VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

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to fix or fasten; freq., the object in or on which, in the abl., 1.212; abl. w. prep., 6.636; acc. w. prep., 9.408; fasten up, suspend from, 3.287; hang up, 1.248; set up, establish, make, 6.622; transfix, pierce, 5.516; hurl (fix by hurling), 10.883; wound, 10.343; inscribe, 11.84.

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burning, hot, sparkling, flaming, 5.637; bright, 4.482; impassioned, ardent, eager, 1.423; spirited, fiery, 1.472; glowing, lofty, 6.130; fierce, furious, 2.529; angry, 6.467. (ardeo)

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(adj.), thick, dense, crowded, compact, in close array, serried, 2.383; frequent, 5.459.

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a prophet, soothsayer, augur, seer, 3.433; prophetess, 3.187; poet, bard, 6.662; priest, 11.774.

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to fall, sink down, freq.; set, of the sun and stars, 2.9; fall in battle, 2.368; in sacrifice, 1.334; of the wind, subside, cease; of the sea, subside, be hushed, 1.54; sink in death, die, 10.390; to fall out, happen, 2.709.

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(adv.), in vain, to no purpose, 2.515.

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to be prostrate, lie, 1.99; extend, spread out; p., iacēns, entis, spread out, extended, 1.224; lying low, 3.689.

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to pray; entreat, invoke, implore, beseech, supplicate, 4.521; pray for, 3.144; w. dat., 8.127; p., precāns, antis, suppliant, 7.237.

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(adv.), widely; far and wide, 1.21; on all sides, far around, 1.163; all over, 12.308. (lātus)

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a side, 1.105, et al.; coast, 8.416; laterum iūnctūrae, joinings of the sides of a belt, i.e, ends of a belt, 12.274.

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adj. (maereō), sad, sorrowful, 2.270, et al.; melancholy, depressing, 1.202; gloomy, mournful, 3.64; betokening grief, 11.35.

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a year, freq.; a season, portion of the year; māgnus annus, a complete year, or the great annual circuit of the sun, 3.284.

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adj. (super), overbearing, haughty, proud, insolent, fierce, 1.523; superior, mighty, 1.21; audacious, 12.326; hard, cruel, 12.877; stately, superb, magnificent, splendid, 1.639.

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a wood, forest, or grove, 1.165, et al.

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to sit, 1.56; sit inactive, 9.4; alight, 6.192; (fig.), to be fixed, settled, resolved, 4.15; to suit, be pleasing, 5.418; circum sedēre, to encamp about; to besiege.

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a port, harbor, haven, 1.159, et al; (fig.), 7.598.

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peace, 1.249; alliance, friendship, 7.266; indulgence, favor, pardon, 3.261; favor, assistance, 3.370. (cf. pacīscor)

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a charge, service, office, employment, function, duty, 5.846; attribute, 12.393; aid, kindness, favor, 4.429; gift, present, 1.636; prize, 5.109; libation, 3.177; festival, 5.652; an honor, 12.520.

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a cutting off or down; bloodshed, havoc, slaughter, 1.471, et al.; deadly blow, 2.526; bloody attack, assault, 3.256; blood, 9.818; pl., caedēs, ium or um, slaughter, bloodshed, 11.648, et al. (caedō)

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acquired skill; dexterity, 5.521; art, 2.15; warlike device, craft, 5.442; skillful effort or toil, 5.270; attainment, science, 7.772; prophetic wisdom, 5.705; aim, vocation, pursuit, 6.852; avocation, craft, 12.519; artifice, plot, stratagem, intrigue, 1.657; craft, subtlety, cunning, 2.152; skillful or cunning workmanship, 5.359.

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(adj.), small, little, 2.677, et al.; a child, infant, 10.317; subst., parvum, ī, n., a small estate, 6.843; small property, little, 9.607; pl., small affairs, 1.24; abl., parvō, at small expense, 10.494; comp., minor, us, less, smaller; younger, 9.593; inferior, 10.129; pl., minōrēs, um, m., descendants, posterity, 1.532.

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(adv. referring the time of one action or event to that of another), after that, as soon as, w. perf., 3.463; 1.520; from the time that, 4.17.

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(adj.), dutiful, pious, especially to gods and parents, 1.220, et al.; pious, reverent, devout, 1.526; sacred, holy, 4.637; righteous, good, 1.603; pure, 3.42; blessed, 5.734; of the gods, righteous, just, 4.382, et al.

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(interj.), see! lo! behold! w. a proposition, 5.793. (en and ce)

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(num. adv.), thrice, three times, 1.94, et al. (trēs)

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to dare; with inf., freq.; dare, venture upon, attempt, with acc., 10.811, et al.; to venture, 2.347; p., ausus, a, um, having dared, daring, 5.792.

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manhood; valor, courage, 2.367, et al.; prowess, 1.566; moral worth, virtue, 5.344; greatness, glory, 6.806; heroism, 4.3; heroic effort, struggle, 12.913. (vir)

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(conj.), however, notwithstanding, nevertheless, still, yet.

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1. Priam, son of Laomedon, king of Troy, 1.458, et al. 2. A Trojan youth, son of Polites and grandson of King Priam, 5.564.

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penalty, punishment, 1.136; pain, torture, torment, 6.543; revenge, vengeance, 2.572; 7.766.

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flowing water; a river, freq.; stream, 4.164; water, 12.417; amnis Eumenidum, the Cocytus, 6.374.

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fear, dread, terror, 1.218; awe, reverence, 7.60; personif., Metus, the demon of fear, Fear, 6.276.

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to give back; put back, restore, 12.785, et al.; deliver, 2.543; pour forth, 9.700; return, 1.409; render, pay; answer, 2.323; reproduce, bring back, 6.768; render, make, 5.705; sē reddere, emerge, 9.121; p., redditus, a, um, being conveyed back; brought back to the land or earth; alighting, 6.18.

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causal conj., for, 1.198, et al; corroborative, truly, certainly, yes, aye, even, indeed; with pers. pron., precisely, directly, 8.84; nec enim, nor indeed, 2.100; sed enim, but indeed, however, 1.19.

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1. Time in general, a period, time, 1.278; interval or space of time, 4.433; crisis, circumstance, juncture, 7.37; season, fitting time, opportunity, proper moment, 4.294; ex longō (tempore), in or for a long time, 9.64. 2. The temple of the forehead, 9.418; commonly pl., 2.684; of animals, 12.173.

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a sister, 1.322; sorōrēs Tartareae, the Furies, 7.327.

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to cover, 3.25, et al.; cover in the funeral urn, inclose, 6.228; surround, encompass, 11.12; protect, defend, shield, 2.430; shelter, 3.583; hide, conceal, 3.236; shut up, 2.126; overshadow, 8.95.

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(adv.), interrog., relat., and indef. (ablat. of quī), in, by, what way? how? 1.676; where, which way, side, direction, 2.463; for quācumque, any way, anywhere; in any way, by any means; where, in whatever way; so far as, 12.147; sī quā, if in any way, 1.18.

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to stick; foll. by dat., or by abl. w. or without a prep.; hang, cling, adhere, cling to, 1.476, et al.; stop, stand fixed, 6.559; halt, 11.699; adhere to as companion, 10.780; stick to in the chase, 12.754; persist, 2.654; dwell, 4.4; pause, hesitate, 3.597; be fixed or decreed, 4.614.

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(adj. interrog. and rel.), of what sort? what? of what aspect? 2.274; of such kind as; such as, as, 1.430; such as = many of which, 7.200; w. ubi, 2.471.

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(adv.), therefore; w. gen. (like causā), for the sake of, on account of, 6.670; in a question, 6.456.

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(adv.), not, in prohibitions, 3.160; 3.453; nē — quidem, not even; (conj.), in order that not, that not, lest, 2.187, freq.

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(adv.), hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, 5.263, and freq.

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a sign, mark, impress; token, 1.443; sign, 3.388; signal, of games, 5.315; of battle, 10.310; goal, 5.130; figure, 1.648; standard, 7.628; (meton.), a body of men following a standard, troop, battalion, 11.517.

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a whirl; whirlpool, 7.567; vortex, 1.117; whirling column of flame, 12.673; the top, crown of the head, the head, 1.403; summit, top, 1.163; mountain summit, height, 3.679; ā vertice, from on high, from above, 1.114. (vertō)

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(prep. with acc. and abl.); (with acc.), over, above, 1.379; beyond, 6.794; upon, on, 1.295, 680; besides; super ūsque, even beyond, beyond, 11.317; (with abl.), upon, 1.700; over (him or his body), 5.482; about, of, concerning, 1.750, et al.; for, for the sake of, 4.233, et al.

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a command, 1.230; absolute command, sway, control, authority, power, 1.54; dominion, 1.138; empire, kingdom, 2.191. (imperō)

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a brother, 1.130.

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adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

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delay, 3.453; cessation, pause, respite, stay, 5.458; hindrance, obstacle, 1.746; bulwark, 10.428.

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pain, 4.693; grief, anguish, 4.474; resentment, 1.25; fury, vengeance, 2.594. (doleō)

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to carry, bear, 12.97, et al.; wear, 2.156; assume, put on as a guise, 1.315; 12.472; bear, produce, have, enjoy, 2.90; take, feel, 12.48; wage, carry on, 1.24; achieve, manage, 7.444; do (of conduct), 9.203.

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sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

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to put or lay near to or by, put on, 5.817; add, join, 9.765; erect on, 3.336; give, impart, 1.593; add, bestow, 5.249; addere sē, to join, 2.339.

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Latinus, a king of Latium, whose capital was Laurentum, and whose daughter, Lavinia, became the wife of Aeneas, 6.891, et al. (Latium)

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(conj. caus.), for, because, 1.731, et al.; beginning a parenthesis, 3.374.

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(adv.), some time or other; once; formerly, 4.307; lately, just now, 11.819; at times, 2.367; ever, 6.876. (quom = cum and -dam)

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a battle, conflict, contest, combat, fight, 5.375, et al.; charge, 11.631. (in Virgil always pl.)

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(adj.), twin, 1.274, et al.; twofold, 6.203; double, two, 4.470; pl., geminī, ae, a, twin, 2.500; two, 1.162.

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conj. (et emphasized by iam), and also, and besides; even, and even, freq.; for praeterea, besides, moreover, 11.352; of time, still, yet, even now, 6.485.

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Ascanius, son of Aeneas, and traditional founder of Alba Longa, 1.267.

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to leave, 1.517, and freq.; desert, abandon, flee from, 3.213; pass by, 3.705; depart from, leave, 3.124; of death, yield up, 3.140; give up or over, desist from, 3.160.

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(adj.), strong, physically, powerful, sturdy; strong in spirit; courageous, valiant, dauntless, bold, brave, 1.101; noble, 10.865.

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to draw, pull; draw along, drag, 1.477; tear, 9.340; carry, sweep along, away, 2.307; bring, conduct, 6.753; lead, conduct, 2.457; draw, catch, 4.701; draw in, drink, of passion, 4.101; derive, 8.511; draw out; extend, protract, 1.748; spend, 6.537; trahere sorte, draw or assign by lot, distribute, 1.508.

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to slide, glide down, or slip, freq.; fall down, 2.465; ebb, 11.628; pass away, 2.14; descend, 2.262; glide, sail, skim along, 8.91; flow, 3.281; fall, perish, 2.430; decline, 4.318; faint, 3.309.

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(adj.), diversified, manifold, various, 5.605, et al.; different, 4.286; mingled, 11.475; varying, 1.748; changing, 4.564; subst., varium, iī, n., a changeable, fickle, inconstant thing, 4.569.

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to go, freq., go away, depart, 6.460; retire, withdraw, recede, 3.496; desist from, 9.620; give way, 7.636; abate, 9.126; draw back, 5.445; submit, yield, 2.704; fall to, come into one’s possession, 3.297; to come behind, 3.484; result, turn out; turn out well, prosper, 12.148.

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a queen, 1.9; princess, 1.273. (rēx)

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adj. (ante), done or existing before; pristine, of old, ancient, 1.12; aged, old, 2.714; former, 4.458; illustrious, noble, 12.529.

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(adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

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a treaty, league, alliance, freq., truce, 5.496; side or party, 12.658; covenant, contract, 4.339; laws of hospitality, hospitality, 10.91; pledge, love, 4.520; law, term, condition, rule, 1.62. (rel. to fīdō, trust)

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(conj.), for indeed, since indeed, for, 4.633; affirmative, indeed, 10.614.

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to intrust, believe, freq.; with dat., acc. and dat., or with objective clause; trust to, 5.850; confide, 4.422; put faith in, 7.97; trust, 2.48; believe, think, 1.387; (with sē), to trust one’s self to; risk, 5.383.

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(sc. terra), father or native land; one's country, 2.291, et al.; ancestral land, 1.380; a country, land, 1.540.

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a stream, current, river, 3.389; torrent, flood, 2.305; water, 2.719; flood (of tears), 1.465; rēctō flūmine, by the direct stream, straight along the current or channel, 8.57. (fluō)

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(adv.), at length, at last, finally, 2.76, et al.; pray then, now, 1.369. (tam)

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1. A king of Arcadia, great-grandfather of Evander, 8.51. 2. Pallas, son of Evander, 8.104, et al.

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a boundary, limit, of space, time, or action; term, end, 2.619; 1.241; a goal, 5.328; pl., a starting point or barrier, 5.139; borders, 1.339; a country, territories.

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a cloud, 1.516, et al.; storm, 10.809; the air, 12.856; (fig.), flock, multitude, 7.705.

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Mars, son of Jupiter and Juno; the patron of war and tutelar god of the Romans, 1.274, et al.; (meton.), martial spirit, courage, warlike fury, 6.165; battle, conflict, 2.335, et al.

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(adj.), good, in every sense, freq.; friendly, kind, 1.195; fit, valuable, proper, 5.483; skillful, expert, able, nimble, 5.430; auspicious, propitious, 1.734; subst., bonum, ī, n., a good thing; good; blessing, happiness; comp., melior, ius, better, freq.; superior, 5.68; greater, 9.156; subst., melius, ōris, n., a better thing; melius est, it is better; in melius, for the better; to a better state, 11.426; meliōra, um, better things, 12.153; superl., optimus, a, um, best, freq. For the adv. melius, see bene.

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the hinder part of a ship; the stern, 5.12; (by synecdoche), a vessel, boat, ship, 1.69; (meton.), crew, 8.497.

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to make musical and rhythmical sounds with voice or instrument; to make melody, play, or sing, to sing, rehearse, celebrate in song or verse, 1.1; to speak in measure or rhythm; to proclaim, as prophet or priest, 2.176; reveal, 3.155; foretell, 2.124; rehearse, narrate, 4.14; explain, interpret, 5.524; warn, 12.28; forebode, croak, 11.399; sound, 7.513.

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to mix; mingle (the object with which is in dat., or in abl. alone, or w. prep.), 1.440; unite, 4.112; multiply, 12.720; assemble, flock together, 7.704; confuse, disturb, confound, agitate, 1.134; scatter, 1.191.

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to wind, turn, twist, 4.575; roll along, 6.551; whirl, hurl, 3.208; shoot, 5.497; cast, dash, 1.108; direct, 4.220; turn away, 6.547; turn, cause to revolve, 4.269; control, 12.180; p., tortus, a, um, whirled, whirling, impetuous, 7.567.

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a people; state, nation, 1.21; canton, clan, tribe, 7.716; multitude, throng, 1.148; the common people as opposed to the senate, commons, people, 9.192.

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(adj.), sad, sorrowful, 1.228, et al.; melancholy, woeful, mournful; dismal, gloomy, 4.243, et al.; grim, stern, 6.315; dire, 2.337; inauspicious, 11.259; fearful, 3.366; fatal, 5.411.

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adj. (comp., pulchrior, ius; superl., pulcherrimus, a, um), beautiful, fair, lovely, 1.75; splendid, 4.266; excellent, wise, 5.728; illustrious, 1.286; warlike, valiant, 7.657.

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to stay, remain; abide, 3.409; last, continue, endure, 1.609; abide by, adhere to, keep, w. dat., 2.160; w. acc., await, 3.505; attend, 9.299. (rel. to μένω, remain)

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the sea; open sea, main, 1.138; flood, 1.246.

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to break, burst; tear, sever, freq.; break through, open, force, 2.494; rend, sever, cut, tear, 3.640; dash, 11.615; (fig.), break off, end, 4.569; interrupt, 8.110; violate, 4.292; utter with fury, shout or shriek forth, 3.246; p., ruptus, a, um, breaking forth, bursting forth, 2.416; darting, flashing, 8.391;. sē rumpere, to dart forth; to burst, 11.549; rumpere vōcem, to break silence, 2.129.

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a manner, way, custom; practice, wont, 1.336; form, 3.65; rule, law, condition, terms, 6.852; pl., mōrēs, um, laws, 1.264; character, virtues, morals, 6.683; mōre, in the manner, like, 4.551; sine mōre, without restraint, violently, 5.694; in violation of right, wrongfully, 8.635; in mōrem, and dē or ex mōre, after or according to the custom, form, fashion, usage, 1.318; 5.244, 556.

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a tear, 1.228, et al.

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Italy, 1.2, et al.

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fortune, destiny, lot, chance, fate, 1.628; success, 10.422; the proper moment, a chance, 12.920; misfortune, calamity, 12.593; personified, 3.53, et al. (fors)

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a flowing; billow, surge, wave, 1.66; ocean, sea, 3.270; water, 5.182; (fig.), of the mind, 12.831. (fluō)

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(adj.), sharp; (fig.), bitter, pungent, 7.291; ardent, active, strong, 1.220; brave, valiant, 8.441; spirited, full of life, life-like, 5.254; elastic, springing, 7.164; swift, nimble, fiery, 1.444; fierce, furious, 2.414; keen, urgent, 1.362.

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to put or place together; found or build, 1.5; put together, devise, establish, 10.35; establish, restore, 6.792; put away, cover up, conceal, hide, with place in abl. with or without in, or in acc. with ad, 2.24, et al.; treasure up, keep, 3.388; consign to the tomb, bury, 3.68; (pass.), sink or set, 7.719; sē condere, to go, hasten for protection, 9.39; confine, 9.32; plunge, 8.66; bury, conceal, 2.621.

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to demand, require, 11.901; 1.414; ask, inquire, 3.59; request, call, ask for, 1.728; seek, summon, 10.661; entreat, supplicate, 1.666; claim, 5.342; w. two accusatives, 4.50.

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