VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

a town of Cyprus, 10.51.

1

an Amazon, one of the race of female warriors, said to have dwelt on the Thermodon, in Asia Minor, 11.648, et al.

2

an Amazon, 1.490.

1

adj. (Amāzōn), Amazonian (such as the Amazons used), 5.311.

1

a going about; a winding, 6.29; (fig.), details, particulars, story, 1.342; mysteries, 6.99. (in good usage in the abl. sing. and all cases of pl.) (ambigō, go about)

3

to eat round; to consume, devour, eat, 3.257.

2

to go round; encompass, 6.550; (fig.), approach, address, 4.283; entrap, circumvent, 7.333. (amb- and eō)

1

adj. (ambigō), uncertain; doubtful, undecided; 5.326; twofold, 3.180; dark, obscure, 2.99; unreliable, treacherous, 1.661; hesitating, uncertain, 5.655; in suspense, 8.580.

6

to go round; encompass, 6.550; (fig.), approach, address, 4.283; entrap, circumvent, 7.333. (amb- and eō)

3

(adj.), both, 1.458.

25

ambrosia, the food of the gods.

1

adj. (ambrosia), ambrosial, heavenly, divine, 1.403.

1

to burn round; p., ambūstus, a, um, blazing, singed, 12.301.

2

out of one’s mind or senses; amazed, beside one’s self, frantic, mad, furious, 2.314; 4.203; distracted, 3.307.

13

a thong attached to the shaft of a javelin or other missile; (meton.), a javelin with the amentum, 9.665.

1

to throw around; veil, cover, 1.516. (am- and iaciō)

1

friendship; pl., friendly alliance, 11.321. (amīcus)

2

a veiling or draping of the person; an upper garment, covering; cloak, mantle, veil, 3.405; 5.421. (amiciō)

11

adj. (amō), loving, friendly, kind, favorable, propitious, of persons, 2.735; of things, 2.255, et al.; subst., amīcus, ī., m., a friend.

18

adj. (amō), loving, friendly, kind, favorable, propitious, of persons, 2.735; of things, 2.255, et al.; subst., amīcus, ī., m., a friend.

12

adj. (Amiternum), of Amiternum, a Sabine town near the source of the Aternus; Amiternian, 7.710.

1

to send away; to let go, 5.853; 2.148; lose, 3.710; p., āmissus, a, um, missing 1.217; lost, 3.341; slain, 11.868.

22

Jupiter, or Zeus Ammon, a god of Egypt and Libya, 4.198.

1

flowing water; a river, freq.; stream, 4.164; water, 12.417; amnis Eumenidum, the Cocytus, 6.374.

38

to love, be fond of, like; (fig.), to keep close to, hug the shore, 5.163; without an object, to be in love, to love, 4.101, et al.

6

(adj.), charming; usually to the sight, delightful, pleasant, 6.638.

5

love, affection, in all senses; the passion of love; love, affection, or esteem, in all human relations, as parental, filial, of friends, allies, etc., 4.624, et al.; of gods, 7.769; love, liking, fancy, fondness, preference, for things, 11.583, et al.; freq., the hippomanes, or bunch of flesh supposed to appear on the forehead of a new-foaled colt, and instantly devoured by the dam, unless intercepted, and used as a love-charm, 4.516; personified, Amor, ōris, m., Cupid, Love, the god of love, 1.663; pl., amōrēs, um, m., affections, love, 4.28; mutual love, 5.334. (amō)

75

love, affection, in all senses; the passion of love; love, affection, or esteem, in all human relations, as parental, filial, of friends, allies, etc., 4.624, et al.; of gods, 7.769; love, liking, fancy, fondness, preference, for things, 11.583, et al.; freq., the hippomanes, or bunch of flesh supposed to appear on the forehead of a new-foaled colt, and instantly devoured by the dam, unless intercepted, and used as a love-charm, 4.516; personified, Amor, ōris, m., Cupid, Love, the god of love, 1.663; pl., amōrēs, um, m., affections, love, 4.28; mutual love, 5.334. (amō)

3

to move away, take away, remove, 6.524.

1

Hercules, the son of Amphitryon (so called, though he was the son of Jupiter by the wife of Amphitryon), 8.103.

2

pertaining to the river Amphrysus; Amphrysian, an epithet of Apollo, who kept the flocks of Admetus on the Amphrysus; hence, of a priest or priestess of Apollo, 6.398.

1

(adj.), spacious, large, ample, 2.310; splendid, magnificent, glorious, 4.93; comp., amplior, us, larger; (adv.), amplius, more, longer, 1.683.

8

to embrace, clasp, 3.607; wind, pass around, 5.86; encircle, coil around, 2.214; (fig.), comprehend, embrace, in description.

12

an embrace, 1.687.(amplector)

6

(adj.), spacious, large, ample, 2.310; splendid, magnificent, glorious, 4.93; comp., amplior, us, larger; (adv.), amplius, more, longer, 1.683.

5

Lake Amsanctus, in the country of the Hirpini, from its noxious exhalations supposed to be one of the entrances to Hades, 7.65.

1

a town of Latium, 10.564.

1

1. Amycus, a son of Neptune, king of the Bebrycians, famous for his prowess in boxing, 5.373. 2. A companion of Aeneas, 1.221. 3. Another Trojan of the same name, 9.772.

5

(conj., properly introducing the second member of a double question), or, 6.533; at the beginning of an interrogative sentence (the first member being suppressed), then, or rather, or perhaps, or even, 4.325.

19

Anagnia, a town of the Hernici, 7.684.

1

adj. (am- and caput), two-headed or two-edged, 7.525; (fig.), twofold, 3.47; uncertain, wavering, doubtful, 5.654; 10.304; perplexed, perplexing, intricate, 5.589.

7

a Latin warrior, 10.389.

1

son of Capys and Themis, and father of Aeneas by Venus, 2.687, et al.

48

(adj.), of Anchises, 5.761.

1

son of Anchises; Aeneas, 5.407.

6

a small oval shield, 7.188; pl., ancīlia, ium, the sacred ancilia, made by the Romans in imitation of the ancile which came down from heaven, 8.664.

2

an anchor, 1.169.

4

Ancus Martius, the fourth king of Rome, 6.815.

1

1. Androgeus, a son of the Cretan king Minos, murdered by the Athenians, 6.20. 2. A Greek chief at Troy, 2.371.

4

wife of Hector, 2.456.

6

a breaking round; the winding of a way in and out, ravine, 11.522. (am- and frangō)

1

Anguitia or Angitia, a sister of Circe, worshiped by the Marsi, 7.759.

1

to squeeze, compress, 8.260.

2

a snake of any kind, serpent, 2.379; hydra, 8.300.

12

adj. (angō), strait, narrow, 3.411; straitened, perilous, 11.309; subst., angustum, ī, n., a narrow place, passage, 2.332.

1

adj. (angō), strait, narrow, 3.411; straitened, perilous, 11.309; subst., angustum, ī, n., a narrow place, passage, 2.332.

7

hard-breathing; puffing, panting, 5.199. (anhēlō)

3

to pant, 5.254; of a furnace, to puff, roar, 8.421. (am- and hālō)

3

adj. (anhēlō), panting, gasping, throbbing, 6.48.

3

the Anio, a branch of the Tiber, flowing from the Sabine Mountains through Latium, 7.683.

1

adj. (anus), of an old woman; an old woman’s, 4.641.

3

a breeze or breath of air; the air; wind or blast of the bellows, 8.403; breath, 9.580; breath of life, the soul, spirit, life, 1.98; life-blood, 10.908; soul, 9.580; the soul of the dead, shade, manes, 5.81; the spirit or soul not yet inhabiting its destined body, 6.720.

50

a living being, animal, 3.147; a brute animal, beast, animal. (anima)

3

courageous, full of spirit, bold, 12.277. (animus)

1

the rational spirit or soul of man; freq., the mind, 1.464, et al.; design, intention, purpose, 4.639; mind, memory, 1.26; the heart; feeling, disposition, affection, inclination, 1.304, et al.; pl., animī, ōrum, m., lofty spirit, heroism, 6.782; daring; courage, confidence, 2.617; strength; passion; anger, rage, 1.57; arrogance, pride, 11.366; fury, 10.357; of things, life, velocity, 7.383.

162

a king of Delos and priest of Apollo, 3.80.

1

a sister of Dido, 4.9.

7

adj. (annus), pertaining to years, or lasting through a year; subst., m., annalēs, ium, annals, records; story, history, 1.373.

1

a year, freq.; a season, portion of the year; māgnus annus, a complete year, or the great annual circuit of the sun, 3.284.

2

to press upon; (with dat.), lean against, 12.92; lean, rest upon, 4.690; alone, make effort, strive, 5.226; ply the oars, 4.583.

8

to swim to, sail toward or to, with dat., 1.538.

3

adj. (annus), full of years; aged, old, 4.441; hoary, 6.282.

3

to nod to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin.; ascent, consent, 4.128; promise, 1.250; direct, permit, 11.20.

9

a year, freq.; a season, portion of the year; māgnus annus, a complete year, or the great annual circuit of the sun, 3.284.

37

adj. (annus), annual, yearly, 5.46.

3

a goose.

1

a Latin, slain by Aeneas, 10.561.

1

Antandrus, a coast town in Mysia, at the foot of Mount Ida, 3.6.

1

(prep., with acc.), in front of, before, 2.469, et al.; (of order or degree), before or beyond, 1.347; (of time), before, 4.328.

69

(adv.), beforehand, 1.673; previously, past, 1.198; first, 12.680; followed by quam, = antequam.

33

to go before; surpass, 12.84.

1

to bear before; to prefer, 4.371.

1

Antemnae, a Sabine town on the Anio, 7.631.

1

a sail yard, 3.549.

1

Antenor, a Trojan prince, nephew of Priam, who fled from Troy, and settled in northern Italy at Patavium, shortly before the arrival of Aeneas in Latium, 1.242.

1

a son or descendant of Antenor; Antēnoridae, the three sons of Antenor, Polybus, Agenor, and Acamas, 6.484.

1

(adv.), before that; sooner than.

4

Antheus, a companion of Aeneas, 1.181.

3

Antiphates, son of Sarpedon, slain by Turnus, 9.696.

1

adj. (ante), done or existing before; pristine, of old, ancient, 1.12; aged, old, 2.714; former, 4.458; illustrious, noble, 12.529.

42

M. Antonius, the Triumvir, 8.685.

1

a Greek warrior, follower of Evander, 10.778.

2

a cave, cavern, grotto, 1.166.

24

a god with the head of a dog, worshiped by the Egyptians, 8.698.

1

an old woman, 7.419.

1

adj. (angō), troubled or troubling, disquieting, 9.89.

1

Anxur, or Terracina, a town on the coast of Latium, 10.545; a Latin warrior, 10.545.

1

adj. (Anxur), of Anxur, 7.799.

1

a dweller in the Apennines, 11.700. (Appennīnus and colō)

1

the Apennines, the great mountain chain of Italy, 12.703.

1

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