VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headwordsort ascending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

(adj.), pertaining to Berecyntus, a mountain of Phrygia, sacred to Cybele, 6.784.

3

(adj.), of a kindly spirit; benevolent, friendly, favorable, hospitable, 1.304.

1

(adv.), well, freq.; pleasantly, sweetly; wisely, safely; compar., melius, better, more, 1.452. (bonus)

8

a lake in Cisalpine Gaul, through which flows the Mincius, 10.205.

1

1. Belus, king of Tyre and Sidon, and father of Dido, 1.621. 2. The founder of the line of kings from whom Dido was descended, 1.729.

4

a beast, large, monstrous, or hideous, 6.287.

1

conflict; war, freq.; a battle, 8.629; personified, Bellum, war, the demon of war, 1.294. (duellum, cf. duo)

176

conflict; war, freq.; a battle, 8.629; personified, Bellum, war, the demon of war, 1.294. (duellum, cf. duo)

3

the goddess of war, sister of Mars, Bellona, 7.319. (bellum)

2

to wage war; fight, 1.466; dep., 11.660; subst., bellāns, antis, c. pl., bellantēs, ium or um, combatants, warriors, 1.466. (bellum)

5

adj. (bellum and potēns), powerful in war; subst. m., the god of war, 11.8.

1

a female warrior; adj., warring, a warlike heroine, 1.493. (bellō)

2

a warrior, 11.553; adj., warlike, 12.614. (bellō)

6

a son or male descendant of Belus, 2.82.

1

(adj.), Bebrycian, or Bithynian; of Bebrycia, a country in Asia Minor on the coast of Bithynia, 5.373.

1

blessed, happy, 1.94.

2

a Samnite town in Campania, 7.739.

1

the nurse of Sychaeus, 4.632.

1

the Barcaeans; people of Barce or Ptolemais, a town in Cyrenaica, 4.43.

1

(adj.), barbarian, savage, 1.539; foreign, barbaric, 11.777; subst., barbarus, ī, m., a barbarian, mercenary stranger, or soldier.

2

(adj.), foreign, barbaric, 2.504.

2

the beard, 3.593.

5

an abyss, chasm, gulf, 3.421.

2

a belt, 5.313.

4

to bleat; subst., bālāns, antis (sc. ovis), f.; pl., bālantēs, ium or um, sheep.

1

a bleating, 9.565. (bālō)

2

Baiae, a town on the Bay of Naples, west of Puteoli, 9.710.

1

Bactra, the chief city of Bactria, 8.688.

1

Bacchus, the son of Jupiter and Semele, and god of wine, 1.734; wine, 1.215.

12

to perform the orgies of Bacchus; rage, rave, 6.78; rush or run madly or wildly, 4.301; fly wildly, 4.666; p., bacchātus, a, um, resounding with the revels of Bacchus, 3.125; filling with fury, spreading fury, 10.41. (Bacchus)

5

adj. (bāca), set or studded with pearls; or made of beads, pearls, etc., 1.655.

1

a berry, 3.649.

1

an axle; synecdoche, car, chariot, 5.820; the axis of the heavens, the sky, the heavens, 4.482; the pole; the north pole, the north.

8

a grandfather, grandsire, 2.457; sire, father, ancestor, 6.840.

17

an uncle on the mother’s side; uncle, 3.343. (avus)

2

to fly away, 11.712.

1

pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

1

pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

4

adj. (avus), of a grandfather; ancestral, ancient, 10.752.

2

a bird, 6.193, et al.

10

adj. (aveō, desire), longing, eager, 1.514; eagerly, quickly, 6.210; with longing, 3.132; eager for destruction, devouring, destructive, baneful; with infin., 12.290; with gen., eagerly, desirous of, eager for, 9.661.

8

to turn (anything) away from, followed by an abl. with or without a prep., 1.38, et al.; turn or drive away, 1.472, et al.; transfer, with acc. of place, 4.106; drive away, end, 4.547; neut. by omission of se, to turn away, 1.402; (pass.), avertī, as middle or dep., with acc., to be averse to; to shun, loathe.

22

turned away, 1.482; with averted faces, 6.224; askance, 4.362; remote, 1.568; (fig.), indignant, 7.618; displeased, 2.170.

6

Avernus, a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades; hence, the lower world, Avernus, 6.126; portus Avernī, the harbor of Cumae, near Avernus, 5.813. (ἄορνος, birdless)

3

of Avernus (a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades), Avernian, 4.512; 6.118.

4

Avernus, a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades; hence, the lower world 3.442, 5.732.

2

the Aventine mount in Rome, 7.659; a Latin chief, 7.657.

3

oats; oat-, a straw, an oaten pipe; a Pan-pipe or syrinx.

1

to pluck, or tear off, or away from, with acc. and abl., take away, steal, 2.165; to force away, 11.201; p., avulsus, a, um, torn from, 2.608; torn, rent, 3.575.

12

to carry away, 2.179; (pass.), āvectus esse, to have sailed away, departed, 2.43.

4

adj. (aveō, desire), desirous of gain; greedy; covetous, avaricious, 1.363; rapacious, devouring, (fig.), of the land ruled over by an avaricious prince, 3.44.

2

that which promotes; assistance, help, relief, succor, 1.571; pl. auxilia, ōrum, help, assistance, 2.163. (augeō)

30

the season of increase; autumn, 6.309, et al. (cf. augeō)

1

the charioteer of Achilles, and, after the death of Achilles, armor-bearer of Pyrrhus, 2.477.

1

(conj.), but, yet, however, truly, indeed, now, moreover, denoting contrast, difference, addition, or transition, freq.

28

(conj., indicating an actual and positive alternative, and not, like vel, leaving the choice to the mind), or, 1.70, et al.; but sometimes used indifferently with vel, ve, sive, 1.379; repeated, aut — aut, either — or, 1.396, et al.

216

a daring deed; outrage, 2.535.

4

the southerly or south wind, opposite to Aquilo; wind in general, 3.70; (meton.), the south.

13

an auspice; omen, token, sign, 3.499; power, authority, 4.103; will, 4.341; conduct, leadership, 11.347. (auspex)

9

one who divines by watching birds; a diviner; (fig.), a leader, author, patron, guide, director, 3.20. (avis and speciō, look)

2

adj. (Auson), Ausonian; Italian, 4.349; subst., Ausoniī, ōrum, m., the Ausonians; Italians, 11.253.

6

adj. (Auson), Ausonian; Italian, 4.349; subst., Ausoniī, ōrum, m., the Ausonians; Italians, 11.253.

20

the Ausonians or primitive people of lower Italy; Italians, 10.564. (Auson, the eponymous father of the Ausonēs)

3

an ancient name of middle and lower Italy; Italy, in general, 3.496.

9

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3

gold, 1.349, et al.; (meton.), a golden goblet, 7.245; golden bit, 7.279.

77

the dawn, morning, 3.521; personified, Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, who precedes the horses of the sun-god, 4.585; the east, 8.686; the sun, 6.535.

19

the ear, 2.119, et al. (rel. to audiō)

25

a charioteer, 5.146; a groom, 12.85.

8

adj. (aurum and coma), golden-haired; (fig.), golden-leaved, or with golden sprays, 6.141.

1

adj. (aurum), of gold, golden, armed with gold, 11.490; gilded, 6.13; (fig.), beautiful, fair, 10.16; perfectly pure and happy, golden, 6.792.

36

adj. (aurum), gilded, golden, of gold, 12.163; embroidered with gold, 5.250.

10

the air in gentle motion; a breeze, 3.356, et al.; air, 4.278, et al.; a blast; ether, spirit, 6.747; splendor, brightness, 6.204; favor, applause, 6.816; pl., air, 1.59, 387; ad auras, to or into the air, on high, upward.

85

an Italian chief, 11.700.

2

the port on the eastern shore of Greece, whence the Greek fleet sailed to the siege of Troy, 4.426.

1

an Etruscan chief, 10.207.

2

a curtain, covering, hangings, embroidered stuff, tapestry, 1.697.

1

a forecourt, atrium; court, peristyle (as surrounded with columns), hall, 3.354; palace, royal seat, 1.140.

3

(adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

2

(adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

2

to divine, conjecture, 7.273. (augur)

1

the business of the augur; augury, divination, 1.392; an augury, omen, portent, 2.703; oracle, 3.89; presage, 5.523. (augur)

11

a soothsayer, foretelling from any kind of sign; augur, diviner, prophet, 4.376.

4

to cause to grow or increase; increase, 5.565; load, pile, 7.111; augment, 7.211; multiply, 9.407.

4

the Aufidus, a river in Apulia, 11.405.

1

to carry, bear, or take away, 4.29, et al.; remove, cut off, 4.699; lay aside, leave off, 8.439; with se, withdraw, 4.389. (ab and ferō)

20

to hear, with acc., or acc. and infin., freq.; to listen to, hear of, 2.11; to heed, 4.612; p., audītus, a, um, heard of, known by report, 7.96; p., subst., audītum, ī, n., a thing heard; report, 3.107.

55

to dare; with inf., freq.; dare, venture upon, attempt, with acc., 10.811, et al.; to venture, 2.347; p., ausus, a, um, having dared, daring, 5.792.

38

venturing, daring, 2.347; bold, brave, 10.284; (compar.), audentior, bolder, more boldly, 6.95.

2

adj. (audeō), daring, bold, warlike, 4.615; rash, 12.786, freq.

13

one who increases, promotes, or produces; an originator, author, contriver, 2.150; founder, father, 4.365; adviser, counselor, guide, 5.17; favorer, patron, abettor, 12.159; messenger, 10.510; sender, 9.421. (augeō)

17

a young comrade of Ascanius, 5.568.

2

to handle or touch, with the notion of violating, 2.719. (ad and tractō)

1

to draw or bring to, 11.250; fetch, bring up. (ad and trahō)

1

to swing or hurl, 9.52. (ad and torqueō)

1

to thunder at; p., attonitus, a, um, (fig.), stunned; agitated, 7.580; amazed, astonished, 3.172; afflicted, overwhelmed, 12.610; spellbound, hushed, 6.53. (ad and tonō)

7

to thunder at; p., attonitus, a, um, (fig.), stunned; agitated, 7.580; amazed, astonished, 3.172; afflicted, overwhelmed, 12.610; spellbound, hushed, 6.53. (ad and tonō)

1

to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

29

to touch against; touch, grasp, 9.558; (fig.), attain, reach, arrive at, 5.797; come upon, overtake, 4.568. (ad and tangō)

7

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