Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
victrīx, īcis, f.

a female conqueror; in triumph, 7.544; as adj., victorious, 3.54. (vincō)

2
vīctus, ūs, m.

a living; nourishment, sustenance, food, 1.214. (vīvō)

4
videō, vīdī, vīsus (interrog. viden’ for vidēsne, 6.779), 2, a.

to see or perceive, in all senses of the words, freq.; see to it, look to it; determine, 10.744; (pass.), vidērī, to be seen, 2.461, et al.; to seem, appear, 1.396, et al.; (impers.), vidētur, vīsum est, it seems to one, seems good, proper, is the will of; one thinks, judges, 2.428, et al.

214
viduō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bereave, with acc. and abl., 8.571. (viduus)

1
vigeō, 2, n.

to be active, lively, vigorous; to flourish, be strong, 2.88; excel, 4.175.

2
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

2
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

4
vigilō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

n., to be awake, watch, 10.228; wake up, awake, 4.573; a., to watch against, look out for, guard against; p., vigilāns, antis, watchful, 5.438. (vigil)

5
vīgintī

(num. adj. indecl.), twenty, 1.634.

2
vigor, ōris, m.

activity, force, vigor, energy, 6.730. (vigeō)

2
vīlis, e

(adj.), of small value; cheap, worthless, insignificant, base, inferior, 11.372.

1
villōsus, a, um

adj. (villus), shaggy, hairy, 8.177.

2
villus, ī, m.

shaggy hair, 5.352; nap, 1.702.

2
vīmen, inis, n.

a flexible twig; osier, sprout, shoot, sprig, stem, 3.31.

3
vinciō, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a.

to bind, 11.81; bind round, 1.337; wreathe, bind round, 12.120.

4
vincō, vīcī, victus, 3, a. and n.

a., to conquer, 1.529, et al.; slay, 10.842; overcome, overpower, overwhelm, 1.122; dispel, 1.727; win, possess, 6.148; persuade, 2.699; n., to be victorious, gain the victory, conquer, 11.712.

59
vinculum (vinclum), ī, n.

that which serves for binding; a chain, 6.395; fetter, bond, 1.54; a rope, cable, 1.168; 2.236; cord, 5.510; a halter, 11.492; morally, a bond, tie, 4.16; pl., vincula or vincla, ōrum, n., gauntlets, 5.408; a sandal, 4.518; (fig.), constraint, compulsion, 7.203. (vinciō)

22
vindicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to claim or get by legal process; claim; rescue, save, 4.228. (vindex, defender)

1
vīnum, ī, n.

wine, 1.195, et al.

20
viola, ae, f.

a violet, 11.69.

1
violābilis, e

adj. (violō), that may be violated; violable; nōn violābile, inviolable, 2.154.

1
violentia, ae, f.

violence, 11.354; fierceness, impetuosity, fire, passion, fury, rage, 12.9. (violentus)

4
violentus, a, um

adj. (vīs), having much or excessive force; violent, impetuous, 6.356.

2
violō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to exercise force upon; hurt, wound, 11.277; break, 7.114; devastate, 11.255; desecrate, profane, 2.189; stain, 12.67. (vīs)

9
vīpereus, a, um

adj. (vīpera, viper), pertaining to vipers or snakes; viperous, snaky, 6.281.

3
vir, virī, m.

a man as distinguished by sex, 9.479, and freq.; husband, 2.744; hero, 6.415; pl., virī, ōrum, comrades, friends, 2.668; citizens, 1.264; people in general, 1.532.

170
virāgō, inis, f.

a woman of masculine spirit; a heroine, warlike maid, 12.468. (cf. vir)

1
Virbius, iī, m.

a Latin hero, son of Hippolytus and Aricia, 7.762.

2
virectum, ī, n.

a green or grassy spot; a lawn or meadow, 6.638. (vireō)

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
virga, ae, f.

a twig, bough, branch, 6.144; a wand (the caduceus of Mercury), 4.242. (vireō)

5
virgātus, a, um

adj. (virga), made of twigs; of basketwork; checkered or striped; plaid-, 8.660.

1
virgeus, a, um

adj. (virga), of twigs, rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7.463.

1
virgineus, a, um

adj. (virgō), pertaining to a virgin; of a virgin, of virgins; a maiden's, 11.68; maiden-, virgin-, 2.168.

5
virginitās, ātis, f.

virginity, 12.141. (virgo)

3
virgō, inis, f.

a maiden, virgin, freq.; virgin daughter, 2.403; virgin child, 11.565; the transformed virgin, Io, 7.791.

47
virgultum, ī, n.

(used only in the plural) a growth of brambles; a thicket, grove, 12.522; shrubs, 3.23; shoots or sprigs, 12.207. (virga)

6
viridāns, antis

green, grassy, verdant, 5.388; mossy, 8.630. (viridō)

2
viridis, e

adj. (vireō), verdant, green, 3.24; green wood-, 7.677; fresh, blooming, 5.295; vigorous, 6.304.

15
viridō, 1, n.

to be green, verdant. (viridis)

1
virīlis, e

adj. (vir), pertaining to a man; male, 7.50; manly, 3.342; of manhood, 9.311.

3
virtūs, ūtis, f.

manhood; valor, courage, 2.367, et al.; prowess, 1.566; moral worth, virtue, 5.344; greatness, glory, 6.806; heroism, 4.3; heroic effort, struggle, 12.913. (vir)

38
vīs, vīs, pl., vīrēs, vīrium

strength, force; persistence, industry, force, power, 2.452; keenness of scent, 4.132; might, 7.432; violence, fury, 1.69; hurt, injury, 3.242; pl., vīrēs, ium, physical power, strength, 2.639; military strength, power, resources, 2.170; natural power, 7.258; personal power, influence, 8.404.

110
vīscum, ī, n.

the mistletoe, 6.205.

1
vīscus, eris, n.

an inner part of the body; pl., vīscera, um, the entrails, vitals, 6.599; the flesh, 1.211; heart, bosom, 6.833.

12
vīsō, vīsī, vīsus, 3, intens. a.

to look at much; look at carefully, observe, see, 2.63; visit, 8.157. (videō)

2
vīsum, ī, n.

anything seen; a vision, 3.172; portent, prodigy, 4.456. (videō)

1
vīsus, ūs, m.

a seeing; vision, sight, 4.277; a phenomenon, spectacle, appearance, sight, 2.212; aspect, 11.271; prodigy, 3.36. (videō)

12
vīta, ae, f.

life, 2.92; of society or nations, 6.663; the living spirit, a soul or spirit, 4.705. (vīvō)

49
vītālis, e

adj. (vīta), pertaining to life; essential to life, vital, 1.388.

1
vītisator, ōris, m.

a vine-planter, 7.179. (vītis, a vine, and 1. serō)

1
vītō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to shun, avoid, 2.433.

2
vitreus, a, um

adj. (vitrum), of or like glass, clear, shining, crystal, 7.759.

1
vitta, ae, f.

a fillet, band, or chaplet for the head, especially for religious occasions, 5.366, et al.

18
vitulus, ī, m.

a young bullock, steer, calf, 5.772.

1
vīvō, vīxī, vīctus, 3, n.

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

2
vīvidus, a, um

adj. (vīvō), full of life; lively, vigorous, ardent, 5.754; quick, swift, 12.753.

4
vīvō, vīxī, vīctus, 3, n.

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

16
vīvus, a, um

adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

10
vīvus, a, um

adj. (vīvō), alive, living, 6.531; lifelike, 6.848; immortal, 12.235; of water, living, running, pure, 2.719; of rock, natural, unquarried, living, 1.167.

3
vix

(adv.), hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, 5.263, and freq.

39
ulcīscor, ultus sum, 3, dep. a.

to take revenge for, to avenge, 2.576.

4
Ulixēs, is, eī or ī, m.

Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

14
ūllus, a, um (gen. ūllīus, dat. ūllī)

(adj.), any, any one, in clauses expressing or implying a negative; (subst., m.), any one, any, 1.440, et al. (for ūnulus from ūnus)

49
ulmus, ī, f.

an elm tree, elm, 6.283.

1
ulterior, ius

(adj.), that is beyond; farther, 6.314; (adv.), ulterius, farther, 12.806; superl., ultimus, a, um.

1
ultima, ōrum

the end, goal, 5.317; the last, the final hour; the end, 2.446. (ulterior)

2
ultimus, a, um

(of space), the farthest, uttermost; remotest, utmost, 4.481; (of time), the last, 2.248; the remotest, 7.49; (of order), the last, 5.347; (of quality), worst, most humiliating, most degrading, 4.537. (superl. of ulterior)

12
ultor, ōris, m.

an avenger, 2.96; translated adjectively, avenging, 6.818. (ulcīscor)

6
ultrā

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

7
ultrā

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

1
ultrīx, īcis

adj. (ulcīscor), avenging, 2.587.

6
ultrō

(adv.), to the farther side; furthermore, over and above, moreover, 2.145, et al.; even, 9.127; beyond the limit of necessity; uncompelled, unasked, unimpelled; apart from all external influences, of one's self, of one's own accord or motion, voluntarily, willingly; unprompted by any words on another's part, first, 2.372; 4.304; unaddressed, 10.606; promptly, 10.282; impetuously, 12.3. (cf. ulterior)

26
ulva, ae, f.

water-grass, sedge, 2.135.

2
ululātus, ūs, m.

a yelling, howling, 7.395; wailing, shrieking, 4.667. (ululō)

4
ululō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to howl, 6.257; wail, shriek, 4.168; to utter wild cries of triumph, 11.662; shriek the name of; invoke with cries, 4.609.

6
Umber, bra, brum

(adj.), Umbrian; subst., Umber, brī, m., an Umbrian dog or hound, 12.753.

1
umbō, ōnis, m.

the boss of a shield, 2.546; a shield, 7.633.

5
umbra, ae, f.

shade, shadow, 1.165, et al.; darkness, night, 2.693, et al.; a shade of doubt, 12.669; the shade of the dead, freq.; a ghost, 4.386; a phantom, 10.636; pl., umbrae, ārum, the Manes, shades, 3.638; freq.; sub umbrās, to the abode of the dead, 4.660.

69
umbrifer, era, erum

adj. (umbra and ferō), shady, 6.473.

1
umbrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to shade, 6.772; (pass.), to be thrown into shadow; to be darkened, grow dark, 3.508. (umbra)

2
Umbrō, ōnis, m.

a soothsayer of the Marsi, 7.752.

2
umbrōsus, a, um

adj. (umbra), shady; dark, shadowy, 8.242.

2
umquam

(adv.), even at any time, ever, 6.770; at all, 12.649.

11
ūnā

(adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

24
ūnanimus, a, um

adj. (ūnus and animus), of one mind or heart; sympathizing, loving, 4.8; with one heart, 12.264.

3
unguō (ungō), ūnxī, ūnctus, 3, a.

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

1
uncus, a, um

(adj.), hooked, crooked, 1.169; talon-shaped, hooked, 3.217.

8
unda, ae, f.

a wave, billow, 1.161; freq.; the sea, 3.202; water, river, stream, 9.22.

109
unde

(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

19
unde

(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

7
undique

(adv.), from or on every side or all sides; all around, everywhere, 3.193, et al. (unde and -que)

35
undō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to rise in waves; of flame, smoke, dust, etc., surge, 2.609; overflow, stream forth, burst forth, gush, 10.908; boil, seethe, 6.218; of lines or reins, hang free, flow, 5.146. (unda)

7
undōsus, a, um

adj. (unda), billowy, stormy, 4.313; sea-washed, 3.693.

2
unguō (ungō), ūnxī, ūnctus, 3, a.

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

3
unguis, is, m.

a finger-nail, 4.673; talon, 12.255; claw, 5.352; in unguem, (polished) to the nail.

7
ungula, ae, f.

a hoof, 8.596. (unguis)

4
ūnus, a, um (gen. ūnīus, dat. ūnī)

(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

5
ūnus, a, um (gen. ūnīus, dat. ūnī)

(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

95

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY