VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

to fly away, 11.712.

1

the air in gentle motion; a breeze, 3.356, et al.; air, 4.278, et al.; a blast; ether, spirit, 6.747; splendor, brightness, 6.204; favor, applause, 6.816; pl., air, 1.59, 387; ad auras, to or into the air, on high, upward.

85

adj. (aurum), gilded, golden, of gold, 12.163; embroidered with gold, 5.250.

10

adj. (aurum), of gold, golden, armed with gold, 11.490; gilded, 6.13; (fig.), beautiful, fair, 10.16; perfectly pure and happy, golden, 6.792.

36

adj. (aurum and coma), golden-haired; (fig.), golden-leaved, or with golden sprays, 6.141.

1

a charioteer, 5.146; a groom, 12.85.

8

the ear, 2.119, et al. (rel. to audiō)

25

the dawn, morning, 3.521; personified, Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, who precedes the horses of the sun-god, 4.585; the east, 8.686; the sun, 6.535.

19

gold, 1.349, et al.; (meton.), a golden goblet, 7.245; golden bit, 7.279.

77

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3

an ancient name of middle and lower Italy; Italy, in general, 3.496.

9

the Ausonians or primitive people of lower Italy; Italians, 10.564. (Auson, the eponymous father of the Ausonēs)

3

adj. (Auson), Ausonian; Italian, 4.349; subst., Ausoniī, ōrum, m., the Ausonians; Italians, 11.253.

6

adj. (Auson), Ausonian; Italian, 4.349; subst., Ausoniī, ōrum, m., the Ausonians; Italians, 11.253.

20

one who divines by watching birds; a diviner; (fig.), a leader, author, patron, guide, director, 3.20. (avis and speciō, look)

2

an auspice; omen, token, sign, 3.499; power, authority, 4.103; will, 4.341; conduct, leadership, 11.347. (auspex)

9

the southerly or south wind, opposite to Aquilo; wind in general, 3.70; (meton.), the south.

13

a daring deed; outrage, 2.535.

4

(conj., indicating an actual and positive alternative, and not, like vel, leaving the choice to the mind), or, 1.70, et al.; but sometimes used indifferently with vel, ve, sive, 1.379; repeated, aut — aut, either — or, 1.396, et al.

216

(conj.), but, yet, however, truly, indeed, now, moreover, denoting contrast, difference, addition, or transition, freq.

28

the charioteer of Achilles, and, after the death of Achilles, armor-bearer of Pyrrhus, 2.477.

1

the season of increase; autumn, 6.309, et al. (cf. augeō)

1

an uncle on the mother’s side; uncle, 3.343. (avus)

2

a grandfather, grandsire, 2.457; sire, father, ancestor, 6.840.

17

that which promotes; assistance, help, relief, succor, 1.571; pl. auxilia, ōrum, help, assistance, 2.163. (augeō)

30

an axle; synecdoche, car, chariot, 5.820; the axis of the heavens, the sky, the heavens, 4.482; the pole; the north pole, the north.

8

a berry, 3.649.

1

adj. (bāca), set or studded with pearls; or made of beads, pearls, etc., 1.655.

1

to perform the orgies of Bacchus; rage, rave, 6.78; rush or run madly or wildly, 4.301; fly wildly, 4.666; p., bacchātus, a, um, resounding with the revels of Bacchus, 3.125; filling with fury, spreading fury, 10.41. (Bacchus)

5

Bacchus, the son of Jupiter and Semele, and god of wine, 1.734; wine, 1.215.

12

Bactra, the chief city of Bactria, 8.688.

1

Baiae, a town on the Bay of Naples, west of Puteoli, 9.710.

1

to bleat; subst., bālāns, antis (sc. ovis), f.; pl., bālantēs, ium or um, sheep.

1

a bleating, 9.565. (bālō)

2

a belt, 5.313.

4

an abyss, chasm, gulf, 3.421.

2

the beard, 3.593.

5

(adj.), foreign, barbaric, 2.504.

2

(adj.), barbarian, savage, 1.539; foreign, barbaric, 11.777; subst., barbarus, ī, m., a barbarian, mercenary stranger, or soldier.

2

the Barcaeans; people of Barce or Ptolemais, a town in Cyrenaica, 4.43.

1

the nurse of Sychaeus, 4.632.

1

a Samnite town in Campania, 7.739.

1

blessed, happy, 1.94.

2

(adj.), Bebrycian, or Bithynian; of Bebrycia, a country in Asia Minor on the coast of Bithynia, 5.373.

1

a son or male descendant of Belus, 2.82.

1

a warrior, 11.553; adj., warlike, 12.614. (bellō)

6

a female warrior; adj., warring, a warlike heroine, 1.493. (bellō)

2

adj. (bellum and potēns), powerful in war; subst. m., the god of war, 11.8.

1

to wage war; fight, 1.466; dep., 11.660; subst., bellāns, antis, c. pl., bellantēs, ium or um, combatants, warriors, 1.466. (bellum)

5

the goddess of war, sister of Mars, Bellona, 7.319. (bellum)

2

a beast, large, monstrous, or hideous, 6.287.

1

conflict; war, freq.; a battle, 8.629; personified, Bellum, war, the demon of war, 1.294. (duellum, cf. duo)

176

conflict; war, freq.; a battle, 8.629; personified, Bellum, war, the demon of war, 1.294. (duellum, cf. duo)

3

1. Belus, king of Tyre and Sidon, and father of Dido, 1.621. 2. The founder of the line of kings from whom Dido was descended, 1.729.

4

a lake in Cisalpine Gaul, through which flows the Mincius, 10.205.

1

(adv.), well, freq.; pleasantly, sweetly; wisely, safely; compar., melius, better, more, 1.452. (bonus)

8

(adj.), of a kindly spirit; benevolent, friendly, favorable, hospitable, 1.304.

1

(adj.), pertaining to Berecyntus, a mountain of Phrygia, sacred to Cybele, 6.784.

3

Beroë, the wife of Doryclus, an Epirote follower of Aeneas, 5.620.

3

to drink, 1.473, et al.; (fig.), take in, drink in, 1.749; of weapons, 11.804.

4

adj. (bibō), drinking readily; absorbing quickly; dry, 6.227.

1

adj. (bis and color), of two colors, 8.276; mottled, dappled, 5.566.

2

adj. (bis and cornū), two-horned; of rivers, with reference to their divided mouths, 8.727.

1

adj. (bis and dēns), having two teeth or two complete rows of teeth; subst., f. (sc. victima), an animal suitable for the altar; a sheep with two conspicuous teeth supplanting two of the milk-teeth; a sheep, 4.57.

5

adj. (bis and dēns), having two teeth or two complete rows of teeth; subst., f. (sc. victima), an animal suitable for the altar; a sheep with two conspicuous teeth supplanting two of the milk-teeth; a sheep, 4.57.

1

(adj.), having two doors or openings; twofold, double; of a double pipe with one mouth-piece, 9.618.

1

adj. (bis and fōrma), of twofold shape or form, two-formed, 6.25.

2

(adj.), two-faced, double-faced, 7.180.

2

a team of two horses; a car or chariot drawn by two horses; a car, 2.272; bīgīs in albīs, in a chariot drawn by two white horses, 12.164. . (bis and iugum)

4

adj. (bis and iugum), of a two-horse team or chariot; coupled, yoked, 10.253; chariot-, 5.144; subst. biiugī, ōrum, m., a double team or two-horse chariot, 10.575.

5

adj. (bis and iugum), of a two-horse team or chariot; coupled, yoked, 10.253; chariot-, 5.144; subst. biiugī, ōrum, m., a double team or two-horse chariot, 10.575.

1

adj. (bis and iugum), of a two-horse team or chariot; coupled, yoked, 10.253; chariot-, 5.144; subst. biiugī, ōrum, m., a double team or two-horse chariot, 10.575.

2

adj. (bis and lingua), double-tongued; (fig.), deceitful, treacherous, 1.661.

1

(adj.), two-threaded, double-plaited, 12.375. (bis and cf. licium, thread)

1

adj. (bis and membrum), having two kinds of members; subst., bimembrēs, ium, m., Centaurs, 8.293.

1

(adj. num. distrib.), two by two; two to each, 5.61; (poet. as cardinal), two, 1.313, et al. (bis)

9

adj. (bis and pateō), with twofold opening; with twofold or double doors, 2.330.

2

adj. (bis and penna), two-winged; two-edged, 11.135; subst., f., a two-edged ax, 2.627; a battle-ax, 2.479.

4

adj. (bis and penna), two-winged; two-edged, 11.135; subst., f., a two-edged ax, 2.627; a battle-ax, 2.479.

1

a boat with two oars, or ship with two banks of oars; a galley or ship, 1.182. (bis and rēmus)

2

(adv.), twice, 1.381. (in composition bi-)

31

1. Bitias, a Carthaginian nobleman, 1.738. 2. A Trojan, 9.672.

4

adj. (bis and via), leading two ways, 11.516; subst., bivium, iī, n., the meeting of two roads; a crossway, 9.238.

1

adj. (bis and via), leading two ways, 11.516; subst., bivium, iī, n., the meeting of two roads; a crossway, 9.238.

1

(adj.), fondling; fawning; coaxing; persuasive, alluring, enticing, 1.670; grateful, calm, 5.827.

2

a town, of the Aequi in Latium, 6.775.

1

a good thing; good; blessing, happiness; comp., melius, ōris, n., a better thing; melius est, it is better; in melius, for the better; to a better state, 11.426; meliōra, um, better things, 12.153.

1

(adj.), good, in every sense, freq.; friendly, kind, 1.195; fit, valuable, proper, 5.483; skillful, expert, able, nimble, 5.430; auspicious, propitious, 1.734; subst., bonum, ī, n., a good thing; good; blessing, happiness; comp., melior, ius, better, freq.; superior, 5.68; greater, 9.156; subst., melius, ōris, n., a better thing; melius est, it is better; in melius, for the better; to a better state, 11.426; meliōra, um, better things, 12.153; superl., optimus, a, um, best, freq. For the adv. melius, see bene.

43

the north wind, 3.687; the god of the north wind, Boreas, son of the river-god Strymon (others, the north), 10.350.

4

an ox, 2.306; bull, 5.405; cow, 7.663; heifer, 7.790; pl., cattle, 3.220.

14

strictly, the forearm from the hand to the elbow; in general, the arm, 2.792, et al.; (fig.), limb, branch, of a tree, 6.282; sail-yard, 5.829; of walls, 3.535.

15

a thin plate of metal; gold-foil, -leaf, 6.209.

1

(adj.), short, of space, 3.507; shallow, 5.221; of time, brief, 10.467; subst. pl., brevia, ium, n., shoals, 1.111.

2

(adj.), short, of space, 3.507; shallow, 5.221; of time, brief, 10.467; subst. pl., brevia, ium, n., shoals, 1.111.

3

(adv.), briefly; in few words, 1.561. (brevis)

9

Briareus, or Aegaeon, one of the three Uranids, or sons of Uranus, giant monsters with a hundred (i.e. very many) hands, 6.287.

1

one of the Cyclops, in the forge of Vulcan, 8.425.

1

the winter solstice; winter, 2.472.

1

adj. (brūma), of the winter; wintry, 6.205.

1

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