VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

Carmentis, a prophetess, mother of King Evander, 8.336. (carmen)

2

(adj.), of Carpathus, an island northeast of Crete; subst., Carpathium, iī, n., the Carpathian Sea, 5.595.

1

to pluck or pull, crop, browse upon, eat, graze; cause to graze, pasture; gather, 6.146; (fig.), catch, breathe, enjoy, 1.388; consume, 4.2; devour, waste, 4.32; carpere prāta, etc., to course over.

11

a city built by Phoenician adventurers on the northern coast of Africa, opposite Sicily, a short distance N.E. of the modern Tunis, 1.13, et al. (Καρχηδών, new city)

10

(adj.), dear, 4.91, et al.; poet., active, loving, fond, 1.677; affectionate, tender, 11.215.

24

the mother of Camilla, 11.543.

1

a town of the Sabines, 7.714.

1

(adj.), of the Caspian Sea, Caspian; Asiatic, 6.798.

1

a daughter of Priam, beloved of Apollo, and inspired by him with prophecy; but because she did not requite his love, condemned to foretell the destruction of Troy without being believed by her countrymen, 2.246.

7

a helmet (of metal), 11.775.

1

(adj.), void; deprived of, 2.85; fruitless, vain, 12.780.

3

a fortress, stronghold, castle, 5.440. (castrum)

1

to chastise, punish; chide, reprove, rebuke, 5.387. (castus and agō)

3

a Trojan warrior, 10.124.

1

a camp, 2.462; fleet, 4.604; naval camp, station, 3.519; hive, 12.589. (sing., castrum, ī, n., castle, fort)

50

a town in Latium near Antium and Ardea, 6.775.

1

(adj.), pure, 6.563; pious, 3.409; sacred, holy, 6.661.

8

a falling; close; fall, destruction, 2.507; fortune, chance, fate, 1.615; event, 8.533; hardship, misfortune, 1.599; danger, peril, 2.563; juncture, crisis, 4.560; fate, death, 5.869. (cadō)

47

a slender javelin, 7.741.

1

a chain, fetter, 6.558.

2

a troop, squadron, band, 2.370; crowd, throng, multitude, 2.40; flock, 11.456.

15

L. Sergius Catiline, the conspirator, 8.668.

1

Catillus, with his brother, Tiburtus, founder of Tibur, 7.672.

2

a family name in the Porcian gens. 1. M. Porcius Cato, called the Censor and also Senex, 6.841. 2. M. Porcius Cato the younger, who perished by his own hand at Utica; hence, called Uticensis, 8.670.

2

a young dog; a whelp, the young of wild animals; a cub, whelp, 2.357.

1

to hollow or scoop out; p., cavātus, a, um, hollowed out; vaulted, 1.310. (cavus)

2

the Caucasus; the Caucasian Mountains, between the Caspian and Euxine, 4.367.

1

the tail, 3.428, et al.

4

a hollow place; that part of the theater or circus which was occupied by the spectators, 8.636; a theater; natural amphitheater, 5.340. (cavus)

2

to be on one’s guard; to beware, w. subst., 11.293.

1

a hollow; cavern, 2.53, et al. (cavus)

5

an opening, a passage; sheepfold, 9.60.

1

a stalk, 12.413.

1

Caulon, or Caulonia, a town on the east coast of Bruttium, 3.553.

1

to hollow or scoop out; p., cavātus, a, um, hollowed out; vaulted, 1.310. (cavus)

2

Corus or Caurus, the northwest wind, 5.126.

1

a cause, reason, 1.25; cause, occasion, 2.285; pretext, excuse, occasion, 4.51; a reason, an argument, 8.395; a cause (judicial), 6.849; with infin., 10.90.

33

(adv.), comp. of cautē; more cautiously, 11.153.

1

a craggy or pointed rock, or cliff; rock, crag, 3.534.

7

(adj.), hollow, 1.81; concave, 8.599; arching, vaulted, 2.487; cavae manūs, the palms of the hands, 12.86.

34

a son or descendant of Cecrops; pl., the Athenians, 6.21.

1

to go, freq., go away, depart, 6.460; retire, withdraw, recede, 3.496; desist from, 9.620; give way, 7.636; abate, 9.126; draw back, 5.445; submit, yield, 2.704; fall to, come into one’s possession, 3.297; to come behind, 3.484; result, turn out; turn out well, prosper, 12.148.

41

the cedar, 11.137; cedar wood, 7.178.

3

one of the Harpies, 3.211.

4

to attend or be present in great numbers; to attend, honor, 1.735; celebrate, 5.58; observe, 8.268. (celeber, frequented)

11

a town of Campania, 7.739.

1

(adj.), fleet, rapid, active, nimble, swift, 4.180, et al; in a predicate, swiftly, 6.425.

25

to speed, hasten, 1.357, et al. (celer)

8

a storeroom, granary, wine-cellar; cell of the honeycomb, 1.433; shrine, of a temple.

1

to hide, conceal, 1.351, et al.

4

adj. (cellō, rise), high, lofty, 1.56, et al.

23

1. A Centaur, a fabulous monster, with a human head and neck and the body of a horse, 6.286. 2. The name of a ship in the fleet of Aeneas (fem.), 5.122.

6

distr. num. adj. (centum); pl., a hundred each, 9.162; sing. (after the analogy of multus, many a), a unit repeated the hundredth time, render by the plural, a hundred, 10.207; as cardinal, a hundred, 10.566.

3

(indecl. num. adj.), hundred, 6.625.

32

(adj.), hundredfold; of the hundred- (or many-) handed Briareus, 6.287.

1

the Ceraunian peaks, a range of mountains on the coast of Epirus, 3.506.

1

Cerberus, the three-headed watch-dog of Pluto, 6.417.

1

adj. (Cerēs), of Ceres; pertaining to Ceres or to grain; Cereālia arma, utensils for preparing grain or making bread; instruments of Ceres, 1.177.

2

the brain, 5.413, et al.

7

daughter of Saturn and Ops, and goddess of agriculture; (meton.), corn, grain, 1.177; bread, 1.701; cake, loaf, 7.113; Cerēs labōrāta, bread, 8.181.

8

adj. (cēra), waxen, 12.589.

1

to distinguish; discern, perceive, see, behold, 1.413; freq., descry, 3.552; for dēcernere, to contend, decide, 12.709. (rel. to κρίνω, decide)

47

(adj.), with head or face prone downward; pitching, bending with the head to the ground, prostrate, 10.894.

1

a striving, a struggle; effort, 5.197; combat, emulation, strife, 3.128; battle, war, 8.639; contest, game, 5.286. (certō)

33

(adv.), with striving or contention; emulously, vying one with another; with every blow, 2.628; emulously, 3.290; impatiently, 11.486; as if in rivalry; fiercely, 11.209. (certō)

11

(adv.), certainly, surely, at any rate, at least, 1.234, et al.

3

to make certain by conflict; to contend, 2.30; struggle, strive, 3.668; with dat., to struggle against, contend with, rival; with infin., 4.443; impers., certātur, it is fought; we fight; certātum est, we have fought, 11.313; certandum est, we must fight, 12.890. (certus)

22

determined; distinct; separate, peculiar; fixed, 2.350; 6.673; stated; direct, 2.212; resolved, 2.554; certain of, resolved on, 4.554; confident, stout, 9.249; unerring, 12.490; secure, 9.96; trustworthy, sure, faithful, 1.576; undoubted, true, 6.322; certum est, it is determined, I resolve, we resolve, 3.686; (aliquem) certum facere, to inform, 3.179; (adv.), certē, certainly, surely, at any rate, at least, 1.234, et al. (cernō)

29

a hind, 4.69; stag, 6.802. (cervus)

2

the neck, including the back or nape of the neck, 1.477, et al.

14

a stag, deer, 1.184, et al.

7

to remit action; stay, linger, rest; be inactive, 1.672; cease, 2.468; delay, 6.51; impers., cessātum est, delay has been made, has happened, 11.288. (cēdō)

9

adj. (nom. sing. masc. not used), the other, 2.207; other; the rest of, 5.74, freq.; n. pl., cētera, adverbially, in other respects, 3.594; as to the rest, henceforth, 9.656.

5

adv. (n. pl. of cēterus, a, um), in other respects, 3.594; as to the rest, henceforth, 9.656.

1

adj. (nom. sing. masc. not used), the other, 2.207; other; the rest of, 5.74, freq.; n. pl., cētera, adverbially, in other respects, 3.594; as to the rest, henceforth, 9.656.

16

a Rutulian, 12.513.

1

cētē, κῆτος, whales, sharks, sea-monsters, 5.822.

1

a short Spanish shield, 7.732.

1

(adv. and conj.), as, just as, 5.88; as if, 2.438, et al. (ce-ve)

18

(adv. and conj.), as, just as, 5.88; as if, 2.438, et al. (ce-ve)

1

(adj.), of Chalcis, the chief town of Euboea; Chalcidian, 6.17.

1

a people of Pontus, skillful in making steel; the Chalybes; (meton.), masses of steel or iron, 8.421; metalla Chalybum, mines of iron, 10.174.

2

steel, 8.446.

1

a Trojan, brother of Helenus, 3.335.

1

a country of Epirus, named after Chaon, 3.335.

1

(adj.), of Chaonia; Chaonian, 3.293.

2

1. Void and boundless space. 2. Chaos, father of Night and Erebus, 4.510; placed among the infernal gods, 6.265.

2

son of Erebus and Night, and ferryman of the Styx, 6.299.

2

a whirlpool near the Sicilian coast, in the Straits of Messina, opposite the rock of Scylla; personified as a monster, 3.420.

4

1. A monster, said to have infested Lycia, having the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon, and breathing out fire, 6.288. 2. The name of one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.118.

4

a mantle or cloak of woolen cloth, worn by the Greeks; a mantle, 3.484.

7

Chloreus, a Trojan, priest of Cybele, 11.768.

2

a circling dance, 10.224; a dance, 6.644.

3

a dance in a circle; a dance; a company of singers or dancers, choir, train, 1.499; band, troop, 5.581; festival, 11.737.

13

a Trojan, 11.675.

1

to cause, to move; stir, 2.419; agitate, move, 4.122; excite, kindle, rouse, 6.165; raise, 12.104; call upon, invoke, 3.68; call up, exhibit, 5.585; of tears, shed, 6.468.

17

Lake Ciminus, in Etruria, 7.697.

1

to gird, 2.520; clothe, 8.282; surround, inclose, 1.112; encompass, envelop, 5.13; wreathe, crown, 5.71; involve, 1.673; fly around, 1.398.

35

a girdle, belt, 1.492. (cingō)

3

ashes, embers, 5.743; ashes of the dead, 4.34; (meton.), tomb, sepulcher, 4.633.

18

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