Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort ascending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
attāctus, ūs (only in the abl., attāctū), m.

a touching; touch, 7.350. (attingō)

1
atrox, ōcis

adj. (āter), cruel, fierce, relentless, 1.662.

2
ātrium, iī, n.

a rectangular area in the middle of a dwelling, partly open to the sky; and often surrounded with a colonnade; the court or principal apartment of a dwelling; or, in a house containing more than one court, the forecourt or first hall; a court, hall, 2.483, et al.

6
Atrīdēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Atreus; pl., Atrīdae, ārum, the Atridae (Agamemnon and Menelaus), 2.104.

8
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

290
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

3
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

106
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

6
Atlās, antis, m.

Atlas, a king of Mauretania, famed for his knowledge of the stars, and hence said to have borne the heavens on his head and shoulders, transformed, according to mythology, by Perseus with the Gorgon’s head into the mountain that bears his name, 1.741, et al.

8
Atlantis, idis, f.

a daughter or female descendant of Atlas; Electra, 8.135.

1
Atīnas, ātis, m.

Atinas, a Latin chief, 12.661.

2
Ātīna, ae, f.

a town of Latium, 7.630.

1
Atiī, ōrum, m.

the Atii, a Roman gens, 5.568.

1
Athōs (acc. on, ōna), m.

a mountain in Macedonia on the Strymonian gulf, 12.701.

1
Athesis, is, m.

the Athesis, a river in the N.E. part of Upper Italy, 9.680.

1
āter, tra, trum

(adj.), black; dark, gloomy, 1.60, et al.; smoky, lurid, 7.456; 4.384; clotted, dark, 3.622; soiled, blackened, 2.272; (fig.), sad, fatal, 6.429; venomous, deadly; of the odor of smoke, 12.591.

71
atavus, ī, m.

a great-great-great-grandfather, or forefather of the fifth previous generation; forefather, 7.474.

3
at and ast

(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.

17
at and ast

(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.

129
asȳlum, ī, n.

1. A place of refuge; an asylum; a temple, sanctuary, 2.761. 2. The Asylum established by Romulus on the Capitoline, 8.342.

2
Astyanax, actis, m.

Astyanax, the son of Hector and Andromache, put to death by Ulysses after the capture of Troy, to prevent the fulfillment of the prophecy which said that Troy should be restored by him, 2.457.

2
astus, ūs, m.

cunning; abl. astū, with cunning, craftily, 10.522.

2
Astur, uris, m.

Astur, an Etruscan chief, 10.180.

2
astrum, ī, n.

a star, constellation; pl., astra, ōrum, heaven, 3.158; Tītānia astra, the heavenly bodies; the sun, moon, or stars, 6.725.

20
Assaracus, ī, m.

Assaracus, a king of Phrygia, son of Tros, brother of Ganymede and Ilus, and grandfather of Anchises, 1.284; Assaracī, ōrum, m. the Assaraci, two Trojan heroes, 10.124.

7
aspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a.

to look at; to behold, see, 1.393, et al.; (fig.), to consider, 1.526; regard, pity, 2.690. (ad and speciō, look)

34
asperō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make rough; raise, arouse, lift up, 3.285. (asper)

1
aspernor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to slight, despise, 11.106. (ab and spernor)

1
aspergō, spersī, spersus, 3, a.

to sprinkle upon, to sprinkle. (ad and spargō)

1
asper, era, erum

(adj.), rough, 2.379; rugged, craggy, jagged, 6.360; chased, embossed, 5.267; (fig.), of the weather, stormy, 2.110; of temperament, spirit, or nature, barbarous, 5.730; formidable, fierce, 1.14; full of strife, warlike, 1.291; cruel, stern, 6.882; angry, 1.279; bitter, 2.96; displeased, 8.365.

31
aspectus, ūs, m.

a looking at; (meton.), that which is looked at; a vision, 9.657; a view, sight, 4.314; appearance, presence, 1.613. (aspiciō)

7
aspectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to look at or upon, behold, 10.4; survey earnestly, 6.186; with admiration, 1.420; with regret, 5.615. (ad and spectō)

7
aspargō, inis, f.

a sprinkling upon; spray, 3.534. (aspergō)

1
Āsius, iī, m.

a Trojan warrior, 10.123.

1
Āsius, a, um

adj. (Āsia), of Asia, a town near the Cayster; Asian, 7.701.

1
Asīlās, ae, m.

1. A Trojan warrior, 9.571. 2. An Etruscan chief and soothsayer, 10.175.

5
Āsia, ae, f.

1. Asia, a town of Lydia, near the river Cayster. 2. Asia Minor; Asia, 7.224, et al.

8
ascēnsus, ūs, m.

a climbing or ascending, 2.303. (ascendō)

1
ascendō, scendī, scēnsus, 3, a. and n.

to climb, mount, ascend, 1.419; scale, 9.507. (ad and scandō)

5
Ascanius, iī, m.

Ascanius, son of Aeneas, and traditional founder of Alba Longa, 1.267.

41
Asbȳtēs, ae, m.

a Trojan, 12.362.

1
arx, arcis, f.

a citadel, stronghold, fortress, tower, 2.56, et al.; high abode, heaven, 1.250; a summit, height, 1.56; mountain, hill, 6.783; palace, 4.410. (arceō)

52
arvum, ī, n.

arable land; land; a field, 1.246; soil; plain, the ground, 12.237; the shore, 2.209; pl., arva, ōrum, fields, lands, country; waters, 8.695. (arō)

53
arvīna, ae, f.

grease, tallow, 7.627.

1
arundō, inis, f.

a reed, arrow, 4.73.

7
artus, ūs, m.

a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

23
artus, a, um

(adj.), straitened, narrow; close, tight, 1.293.

2
artifex, icis, m.

an artist, 1.455; artificis scelus, the iniquity of the deceiver = the accursed falsifier, 11.407; subtle schemer, artful deviser, 2.125. (ars and faciō)

4
ars, artis, f.

acquired skill; dexterity, 5.521; art, 2.15; warlike device, craft, 5.442; skillful effort or toil, 5.270; attainment, science, 7.772; prophetic wisdom, 5.705; aim, vocation, pursuit, 6.852; avocation, craft, 12.519; artifice, plot, stratagem, intrigue, 1.657; craft, subtlety, cunning, 2.152; skillful or cunning workmanship, 5.359.

37
Arrūns, untis, m.

Arruns or Aruns, an Etruscan follower of Tarchon, 11.759.

7
arripiō, uī, reptus, 3, a.

to seize for one’s self; seize, 9.561; lay hold upon; surprise, 9.13; (fig.), hasten to, gain, 3.477. (ad and rapiō)

7
arrigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.

to raise up; erect; bristle up, 10.726; (fig.), to excite, rouse; p., arrēctus, a, um, standing up, rising; erect, 5.426; bristling, 11.754; attentive, 1.152; animated, roused, encouraged, 1.579; ardent, intent; intense, 5.138; in fearful expectation, 12.731. (ad and regō)

21
Arpī, ōrum

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

3
arō, āvi, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to plow; till, cultivate, 4.212; of navigation, to plow, 2.780; of age, to furrow, 7.417.

6
armus, ī, m.

the shoulder, strictly at the shoulder blade; of beasts, shoulder, 11.497; flank, side, 6.881; of men, the shoulder, 11.644

6
armō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

23
armisonus, a, um

adj. (arma and sonō), making arms to resound; with resounding arms, 3.544.

1
armipotēns, entis

adj. (arma and potēns), powerful in arms; valiant, brave, warlike, 2.425.

5
armiger, erī, m.

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

5
armiger, erī, m.

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

1
armentum, ī, n.

collective (arō), beasts used for plowing; cattle, 2.499, et al.; of all kinds of animals, a herd, drove; of deer, 1.185; of horses, 3.540.

11
armentālis, e

adj. (armentum), of a drove; of the herd; unbroke, 11.571.

1
armātus, a, um

armed, charged, 12.857. (armō)

11
armātī, ōrum, m.

armed men, warriors, 2.485. (armō)

2
arma, ōrum, n.

arms, defensive and offensive, freq.; armor, 10.181; suits of armor, 8.565; (fig.), or warlike exploits, 1.1; conflict, 12.844; implements, equipments, instruments, utensils, 1.183; sails, 5.15; rudder, helm, 6.353; military power, warlike command, 12.192; war, conflict, 12.6; means of injury, weapons, 2.99; arma movēre (of the lion), to prepare for battle, 12.6; arma colligere, shorten sail.

279
arista, ae, f.

the beard of wheat; a head of wheat.

2
Arisba, ae, f.

a town in the Troad, 9.264.

1
arietō (by synaeresis sometimes trisyll.), āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to strike; to stumble; dash, 11.890. (ariēs)

1
ariēs, ietis (oblique cases often trisyll. aryetis, etc.), m.

a ram, freq.; a military engine, a battering ram, 2.492.

3
āridus, a, um

adj. (āreō), dry, parched, 5.200; thirsty.

2
Arīcia, ae, f.

a nymph, mother of Virbius, 7.762.

1
Argyripa, ae, f.

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

1
argūtus, a, um

clear; clear-sounding; melodious; whistling, rattling, whizzing, 7.14.

1
Argus (Argos), ī, m.

a guest of Evander, 8.346; Argus, the hundred-eyed keeper who was made the guard of Io, after she was changed into a heifer by Juno, 7.791.

2
arguō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.

to make clear; to manifest, show, betray, 4.13; prove, 9.282; accuse, 11.384.

5
argūmentum, ī, n.

the means of making clear; subject, theme, story, 7.791. (arguō)

1
Argolicus, a, um

(adj.), of Argolis; Argolic; Greek, 2.55.

11
Argīvus, a, um

adj. (Argos), belonging to Argos; Argive; Greek, 2.254; subst., Argīvī, ōrum, Argives, Greeks, 1.40.

2
Argīvus, a, um

adj. (Argos), belonging to Argos; Argive; Greek, 2.254; subst., Argīvī, ōrum, Argives, Greeks, 1.40.

8
Argīlētum, ī, n.

the Argiletum, a place in Rome at the foot of the Capitoline hill, 8.345. (argilla, clay; wrongly derived from Argī, lētum)

1
Argī, ōrum, m., and Argos, n.

Argos, the capital of Argolis, and a favorite abode of Juno, 1.24; Greece, 2.95. (nom. and acc.)

9
argentum, ī, n.

silver, 1.359, et al.; articles of silver; plate, 1.640.

14
argenteus, a, um

adj. (argentum), silver-, silvery, white, 8.655.

1
Arethūsa, ae, f.

1. Arethusa, a nymph; 2. A fountain near Syracuse, 3.696.

1
āreō, uī, 2, n.

to be dry; wither, 3.142; p., ārēns, entis, dry; dried up, shallow, 3.350; dry, thirsty.

3
arduus, a, um

(adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

28
arduum, uī, n.

a high place; height, 5.695; 7.562.

4
ārdor, ōris, m.

a burning; fire, flame, 11.786; heat, drought; ardor, zeal, fervor, 4.581. (ārdeō)

5
ārdēscō, ārsī, 3, inc. n.

to begin to burn; (fig.), burn, 1.713; to increase, grow louder and louder, 11.607. (ārdeō)

2
ārdeō, ārsī, ārsus, 2, n. and a.

to burn; to be on fire, or in flames, 2.311, et al.; be burned, 2.581; (fig.), rage in combat, 1.491; burn with impatience, to long, 1.515; burn with love, 4.101; glow, 4.262.

28
ārdēns, entis

burning, hot, sparkling, flaming, 5.637; bright, 4.482; impassioned, ardent, eager, 1.423; spirited, fiery, 1.472; glowing, lofty, 6.130; fierce, furious, 2.529; angry, 6.467. (ardeo)

36
Ārdea, ae, f.

Ardea, the chief town of the Rutulians, 7.411.

5
arcus, ūs, m.

a bow, 5.500, et al.; the rainbow, 5.88.

23
Arctūrus, ī, m.

the principal star in the constellation Boötes; Arcturus, 1.744, et al.

2
Arctos, ī, f.

the constellation of the Great and Little Bear, or of the Great Bear alone; the north, 6.16.

1
Arcitenēns, entis

adj. (arcus and tenēns), bow-bearing; subst. m., the archer; Apollo, 3.75.

1
Archippus, ī, m.

king of the Marsi, 7.752.

1
Arcetius, iī, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 12.459.

1
arcessō, īvī, ītus, 3, a.

to cause to come; send for, summon, 5.746; hasten, provoke, 10.11; draw, derive; call up, bring, 6.119. (ar- for ad-, and cēdō)

3
arceō, uī, 2, a.

to inclose, shut in; restrain, bind, 2.406; debar, keep off, repel, 1.435; protect, save from, 8.73.

9

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY