VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

a rein, 1.63, et al.; strap, thong, 9.587; whip, 7.380; immissīs or laxīs habēnīs, with all the reins let out, without restraint, unchecked, 5.662; pressīs or adductīs habēnīs, with tightened reins, 12.622. (habeō)

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shed blood; gore, 3.43; 4.455; blood.

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to put into; put on, assume, 1.684; clothe; surround, crown, 3.526; pierce, slay, 10.682; (pass. as middle, w. acc.), gird one's self with, put on, 2.393; induere in vultūs, transform to the features, 7.20.

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the groin, middle, 3.427; the youthful population; youth, young men; youthful band, 1.399; brood, offspring, 6.580.

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to go away, depart, 2.675; go off, go aside, turn off, 5.162; pass into, sink into, 9.700; go forward, take the lead, 5.318; retreat, 2.382; change or be transformed.

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to carry, bear, or take away, 4.29, et al.; remove, cut off, 4.699; lay aside, leave off, 8.439; with se, withdraw, 4.389. (ab and ferō)

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(adv.), some time ago; formerly, once, 1.653, et al.; at some future time; hereafter, some time, 1.20; at times, ofttimes, 5.125.

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adj. (Auson), Ausonian; Italian, 4.349; subst., Ausoniī, ōrum, m., the Ausonians; Italians, 11.253.

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(adj., w. abl.), deserving of, worthy of; with depend. clause or absol., fit, due, meet, worthy, 1.600, et al.; dīgna indīgna, worthy (and) unworthy; all fortunes, all things alike, 12.811.

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an evil or atrocious deed; a crime, freq.; wickedness, 6.742; (meton.), punishment, 7.307; like nefās for wretch, imp; hence, scelus artificis = artifex scelestus, the accursed deceiver, 11.407.

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to till, cultivate, 1.532; inhabit, live in, dwell in; (fig.), care for, cherish, love, favor, 1.16; observe, 7.602; revere, honor, 4.458; worship, 5.63.

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a whirlpool, gulf, 3.421; flood, 2.497; wave, billow, 3.564; rolling, raging sea, abyss, 1.118; sea, ocean, 7.704.

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glory, fame, renown, 2.83, et. al.; love of fame, ambition, 5.394.

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a bedchamber; chamber, 2.503; couch, 6.280; marriage, 4.18; bridals, the bride, 7.388; pl., thalamī, ōrum, nuptials, wedlock, marriage, 6.94.

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(indef. pron. subst.), any one, any, anything, in negative sentences, freq.; adj., any, 6.875, et al.; (adv.), quāquam, in any way.

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(adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.

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confusion, uproar, tumult, 5.152; a crowd, throng, 2.580; multitude, 6.305; herd, 1.191; flock, 3.233.

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to be strong physically; to be well, vigorous, powerful; to excel, 5.67; to have power, be able; can, 2.492; to avail; can do, 12.798; imperat., vale, farewell! 2.789.

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to accompany, attend, follow, 3.660; p., comitātus, a, um, attended, accompanied, 1.312, et al. (comes)

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adj. (comp., similior, ius; superl., simillimus, a, um), like, similar, 1.136, et al.

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adj. (Sāturnus), belonging to Saturn; Saturnian; sprung from Saturn; Saturnian, 4.372; subst., Sāturnius, iī, m., the son of Saturn, 5.799; Sāturnia, ae, f., 1. Daughter of Saturn, Juno, 1.23; 2. The city of Saturnia, built by Saturn on the Capitoline hill, 8.358.

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divine right or law; duty, justice, 3.55; privilege, 9.96; as predicate with esse, permitted, lawful, proper, incumbent, 1.77, et al. (rel. to for)

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a bull, steer, ox, bullock, 2.202, et al.

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a torch; firebrand, 1.150; fire, 4.626; of a meteor, fiery train, 2.694.

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to cut, freq.; cut down, slay, 2.266; sacrifice, 5.96; strike, 10.404. (rel. to scindō)

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to raise up; erect; bristle up, 10.726; (fig.), to excite, rouse; p., arrēctus, a, um, standing up, rising; erect, 5.426; bristling, 11.754; attentive, 1.152; animated, roused, encouraged, 1.579; ardent, intent; intense, 5.138; in fearful expectation, 12.731. (ad and regō)

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Achates, a companion of Aeneas, 1.174, et al.

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(prep. and adv.; prep. w. acc.), over against; opposite to, 1.13; against, 5.370; to, 9.280; on the contrary, 12.779; on the other hand, in reply, 1.76.

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to change the position or location of anything; change, alter, shift, 3.581; of form or condition; change, transform, 1.658; change one thing for or with another, w. acc. and abl.; revolve, 5.702; unsettle, disturb, distract, 4.595. (moveō)

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a follower of Aeneas, 5.294.

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a son or descendant of Dardanus; Aeneas, 10.545; pl., Dardanidae, ārum (um), the Trojans, 1.560, et al.; adj., Dardanian, Trojan, 2.59.

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to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

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adj. (omnis and potēns), all-powerful, almighty, 1.60; supreme, sovereign, 10.1; subst., The Almighty, 4.220.

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a smiting; a stroke, blow, 5.198, and freq.; shooting, 7.165; wound, 7.756; force, 2.544. (icō)

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(adj.), fruitful, 6.230; happy, lucky, fortunate, 3.493; successful, 11.196; skillful, 9.772; active, making happy; favorable, kind, propitious, 1.330.

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medium, iī, n., the middle, midst, 2.218; the intervening space, 6.131; ad medium, in the middle of the body, 12.273; in medium, into the midst, in public; before them, 5.401; for the common weal, 11.335.

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(not used in nom. and gen. sing.), a prayer, supplication, entreaty, 2.689. (precor)

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a prognostic, token, sign, omen, 2.182; (meton.), evil, 2.190; auspicious beginning, 7.174; pl., auspices; rites, 1.346; in ōmen, as or for a warning, 12.854.

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that which is taken from the body of a slain man or beast; spoil, trophy, 1.289; spolia opīma, the arms or spoils taken by a victorious general from the body of a hostile commander slain in battle, 6.855.

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that which serves for binding; a chain, 6.395; fetter, bond, 1.54; a rope, cable, 1.168; 2.236; cord, 5.510; a halter, 11.492; morally, a bond, tie, 4.16; pl., vincula or vincla, ōrum, n., gauntlets, 5.408; a sandal, 4.518; (fig.), constraint, compulsion, 7.203. (vinciō)

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to tremble, quake, shake, quiver, 5.198; tremble at, fear, dread, 8.296.

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the surface of the ground, the soil; the ground, 3.3, et al.; humī, locative, on the ground, upon the ground; to the earth, 1.193, et al.

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adv. (comp., saepius), often, frequently, 2.108, et al.; cum saepe, when, as often happens, 1.148.

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(adj.), bloody, blood-stained, 1.296; covered with blood, 10.498.

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to shake out or off, 2.224; throw or cast down, 1.115; cast out, 10.590; drive away, 3.200; expel, 7.299; shake out, uncoil, 3.267; uncoil and arrange (set the sails), 3.683; deprive of, 6.353; throw aside, break, 12.158; hurry forth, call forth, 9.68. (ex and quatiō)

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to turn (anything) away from, followed by an abl. with or without a prep., 1.38, et al.; turn or drive away, 1.472, et al.; transfer, with acc. of place, 4.106; drive away, end, 4.547; neut. by omission of se, to turn away, 1.402; (pass.), avertī, as middle or dep., with acc., to be averse to; to shun, loathe.

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to run together or at once; crowd around, 12.297; rush, 2.315; rush to conflict, 7.224; rush against a foe; (with dat.), engage, encounter, 1.493.

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a thing ordered; command, injunction, order, 1.77, et al. (iubeō)

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piety, reverence, devotion, love with respect to gods or parents, 1.10; in other relations, dutiful affection; fidelity, regard; righteousness; pity for the injured, just retribution, justice, 2.536; pity, compassion, mercy, 5.688; patria pietās, affection for a parent, 9.294. (pius)

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(adj.), of Troy, Trojan, 1.119.

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to send away; to let go, 5.853; 2.148; lose, 3.710; p., āmissus, a, um, missing 1.217; lost, 3.341; slain, 11.868.

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the keel of a ship, ship, 4.398; a boat, 6.391; frame, timber, 5.682.

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adj. comp. (prope), nearer, 3.531; subst., propiōra, ōrum, n., nearer places; the inner course or track, 5.168; (adv.), propius, see prope; superl., proximus, a, um, the nearest in place, time, or rank; next, 1.157.

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(num. adj.), two, 2.213, et al.

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the son of Peleus, king of Thessaly, and Thetis, daughter of Nereus, 1.468, et al.

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fortune, destiny, lot, chance, fate, 1.628; success, 10.422; the proper moment, a chance, 12.920; misfortune, calamity, 12.593; personified, 3.53, et al. (fors)

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a thing hurled; a spear, dart, or javelin, 3.46, et al. (iaciō)

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to make certain by conflict; to contend, 2.30; struggle, strive, 3.668; with dat., to struggle against, contend with, rival; with infin., 4.443; impers., certātur, it is fought; we fight; certātum est, we have fought, 11.313; certandum est, we must fight, 12.890. (certus)

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passed over in silence, unmentioned, 6.841; unobserved, 2.568; unexpressed, secret, hidden, 4.67; silent, in silence, 2.125; silent, speechless, 4.364; still, noiseless, 6.386; calm, 1.502; quiet, solitary, in the night, 7.343; per tacitum, in silence, quietly, 9.31. (taceō)

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adv. (cf. penes), inwardly, far within, deep, deeply, 1.200; wholly, entirely, 6.737; afar, 11.623; far away, 1.512.

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a raft, float; bark, boat, ship, 1.43, et al.

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adj. (ē and grex), apart from the herd; excellent, distinguished, 7.473; famous, renowned, 1.445; noble, 6.523; w. gen., 11.417.

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a Latin chief, allied with Turnus, 7.691, et al.

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adj. (fīdō), trustworthy, faithful, trusty, 1.188; safe, secure, hospitable, 5.24; w. gen., tuī fīdissima, most faithful to thee, 12.659.

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(adj.), sweet, 1.433; pure, clear, pleasant, delightful, 1.694; dear, 2.777.

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to send upon or to; drive to, 6.312; bring upon, 4.488; let in, 2.495; let fly, go, loosen, 6.1; hurl, fling, cast, 11.562; (with sē), rush into, 6.262; p., immissus, a, um, of the reins of horses, let loose; hence, (fig.), swiftly running, 5.146; unchecked, unbridled, 5.662; of the hair or beard, descending, left growing, neglected, long, 3.593.

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that which is becoming; grace, ornament, decoration, 1.429; glory, honor, distinction, 2.89; pride, 10.858; beauty, 1.592; dignity, honor, 5.174; an honor, honorable gift, 12.83. (decet)

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to bear, or bring out or forth, 2.297; bear away, rescue, 3.150; raise, elevate, lift up or high, 1.127; elate, puff up, 11.715; efferre gressum or pedem, walk, go, come forth, 2.753; efferre sē, arise, 3.215. (ex and ferō)

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nothing, 2.287; (adv.), not at all; by no means, not, 2.402, and freq. (nē and hīlum, a trifle)

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the deities of the lower world, 6.896; gods or powers below, 12.646; the spirits or souls of the dead in Hades; ghosts, shades, Manes, 3.63; penalties of the lower world, punishments, expiations, purgatory, 6.743; abode of the dead, 4.387; infernal regions, the world below, 10.820.

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a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

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a bow, 5.500, et al.; the rainbow, 5.88.

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to send down, 1.297; shed, 6.455; let down into, receive, admit, (of the mind or the senses), 4.428; consign, condemn, 2.85; convey, conduct, 5.29; transmit, hand down, 1.288; dēmittere mentem, to lose heart, sink into despair, 12.609.

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a mourning; sorrow, grief, woe, lamentation, 2.298, and freq.; personif., 6.274. (lūgeō)

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a leader, 1.189; captain, commander, 5.133; prince, king, 9.691. (dūcō)

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to drive, impel, press forward, 1.111; ply, hasten, 9.489; press, oppress, crush, bear down, 3.579; press around, inclose, surround, hem in, 11.524; weigh upon, oppress, close, 10.745; overpower, 2.653; attack, 10.375; punish, torture, 6.561.

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a horn, 4.61; horny substance, horn; a trumpet or horn, 7.615; bow, 7.497; the knob or tip of the helmet in which the crest is inserted, 12.89; pl., cornua, uum, the ends of sail yards, 3.549; horns of the moon, 3.645; in cornua surgere, to rise as to the horns; i.e., having high-branching horns, 10.725; īrāscī in cornua, to throw fury into the horns, 12.104.

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(adj.), white, 3.392; blank, undecorated, 9.548; subst., album, ī, n., whiteness, white.

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(adv.), in a greater measure; more, 5.94; 10.481; the more, 7.787; for potius, by preference, rather, 5.29; better, 4.452. (rel. to māgnus)

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to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

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materials gathered to form an elevation; a heap of earth or stones, dike, embankment, bank, 1.112; 2.496; heap of earth, 9.567; top, summit, ridge, raised surface, 5.44, 273; a rampart, 9.769, et al.; a height or rising ground, 12.446; aggerēs, mountains, mountain ramparts, 6.830. (aggerō)

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to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

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a word, 1.710, et al.

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a demigod; a hero, 6.192, et al.; an illustrious man, champion, hero, 5.453.

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correlative to quam, so much, by so much, 7.787; without quam, so as, so much, in such a manner, to such a degree, freq.

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rage, madness, fury, 1.150, et al.; frenzy, 4.91; love, desire; personif. as a deity, a Fury, 1.294. (furō)

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Mnestheus, one of the Trojan chiefs under Aeneas, 5.117; 10.129, et al.

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adj. (cellō, rise), high, lofty, 1.56, et al.

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to take out or up; except, exempt, 9.271; receive, receive in turn, 1.276; receive, with the notion of hospitality or shelter or favor, 4.374; 5.41; catch, take, surprise, fall upon, 3.332; seize, 6.173; overtake, 9.763; intercept, 11.517; befall, 3.318; hit, 12.507; take up the conversation; reply, answer, 4.114; catch mentally; surmise, suspect, detect, 4.297. (ex and capiō)

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(adj.), clear, of sight or sound; clear, 1.588; shining, bright, lustrous, 9.582; making clear; fair, bright; shrill, loud, 3.519; (fig.), renowned, 1.284; noble, illustrious, honored, 1.550.

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a cave, cavern, grotto, 1.166.

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(adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

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adj. (prae and caput), head foremost; headlong, 2.307; deep, 11.888; hurried, hasty, quick, speedy, 4.573; flying, running swiftly, 2.516; 3.598; rash, impetuous, fiery, 9.685; prolept., ready to sink, 10.232; subst., praeceps, n., a steep, precipice, verge, 2.460; in praeceps, headlong; downwards, 6.578.

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to fill up; fill, 1.729; with sound, fill, 3.313; reach, 11.896; regale (w. gen.), 1.215; satisfy, 1.716; inspire, 3.434.

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(adv. interrog. and rel.) how, freq.; as, answering to tam, expressed or understood, even as, just as, so far as, 6.96; quam māgnus, so great as, 10.763; with a superl., to denote the highest degree possible; quam prīmum, as soon as possible, instantly, 4.631; after the comparative, than, freq.; antequam, priusquam (often separated by tmesis), before that, before, 4.27, freq.; postquam, often separated, after that, after, as soon as, 3.463, et al.

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(adj.), soft, tender, delicate; pliant, flexible, soft, 1.693; soft-cushioned, 8.666; subtle, 4.66; tamed, gentle; yielding, accessible, favorable, 4.293; haud mollia, things hard, difficult, harsh, unwelcome, 12.25.

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to turn completely; turn back, to invert, reverse, 1.81; wheel or turn against, 12.548; turn, 2.191; change, 2.73; p., conversus, a, um, turned, turning, 12.172; opposing, 12.716; returning, 7.543; transformed, 12.623.

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to sit or settle down together or completely; sink, 2.624; sit, 4.573; sit in mourning, 11.350; take a seat, 5.136; alight, 3.245; settle, 10.780; dwell, 1.572; abide, rest, 11.915; to lie at anchor, to anchor, 3.378; to be moored, stationed, 7.431.

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a Trojan youth among the followers of Aeneas, 5.294.

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(adv.), thus, so, in such a manner, 4.533, et al.; in oaths, 9.208. (rel. to is)

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