VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

to sit in or on; abide; hold, occupy, 3.421; besiege, beset, 2.441; throng, 12.133; obstruct, fill up, choke. (ob and sedeō)

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a dance in a circle; a dance; a company of singers or dancers, choir, train, 1.499; band, troop, 5.581; festival, 11.737.

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a means of covering; skin, hide, 1.275; clothing, 3.594; shield, 9.577; tegmen crūrum, close-fitting trousers worn by Phrygians, 11.777. (tegō)

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harsh, bitter, in taste; (fig.), cruel, fierce, 5.462; fatal, direful, sorrowful, sad, mournful, 5.49; 6.429; pl., acerba, ōrum, n., vengeful deeds, 12.500; (adv.), acerba, harshly, savagely, fiercely, 9.794.

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to throw or cast forth; to throw or cast down, as an offering; to throw or fling down, 5.402; throw away, 6.835; plunge, 5.859; expose, 11.361; w. dat., 12.256. (prō and iaciō)

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to step, go together; encounter, 1.475; join battle; proceed to battle, 12.13. (com- and gradior)

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hatred, 1.361; animosity, enmity, 2.96, et al. (ōdī)

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a messenger, 3.310; a message, dispatch, tidings; injunction, command, 4.237.

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to choose from; choose, 2.18. (dē and legō)

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to fly about, whirl about, hover, flit, 6.329; ride or gallop around, 12.126; circulate, pass rapidly, fly. (1. volō)

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a singing or playing; melody; song, 1.398; strain, sound, 6.165; incantation, charm, 7.754. (canō)

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(num. adj. pron., indecl.), just, even so many; as many, 4.183, et al.

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a name common to a family; a surname; name, 1.267.

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to come upon; find out, find, discover, 6.8, et al.

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adj. (audeō), daring, bold, warlike, 4.615; rash, 12.786, freq.

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to go, come back, return; retreat, 9.794.

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to fold in; involve, entangle, entwine, 2.215; to wheel, 12.743; (w. dat.), bind to, 11.555; infuse, 1.660; insinuate, mingle, 7.355; sē implicāre, cling to, 2.724.

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a skin, hide, 2.722, et al.

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adj. (com- and sciō), having complete knowledge; conscious, 5.455; conscious of, 2.141; conscious of guilt, guilty, 2.99; witnessing (w. dat.), 4.167; having knowledge in common, or a mutual understanding; confederate, 2.267.

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(adj.), Libyan, 1.339, et al.; subst., Libycum, ī, n., the Libyan or African sea, 5.595.

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the southerly or south wind, opposite to Aquilo; wind in general, 3.70; (meton.), the south.

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(adv.), here and there, in all directions; everywhere, 2.364, et al. (passus)

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out of one’s mind or senses; amazed, beside one’s self, frantic, mad, furious, 2.314; 4.203; distracted, 3.307.

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embroidered, 1.708; many-colored, speckled, spotted, variegated, 4.525.

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dust, 2.273; soil, ground, earth; dusty plain, 7.163.

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to taste, sip; to touch lightly; kiss, 1.256; pour out as a drink offering, 1.736; make a libation, 3.354; (w. acc. of the object on which the libation is poured), to pour libations on, 12.174.

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a Naiad, sister of Turnus, 12.154, et al.

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(adv., interrog.), in what manner, how? 1.466, et al.; sometimes with indic. in a dependent question, 6.855; how gladly, 8.154.

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to draw any fluid, 9.23; drink; drain, 1.738; draw blood with a weapon; devour, slay, 2.600; pierce, 10.314; take in with the eyes or ears; receive, 12.26; perceive, see, 4.661; hear, 4.359; strain, thrill, 5.137; suffer, 4.383; conceive, 10.648.

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one who either gives or receives the entertainment of a guest; a guest, 1.753, et al.; a visitor, stranger, 4.10; host, 11.105.

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to fear, dread, 1.661, et al.; show fear or terror; to tremble, 5.505.

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to load; the thing or material with which, usually in abl. and rarely in acc., 1.706; stow, lade, store away, w. dat. of the thing receiving, 1.195; (fig.), burden, overwhelm, 4.549. (onus)

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a portion of time; a season; weather; flashing light; radiance, 9.20; a storm, tempest, 1.53; cloud, tempest of missiles, 12.284; storm of war, 7.223; calamity, 11.423; cloud, personif., Tempestātēs, um, demons of storms, storms, 5.772. (tempus)

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(adj.), old, aged, hoary, 7.180; (comp.) senior, ōris, older; very aged, 5.179; hoary, 5.704.

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the neck, including the back or nape of the neck, 1.477, et al.

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Hymen, the god of marriage, 4.127; pl., Hymenaeī, ōrum, (meton.), marriage, 1.651.

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adj. (mors), subject to death, mortal, 10.375; of mortal nature, lineage, or descent; earthly, human, 1.328; made by man, mortal, 12.740; subst., mortālēs, ium, c., mortals, men, mankind, 2.142; mortālia, ium, n., human affairs; fortunes, woes, 1.462.

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(adv.), immediately, forthwith, at once, directly, 6.210. (ex and tempus)

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the relation of host and guest; hospitality, 10.460; friendly reception, entertainment; protection, hospitality, welcome, 1.299; guest-land, ally, 3.15; refuge, 1.540; alliance, 11.114. (hospes)

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to throw against or towards; throw to, 6.421; present, oppose, 2.444; bar against, shut, 9.45; cast upon, 7.480; subject, expose, 4.549; (pass.), to be presented, appear, 5.522; p., obiectus, a, um, thrown towards or against; opposite, projecting, 3.534. (ob and iaciō)

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(adj.), fat, 1.215; well-fed, 1.635; fertile; reeking, 4.62; fat or rich with victims, 9.585.

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a valley, dell, dale, ravine, vale, 1.186, et al.

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a stepping; step, walk, course, way, 1.401; of a ship, 5.162; air, mien, gait, 5.649; ferre gressum, to walk, 6.677; efferre gressum, to go forth or out, 2.753; comprimere gressum, to stop, stay one’s steps, 6.389. (gradior)

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adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

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destruction, 5.699; plague, pest, scourge, 3.215; death, 9.328; infection, pollution, 6.737; fatal, baneful passion, 1.712. (perdō)

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a sitting down, or lying in ambuscade; an ambush, 11.783; snare, toil; plot, treachery, wile, 2.36; stealthy journey or enterprise, 9.237; artifice, stratagem, 2.421; personif. pl., Īnsidiae, ārum, Stratagem, 12.336. (īnsideō)

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a son, 1.325. (rel. to fēmina)

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to weary, tire, 1.316; exhaust, 11.306; goad, 9.610; harass, vex, pursue, 6.533; infuriate, 9.63; rouse, 4.572; beat up, hunt, scour, 9.605; disturb, confound, 1.280; strike upon, beat, 10.304; demand with importunity, clamor for, 7.582.

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to be or stand open, 1.298; fly open, open, 6.81; to lie open, to open, extend, 12.710; stretch, 6.578; stand exposed or ready, 11.644; (fig.), be evident, patent, clear, manifest, 1.405.

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beget, 10.848, et al.; bear, bring forth, 1.618, et al.; p., genitus, a, um, w. abl. of source, begotten of, born of, 9.642; son of, 1.297. (γίγνομαι, become)

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silver, 1.359, et al.; articles of silver; plate, 1.640.

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to touch, 2.168; take hold of, 2.239; strike, 2.649; attain, arrive at, reach, 5.18; fall to, fall to the lot of, 11.371; impers., contingit, it happens, falls to one’s lot, chances, 1.96. (com- and tangō)

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to train, breed, 10.518.

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a hill, freq.

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(indef. subst. pron.), some one, any one, something, anything, in affirmative sentences; some one, 6.864, et al.; some other, 2.48; acc., aliquid, as to something, in some respect, somewhat, in some degree, 10.84; (adv.), aliquā (sc. ratiōne or viā) (abl.), in some way. (alius and quis)

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(adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

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a knot, 1.320, et al.; of a tree, 11.553; bond, 1.296; coil, 2.220; (fig.), difficult point; center of strife, 10.428.

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Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

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your friends, kinsmen, countrymen, descendants, etc., 3.488; freq. (tuus)

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adj. (horreō), rough, bristling, 3.23, et al.; bristling with arms; shaggy, grizzly, stiffened, 4.251; blustering, tempestuous, 9.670; terrible, fearful, 1.296.

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to make the foot free; to extricate, disentangle; bring forth, get ready, 1.178; seize, use, 5.209; serve, 1.702; unfold, describe, disclose, 3.379, 460; declare, 11.315; pass. in middle sig., make one’s way out, escape, 2.633. (ex and pēs)

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an ox, 2.306; bull, 5.405; cow, 7.663; heifer, 7.790; pl., cattle, 3.220.

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a wild beast.

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to make clean; make clear, trim, dress, prune; to consider, ponder, 6.332; think, imagine, believe, suppose, 2.43.

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to follow up, pursue, follow, 5.321; press on, follow up; succeed, 1.87; persecute, pursue, 1.241; w. inf., proceed, 3.32.

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(adj.), uncertain, 2.740; wavering; fickle, 2.39; doubtful, 3.7; undistinguished, base, 11.341.

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(adj.), acceptable, pleasing, agreeable, welcome, 2.269, et al.; dear, 10.158; thankful, grateful, 11.127.

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(adv.), in another manner; otherwise, 1.399. (alius)

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hated, hateful, odious, 1.387; (act.), inimical, an enemy, hostile, 11.364.

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(adv.), suddenly, unexpectedly, 1.594.

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(w. acc., gen., or inf.), to have in mind; remember, be mindful, recollect, 1.203; distinguish, 3.202. (rel. to mēns)

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nuptials, marriage, 1.73; wedlock, nuptial rite, 3.136; marriage tie, nuptial bond, 3.319. (con- and nūbō, wed)

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gathered, collected, 6.228; picked, culled; chosen, choice, 9.272, et al. (legō)

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commotion; uproar; outcry, 9.397; shouting, cries, 3.99; haste, 11.447; uprising, 6.857. (tumeō)

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a song, hymn, ode or poem, freq.; a line or verse, 3.287; a response, prophecy, 3.445; an incantation, charm, spell, 4.487; cry, moan, 4.462.

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(adv.), within, 1.294, et al. (in)

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to be born, 1.286; be produced, spring up, grow; rise, 10.275; arise, 7.44; p., nāscēns, entis, coming into the world, new-born; new-foaled, 4.515; p., nātus, a, um, born, sprung, descended, 8.315; w. abl., nātus deā, goddess-born, 1.582; subst., nātus, ī, m., a son, 1.407; pl., nātī, children, sons, 5.285; young offspring, 8.45; nāta, f., a daughter, 1.256. (old form, gnāscor, from rt. gen rel. to genō)

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adj. (longus and aevum), of advanced age; aged, 2.525, et al.

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the left hand, 1.611; ab laevā, on the left side, 8.460.

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(adv.), as long as, while; until, till at length, w. indic., 1.273; w. subj., 11.860. (contract. fr. dōnicum, until)

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a crown, 1.655; wreath, garland, 3.525; a crowd or throng; a circle of defenders on a rampart; a garrison, 9.508; a circle or crowd of assailants, 9.551.

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a wheel, 1.147; (fig.), circle or orbit of time, 6.748.

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to lead, bring back; restore, 1.143; return, 9.257; draw back, 5.478; rescue, 4.375.

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a post; doorpost, jamb, 3.287; door, 2.480. (rel. to pōnō)

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to address, 1, 229.

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to bring near; render favorable, 10.254; to draw near, approach, w. dat., 2.730, et al. (propinquus)

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law, right, equity, justice, freq.; obligation, 2.157; pl., iūra, um, justice, 1.293; laws, courts, 1.426; rules, 1.731; dare iūra, to administer laws or justice; dispense laws, rule (perhaps also including the idea of enacting laws), 1.293.

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counsel, advice, 5.728; plan, purpose, 1.281. (rel. to cōnsulō)

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(adj.), repeated, frequent, 2.731; coming thick and fast, 11.611; blowing fresh; fresh, 5.764; abounding in, full of, 1.85.

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to rise together, rise up; rise at once, 8.110; rise, 5.20; rise or spring to the oars, ply, 10.299.

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a lake, pool, source, 8.74; fen, 2.135.

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(adv.), back, backwards, 2.753. (re-)

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to carry or bring down or away; bear, convey, 4.226; conduct, lead, 5.730; to report, 4.299.

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adj. (turbō), confused; mingled, foul, 6.296; dismal, dark, 6.534; whirling, 5.696; of the mind, sad, troubled, 4.353; startled, in alarm, 11.814; furious, 11.742.

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to touch, 3.324, et al.; of lightning, strike, blast; of touching a shore, reach, enter, arrive at, 4.612; (fig.), affect, move, 1.462; encounter, experience, 4.551; overtake, come home to, 4.596.

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a citizen, 2.42, et al.; pl., comrades, 5.196.

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following, late; otherwise, differently; nōn or haud secus, not otherwise, not less; likewise, even so, 2.382, et al.; none the less, nevertheless, 5.862; haud secus ac, nor otherwise than, just as. (comp. adv.), sētius, less, the less; haud sētius, not the less, 7.781.

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(indef. pron.), whoever, whosoever, whatever, whatsoever, 1.387, et al. (quis)

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(conj.), or not, and not, nor, neither, w. subj. or imperat., 7.202; ne — neu (nēve), that not — nor, lest — or lest, 2.188.

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to sow or plant; with indefinite object omitted, 6.844; scatter, spread, disseminate, 12.228.

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