VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

a surname of the Junian gens, derived from Lucius Junius Brutus, the patrician leader who delivered Rome from the Tarquins, 6.818.

1

an owl (f. only once in Virgil, 4.462).

1

a trumpet, 7.519.

2

something resembling a bubble; a boss, a stud, 9.359.

2

the mound where the dead have been burned; funeral pile, 11.201; tomb, 12.863. (cf. combūrō)

3

1. A descendant of Amycus, king of Bebrycia, 5.372. 2. A Trojan, attendant of Ascanius, 9.647. 3. A Trojan, 11.690.

4

a town of Epirus, opposite Corcyra, 3.293.

1

the box tree; (meton.), a flute or pipe, 9.619.

3

the citadel of Carthage, 1.367.

1

a point, peak; summit, 3.274.

2

Cacus, the giant of the Aventine, slain by Hercules, 8.194.

7

a dead body, carcass, corpse, 8.264. (cadō)

1

to fall, sink down, freq.; set, of the sun and stars, 2.9; fall in battle, 2.368; in sacrifice, 1.334; of the wind, subside, cease; of the sea, subside, be hushed, 1.54; sink in death, die, 10.390; to fall out, happen, 2.709.

36

adj. (cadō), liable to fall; destined, doomed to fall, or die, 10.622; slain, 6.481.

2

a jar; wine-jar, 1.195; an urn, 6.228.

2

son of Vulcan, and mythical founder of Praeneste, 7.681.

2

(adj.), blind, freq.; blinded mentally, reckless, 1.349; 11.781; with fury, mad, 2.357; of things which baffle or obstruct the sight or the mind, dark, 3.200; hidden, covered, 1.536; secret, private, 2.453; from behind, 10.733; uncertain or dim, 9.518; uncertain, 6.30; aimless, 4.209; blinding, 12.444; of uncertain origin, 12.617; of sound, indistinct, subdued, 10.98; obscure, 12.591.

34

a cutting off or down; bloodshed, havoc, slaughter, 1.471, et al.; deadly blow, 2.526; bloody attack, assault, 3.256; blood, 9.818; pl., caedēs, ium or um, slaughter, bloodshed, 11.648, et al. (caedō)

37

Caedicus, an Etruscan chief, 9.362.

2

to cut, freq.; cut down, slay, 2.266; sacrifice, 5.96; strike, 10.404. (rel. to scindō)

21

adj. (caelum), belonging to the sky; celestial, 1.11; heaven-sent, divine, 6.379; subst., caelestēs, ium or um, c., the gods of heaven, 1.387.

3

adj. (caelum), belonging to the sky; celestial, 1.11; heaven-sent, divine, 6.379; subst., caelestēs, ium or um, c., the gods of heaven, 1.387.

5

an inhabitant of heaven; a god, 2.641, et al. (caelum and colō)

8

adj. (caelum and ferō), heaven-bearing, sky-bearing, 6.796.

1

to cut in relief; carve, engrave, chase, emboss, 1.640. (caelum, a chisel)

6

the sky, the firmament, the heavens; heaven, 1.225; region, 1.331; air, weather, 5.18; the upper world or abode of living men, as distinguished from Hades, 6.896; personif., Caelus, ī, m., the god Caelus, father of Saturn, 7.140.

142

1. A Thessalian girl, formerly named Caenis, transformed by Neptune into a boy, 6.448. 2. A follower of Aeneas, 9.573.

3

dirt, mud, mire, slime, 6.296.

1

Caere or Agylla, in the southern part of Etruria, now Cervetri, 8.597; 10.183.

1

Caere or Agylla, in the southern part of Etruria, now Cervetri, 8.597; 10.183.

1

(adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

2

(adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

12

(adj.), dark blue, 2.381; sea-colored, azure, 5.819; dark; black, 3.64; subst., caerula, ōrum, n., the dark blue waters; the sea, 3.208.

5

a surname of the Julian gens, esp. Gaius Iulius Caesar, dictator and founder of the Roman Empire. His name was inherited by his nephew and adopted son Octavius and his successors; Augustus Caesar, 1.286; 6.792.

5

the hair of the head, 1.590, et al.

4

turf, sod, 3.304. (caedō)

2

a gauntlet for boxing; thongs or straps loaded with lead, and bound round the hand and arm, 5.69. (caedō)

8

Caicus, commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.183.

2

1. The nurse of Aeneas, 7.2. 2. A town and haven of Latium, named after the nurse of Aeneas (now Gaëta), 6.900.

2

a reed or cane; an arrow, 10.140.

1

a wicker basket; workbasket, 7.805.

1

a spur, 6.881. (calx)

1

Calchas, a priest and prophet of the Greeks, at Troy, 2.100.

5

to put under the heel; trample upon; mix by trampling, 12.340. (calx)

1

to make hot, glowing, 12.66; (fig.), excite, arouse, 12.269. (caleō and faciō)

2

to be warm; to glow, 1.417.

2

a town of Campania, 7.728.

1

adj. (caleō), warm, hot, 6.218; reeking, 10.486; of the spirit or disposition, hot, fiery.

6

to be dark, darken, 2.606. (> cālīgō 1)

1

mist, fog, 3.203; misty, obscurity; darkness, dimness, obscurity, 6.267; smoke, 11.187; cloud of dust, 9.36; blinding dust, 12.466.

7

chief of the Muses, and mother of Orpheus, 9.525.

1

a narrow, uneven footpath; path, 4.405.

3

warmth, heat, vital heat, 4.705. (caleō)

4

the heel, 5.324; the hoof of a horse, the fore foot, or hoof, 10.892; a spur, 11.714.

6

an aged priestess of Juno, 7.419.

1

a town of Aetolia, the abode of Meleager, 7.306.

3

a Syracusan colony on the southwest coast of Sicily, 3.701.

1

Camertes or Camers, a follower of Turnus, 10.562.

2

a Volscian heroine, ally of Turnus, 7.803, et al.

19

M. Furius Camillus, the conqueror of Veii, who expelled the Gauls from Rome after the capture of the city, B.C. 390, 6.825.

1

a furnace; forge, 6.630; crevice, cavity, 3.580.

3

adj. (Campānia), of Campania, the country lying on the bay of Naples; Campanian, 10.145.

1

a plain, field, 5.128, et al.; a race-course, 5.144; a field of combat, 12.116; (fig.), of the surface of the sea, plain, 6.724; Mavortis Campus, the Campus Martius, or Field of Mars, on the left bank of the Tiber at Rome, 6.873.

78

to be of pure whiteness; p., candēns, entis, white, 4.61; at white heat; glowing, 3.573; 12.91.

8

adj. (candeō), pure white; snow-white; white, 6.708; fair, 5.571.

7

shining, brilliant whiteness; whiteness, 3.538. (candeō)

2

a dog, freq.

10

a basket; baskets, 1.701.

2

hoaryness, grayness; gray hair, 6.300; gray hairs, old age, 10.549. (cānus)

5

to make musical and rhythmical sounds with voice or instrument; to make melody, play, or sing, to sing, rehearse, celebrate in song or verse, 1.1; to speak in measure or rhythm; to proclaim, as prophet or priest, 2.176; reveal, 3.155; foretell, 2.124; rehearse, narrate, 4.14; explain, interpret, 5.524; warn, 12.28; forebode, croak, 11.399; sound, 7.513.

43

adj. (canō), tuneful, harmonious, 6.120; resounding, 9.503.

3

a singing or playing; melody; song, 1.398; strain, sound, 6.165; incantation, charm, 7.754. (canō)

13

(adj.), white, of the hair and beard; whitened, hoary, of frost and cold; of the sea, foaming, hoary, 8.672; gray-haired, venerable; hoary, 1.292.

4

adj. (Capēna), of Capena, a town in the southern part of Tuscany, 7.697.

1

to seize, 3.234; (fig.), lay hold of, assume, 8.507; seek to reach, hasten to, 4.346; undertake, achieve, perform, 1.77. (capiō)

8

Caphareus, a promontory on the southern coast of Euboea, 11.260.

1

the hair of the head , the hair

1

to take with the hand, freq.; seize, 2.314; (fig.), conquer, 9.267; occupy, 1.396; catch, captivate, deceive, charm, allure, receive, accept, 3.488; enter upon, celebrate, 7.403; contain, 7.466; confine, 9.644; p., subst., captus, ī, m., a prisoner, captive, 2.64.

50

the Capital, or national temple on the Capitoline hill at Rome, containing the shrines of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva, 6.836; pl., the Capitoline places, or buildings; the Capitoline, 8.653. (caput)

4

a she-goat; a goat. (caper)

2

a kind of wild goat; a roe. (caper)

1

Capreae, now Capri, an island in the Bay of Naples, 7.735. (caper)

1

adj. (caper and root gen-), pertaining to goats; of the goat kind, of goats, 3.221.

1

adj. (capiō), taken in war; captured, captive, 2.765; of a captive or of captives, 10.520; subst., captīvus, ī, m., a captive, 9.273.

6

adj. (capiō), taken in war; captured, captive, 2.765; of a captive or of captives, 10.520; subst., captīvus, ī, m., a captive, 9.273.

1

to lay hold upon vigorously, of the air, 3.514. (capiō)

1

the handle; hilt, 2.553. (capiō),

3

the head of men or animals, freq.; (by synecdoche), the person, being, life, 2.751, et al.; living body, life, 4.699; personal interest, welfare, fortune, life, 4.354; of plants, the head or flower, 9.437; of other objects, a captain, leader, chief, 11.399, et al.; author, instigator, source, cause, 11.361; chief town, capital, sovereign city, 10.203; a peak or summit, 6.360; point, end, of a bow, 11.861; of rivers, etc., fountain-head, source, spring; pl., capita, in enumerating animals, head, 3.391; in caput, headlong, 1.116; suprā caput, overhead, above, 3.194; hōc caput, this person, myself, me, 8.570.

84

1. The commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.183. 2. The eighth king of Alba, 6.768.

5

adj. (carbasus), of linen, linen-, 11.776.

1

linen, cloth or web of lawn, 8.34; canvas; a sail, 3.357.

3

a dungeon, hold, prison, 1.54; carcer, or pl., carcerēs, the stalls; the starting place or barrier in the circus or race-course, 5.145.

4

a large drinking vessel with two handles; bowl, beaker, 5.77.

1

a hinge, pivot, 1.449; the socket in which the pivot plays, 2.493; (fig.), a turning point, crisis, emergency, 1.672.

8

to be without, to be free from, 2.44; to be deprived of, 4.432.

7

the Carians, of Caria in the southwestern part of Asia Minor, 8.725. (Cāria)

1

the keel of a ship, ship, 4.398; a boat, 6.391; frame, timber, 5.682.

22

the Carinae, a quarter of Rome between the Caelian and Esquiline, 8.361.

1

a song, hymn, ode or poem, freq.; a line or verse, 3.287; a response, prophecy, 3.445; an incantation, charm, spell, 4.487; cry, moan, 4.462.

14

adj. (Carmentis), of Carmentis, 8.338.

1

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