VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

dread, dismay, apprehension, terror, fear, 2.76; awe, 7.608; personif., Fear, Dismay, 12.335. (formīdō)

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to cause, to move; stir, 2.419; agitate, move, 4.122; excite, kindle, rouse, 6.165; raise, 12.104; call upon, invoke, 3.68; call up, exhibit, 5.585; of tears, shed, 6.468.

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a tornado, whirlwind; storm, tempest, 1.442; whirling cloud, 3.573; wind accompanying the lightning; lightning-blast, 1.45; 6.594; whirling or stormy force, 11.284, et al.; a whirling top, a child's top, 7.378. (cf. turba)

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darkness, 9.425; gloom, 6.238; 2.92; dark abode, 6.545.

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the state of being well; safety, 1.555; preservation, means of safety, remedy, relief, deliverance, 1.451. (rel. to salvus, safe)

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to place, put, 1.213, et al.; lay, 1.428; found, 1.247. (locus)

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a lion, 2.722, et al.

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to stand still; stand, 1.226; halt, stop, 1.187; land, tread, 1.541; settle, 8.10; alight, rest, 4.253; to be quiet or at rest, 1.643.

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a grandfather, grandsire, 2.457; sire, father, ancestor, 6.840.

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to be made, done; sacrificed, 5.763; to become, 5.620.

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to let go, send forth or down; promise, 4.228; vow, pledge, 2.96; p., prōmissus, a, um, promised, betrothed, 12.31.

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(adj.), not to be uttered; unutterable, inexpressible, unspeakable, 4.85; cruel, 1.525; dreadful, horrible, 10.673; accursed, perfidious, 4.613; fatal, 2.132; neut., in exclamations, īnfandum! O shame, O woe unutterable! 1.251; pl., īnfanda, as(adv.), 8.489.

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a leaf, 3.449; leafage, foliage; leafy spray, branch, twig, bough, 2.249; a leafy crown, a garland, wreath, 4.148.

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a royal staff; scepter, 1.653; freq.; (meton.), rule, sway, power, royal court, realm, 9.9; 1.253; authority, 11.238.

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1. The citadel or walls of Troy, 3.87; Troy, 4.344, et al. 2. The Trojan citadel of Helenus in Epirus, 3.336.

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that which is contrary to divine law; sin, impiety, wrong, 2.719; wickedness, guilt, crime, 2.184; a ghastly deed, 10.497; impious or guilty word, 2.658; mischief, 7.386; dishonor, disgrace, shame, 8.688; (exclamatory), fearful sight! 7.73; fearful penalty! 7.596; (of a person), a monster, wretch, 2.585; (adj.), horrible, 3.365; nefās est, it is unlawful, wicked, impious, 6.391.

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an ancient king of Latium, 8.330.

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a fillet, band, or chaplet for the head, especially for religious occasions, 5.366, et al.

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adj. (Styx), pertaining to the Styx; of Hades; Stygian, 4.638, et al.

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that which is taken first or as the best; prize, 5.70; reward, recompense, 1.461; gift, blessing, 4.33. (prae and emō)

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to shake completely; shake, 2.629; push, 8.237; rouse, spur, 8.3; sift, examine, search, 7.338; agitate, strike with panic, terrify, 4.666; smite, afflict, 5.700. (com- and quatiō)

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to uncover, lay bare, 1.107; throw open, open, 2.60; disclose to the view, 3.206; disclose, reveal, 6.12; (pass.), aperīrī, to appear, 8.681; p., apertus, a, um, opened, 8.585; unguarded, 11.748; adj., open, 1.155; clear, pure, 1.587. (ab and root par, whence pariō)

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to put or throw around; (with abl.), to encircle, surround, encompass, inclose with, 1.368; of dress, gird, 9.462; adorn, 6.207; set, 1.593; border, 4.137; (with dat.), throw around, 2.792; twine or coil around, 2.219; put round, 2.510.

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a horseman, 4.132; pl., cavalry, 12.408; sing. as collective, cavalry, 10.239. (equus)

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adj. (alō), giving nourishment; fostering, genial, blessing, blessed, benign, 1.306; fruitful; gracious, kind, kindly, propitious, 7.774.

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an answer, reply, 2.376; oracular answer, response, 6.799. (respondeō)

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ashes, embers, 5.743; ashes of the dead, 4.34; (meton.), tomb, sepulcher, 4.633.

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(adv. and conj.), as, just as, 5.88; as if, 2.438, et al. (ce-ve)

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adj. (amō), loving, friendly, kind, favorable, propitious, of persons, 2.735; of things, 2.255, et al.; subst., amīcus, ī., m., a friend.

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a rock, cliff, crag, ledge, freq.; quarry, 1.429. (rumpō)

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(adv.), only a little, too little; little; not, 6.862. (comp.) minus, less; otherwise, 3.561; (superl.) minimē, least; very little; in the least degree; not at all, 6.97. (cf. parvus)

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to show, point out, indicate, 1.444; inform, tell, 1.321; direct, incite, 9.44; ordain, appoint, prescribe, 4.636. (mōnstrum)

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a grandson, 2.702; pl., nepōtēs, um, grandchildren; posterity, descendants, 2.194.

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(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

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(adv.), forward in space, before one; right on, continuously, 3.416; (in time) continuously, in order, 6.33; forthwith, 2.437; suddenly, 10.340; right on, thenceforward, 7.601. (prō and tenus)

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a son of Aeneas; pl., Aeneadae, ārum, followers of Aeneas, the Trojans, 1.565; Aeneadae, 3.18.

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to shake, freq.; brandish, 11.767; flap, 3.226; shatter, 2.611; make tremble, 5.200; thrill, penetrate, 3.30; ransack, beat up, search, scour, 11.513; torment, 6.571; assault, 9.608; spur, 12.338.

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rest, repose, 3.495; sleep, 2.268; respite, intermission, 1.723.

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each (of two); both, 2.214; subst., utrumque, n., each, either thing or alternative, 2.61; (adv.), utrōque, to or on both sides; on either side, 5.469.

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to owe, 10.853; secure, bind; (pass.), dēbērī, to be due, meet, 2.538; decreed, 3.184; 6.714. (dē and habeō)

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adj. (ob and via), in the way; presenting one's self or itself; meeting, 1.314; against, 6.880; opposing, 9.56; in the way of; exposed to, 3.499; obvius fierī, to encounter, meet, 10.380.

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a Volscian heroine, ally of Turnus, 7.803, et al.

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to hope, w. acc.; hope for, 1.451; expect, fear, 1.543; look for, expect, 4.419; w. acc. and inf., 9.158; w. inf. fut., 4.382; w. inf. pres., 4.338. (spēs)

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a fold, 1.320; (fig.), sail, canvas, 5.16; bosom, 4.686; a gulf or bay, 1.243; winding stream, a winding, 6.132; a winding, curvature, depth, 1.16l; curving billow, 11.626.

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a feeling or thinking; opinion; resolution, design, purpose, 1.237; 11.21; judgment, 2.35; plan, 4.287; idea, thought, 1.582. (sentiō)

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booty, spoil, 1.528; prey, game, 1.210; often in the pl., as 7.749.

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water, 1.105, et al.; a stream, river.

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to bend; make by twisting, weave, 7.632; turn, guide, 1.156; rein, manage, 9.606; influence, sway, bend, move; retain, check, 12.46.

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adj. (rēx), pertaining or belonging to a king or queen, 1.696; the king’s, 1.677; royal, 1.443; subst., rēgia (sc. domus), a palace, 7.171.

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(conj., properly introducing the second member of a double question), or, 6.533; at the beginning of an interrogative sentence (the first member being suppressed), then, or rather, or perhaps, or even, 4.325.

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a tree, freq.; timber, wood, 5.504; an oar, 10.207.

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to be away; to be absent, 2.620; distant, 11.907; to be wanting, missing, 1.584; inf., āfore, or abfore, will be wanting, 8.147.

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to take back; receive, take, 2.524; take, draw back or out, 9.348; take in, let in, admit, 9.780; recover, save, 1.178; rescue, 6.111; take from, inflict on, 4.656; win back, recover, secure, 6.818; recipere gressum, to return, 11.29; sē recipere, to resort, withdraw, betake one's self. (re- and capiō)

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any grassy or herbaceous growth; grass, turf, 1.214, et al; fodder; herb, plant, 3.650; grassy land, pasture, meadow, 3.221; a plant.

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to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

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to stand at, near, or upon; alight, 1.301; stand, 9.677; be present, 3.150; stand or be ready, 3.123; impend, 3.194.

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to push, thrust, drive to or upon; push onward, impel, 5.242; push, open, 7.621; smite, 1.82; ply, 4.594; put in motion, urge on, 8.3; shoot, 12.856; move, disturb, 3.449; (w. inf.), lead on, impel, induce, persuade, 2.55; force, compel, 1.11.

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(adj.), reddish or tawny yellow; yellow, 5.374; tawny, 2.722; brown, 11.751; glowing, bright, 12.792.

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adv. (ad + eō, cf. is), to this or that point; so far, to such a degree, so very, so much; with correl. ut following, 11.436, et al.; explanatory of a preceding statement, so much, so, 1.567, et al.; so, therefore, 4.533; added to this, besides, moreover; frequently emphasizing a word or statement, aye indeed, aye also, indeed, even, 3.203; 7.427; iamque adeō and nunc adeō, and even now, now indeed, already, or moreover, 5.268; 9.156, et al.; ūsque adeō, up to such a point, even so, so much; vix adeō, hardly even, 6.498.

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to put in motion; drive; drive away; drive, pursue, 2.421; persecute, 6.68; harass, haunt, 3.331; stir up, arouse, 10.71; hasten, 2.640; move, animate, 6.727; excite to, 9.187; practice, exercise, 12.397; spend, pass; (pass.), agitārī, to ride about, 11.694. (agō)

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adj. (cf. tendō), stretched out; slender, thin, 4.278; light, 3.448; little, 10.511; airy, ethereal, 6.292; delicate, fine, 4.264; scanty, yielding a scanty livelihood, 8.409; reduced, perishing, sinking, 5.690; simple, trivial, humble.

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(adj. and adv.), sufficient, enough; w. gen., 2.314; alone as subject, 2.291; as predicate, 2.642; comp., satius, better, preferable, 10.59.

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to look back, again, or around, 2.564; behold, 2.615; look back upon, 5.3; look back and observe or notice, 2.741; 9.389; look at again and again, 3.593; consider, 12.43; regard, care for, be mindful of, 4.225. (re- and speciō, look)

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tyrant of Agylla or Caere, and ally of Latinus and Turnus, 7.648.

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(prep. w. acc., and adv. of place and time); (prep.), behind, 1.296; next to, 7.655; after, 5.626; (adv.), afterwards, then, next, 1.612; hereafter, 1.136.

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(adv.), in vain, to no purpose, 6.294, et al. (rel. to fraus)

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adj. (rel. to mēns and meminī), mindful, remembering, 1.23; heedful, 480; thankful, grateful, 4.539; not forgetting; relentless, 1.4; with nōn or nec, unmindful, regardless, 12.534.

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the dawn, morning, 3.521; personified, Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, who precedes the horses of the sun-god, 4.585; the east, 8.686; the sun, 6.535.

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to look at, gaze upon, behold, regard, 4.451, et al.; watch, guard, defend, maintain, protect, 1.564, et al.; p., tūtus, a, um, secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; subst., tūtum, ī, n., safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882; adv., tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381.

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to make equal in size, number, weight, etc., 1.193; 5.419; to equalize, divide equally, 1.508; make equal in length, 9.338; in height, raise to, 4.89; to equal, be equal to; to be as high as, on a level with; keep pace with, 6.263; return equally, requite, 6.474; lift, exalt, 11.125; p., aequātus, a, um, made equal or even; steady, 4.587. (aequus)

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to bring, convey, carry, 1.68; carry away, 1.363; announce, declare, 3.539.

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the lower part of the trunk together with the roots of plants and trees; the extremity, end; root; trunk, tree, 12.770; (fig.), origin, descent, lineage, stock, race, 1.626, et al.

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able, powerful, mighty, 2.296; potent, great, 1.531; rich, 6.843; of medicines, 12.402; sovereign, ruler, lord, master of, w. gen., 1.80; factus, facta potēns, w. gen., having obtained, 7.541; subst., potentēs, ium or um, the great, 12.519.

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lightning, 10.177; thunderbolt, 2.649, et al.; thunder, 1.230. (fulgeō)

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adj. (aethēr), pertaining to the upper air; ethereal, heavenly, 1.394, et al.; airy, 8.608.

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adj. (gelū), frosty, ice-cold; cold, cool, icy, chilling, 2.120; chilled, 3.30.

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to rule, govern, guide, control, direct, et al.; help, prosper, 12.405.

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(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

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(conj.), not, lest, that not, 3.686; for nisi, if not, unless, except, 5.356, et al.

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to be affected with joy; foll. by abl., to rejoice in, freq.; w. inf., 2.239, et al.

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(adj.), unknown, 1.359; strange, 5.795; not well known, but little known, 11.527.

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(adj.), three, 1.108, et al.

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adj. (Auson), Ausonian; Italian, 4.349; subst., Ausoniī, ōrum, m., the Ausonians; Italians, 11.253.

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a rein, 1.63, et al.; strap, thong, 9.587; whip, 7.380; immissīs or laxīs habēnīs, with all the reins let out, without restraint, unchecked, 5.662; pressīs or adductīs habēnīs, with tightened reins, 12.622. (habeō)

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to go away, depart, 2.675; go off, go aside, turn off, 5.162; pass into, sink into, 9.700; go forward, take the lead, 5.318; retreat, 2.382; change or be transformed.

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to carry, bear, or take away, 4.29, et al.; remove, cut off, 4.699; lay aside, leave off, 8.439; with se, withdraw, 4.389. (ab and ferō)

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adj. (Laurentum), of Laurentum, the ancient capital of Latium; Laurentine, Laurentian, 5.797, et al., subst., Laurentēs, um, pl. m., the Laurentians, 7.63, et al.

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to till, cultivate, 1.532; inhabit, live in, dwell in; (fig.), care for, cherish, love, favor, 1.16; observe, 7.602; revere, honor, 4.458; worship, 5.63.

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to turn much; writhe, 11.753; turn, 5.408; handle, wield, 9.747; to buffet, drive, beat round and round, 5.460; drive to and fro, 12.664; toss about, 6.362; turn, hurry, 4.286; involve in or distract with, 7.336; with or without mente, pectore, etc., revolve, meditate, devise, consider, 1.657. (vertō)

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a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

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(adj., w. abl.), deserving of, worthy of; with depend. clause or absol., fit, due, meet, worthy, 1.600, et al.; dīgna indīgna, worthy (and) unworthy; all fortunes, all things alike, 12.811.

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a whirlpool, gulf, 3.421; flood, 2.497; wave, billow, 3.564; rolling, raging sea, abyss, 1.118; sea, ocean, 7.704.

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(adv.), besides, moreover, freq.; then too, 1.647; hereafter, 1.49.

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indefinite time; lapse of time, time, 3.415; age, 2.638; old age, 2.509; life, 10.582; immortality, 10.235.

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to carry or bear through; carry, restore, return, 11.717; report, 5.665; convey completely, carry home, 10.786; reach the mark, 12.907; undergo, endure, suffer, 3.323; (w. reflex. pron.), betake one's self, go, 1.389; p., perlātus, a, um, carried to the mark; striking, 11.803.

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glory, fame, renown, 2.83, et. al.; love of fame, ambition, 5.394.

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wine, 1.195, et al.

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to shut or close; freq., shut up; shut up or close against, 1.233; inclose, bound, 8.473; confine, 6.734; with circum, surround, 1.311; subst., clausum, ī, n., a pen.

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to lay one's self upon; lean or recline upon; (w. dat.), lie on or stretch over, 2.205; fall upon, 1.84; bend to, ply, 5.15; hasten, urge, press on, 2.653; overhang, 2.514; press or bend toward, 5.325; (w. ad and acc.), lean, hang, incline, 8.236; absolute, bend to, urge on the work, 4.397.

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adj. (for aeviternus), lasting, through ages; eternal; immortal, 1.36; perpetual, 4.99; (adv.), aeternum, for in aeternum, continually, eternally, 6.401; for ever, 11.98.

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