VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

arable land; land; a field, 1.246; soil; plain, the ground, 12.237; the shore, 2.209; pl., arva, ōrum, fields, lands, country; waters, 8.695. (arō)

53

a citadel, stronghold, fortress, tower, 2.56, et al.; high abode, heaven, 1.250; a summit, height, 1.56; mountain, hill, 6.783; palace, 4.410. (arceō)

52

a Trojan, 12.362.

1

Ascanius, son of Aeneas, and traditional founder of Alba Longa, 1.267.

41

to climb, mount, ascend, 1.419; scale, 9.507. (ad and scandō)

5

a climbing or ascending, 2.303. (ascendō)

1

to ally, adopt, 12.38.

1

to call to one’s aid; to ally, 11.308; to adopt, 11.472. (adsciō)

3

1. Asia, a town of Lydia, near the river Cayster. 2. Asia Minor; Asia, 7.224, et al.

8

1. A Trojan warrior, 9.571. 2. An Etruscan chief and soothsayer, 10.175.

5

adj. (Āsia), of Asia, a town near the Cayster; Asian, 7.701.

1

a Trojan warrior, 10.123.

1

to look at or upon, behold, 10.4; survey earnestly, 6.186; with admiration, 1.420; with regret, 5.615. (ad and spectō)

7

a looking at; (meton.), that which is looked at; a vision, 9.657; a view, sight, 4.314; appearance, presence, 1.613. (aspiciō)

7

(adj.), rough, 2.379; rugged, craggy, jagged, 6.360; chased, embossed, 5.267; (fig.), of the weather, stormy, 2.110; of temperament, spirit, or nature, barbarous, 5.730; formidable, fierce, 1.14; full of strife, warlike, 1.291; cruel, stern, 6.882; angry, 1.279; bitter, 2.96; displeased, 8.365.

31

a sprinkling upon; spray, 3.534. (aspergō)

1

to sprinkle upon, to sprinkle. (ad and spargō)

1

to slight, despise, 11.106. (ab and spernor)

1

to make rough; raise, arouse, lift up, 3.285. (asper)

1

to look at; to behold, see, 1.393, et al.; (fig.), to consider, 1.526; regard, pity, 2.690. (ad and speciō, look)

34

to breathe to or upon, 5.607; breathe or emit fragrance, 1.694; (fig.), inspire, 9.525; aid, favor, prosper, 2.385; aspire, 12.352.

8

Assaracus, a king of Phrygia, son of Tros, brother of Ganymede and Ilus, and grandfather of Anchises, 1.284; Assaracī, ōrum, m. the Assaraci, two Trojan heroes, 10.124.

7

an assenting; answering sound, response, echo, applause, 10.97. (adsentiō)

2

and, more frequently, adsentior, sēnsus sum, 4, dep. n., to give consent; to assent, agree, 2.130.

1

to keep carefully; guard, watch, 2.763.

1

to sit by, besiege, 11.304. (ad and sedeō)

1

adv. (adsiduus), persistently, perpetually, constantly, 4.248.

2

adj. (adsideō), abiding by; persistent, constant, 4.447; perpetual, frequent, 9.245.

5

(adj.), like, similar to, 6.603.

1

to make like; to counterfeit, feign, 10.639; (pass.), make one’s self like, 12.224.

2

to stand at, by, or present; stand, 12.790.

2

to accustom to, make familiar, habituate to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin., to get or become accustomed, be wont, learn; with abl., 7.746; adsuēscere bella animīs, instead of adsuēscere animōs bellīs, to cherish war in the heart, 6.832.

5

to accustom to, make familiar, habituate to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin., to get or become accustomed, be wont, learn; with abl., 7.746; adsuēscere bella animīs, instead of adsuēscere animōs bellīs, to cherish war in the heart, 6.832.

9

a leaping upon; an assault, attack, 5.442. (ad and saliō)

1

to be near or by; to be present, at hand, or here, 1.595; to have arrived, 2.132; to be with, attend, 2.701; aid, accompany, 10.547; be propitious, 3.116; to beset, 2.330; inf., adfore, to be about to come, destined to come, 7.270. (imp. subj., adforem, -ēs, -et, -ent)

53

to rise up; rise, 4.86; swell, fume, 10.95.

8

to stand at, near, or upon; alight, 1.301; stand, 9.677; be present, 3.150; stand or be ready, 3.123; impend, 3.194.

19

a star, constellation; pl., astra, ōrum, heaven, 3.158; Tītānia astra, the heavenly bodies; the sun, moon, or stars, 6.725.

20

cunning; abl. astū, with cunning, craftily, 10.522.

2

Astyanax, the son of Hector and Andromache, put to death by Ulysses after the capture of Troy, to prevent the fulfillment of the prophecy which said that Troy should be restored by him, 2.457.

2

Astur, an Etruscan chief, 10.180.

2

1. A place of refuge; an asylum; a temple, sanctuary, 2.761. 2. The Asylum established by Romulus on the Capitoline, 8.342.

2

(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.

17

(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.

129

a great-great-great-grandfather, or forefather of the fifth previous generation; forefather, 7.474.

3

(adj.), black; dark, gloomy, 1.60, et al.; smoky, lurid, 7.456; 4.384; clotted, dark, 3.622; soiled, blackened, 2.272; (fig.), sad, fatal, 6.429; venomous, deadly; of the odor of smoke, 12.591.

71

the Athesis, a river in the N.E. part of Upper Italy, 9.680.

1

a mountain in Macedonia on the Strymonian gulf, 12.701.

1

the Atii, a Roman gens, 5.568.

1

a town of Latium, 7.630.

1

Atinas, a Latin chief, 12.661.

2

a daughter or female descendant of Atlas; Electra, 8.135.

1

Atlas, a king of Mauretania, famed for his knowledge of the stars, and hence said to have borne the heavens on his head and shoulders, transformed, according to mythology, by Perseus with the Gorgon’s head into the mountain that bears his name, 1.741, et al.

8

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

290

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

3

a son or descendant of Atreus; pl., Atrīdae, ārum, the Atridae (Agamemnon and Menelaus), 2.104.

8

a rectangular area in the middle of a dwelling, partly open to the sky; and often surrounded with a colonnade; the court or principal apartment of a dwelling; or, in a house containing more than one court, the forecourt or first hall; a court, hall, 2.483, et al.

6

adj. (āter), cruel, fierce, relentless, 1.662.

2

a touching; touch, 7.350. (attingō)

1

to touch against; touch, grasp, 9.558; (fig.), attain, reach, arrive at, 5.797; come upon, overtake, 4.568. (ad and tangō)

7

to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

29

to thunder at; p., attonitus, a, um, (fig.), stunned; agitated, 7.580; amazed, astonished, 3.172; afflicted, overwhelmed, 12.610; spellbound, hushed, 6.53. (ad and tonō)

7

to thunder at; p., attonitus, a, um, (fig.), stunned; agitated, 7.580; amazed, astonished, 3.172; afflicted, overwhelmed, 12.610; spellbound, hushed, 6.53. (ad and tonō)

1

to swing or hurl, 9.52. (ad and torqueō)

1

to draw or bring to, 11.250; fetch, bring up. (ad and trahō)

1

to handle or touch, with the notion of violating, 2.719. (ad and tractō)

1

a young comrade of Ascanius, 5.568.

2

adj. (aveō, desire), desirous of gain; greedy; covetous, avaricious, 1.363; rapacious, devouring, (fig.), of the land ruled over by an avaricious prince, 3.44.

2

one who increases, promotes, or produces; an originator, author, contriver, 2.150; founder, father, 4.365; adviser, counselor, guide, 5.17; favorer, patron, abettor, 12.159; messenger, 10.510; sender, 9.421. (augeō)

17

adj. (audeō), daring, bold, warlike, 4.615; rash, 12.786, freq.

13

venturing, daring, 2.347; bold, brave, 10.284; (compar.), audentior, bolder, more boldly, 6.95.

2

to dare; with inf., freq.; dare, venture upon, attempt, with acc., 10.811, et al.; to venture, 2.347; p., ausus, a, um, having dared, daring, 5.792.

38

to hear, with acc., or acc. and infin., freq.; to listen to, hear of, 2.11; to heed, 4.612; p., audītus, a, um, heard of, known by report, 7.96; p., subst., audītum, ī, n., a thing heard; report, 3.107.

55

to carry away, 2.179; (pass.), āvectus esse, to have sailed away, departed, 2.43.

4

to pluck, or tear off, or away from, with acc. and abl., take away, steal, 2.165; to force away, 11.201; p., avulsus, a, um, torn from, 2.608; torn, rent, 3.575.

12

oats; oat-, a straw, an oaten pipe; a Pan-pipe or syrinx.

1

the Aventine mount in Rome, 7.659; a Latin chief, 7.657.

3

Avernus, a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades; hence, the lower world 3.442, 5.732.

2

of Avernus (a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades), Avernian, 4.512; 6.118.

4

Avernus, a lake near Naples, between Baiae and Cumae, in Campania, now Lago d’ Averno. Near it was one of the entrances to Hades; hence, the lower world, Avernus, 6.126; portus Avernī, the harbor of Cumae, near Avernus, 5.813. (ἄορνος, birdless)

3

turned away, 1.482; with averted faces, 6.224; askance, 4.362; remote, 1.568; (fig.), indignant, 7.618; displeased, 2.170.

6

to turn (anything) away from, followed by an abl. with or without a prep., 1.38, et al.; turn or drive away, 1.472, et al.; transfer, with acc. of place, 4.106; drive away, end, 4.547; neut. by omission of se, to turn away, 1.402; (pass.), avertī, as middle or dep., with acc., to be averse to; to shun, loathe.

22

to carry, bear, or take away, 4.29, et al.; remove, cut off, 4.699; lay aside, leave off, 8.439; with se, withdraw, 4.389. (ab and ferō)

20

the Aufidus, a river in Apulia, 11.405.

1

to cause to grow or increase; increase, 5.565; load, pile, 7.111; augment, 7.211; multiply, 9.407.

4

a soothsayer, foretelling from any kind of sign; augur, diviner, prophet, 4.376.

4

the business of the augur; augury, divination, 1.392; an augury, omen, portent, 2.703; oracle, 3.89; presage, 5.523. (augur)

11

to divine, conjecture, 7.273. (augur)

1

(adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

2

(adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

2

adj. (aveō, desire), longing, eager, 1.514; eagerly, quickly, 6.210; with longing, 3.132; eager for destruction, devouring, destructive, baneful; with infin., 12.290; with gen., eagerly, desirous of, eager for, 9.661.

8

a bird, 6.193, et al.

10

adj. (avus), of a grandfather; ancestral, ancient, 10.752.

2

pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

1

pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

4

a forecourt, atrium; court, peristyle (as surrounded with columns), hall, 3.354; palace, royal seat, 1.140.

3

a curtain, covering, hangings, embroidered stuff, tapestry, 1.697.

1

an Etruscan chief, 10.207.

2

the port on the eastern shore of Greece, whence the Greek fleet sailed to the siege of Troy, 4.426.

1

an Italian chief, 11.700.

2

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