VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid

indefinite time; lapse of time, time, 3.415; age, 2.638; old age, 2.509; life, 10.582; immortality, 10.235.

20

adj. (adfor), that can be spoken to; easy to be approached, 3.621.

1

a speaking to; address, 4.284. (adfor)

1

to strive after; grasp, seize, 3.670; seek. (adficiō)

1

to bring, bear, or carry, convey to, 12.171; bring hither, 6.532; to present, 3.310; (pass.), adferī, to be brought to, with acc., 7.217.

12

to affect; reward, 12.352. (ad and faciō)

1

to fasten to, put to, 9.536; perf. p. pass., clinging to, 5.852.

4

dejected, desponding, 2.92; wretched, troubled, 1.452. (adflīgō, flīxī, flīctus, 3, a.)

2

to blow upon; breathe upon, 5.739; blast, 2.649; inspire, 6.50; impart, 1.591.

4

to flow to; (fig.), gather, flock together, assemble, 2.796.

1

to speak to; address, 1.663; beseech, supplicate, 2.700; bid adieu, farewell to, 2.644.

28

(adj.), African; (subst.), Āfrī, ōrum, m., Africans, 8.724.

1

(adj.), African; (subst.), Āfrī, ōrum, m., Africans, 8.724.

1

the southwest wind.

1

(adj.), pertaining to Agamemnon; Agamemnonian, Argive, Greek, 4.471.

5

a Sythian tribe dwelling on the river Maros in what is now Hungary, remarkable for the practice of tattooing their bodies, 4.146.

1

(imperat. of ago), onward! away! come on!

17

a son of Neptune and Lyba, king of Phoenicia and ancestor of Dido, 1.338.

1

the land pertaining to a person or community; land under cultivation; a field, 2.306, et al.; land, 1.343, et al.

28

materials gathered to form an elevation; a heap of earth or stones, dike, embankment, bank, 1.112; 2.496; heap of earth, 9.567; top, summit, ridge, raised surface, 5.44, 273; a rampart, 9.769, et al.; a height or rising ground, 12.446; aggerēs, mountains, mountain ramparts, 6.830. (aggerō)

23

to bear to; heap upon, add to, 3.63. (ad and gerō)

1

to pile up; (fig.), increase, aggravate, 4.197. (agger)

3

to gather, assemble, crowd to, 2.341; sē agglomerāre, to join themselves to, 12.458. (ad and glomerō)

2

attempt, dare, with inf., 2.165; to advance toward; attempt, 3.38; attack, 9.325; assail, hew, 2.463; accost, address, 3.358. (ad and gradior)

9

a Lycian, follower of Aeneas, 10.751.

1

one who drives; a charioteer, 2.476. (agitō)

1

(imperat. of ago), onward! away! come on!

5

to put in motion; drive; drive away; drive, pursue, 2.421; persecute, 6.68; harass, haunt, 3.331; stir up, arouse, 10.71; hasten, 2.640; move, animate, 6.727; excite to, 9.187; practice, exercise, 12.397; spend, pass; (pass.), agitārī, to ride about, 11.694. (agō)

19

that which is driven or moved; direction of movement; a train; gathering, winding; herd, flock, drove, 1.186; an army, on the march; battalion, squadron, 5.834; army, 11.60; troop, band, 5.549; company, multitude, throng, 5.378; assemblage, gathering, flood; motion, stroke, of oars, 5.211; stream, current, 2.782; course, 2.212; a leader, 10.561. (agō)

98

a ewe lamb, 5.772. (agnus)

2

to recognize, 1.470.

30

a lamb, 1.635.

3

to put in motion; to drive, 1.333; force, impel, 3.5; urge, incite, 7.393; advance, 9.505; move, turn, pursue, 10.540; drive away, dispel, lead, 4.546; send forth, raise, 6.873; rear by growth, 11.136; work, 3.695; work out, cut out, cleave, 10.514; convey, 1.391; bear onward, 3.512; bring, 9.18; do in general, 10.675; do, perform, 5.638; to be busy about, aim at, essay, try to accomplish, effect, gain, 11.227; treat, 1.574; derive, 12.530; consider, discuss, debate, 11.445; pass, spend, 5.51; (without an object), to be at work, to work, perform, 12.429; agere sē, to present one’s self, appear, 6.337; (pass.), agī, to move, hover, 12.336.

102

adj. (ager), pertaining to the fields or country; country-, rustic, rural, 3.34; wild, 7.111; subst., agrestis, is, m., a rustic, 7.504; husbandman.

9

adj. (ager), pertaining to the fields or country; country-, rustic, rural, 3.34; wild, 7.111; subst., agrestis, is, m., a rustic, 7.504; husbandman.

4

one who cultivates the land; a husbandman, 2.628. (ager and colō)

5

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, one of the confidential counselors of Augustus, and his principal military commander, 8.682.

1

(adj.), of Agylla, a town in Etruria, afterwards called Caere, 7.652; subst., Agyllīnī, ōrum, m., the people of Agylla, 12.281.

1

(adj.), of Agylla, a town in Etruria, afterwards called Caere, 7.652; subst., Agyllīnī, ōrum, m., the people of Agylla, 12.281.

2

1. Ajax, the son of Telamon. 2. Ajax, the son of Oileus, called also Ajax the Lesser, 1.41; 2.414.

2

to speak; to say “yes”; say, 1.142, et al.; sometimes pleonastic after fārī, etc., 5.551. (If the i in this verb is followed by a consonant, the a is short; as aīs, aīt; otherwise i coalesces with the following vowel; as āiō, pronounced ā-yō.)

46

a wing, 1.301; the feather of an arrow, 9.578; the wing of an army; cavalry, 11.730; troop, battalion, 11.604; horsemen, mounted huntsmen, 4.121.

33

(adj.), lively; active, eager; bold, darting, exulting, 10.729; joyful, 5.380.

5

adj. (āla), winged, 4.259.

1

Alba or Alba Longa, a town on the Alban hills in Latium, from which Rome originated, 1.271.

6

adj. (Alba), pertaining to Alba; Alban, 1.7; subst., Albānī, ōrum, m., the Albans, 5.600.

1

adj. (Alba), pertaining to Alba; Alban, 1.7; subst., Albānī, ōrum, m., the Albans, 5.600.

7

to be white, 12.36. (albus)

1

to grow white, whiten; to brighten, dawn, 4.586. (albeō)

2

the Albula, an ancient name of the Tiber, 8.332.

1

Albunea, a fountain at Tibur; also personified as a nymph, 7.83. (albus)

1

(adj.), white, 3.392; blank, undecorated, 9.548; subst., album, ī, n., whiteness, white.

23

a Trojan, 9.767.

1

1. Alcanor, a Trojan hero, 9.672. 2. A Rutulian, 10.338.

2

a Trojan, 10.747.

1

a descendant of Alceus; Hercules, 5.414, et al.

12

adj. (āla), winged, swift, 5.861, et al.; subst. c., a bird, 1.394; an owl, 12.862.

11

a companion of Aeneas, 1.121.

3

seaweed.

1

adj. (alius), pertaining to another, another’s; strange; foreign, 4.311; intended for another, 10.781; not one’s own.

4

adj. (āla and gerō), wing-bearing; winged, 1.663.

2

adj. (āla and pēs), wing-footed, 12.484; subst. m., wing-footed horse.

2

adv. (alius and quandō), at some time; formerly, 8.602; at length, 8.200.

2

(indef. subst. pron.), some one, any one, something, anything, in affirmative sentences; some one, 6.864, et al.; some other, 2.48; acc., aliquid, as to something, in some respect, somewhat, in some degree, 10.84; (adv.), aliquā (sc. ratiōne or viā) (abl.), in some way. (alius and quis)

14

(adv.), in another manner; otherwise, 1.399. (alius)

14

(adj. and subst.), other, another; repeated; alius — alius, one — another; pl., aliī — aliī, some — others, 1.427, 428; used once for aliī— aliī, 4.593; (adv.), aliō (old abl.), elsewhere, to another place; aliās (acc. pl. fem., sc. vicēs), at another time.

100

to glide to; (with dat., rarely acc.), sail to, reach, 3.569; advance, glide (with abl. of manner), 10.269; fly to, 9.474; descend, fall upon, 12.319.

9

weeping, 10, 628. (p. of obsol. adlacrimō, shed tears)

1

Alecto, one of the furies, 7.324, et al.

7

the Allia, a small stream running into the Tiber, eleven miles above Rome, where the Romans were defeated by the Gauls, B.C. 389, 7.717.

1

to tie or bind to; hold fast, hold, 1, 169; constrain, confine, 6, 439.

2

to address, 1, 229.

14

to speak playfully; sport, mock, jest, 7, 117.

1

to wash against, wash, 8.149.

1

a Latin youth, son of Tyrrheus, 7.532.

2

adj. (alō), giving nourishment; fostering, genial, blessing, blessed, benign, 1.306; fruitful; gracious, kind, kindly, propitious, 7.774.

18

to nourish, rear, 3.50; breed, 4.38; cherish, 4.2; animate, 6.726; encourage, 5.231.

8

the stepsons of Aloeus, sons of Neptune and Iphemedia, named Otus and Ephialtes; giants who stormed Olympus and were slain by Apollo, 6.582.

1

the Alps.

1

the Alpheus, a river in Elis, supposed to disappear under the sea, and rise again as the fountain of Arethusa, in the island of Ortygia, near Syracuse, 3.694, et al.

1

(adj.), of the Alpheus, Alphean, 10.179.

1

adj. (Alpēs), pertaining to the Alps; Alpine, 4.442.

3

a Rutulian shepherd, 12.304.

1

the upper part of an altar; a high altar, 7.211; an altar, 2.515. (altus)

11

(adv.), aloft, on high; high, 1.337; high up; deeply, deep; comp., altius, higher. (altus)

13

adj. (rel. to alius), the other; one of two; the next; the second, 5.311; a single other; one- or another of the same class; another; any second one; with a neg., not one other, 1.544; alter — alter, the one — the other, 5.299; alter — alterius, each — other’s, 2.667.

29

to do by turns; to alternate (attack) by turns; weigh or consider one thing after another, 4.287. (alternus)

1

adj. (alter), one after the other; alternating, 6.121; by turns, in succession, 5.376; every second, 12.233.

9

a nurse; mother-, nurse-, native-, birth-, 3.273. (alō)

1

the deep; the lofty; the deep sea, the main, the deep, 1.3; the sky, heaven, air, 1.297; from far, far-fetched, remote, 8.395. (altus)

28

raised high; high built, high, lofty, 5.489; on high, aloft, 11.837; high-born, noble, ancient, 4.230; renowned, 10.126; deep, deep or deeply, 12.357; subst., altum, ī, n., the deep; the lofty; the deep sea, the main, the deep, 1.3; the sky, heaven, air, 1.297; from far, far-fetched, remote, 8.395; pl., alta, ōrum, high places, heights of heaven, 6.787; heights, hills, 11.797; battlements, 9.169; alta petere, to aim high, 5.508; comp., altior, ius, higher, taller, 8.162; superl., altissimus, a, um, very high, 8.234. (alō, rear, cause to grow)

175

a cavity, hollow; the hollow trunk of a tree; (meton.), a boat, 6.412. (alvus)

4

a foster-son, 11.33, et al. (alō)

3

the abdomen, the belly; waist, 12.273; body, 2.51.

6

(subst.) a lover; loving, fond wife, 1.352.

7

marjoram, 1.693.

1

(adj.), bitter, brackish, salt, briny; (fig.), bitter, 4.203; biting, 11.337; cruel, 10.900.

7

the Amasenus, a river of Latium, 11.547; the river-god Amasenus, 7.685.

2

a Trojan, 11.673.

1

the wife of Latinus, 7.343, et al.

6

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