VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

to drive; impel, throw, shoot, 12.320; slay, 11.56; drive away, expel, banish, 1.385; repel, 10.277; dismiss, 5.812; strike with sound, cause to echo, 7.702; to clash, reverberate, 8.529.

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to set fire to, burn, 2.353; kindle, 3.279; illuminate, 5.88; (fig.), of the mind, fire, inflame, 1.660; arouse, rouse to action, 5.719; excite, irritate, enrage, madden, provoke, 4.360; disturb, rend, fill, 10.895.

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a thing vowed; a conditional pledge made to some deity; a vow, 5.234, prayer, 4.65; votive offering, 2.17; sacrifice, 3.279. (voveō)

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(adv.), backward; again, anew, 2.401; in turn, 4.534. (for reversum from revertō)

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adj. (rel. to alius), the other; one of two; the next; the second, 5.311; a single other; one- or another of the same class; another; any second one; with a neg., not one other, 1.544; alter — alter, the one — the other, 5.299; alter — alterius, each — other’s, 2.667.

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to say; always used after one or more words in a direct quotation, 1.321, et al.

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beautiful, 3.468; splendid, adorned, 4.134; conspicuous, 6.808; marked, renowned, distinguished, 1.10; illustrious, glorious, 10.450. (in and sīgnum)

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(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

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determined; distinct; separate, peculiar; fixed, 2.350; 6.673; stated; direct, 2.212; resolved, 2.554; certain of, resolved on, 4.554; confident, stout, 9.249; unerring, 12.490; secure, 9.96; trustworthy, sure, faithful, 1.576; undoubted, true, 6.322; certum est, it is determined, I resolve, we resolve, 3.686; (aliquem) certum facere, to inform, 3.179; (adv.), certē, certainly, surely, at any rate, at least, 1.234, et al. (cernō)

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to cut, freq.; cut off, 4.704; engrave, carve, 3.464; cut through, cleave, 5.218, et al.; of the channel of a river, 8.63; sail through, pass, 8.96; speed, 6.899; shape out mentally, form, 10.107.

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the shore, border, or bank of a stream, 6.314; for flūmen, 7.106.

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(prep. with abl.), without, 1.133, et al.; (connecting substantives), 6.292; 10.636. For sē- or sēd- in composition, see sē-.

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to purify by atonement, 3.279; go round the fields with the victims; hence to bless, ask for a blessing on; go or dance around an altar or the image of a god, 7.391; traverse, pass across, around, or over, 1.608; pass in review, parade before, 5.578; run through, 2.528; search, 1.577; observe, survey, 1.453; watch, mark, 11.763; of the sun, illuminate, 4.607. (lūstrum)

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to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

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surmount; go over, 6.676; rise above, 2.219; pass by or beyond, 1.244; make one's way through, 8.95; overpower, slay, 1.350; overcome, conquer, 2.311; prevail, 5.22; surmount, 3.368; remain, survive, be still living, 3.339; be left; remain, 12.873; be proud, elated, rejoice, 5.473; superāre ascēnsū, to mount, ascend, 2.303. (super)

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Apollo, son of Jupiter and Latona; the god of prophecy, medicine, music, poetry, and archery, 2.430; met., a temple of Apollo, 3.275.

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the bottom or ground of anything; soil, earth, ground, 1.367, et al.; land, 3.698; foundation, 10.102; the water beneath a ship, as its support; the water, sea, 5.199; support, table, 7.111.

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to recognize, 1.470.

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a cumbrous mass; a heavy pile or fabric; mound, rampart, 9.35; dike, 2.497; a mass of buildings, vast buildings, 1.421; structure, 11.130; frame or figure, 2.32; bulk, 5.118; weight, 7.589; pile, mass, 1.61; gigantic frame, 5.431; warlike engine, siege tower, 5.439; array, pomp, train, 12.161; body of soldiers, phalanx, 12.575; heavy storm, tempest, 5.790; toil, work, labor, 1.33.

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(num. adj., indecl.), a thousand, 1.499; subst. pl., mīlia, ium, n., thousands, 1.491.

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that which promotes; assistance, help, relief, succor, 1.571; pl. auxilia, ōrum, help, assistance, 2.163. (augeō)

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(adj.), heavy, 1.728, et al.; pregnant, 1.274; ponderous, firm, 5.437; (fig.), grave, venerable, 1.151; stern, grave (gravely), 5.387; cruel, 10.630; fierce, 10.755; weighed down with years or disease; infirm, enfeebled, 2.436; grievous, hard, 6.56; painful, deep, 4.1; offensive; comp., graviōra, um, subst., n. pl., greater hardships, sufferings, 1.199.

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a branch, bough, 4.485, et al.; limb, 8.318; wreath, 5.71.

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copper, bronze; brass, in one of the old English usages of that word, 1.449, et al.; anything made of copper or bronze; a trumpet, 3.240; cymbal; armor, 2.734; shield, 2.545; a bronze statue, 6.847; a track or course of bronze plates, 6.591; a ship’s prow or beak, or a copper-bottomed ship, 1.35; pl., aera, n., money, 11.329; aere nexus, bronze-bound, of bronze, 1.448.

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known, 1.669; wonted, usual, 2.773; well-known, 3.657; famed, renowned, distinguished, celebrated, 1.379; familiar, well proved, 12.759; nōtum, n., (referring to a following clause), the knowledge, etc., 5.6.

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(adv.), equally, 2.729; also, in like manner, in the same manner, on equal terms, 1.572; side by side, 2.205; at the same time, 10.865; pariter — pariter, 8.545. (pār)

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the sea; the deep, 2.295; wave, billow, 1.114.

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an arranging; line, 1.395; train; order, rank of oars, 5.271; order, 5.349; train, procession, 6.754; series, succession, course of events, 3.376; estimate, class, position, 2.102; abl., ōrdine, in due course, properly, 3.548; in historical order, in detail, 3.179; ex ōrdine, in succession, 5.773. (rel. to ōrdior)

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adj. (crūdus), unfeeling, ruthless, cruel, inhuman, 2.124; relentless, 1.547; unnatural, 6.24; mortal, deadly, 2.561; bloody, 1.355; bitter, 1.361.

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(indef. pron.), each, every; each one, every one, everything, 2.130, et al.; in apposition w. pl., 6.743.

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an image, form, 2.560, et al.; figure, statue, 7.179; apparition, 1.408; ghost, phantom, 1.353; idea, thought, 12.560; manifestation, example, 6.405; echo.

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a rising ground; a low hill, 9.195; a mound, 2.713; sepulchral mound, sepulcher, tomb, 3.304; 11.103. (tumeō)

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dem. pron., properly relating to the second person, that of which you speak, or which pertains to you; that, this; such, 2.521.

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(adj.), rough, 2.379; rugged, craggy, jagged, 6.360; chased, embossed, 5.267; (fig.), of the weather, stormy, 2.110; of temperament, spirit, or nature, barbarous, 5.730; formidable, fierce, 1.14; full of strife, warlike, 1.291; cruel, stern, 6.882; angry, 1.279; bitter, 2.96; displeased, 8.365.

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the thing which warns; an omen, a portent, 3.26; supernatural token, sign, 12.246; a prodigy, marvel, wonder, terror, 3.583; monster, 2.245. (moneō)

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(adv.), from that place; of time, thence, thereupon, then, 1.275; thereupon, 2.434; afterwards; for ex hōc, ex hāc, etc., 3.663; for ab illō, from that quarter, from him, 10.54; iam inde, at once, forthwith, 6.385.

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to disconnect, loosen one’s self; leave, 3.711; forsake, abandon, desert, 4.323; leave behind, 5.220; give up, break off, 9.694.

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to take completely or eagerly; to grasp, snatch, seize, catch, 1.45; hurry away, 1.100; tear away; hasten on, take, 1.418; raise quickly, rouse, 4.572; sē corripere, to hasten away, 6.472. (com- and rapiō)

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the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

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to delay, linger, tarry, 2.102; retard, hinder, detain, delay, 2.373; think upon, 7.253; notice, regard, 2.287; nihil or nōn morārī, not to consider as important; to think nothing of, 11.365; not to value, 5.400. (mora)

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(adv.), from that place (rarely) or time; then, thereupon, 5.321; now, immediately, 4.561; next, still, 9.781.

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a limb, joint, part, member, 1.691, et al.

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to help, aid, assist, 1.571; delight; impers., iuvat, it is of use, it avails, helps, 10.56; pleases, delights, gratifies, 1.203.

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(adv.), twice, 1.381. (in composition bi-)

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to throw often or much; toss to and fro; toss, freq.; hurl, cast, 2.459; thrust out, 5.376; aim, 5.433; (fig.), throw out words, utter, say, 1.102; of the mind, revolve, meditate, 1.227; sē iactāre, boast, exalt one's self, rejoice, glory, 1.140; prae sē iactāre, to make pretense of, 9.134; p., iactāns, antis, arrogant, assuming, ambitious, 6.815. (iaciō)

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a country of ancient Italy, extending from the left bank of the lower Tiber to Campania, 1.6; (meton.), for Latīnī, the Latins, people of Latium, 10.365, et al. (2. latus; Virgil, 8.323, derives it from lateō)

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1. Time in general, a period, time, 1.278; interval or space of time, 4.433; crisis, circumstance, juncture, 7.37; season, fitting time, opportunity, proper moment, 4.294; ex longō (tempore), in or for a long time, 9.64. 2. The temple of the forehead, 9.418; commonly pl., 2.684; of animals, 12.173.

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to allow, permit, suffer, 1.18; leave off, forbear, 10.15; (with inf. or subj. following), suffer, let, 10.433; 5.163; spare, 10.598; leave, (w. acc. and dat.), 9.620.

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(adv.), indeed, at least, certainly, surely; w. first person, for my part, 1.238. (demonstr. e or ec and quidem)

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a cloth; sail, 1.103, et al.; a curtain, canvas, covering, 1.469.

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a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

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(adv.), about, around; (prep. with acc.), around, about.

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a helmet, either of leather or of metal, 3.468, et al.

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Phoebus or Apollo, 1.329, et al.

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the look or expression of the face; face, visage, countenance, 1.209; features, 4.556; appearance, aspect, 5.848; eyes, sight, 2.539.

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a garment, freq.; robe, 6.645; vestment, 1.404; clothing, 6.359; covering, drapery, tapestry, 1.639.

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adj. (ex), on the outside; external, foreign, 4.350; superl., extrēmus (or extimus), a, um, outermost; outer, 12.925; last, most distant, farthest, 5.327; remotest, hindmost, last, 5.183; final, 3.714; consummating, finishing, 7.572; last in degree; extreme, basest, worst, 11.701; the instant of, verge of, 2.447; subst., extrēma, ōrum, pl. n., the most distant parts, 1.577; the last sufferings, death, 1.219; perils, 3.315; adv.; extrēma, for the last time, one’s last, 11.865.

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to suffer, permit, allow, 1.644; submit to, bear, undergo, endure, 1.219.

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death, destruction, 2.134, et al. (cf. dēleō)

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to go astray, wander, 1.578; go to and fro, stray, 7.493; hover, 4.684; float, 3.76; to err, be uncertain, 7.498.

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a bone, 2.121.

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(indecl. num. adj.), hundred, 6.625.

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(adv.), beforehand, 1.673; previously, past, 1.198; first, 12.680; followed by quam, = antequam.

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adj. (rel. to fatīscō), faint, wearied, tired; spent, exhausted, feeble, 2.596; languid; (fig.), strained, sea-tossed, 1.168; afflicted, 3.145; wearied with, exhausted by, w. gen., 1.178; w. abl., 5.715.

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a wing, 1.301; the feather of an arrow, 9.578; the wing of an army; cavalry, 11.730; troop, battalion, 11.604; horsemen, mounted huntsmen, 4.121.

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the heart, of the mind, feelings, spirit, passions; mind, heart, breast, 1.50; disposition, spirit, 1.303; pleasure, delight, 7.326.

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(adj.), accursed; portentous; fearful, dreadful, awful, dire, cruel, horrible, freq.; accursed, 2.261; unhallowed, impious, 6.373; foul, carrion, 3.262; wild, furious, ardent, 9.185; pl., dīra (adv.), fearfully, 10.572.

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possessive pron. (vōs), your, yours, 1.573, et al.

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(adv.), above, 4.684, et al.; above, from above, 10.384; moreover, 4.606; besides, 1.29; more than enough, 2.642; remaining, surviving, left (with ellipsis of esse), 3.489, et al.; still (or above), 4.684; of time, in, during, 9.61.

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a cause, reason, 1.25; cause, occasion, 2.285; pretext, excuse, occasion, 4.51; a reason, an argument, 8.395; a cause (judicial), 6.849; with infin., 10.90.

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to stand on or upon; w. dat., acc., inf., or alone; w. dat., to stand on, 11.529; stand or hang over, 10.196; (w. acc.), to work at, ply work upon, 8.834; (w. inf.), urge on, press on, 1.423; persist, 10.118; (alone), to follow up, press on; pursue, 1.468; struggle, 12.783; be near at hand, approach, threaten, 12.916; to be urgent, important, incumbent, 4.115.

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a striving, a struggle; effort, 5.197; combat, emulation, strife, 3.128; battle, war, 8.639; contest, game, 5.286. (certō)

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adj. (Dardanus), Dardanian, Trojan, 5.711; subst., Dardanius, iī, m., the Dardanian; the Trojan, 12.14.

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a funeral; freq., funeral rites, 4.308; death, carnage, 2.361; corpse, dead body, 6.150; deathbed, 9.491; funeral pyre, 11.189; calamity, 1.232; pl., fūnera, um, a corpse prepared for burial, 9.486.

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a circle, ring; orb, disk, 2.227; coil, fold, 2.204; the globe, world, earth, 1.331; circular movement, revolving course, revolution, 1.269; orbit, 3.512; a winding, turning round, 12.743; of the eyes, 12.670.

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man, a human being; freq., mortal, 1.328.

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(adj.), blind, freq.; blinded mentally, reckless, 1.349; 11.781; with fury, mad, 2.357; of things which baffle or obstruct the sight or the mind, dark, 3.200; hidden, covered, 1.536; secret, private, 2.453; from behind, 10.733; uncertain or dim, 9.518; uncertain, 6.30; aimless, 4.209; blinding, 12.444; of uncertain origin, 12.617; of sound, indistinct, subdued, 10.98; obscure, 12.591.

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(adj.), hollow, 1.81; concave, 8.599; arching, vaulted, 2.487; cavae manūs, the palms of the hands, 12.86.

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to look at; to behold, see, 1.393, et al.; (fig.), to consider, 1.526; regard, pity, 2.690. (ad and speciō, look)

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to unbind, loosen, 6.652, et al.; unfurl, 4.574; unfasten, cast off, 5.773; unyoke, unharness; of the hair, undo, dishevel, 3.65, et al.; dissolve, confound, mix, 12.205; separate, divide, 5.581; (fig.), set free, release, disenthrall, 4.487; exempt, release, 10.111; break, 10.91; pay, fulfill, perform, 3.404; dispel, cast off, banish, 4.55; 1.463; paralyze, 1.92; 12.951; of sleep or drunkenness, relax, 5.856; drown, 9.189; (pass.), solvor, sink, 4.530. (2. sē- and luō)

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Venus, goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Aphrodite, daughter of Jupiter and Dione, 1.411, et al.; (meton.), love, lust, 6.26.

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a portion of the heavens marked out or cut off for auguries; a place set apart as holy; holy ground; a shrine, fane, chapel, temple, 1.416, et al.(cf. τέμνω, cut off)

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Dido, daughter of Belus, king of Phoenicia, who fled from her brother Pygmalion to Africa, where she founded the city of Carthage, 1.299.

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(interj.), alas! ah! oh! 2.289, et al.

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to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

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the make or fashion of things; form, figure, 12.416; face, countenance, 1.658; image, specter, 7.448; aspect, 6.104; appearance, 3.310; form, kind, 6.560. (faciō)

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originally steering-oar; an oar, 1.104.

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to gird, 2.520; clothe, 8.282; surround, inclose, 1.112; encompass, envelop, 5.13; wreathe, crown, 5.71; involve, 1.673; fly around, 1.398.

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the people of Latium; the Latins, 12.823, et al.

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to make a murmuring noise; to roar, 1.56; whinny, neigh, 12.82; raise lamentations, 6.175; whiz, 12.922; resound, 4.668; rage, 5.19; to be fierce, furious, 4.229; fume, rave, 12.535; shout and sing, 4.146; a., rage, rave for, clamor for, 11.453, et al.; ore fremere, applaud, shout applause, 5.385; p., fremēns, entis, raging, 4.229.

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Iulus or Ascanius, son of Aeneas, 1.267, et freq.

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a consecrated wood; sacred grove, 6.259, et al.; in general, a grove, wood, forest.

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to pour out or forth; shed, 2.271; throw, cast out, 7.780; cast, 6.339; overthrow, 11.485; bring out, 9.68; unbind, dishevel, 4.509; dissolve, 2.651; let loose, throw out, 5.818; spend, lose, waste, 5.446; of words, utter, 5.780; (pass.), effundī, dart, 5.145; flow, 6.686. (ex and fundō)

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by chance, perchance, haply, 1.375, et al.

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a groaning; a groan, 3.39, et al.; sigh, 1.485; lamentation, 2.486; cry, 2.413; noise, roaring, 3.555. (gemō)

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a going; a journey, passage, voyage, 3.507, et al.; track, path, way, 1.370; course, 7.35. (eō)

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(adv.), from or on every side or all sides; all around, everywhere, 3.193, et al. (unde and -que)

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adj. (aurum), of gold, golden, armed with gold, 11.490; gilded, 6.13; (fig.), beautiful, fair, 10.16; perfectly pure and happy, golden, 6.792.

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to be prostrate, lie, 1.99; extend, spread out; p., iacēns, entis, spread out, extended, 1.224; lying low, 3.689.

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burning, hot, sparkling, flaming, 5.637; bright, 4.482; impassioned, ardent, eager, 1.423; spirited, fiery, 1.472; glowing, lofty, 6.130; fierce, furious, 2.529; angry, 6.467. (ardeo)

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