VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

a wild boar, 1.324, et al.

3

to uncover, lay bare, 1.107; throw open, open, 2.60; disclose to the view, 3.206; disclose, reveal, 6.12; (pass.), aperīrī, to appear, 8.681; p., apertus, a, um, opened, 8.585; unguarded, 11.748; adj., open, 1.155; clear, pure, 1.587. (ab and root par, whence pariō)

16

to uncover, lay bare, 1.107; throw open, open, 2.60; disclose to the view, 3.206; disclose, reveal, 6.12; (pass.), aperīrī, to appear, 8.681; p., apertus, a, um, opened, 8.585; unguarded, 11.748; adj., open, 1.155; clear, pure, 1.587. (ab and root par, whence pariō)

18

the point of anything; peak, top, summit, 4.246; pointed flame, 2.683; cone of a helmet, 10.270; a peaked cap, 8.664.

6

a Trojan, 9.702.

1

a bee, 1.430, et al.

4

Apollo, son of Jupiter and Latona; the god of prophecy, medicine, music, poetry, and archery, 2.430; met., a temple of Apollo, 3.275.

30

to come into sight, appear, 2.622, et al.; be laid open, exposed to view, 8.241; attend, 12.850. (ad and pāreō)

17

to get ready, prepare; resolve, be ready; with infin., 11.117. (ad and parō)

3

to drive to; bring, convey to, 1.377; draw up to, moor on the shore, 7.39. (ad and pellō)

4

to address; name, designate, call, 5.540. (1. appellō)

2

to push for; attack, assail, 11.277. (ad and petō)

1

to fold upon; join to; impel, drive to, 1.616; fasten, nail to, 12.303. (ad and plicō)

3

adj. (aperiō), open to the sun; sunny; sun-loving, 5.128.

2

to fit, join, or fasten to; with acc. and dat., 8.721; put on, 2.390; get ready, prepare, 10.259; fit out, prepare, 1.552; with abl. of manner, 8.80. (aptus)

16

adj. (obs. apō, lay hold), fixed, joined to; joined together; fitted with, studded, 4.482; fit, adapted, meet.

3

(prep. with acc.), near to; with, by, at, before, in presence of; near by, 5.261; among, 2.71; with, (in respect to the mind), 4.539; (with pronouns), at one’s home, on one’s ground.

6

water, 1.105, et al.; a stream, river.

19

a Rutulian, 9.684.

1

an eagle, 11.752, et al.

1

the north wind; wind in general, 1.391; wintry, tempestuous wind, 3.285; the north, 1.102.

6

adj. (aqua), abounding in water, bringing rain; watery, rainy, 4.52.

3

an altar, 2.514, et al.; funeral pile, 6.177; pl., Ārae, ārum, the Altars, a reef in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and Africa, 1.109.

71

an altar, 2.514, et al.; funeral pile, 6.177; pl., Ārae, ārum, the Altars, a reef in the Mediterranean Sea between Sicily and Africa, 1.109.

1

an Arabian, 8.706.

1

an Arabian, 7.605.

1

a plowman, 10.804. (arō)

1

a plow, 5.755, et al. (arō)

4

the Araxes, a river of Armenia Major, 8.728.

1

a tree, freq.; timber, wood, 5.504; an oar, 10.207.

19

adj. (arbor), pertaining to a tree or trees; tree-like, massive, 12.888; branching, 1.190.

2

a growth of trees; a grove; thicket, 10.363. (arbor)

1

adj. (arbutus), of the arbutus.

1

an Arcadian, 10.452;(adj.), 11.835.

12

the central country of Peloponnesus, 5.299.

2

adj. (Arcadia), of Arcadia.

4

adj. (arca), hidden, secret, 4.422; subst., arcānum, ī, n., a secret, 1.262.

1

adj. (arca), hidden, secret, 4.422; subst., arcānum, ī, n., a secret, 1.262.

3

an Arcadian, 10.452;(adj.), 11.835.

6

Arcens, a Sicilian, 9.581.

2

to inclose, shut in; restrain, bind, 2.406; debar, keep off, repel, 1.435; protect, save from, 8.73.

9

to cause to come; send for, summon, 5.746; hasten, provoke, 10.11; draw, derive; call up, bring, 6.119. (ar- for ad-, and cēdō)

3

a Rutulian warrior, 12.459.

1

king of the Marsi, 7.752.

1

adj. (arcus and tenēns), bow-bearing; subst. m., the archer; Apollo, 3.75.

1

the principal star in the constellation Boötes; Arcturus, 1.744, et al.

2

the constellation of the Great and Little Bear, or of the Great Bear alone; the north, 6.16.

1

a bow, 5.500, et al.; the rainbow, 5.88.

23

Ardea, the chief town of the Rutulians, 7.411.

5

burning, hot, sparkling, flaming, 5.637; bright, 4.482; impassioned, ardent, eager, 1.423; spirited, fiery, 1.472; glowing, lofty, 6.130; fierce, furious, 2.529; angry, 6.467. (ardeo)

36

to burn; to be on fire, or in flames, 2.311, et al.; be burned, 2.581; (fig.), rage in combat, 1.491; burn with impatience, to long, 1.515; burn with love, 4.101; glow, 4.262.

28

to begin to burn; (fig.), burn, 1.713; to increase, grow louder and louder, 11.607. (ārdeō)

2

a burning; fire, flame, 11.786; heat, drought; ardor, zeal, fervor, 4.581. (ārdeō)

5

a high place; height, 5.695; 7.562.

4

(adj.), steep; erect, high, raised high, 2.475; 5.480; lofty, towering, 2.328; rearing, 11.638.

28

sand, 1.112; sandy shore, strand, 1.540; sandy ground, arena; space for races; an arena, 5.336.

25

adj. (harēna), sandy, 4.257.

1

to be dry; wither, 3.142; p., ārēns, entis, dry; dried up, shallow, 3.350; dry, thirsty.

3

1. Arethusa, a nymph; 2. A fountain near Syracuse, 3.696.

1

adj. (argentum), silver-, silvery, white, 8.655.

1

silver, 1.359, et al.; articles of silver; plate, 1.640.

14

Argos, the capital of Argolis, and a favorite abode of Juno, 1.24; Greece, 2.95. (nom. and acc.)

9

the Argiletum, a place in Rome at the foot of the Capitoline hill, 8.345. (argilla, clay; wrongly derived from Argī, lētum)

1

adj. (Argos), belonging to Argos; Argive; Greek, 2.254; subst., Argīvī, ōrum, Argives, Greeks, 1.40.

2

adj. (Argos), belonging to Argos; Argive; Greek, 2.254; subst., Argīvī, ōrum, Argives, Greeks, 1.40.

8

(adj.), of Argolis; Argolic; Greek, 2.55.

11

the means of making clear; subject, theme, story, 7.791. (arguō)

1

to make clear; to manifest, show, betray, 4.13; prove, 9.282; accuse, 11.384.

5

a guest of Evander, 8.346; Argus, the hundred-eyed keeper who was made the guard of Io, after she was changed into a heifer by Juno, 7.791.

2

clear; clear-sounding; melodious; whistling, rattling, whizzing, 7.14.

1

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

1

a nymph, mother of Virbius, 7.762.

1

adj. (āreō), dry, parched, 5.200; thirsty.

2

a ram, freq.; a military engine, a battering ram, 2.492.

3

to strike; to stumble; dash, 11.890. (ariēs)

1

a town in the Troad, 9.264.

1

the beard of wheat; a head of wheat.

2

arms, defensive and offensive, freq.; armor, 10.181; suits of armor, 8.565; (fig.), or warlike exploits, 1.1; conflict, 12.844; implements, equipments, instruments, utensils, 1.183; sails, 5.15; rudder, helm, 6.353; military power, warlike command, 12.192; war, conflict, 12.6; means of injury, weapons, 2.99; arma movēre (of the lion), to prepare for battle, 12.6; arma colligere, shorten sail.

279

armed men, warriors, 2.485. (armō)

2

armed, charged, 12.857. (armō)

11

adj. (armentum), of a drove; of the herd; unbroke, 11.571.

1

collective (arō), beasts used for plowing; cattle, 2.499, et al.; of all kinds of animals, a herd, drove; of deer, 1.185; of horses, 3.540.

11

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

5

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

1

adj. (arma and potēns), powerful in arms; valiant, brave, warlike, 2.425.

5

adj. (arma and sonō), making arms to resound; with resounding arms, 3.544.

1

to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

23

the shoulder, strictly at the shoulder blade; of beasts, shoulder, 11.497; flank, side, 6.881; of men, the shoulder, 11.644

6

to plow; till, cultivate, 4.212; of navigation, to plow, 2.780; of age, to furrow, 7.417.

6

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

3

to raise up; erect; bristle up, 10.726; (fig.), to excite, rouse; p., arrēctus, a, um, standing up, rising; erect, 5.426; bristling, 11.754; attentive, 1.152; animated, roused, encouraged, 1.579; ardent, intent; intense, 5.138; in fearful expectation, 12.731. (ad and regō)

21

to seize for one’s self; seize, 9.561; lay hold upon; surprise, 9.13; (fig.), hasten to, gain, 3.477. (ad and rapiō)

7

Arruns or Aruns, an Etruscan follower of Tarchon, 11.759.

7

acquired skill; dexterity, 5.521; art, 2.15; warlike device, craft, 5.442; skillful effort or toil, 5.270; attainment, science, 7.772; prophetic wisdom, 5.705; aim, vocation, pursuit, 6.852; avocation, craft, 12.519; artifice, plot, stratagem, intrigue, 1.657; craft, subtlety, cunning, 2.152; skillful or cunning workmanship, 5.359.

37

an artist, 1.455; artificis scelus, the iniquity of the deceiver = the accursed falsifier, 11.407; subtle schemer, artful deviser, 2.125. (ars and faciō)

4

a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

23

(adj.), straitened, narrow; close, tight, 1.293.

2

grease, tallow, 7.627.

1

adj. (harundō), of reeds, reedy, 10.710.

1

a reed, arrow, 4.73.

7

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