon, faint, 4.391; fall, 4.664.

7

adj. (Collātia), of Collatia, a town of the Sabines near Rome; Collatine, 6.774.

1

to gather, collect, assemble, 1.143; gather up, fold up, 1.320; reef, 5.15; contract, 12.862; increase, 9.63; colligere sē in arma, to gather one’s self behind his shield, 10.412. (con and legō)

16

a hill, freq.

14

a talking together; discourse, 7.91. (conloquor)

1

to be wholly shining; shine on every side; be lighted up; shine, 4.567; be refulgent, 10.539.

5

the neck of men and animals, 1.654, et al.; of a plant, 9.436; pl., the neck, 11.692.

28

to cast light upon; to look at, inspect, survey, 3.651.

1

to till, cultivate, 1.532; inhabit, live in, dwell in; (fig.), care for, cherish, love, favor, 1.16; observe, 7.602; revere, honor, 4.458; worship, 5.63.

20

a cultivator or tiller; a husbandman, freq.; settler, colonist, 1.12. (colō)

6

color, 4.701, et al.; complexion, hue, 4.558.

10

a snake, serpent, 2.471.

2

a snake, serpent, 2.471.

2

a pigeon, dove, 2.516.

6

a column, pillar, 1.428; Proteī columnae, the pillars of Proteus; the northern extremities of Egypt, 11.262.

5

a distaff, 7.805; spinning, 8.409. (rarely m.)

2

the hair, 1.319; mane, 10.726; (fig.), foliage, leafy crown, 2.629; leaves, branches.

25

hairy, 3.468; crested, 2.391; leafy, 12.413. (como -are)

5

a comrade; companion, 2.294; friend, follower, 2.796; attendant, 4.664; ally, confederate, 2.181; guide, 6.292; guardian, tutor, 9.649. (com- and eō)

53

a comet, 10.273.

1

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