Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
Trivia, ae, f.

an epithet of Hecate or Diana, whose images were placed at the forks of roads, 6.13, et al. (trivium)

9
trivium, iī, n.

the intersection of three roads; a road-crossing; a public place, 4.609. (trēs and via)

1
triumphō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to have the honor of a triumph; with acc. of the country over which the triumph is held, to triumph over, conquer, 6.836. (triumphus)

1
triumphus, ī, m.

the grand procession at Rome awarded to a victorious general; a victory, 2.578.

6
Trōas, adis or ados, f.

A Trojan woman, 5.613.

1
Trōes, m.

(subst.), the Trojans, 1.30, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

27
Trōia, ae, f.

1. Troy, the capital of the Troad, 2.625, et al. 2. A city built by Helenus in Epirus, 3.349. 3. A part of the city of Acesta in Sicily, 5.756. 4. The name of an equestrian game of Roman boys, 5.602.

87
Trōiānus, a, um

adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

6
Trōiānus, a, um

adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

40
Trōilus, ī, m.

one of the sons of Priam, 1.474.

1
Trōiugena, ae, c.

of Trojan descent; Trojan, 3.359; Trōiugenae, ārum, c., Trojans, 8.117. (Trōia and cf. gignō)

3
Trōius, a, um

(adj.), of Troy, Trojan, 1.119.

22
tropaeum, ī, n.

a memorial of the turning (cf. τρέπειν, to turn) or rout of an enemy; the trunk of a tree on which were hung the arms or spoils of an enemy slain; any memento of victory; a trophy.

7
Trōs, ōis, m.

Trojan, 6.52, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

7
trucīdō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to slaughter, kill, slay, 2.494. (trux and caedō)

2
trudis, is, f.

a pole, boathook, pike, 5.208. (trudō)

1
trūdō, sī, sus, 3, a.

to thrust, shove, push, 4.405.

1
truncus, ī, m.

the stem, stock, or trunk of a tree; stem, trunk, 6.207; trunk of the human body, 2.557.

10
truncus, a, um

adj. (truncus), stripped of its branches, 3.659; mutilated, maimed, mangled, 6.497; broken, shattered, 11.9.

3
trux, trucis

(adj.), ferocious, grim, stern, fierce, 10.447.

1
tū, pers. pron. pl. vōs

you, freq.; abl. with cum, tēcum, vōbīscum, with you; vōsmet, yourself, yourselves, 1.207.

419
tuba, ae, f.

a trumpet, 2.313, et al.; trumpet-signal, 11.424.

9
tueor, tuitus or tūtus sum, 2, dep. a.

to look at, gaze upon, behold, regard, 4.451, et al.; watch, guard, defend, maintain, protect, 1.564, et al.; p., tūtus, a, um, secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; subst., tūtum, ī, n., safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882; adv., tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381.

19
tuī, ōrum, m.

your friends, kinsmen, countrymen, descendants, etc., 3.488; freq. (tuus)

14
Tulla, ae, f.

a follower of Camilla, 11.656.

1
Tullus, ī, m.

Tullus Hostilius, the third king of Rome, 6.814.

2
tum

(adv.), then, freq.; then too; at the same time, moreover, 4.250, et al.; referring to a perf. p., 5.719; answering to, cum, cum — tum, while — at the same time; both — and, not only — but; opposed to nunc, 10.14.

240
tumeō, uī, 2, n.

to swell, 2.381; to be puffed up, boastful, 11.854; p., tumēns, entis, swollen, 2.381.

6
tumidus, a, um

adj. (tumeō), swollen, 1.142; distended, 10.387; elated, 9.596; incensed, angry, 6.407; causing to swell, swelling, 3.357.

12
tumor, ōris, m.

a swelling; of the mind, passion, indignation, resentment, 8.40. (tumeō)

1
tumultus, ūs, m.

commotion; uproar; outcry, 9.397; shouting, cries, 3.99; haste, 11.447; uprising, 6.857. (tumeō)

14
tumulus, ī, m.

a rising ground; a low hill, 9.195; a mound, 2.713; sepulchral mound, sepulcher, tomb, 3.304; 11.103. (tumeō)

31
tunc

(adv.), then, at that time; then, thereupon, afterwards, 11.208. (tum-ce)

8
tundō, tutudī, tūnsus or tūsus, 3, a.

to beat, pound, bruise, strike, smite, 1.481; lash, 5.125; (fig.), importune, assail, 4.448.

5
tunica, ae, f.

the under-garment of men and women; vest, tunic, 9.616; cuirass, corselet, 10.314.

5
turba, ae, f.

confusion, uproar, tumult, 5.152; a crowd, throng, 2.580; multitude, 6.305; herd, 1.191; flock, 3.233.

21
turbō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

7
turbidus, a, um

adj. (turbō), confused; mingled, foul, 6.296; dismal, dark, 6.534; whirling, 5.696; of the mind, sad, troubled, 4.353; startled, in alarm, 11.814; furious, 11.742.

15
turbō, inis, m.

a tornado, whirlwind; storm, tempest, 1.442; whirling cloud, 3.573; wind accompanying the lightning; lightning-blast, 1.45; 6.594; whirling or stormy force, 11.284, et al.; a whirling top, a child's top, 7.378. (cf. turba)

17
turbō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

36
tūreus, a, um

adj. (tūs), of frankincense, 6.225.

1
tūricremus, a, um

adj. (tūs and cremō), incense-burning, 4.453.

1
turma, ae, f.

a squadron or troop, properly of Roman cavalry; in general, a troop, squadron, 5.560; host, army, 11.503; in turmās, into or in squadrons, 11.599.

8
Turnus, ī, m.

the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.

152
turpis, e

(adj.), unsightly, unseemly, freq.; squalid, 6.276; foul; besmeared, covered, 5.358; shameful, base, dishonorable, disgraceful, 2.400.

4
turpō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make indecent; to soil, disfigure, defile, 12.611. (turpis)

2
turriger, gera, gerum

adj. (turris and gerō), turret-bearing, tower-crowned, 7.631; 10.253.

2
turris, is, f.

a tower, 2.445, et al.

17
turrītus, a, um

adj. (turris), turreted, 8.693; crowned with turrets; with crown of towers, 6.785; tower-like, towering, lofty, 3.536.

3
tūs, tūris, n.

incense, 1.417, et al.

3
Tuscī, ōrum, m.

the people of Etruria; Etruscans, Etrurians, Tuscans, 11.629, et al.

2
Tuscus, a, um

(adj.), Etrurian, Tuscan.

5
tūtāmen, inis, n.

a means of protection; a defense, 5.262. (tūtor)

1
tūtor, āvī, ātus sum, 1, dep. intens. a.

to protect, defend, 2.677; befriend, 5.343. (tueor)

3
tūtum, ī, n.

safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882.

3
tūtus, a, um

secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; (adv.), tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381. (tueor)

27
tuus, a, um

your, yours. (tū)

115
Tӯdeus (dissyll.), eī or eos, m.

son of Oeneus and Periboea, and father of Diomed, 6.479.

1
Tӯdīdēs, ae, m.

the son of Tydeus, Diomedes or Diomed, 1.97, et al.

7
tympanum, ī, n.

a drum, timbrel, tambourine, 9.619.

1
Tyndaris, idis, f.

a daughter of Tyndarus; Helen, 2.569.

2
Typhoëus, a, um

adj. (Typhōeus), pertaining to the giant Typhoeus; Typhoian, 1.665.

1
Typhōeus (trisyll.), eī or eos, m.

Typhoeus or Typhon, a giant struck down to Hades by the thunderbolt of Jupiter.

2
tyrannus, ī, m.

a sovereign prince, chief, ruler, 4.320; in a bad sense, a despot, tyrant, 1.361.

7
Tyrēs, ae, m.

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.403.

1
Tyrius, a, um

adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

14
Tyrius, a, um

adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

11
Tyrrhēnī, ōrum, m.

the Tyrrheni, a branch of the Pelasgic race who are said to have settled in Etruria; Etrurians, Tuscans, 8.603.

4
Tyrrhēnus, a, um

adj. (Tyrrhēnī), Tyrrhenian; Etruscan, Tuscan, 1.67; subst., Tyrrhēnus, ī, m., a Tuscan, 10.787.

28
Tyrrhēnus, ī, m.

the name of an Etruscan ally of Aeneas, 11.612.

1
Tyrrhīdae, ārum, m.

the sons of Tyrrheus, 7.484. (Tyrrheus)

2
Tyrrheus (dissyll.), eī, m., and Tyrrhus, ī, m.

a shepherd of Latium, in the service of Latinus, 7.532, et al.

3
Tyros (Tyrus), ī, f.

Tyre, the ancient maritime capital of Phoenicia, 1.346.

4
vacca, ae, f.

cow, 6.251; heifer, 4.61.

2
vacō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to be empty; to be open, 11.179; to be free from, unoccupied by, with abl., 3.123; (impers.), vacat, there is leisure, one has time, 1.373.

4
vacuus, a, um

adj. (vacō), empty, void, 12.592; open, 5.515; deserted, 2.528; solitary, 2.761; 4.82; without employment, unoccupied; subst., vacuum, ī, n., emptiness, void space, 12.906.

11
vādō, 3, n.

to go, walk, advance, go on, 2.396, et al.; rush, 2.359; move, speed on, 8.702; imperat., vāde, away, go on! 3.462.

9
vadōsus, a, um

adj. (vadum), that can be forded; fordable, shallow, 7.728.

1
vadum, ī, n.

a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

20
vāgīna, ae, f.

a scabbard, sheath, 4.579.

5
vāgītus, ūs, m.

a wailing, 6.426. (vāgiō)

1
vagor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to wander about, 6.886; ride to and fro, career about, 5.560; to be rumored round, spread, 2.17. (vagus, wandering)

5
valēns, entis

strong, vigorous, powerful, 5.431. (valeō)

1
valeō, uī, itus, 2, n.

to be strong physically; to be well, vigorous, powerful; to excel, 5.67; to have power, be able; can, 2.492; to avail; can do, 12.798; imperat., vale, farewell! 2.789.

21
Valerus, ī, m.

a Latin warrior, 10.752.

1
validus, a, um

adj. (valeō), strong, 1.120; vigorous, powerful, 5.15; mighty, 2.50; heavy, massive.

16
vallēs, is, f.

a valley, dell, dale, ravine, vale, 1.186, et al.

14
vāllō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to surround with a rampart; to encamp around, 11.915. (vāllum)

1
vāllum, ī

a rampart, breastwork, or fort with palisades, 9.524.

9
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

13
vapor, ōris, m.

vapor, steam, 7.466; fiery vapor; fire, 5.683.

3
vapōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to send out steam; to fumigate; perfume, 11.481. (vapor)

1
variō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to diversify; exchange, relieve, 9.164; n., change, waver, 12.223. (varius)

2
varius, a, um

(adj.), diversified, manifold, various, 5.605, et al.; different, 4.286; mingled, 11.475; varying, 1.748; changing, 4.564; subst., varium, iī, n., a changeable, fickle, inconstant thing, 4.569.

41
vāstātor, ōris, m.

ravager, destroyer, 9.772. (vāstō)

1
vāstō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make void or empty; to desolate, lay waste, ravage, devastate, 1.471, et al.; deprive of, strip, rob, with acc. and abl., 8.8. (vāstus)

4
vāstus, a, um

(adj.), empty, void, wild, waste, 9.323; vast, unbounded, 1.118; huge, enormous, immense, 3.647; deep-, vast-, sounding, 1.245.

46
vātēs, is, c.

a prophet, soothsayer, augur, seer, 3.433; prophetess, 3.187; poet, bard, 6.662; priest, 11.774.

36

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY