Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
terreō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to frighten, alarm, appall, terrify, freq.; threaten, seek to terrify, 10.879.

24
vel

(conj.), or implying indifference as to the alternative or choice, or, freq.; even, or whether, and, 6.769; vel — vel, either — or, 4.24, 25, et al.

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convertō, ī, versus, 3, a.

to turn completely; turn back, to invert, reverse, 1.81; wheel or turn against, 12.548; turn, 2.191; change, 2.73; p., conversus, a, um, turned, turning, 12.172; opposing, 12.716; returning, 7.543; transformed, 12.623.

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īnferō, intulī, inlātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to bear into, upon, or to; convey to, 1.6; offer in sacrifice, 3.66; bring, make, wage war, 3.248; sē īnferre, to betake, present one's self, appear, 5.622; move, advance, 1.439; (pass.), īnferrī, as middle, go against, pursue, 4.545.

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ūnā

(adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

24
cārus, a, um

(adj.), dear, 4.91, et al.; poet., active, loving, fond, 1.677; affectionate, tender, 11.215.

24
nimbus, ī, m.

a violent rain; storm, tempest, 1.51; a black cloud, thunder-cloud, cloud, 3.587; a bright cloud; the nimbus surrounding a god, 2.616; cloud of smoke, 5.666; a multitude, 7.793.

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praeceps, cipitis

adj. (prae and caput), head foremost; headlong, 2.307; deep, 11.888; hurried, hasty, quick, speedy, 4.573; flying, running swiftly, 2.516; 3.598; rash, impetuous, fiery, 9.685; prolept., ready to sink, 10.232; subst., praeceps, n., a steep, precipice, verge, 2.460; in praeceps, headlong; downwards, 6.578.

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mīror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to wonder at, admire, 1.421; marvel, wonder, 6.317; w. genit., 11.126

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mollis, e

(adj.), soft, tender, delicate; pliant, flexible, soft, 1.693; soft-cushioned, 8.666; subtle, 4.66; tamed, gentle; yielding, accessible, favorable, 4.293; haud mollia, things hard, difficult, harsh, unwelcome, 12.25.

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subitō

(adv.), suddenly, 1.88, et al.

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cūstōs, ōdis, c.

a guard; overseer, watchman, keeper, freq.; guardian, governor, master, 5.546; collectively, a patrol, a guard, 1.564.

24
quīn

(conj.), why not, wherefore not? nay but, 1.279; nay even, 2.768; that not, 5.456.

24
ita

(adv.), thus, so, in such a manner, 4.533, et al.; in oaths, 9.208. (rel. to is)

24
impleō, plēvī, plētus, 2, a.

to fill up; fill, 1.729; with sound, fill, 3.313; reach, 11.896; regale (w. gen.), 1.215; satisfy, 1.716; inspire, 3.434.

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Euryalus, ī, m.

a Trojan youth among the followers of Aeneas, 5.294.

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Īliacus, a, um

(adj.), belonging to Ilium; Ilian, Trojan, 1.97, et al.

24
antrum, ī, n.

a cave, cavern, grotto, 1.166.

24
auris, is, f.

the ear, 2.119, et al. (rel. to audiō)

25
accendō, ī, cēnsus, 3, a.

to set fire to, light up, enkindle, 5.4; enrage, exasperate, incense, 1.29; incite, rouse, 4.232. (ad and candō, rel. to candeō)

25
malum, ī, n.

an evil, a misfortune, calamity, adversity; suffering, woe, misery, 1.198; misdeed, crime, sin, wickedness, 6.739; pest, curse, scourge, 4.174; mischief, poison, 7.375.

25
impōnō, posuī, positus (p. impostus, 9.716), 3, a.

to put or lay on, in, into, over, upon, 1.49; put, 2.619; place over the dead, erect, build, 6.233; lay down, prescribe, 6.852; (impers.), impositum est, it is incumbent, a necessity, 8.410.

25
iuventūs, ūtis, f.

youthfulness; the age of youth; collective, young people, the youth; warriors, 1.467. (iuvenis)

25
licet, licuit or licitum est

it is allowed; permitted, proper, lawful, right; one may, 5.82, et al. (liceō)

25
laus, laudis, f.

praise, 1.609, et al.; fame, glory, 2.584; praiseworthy conduct, prowess, heroism, virtue, merit, 1.461, et al.

25
ambō, ae, ō

(adj.), both, 1.458.

25
fōrma, ae, f.

form, figure, shape, 1.72; beauty, 1.27; kind, species, sort (of penalty), 6.615; (of crime), 6.626.

25
quīcumque, quaecumque, quodcumque

(indef. rel.), whoever, whatever, whosoever, whatsoever, 1.610; no matter who; who, 12.143. (quī and indef. adv. -cumque)

25
dīversus, a, um

turned apart; opposite, contrary; away, 5.166; different, various, 2.298; distant, far remote, 3.4; pl., apart, 9.623; in different directions, 1.70; different parts of, 5.676; in different places, 12.501; dīversa urbs, different parts of the city, 12.621; in dīversa, different or opposite ways; asunder, 8.642.

25
mēnsa, ae, f.

a table, 1.640; dish, food, viands, 1.216; course of food, 1.723.

25
celer, eris, ere

(adj.), fleet, rapid, active, nimble, swift, 4.180, et al; in a predicate, swiftly, 6.425.

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pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.

to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

25
perīculum (perīclum), ī, n.

a trial; risk, hazard, danger, peril, 1.615, et al.

25
coma, ae, f.

the hair, 1.319; mane, 10.726; (fig.), foliage, leafy crown, 2.629; leaves, branches.

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Olympus, ī, m.

Olympus, the name of several mountains in Greece and Asia Minor, the most famous of which was Mount Olympus in the northeastern part of Thessaly; the home of the superior gods; heaven, Olympus, 1.374; referring to the gods, 8.533.

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optō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to choose, w. acc., 3.109; desire, wish, 1.76; w. inf., 6.501; p., optātus, a, um, desired, longed for, much desired, 1.172; adv., optātō, according to one's wish; in good time, 10.405.

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cōgō, coēgī, coāctus, 3, a.

to drive, lead, assemble together, 4.289; condense, 5.20; close up, 12.457; urge, impel, 9.463; force (of tears), feign, 2.196; compel, 1.563; with two accusatives, 3.56. (com- and agō)

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prior, ius, ōris (superl., prīmus, wh. see)

first or foremost, of two, 5.155; first in order of time, 1.581; earlier, former, first, 3.213; beforehand, anticipating, 11.760; superior, 11.292; (subst.), priōrēs, m., ancestors, 3.693.

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quoque

(conj.), also, too, as well, even, 1.407.

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fluvius, iī, m.

a stream; river, 1.607; water, fountains, abundant water; secundō fluviō, by the favoring stream, with or down the stream, 7.494. (fluō)

25
harēna, ae, f.

sand, 1.112; sandy shore, strand, 1.540; sandy ground, arena; space for races; an arena, 5.336.

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succēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n. and a.

to go, come up to or under, with dat., or acc. and prep., or without a case, to go up to, visit, 8.507; ascend, 12.235; come up to, advance to, 2.478; approach, 7.214; encounter, 10.847; enter, 1.627; creep under, disappear beneath, 5.93; to descend into the earth, to be buried, 11.103; take up, take upon one's self, 2.723; go under, be yoked to, 3.541; to follow, 11.481; to turn out well; succeed, come to pass, 11.794. (sub and cēdō)

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fallō, fefellī, falsus, 3, a.

to deceive, cheat, ensnare, beguile, 1.688; counterfeit, assume, 1.684; to be unobserved by, escape the notice of, 2.744; make useless or deceptive, 5.591; disappoint, 4.17; to violate an oath, 6.324; (pass.), to deceive one’s self, be mistaken, err, 5.49; (impers.), fallit, it escapes one, is hid from or unknown to, 4.96.

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numerus, ī, m.

a number, 1.193; multitude, 2.424; order, 3.446; in music or poetry, measure, number, 6.646; pl., numbers, measures; melody, tune.

25
fidēs, eī, f.

a trusting; confidence, faith, belief, reliance, trust, 3.69; confident hope, trust, 9.260; trustiness, faithfulness, sincerity, fidelity, honor, 2.143; 4.597; an alliance, league, 10.71; truth, fact, 2.309; certainty, assurance, 3.375; personified as a goddess, Faith, Fides, 1.292, et al. (fīdō)

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trepidus, a, um

(adj.), agitated, uneasy, disturbed, trembling, affrighted, 2.380; excited, tumultuous, 11.300; confused, in disorder, 10.283; alarmed, fearful of, anxious for, w. gen., 12.589; panic-stricken, 12.583.

25
Italus, a, um

Italian, 3.440, et al.; subst., Italī, ōrum, m., the Italians, 1.109. (Ītalia)

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dolus, ī, m.

artifice, device, stratagem, 2.390; fraud, treachery, wile, 2.34; deception, craft, 1.684; secret or hidden crime, crafty misdeed, 6.567; (fig.), maze, 5.590; treacherous work or fabric, 2.264.

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vērō

(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

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levis, e

(adj.), of little weight, light, 2.682, et al.; thin, slender, 10.817; delicate, tender, 12.207; light-armed, 11.868; fleeting, fleet, swift, flying, 1.147; flitting, airy, 10.663; sudden, 12.489; insignificant, small, 7.232; mean, 12.764.

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legō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to gather, collect, 5.209; cull, pick, gather; gather in, furl, 3.532; wind up, 10.815; select, elect, choose, 1.426; take to one's self, claim, 10.79; take in point after point in travel or with the eye, coast along, pass by, 3.292; trace, pursue, 9.393; traverse, 2.208; 12.481; read; survey, review, 6.755.

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ultrō

(adv.), to the farther side; furthermore, over and above, moreover, 2.145, et al.; even, 9.127; beyond the limit of necessity; uncompelled, unasked, unimpelled; apart from all external influences, of one's self, of one's own accord or motion, voluntarily, willingly; unprompted by any words on another's part, first, 2.372; 4.304; unaddressed, 10.606; promptly, 10.282; impetuously, 12.3. (cf. ulterior)

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pār, paris

(adj.), equal, 1.705; like, 2.794; equal, well-poised, steady, 4.252; side by side, 5.580; well-matched, 5.114.

26
iterum

(adv.), a second time, again, freq.; iterumque iterumque, both again and again, again and again, 2.770.

26
ops, opis, f.

power, might, ability, 1.601; splendor, pomp, magnificence, 8.685; aid, assistance, 2.803; pl., opēs, um, means, resources, strength, riches, wealth, 1.14; supplies, assistance, 1.571; power, dominion, 2.4. (in the sing. only the gen., acc., and abl. are used)

26
inimīcus, a, um

unfriendly; inimical, hostile, 2.622; of one's foe, 10.795; adverse, 12.812; dangerous, 11.880; fatal, destructive, 1.123.

26
ut (utī)

(relat. adv. of manner), as, just as, freq.; in oaths, so truly as, 12.206; of time, as soon as, when, 8.1, et al.; ut prīmum, as soon as, 1.306.

26
sacerdōs, ōtis, c.

a priest or priestess, 2.201; 1.273; a poet or bard (as priest of the Muses), 6.645. (sacer)

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exerceō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to keep in action or motion; hurry, drive along, whip, 7.380; exercise, carry on, pursue, 1.431; employ, 10.808; engage in, cultivate, cherish, 4.110; practice, 4.87; train, lead, 1.499; agitate, torment, harass, 5.779; pursue, 4.623. (ex and arceō)

26
rapidus, a, um

adj. (rapiō), that tears away; violent, fierce; swiftly moving, rapid, 1.42; speedy, quick, prompt, 5.513.

27

(adv.), not, in prohibitions, 3.160; 3.453; nē — quidem, not even; (conj.), in order that not, that not, lest, 2.187, freq.

27
temptō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.

to hold much; handle, feel; make trial in any way; examine, investigate, search out, test, sound, explore, 2.38; seek for, attempt to find, seek, 3.146; seek to win the mind, approach, conciliate, gain, 4.113; attempt, try, essay, 2.334; assail, attack, 11.350; stir up, provoke, 10.87. (teneō)

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Euander (-drus, 8.100; Ēvander, -drus), drī, m.

Evander, an Arcadian prince, son of Carmentis, and king of Pallanteum on the Tiber, 8.52.

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Trōes, m.

(subst.), the Trojans, 1.30, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

27
scopulus, ī, m.

a projecting ledge of rock; a high cliff or rock, 1.180; crag, 1.45; ledge, reef, 1.145; detached rock, fragment of rock, 12.531.

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factum, ī, n.

a thing done; deed, action, achievement, 1.364.

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velut (velutī)

(adv.), even as, like, as it were, as, just as, as if, 1.82, et al. (vel and ut)

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sors, sortis, f.

a lot, 5.490, et al.; fate, lot, destiny, fortune, condition, 6.114; hazard, 12.54; luck, success, victory, 12.932; oracular response, oracle, 4.346; 7.254; allotment, designation, 6.431; division, part, 10.40.

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Acestēs, ae, m.

Acestes or Segestus, the son of Crimisus, a Sicilian river god, and Egesta or Segesta, a Trojan woman, 1.195.

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sacrum, ī, n.

a holy thing; pl., sacra, ōrum, n., sacred symbols, rites, 12.13; sacred rites, ceremonies, sacrifices, 2.132; sacred things, utensils, symbols, 2.293; mysteries, 3.112.

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tantum

(adv.), so much, 6.877; just so much; only, 2.23; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.

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placidus, a, um

adj. (placeō), gentle, calm, tranquil, peaceful, serene, 5.848; inactive, idle, 9.187; friendly, propitious, 3.266; (adv.), placidē, gently, softly, quietly, calmly, 5.86.

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loquor, locūtus sum, 3, dep. n. and a.

to speak, 1.614, et al.; tell, 6.266; say, 1.731; sing, 6.662.

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semper

(adv.), always, ever, 2.97, et al.

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memorō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to call to memory; mention, rehearse, relate, 1.8; say, speak, 3.182; name, 1.327; mention proudly, boast of, 5.392. (memor)

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subitus, a, um

having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

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iugum, ī, n.

a yoke, 3.542, et al.; a span, team, horses, 5.147, et al.; cross-bench, seat, bench, 6.411; of hills or mountains, summit, top, ridge, 1.498; mount, 7.799; brow of a hill, 8.236; (fig.), subjection, 10.78; pl., iuga, ōrum, (meton.), car, chariot, 6.804; 10.594. (rel. to iungō)

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aequus, a, um

(adj.), plain, even; on a level with, leveled, with dat., 12.569; equal, open, fair, 11.706; equal, adequate, prepared, 10.450; favorable, 1.479; impartial, equitable, just, 6.129; unprejudiced, unbiased, 9.234; aequō pede, with foot to foot, face to face, 12.465; aequum est, it is just, 12.20; aequius fuerat, it would have been more just, 11.115.

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tūtus, a, um

secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; (adv.), tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381. (tueor)

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secundus, a, um

adj. (sequor), the following; second, 5.258; inferior, 11.441; favorable, fair, 4.562; swiftly flying, 1.156; fortunate, prosperous, 1.207; successful, 2.617; joyful, 8.90; 10.266; auspicious, propitious, 4.45; of a river, easily flowing, downwards.

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Phrygius, a, um

Phrygian, Trojan, 1.381; subst., Phrygiae, ārum, f., Phrygian or Trojan women, 518. (Phryx)

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furō, uī, 3, n.

to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

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vetus, eris

(adj.), old, aged, freq.; ancient, early, former, 1.23, et al.

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Latīnus, a, um

adj. (Latium), of Latium; Latin, 1.6, et al.; Latīna, ae, f., a Latin woman, 12.604.

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Tyrrhēnus, a, um

adj. (Tyrrhēnī), Tyrrhenian; Etruscan, Tuscan, 1.67; subst., Tyrrhēnus, ī, m., a Tuscan, 10.787.

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altum, ī, n.

the deep; the lofty; the deep sea, the main, the deep, 1.3; the sky, heaven, air, 1.297; from far, far-fetched, remote, 8.395. (altus)

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sagitta, ae, f.

an arrow, 1.187, et al.

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autem

(conj.), but, yet, however, truly, indeed, now, moreover, denoting contrast, difference, addition, or transition, freq.

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pendeō, pependī, 2, n.

to hang, foll. by abl. alone or w. prep., 2.546, et al.; 5.511; be suspended, 1.106; cling, 9.562; bend, stoop forward, 5.147; (meton.), linger, delay, 6.151; listen, hang upon, 4.79.

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ārdeō, ārsī, ārsus, 2, n. and a.

to burn; to be on fire, or in flames, 2.311, et al.; be burned, 2.581; (fig.), rage in combat, 1.491; burn with impatience, to long, 1.515; burn with love, 4.101; glow, 4.262.

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palma, ae, f.

the palm of the hand, 8.69; the hand, 1.93; palm branch, 5.111; a palm branch or wreath as the symbol of victory; reward, prize, 5.349; victory; a victor, 5.339.

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ignārus, a, um

(adj.), not knowing; freq.; unaware, ignorant, 11.154; often w. genit., ignorant of, 1.630; unsuspicious of, 2.106; unconscious, 9.345; not knowing the land; (pass.), unknown, a stranger, 10.706.

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ager, agrī, m.

the land pertaining to a person or community; land under cultivation; a field, 2.306, et al.; land, 1.343, et al.

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collum, ī, n.

the neck of men and animals, 1.654, et al.; of a plant, 9.436; pl., the neck, 11.692.

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arduus, a, um

(adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

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effor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to speak forth; speak, say, 6.560. (ex and for)

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adfor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to speak to; address, 1.663; beseech, supplicate, 2.700; bid adieu, farewell to, 2.644.

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crīnis, is, m.

the hair, 1.480; train of meteors, 5.528; (often in the pl.), the hairs of the head, the hair.

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sonō, sonuī, sonitus, 1, n. and a.

to sound, resound, freq.; murmur, 3.442, et al.; chirp, 12.477; rattle, 4.149; roar, 1.246; thunder, 2.113; (w. acc.), indicate by sound, betray, reveal, 1.328; boast, 12.529.

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opus, eris, n.

work, labor, 1.436; task, toil, 6.183; enterprise, 3.20; the thing produced by work; a work (of art), 1.455; of buildings, 5.119.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY