VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY 

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneidsort descending

a Lycian follower of Aeneas, slain by Turnus, 12.343.

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(adj.), undestroyed, 10.430.

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(adv.), on that account, therefore, for this end, for such a purpose, 4.228.

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a fleeing; a flight, 1.137; escape, 11.815; speed, 1.317; voyage, 3.190; personif., 9.719; ēripere, agitāre fugam, to hasten one’s flight, 2.619, 640; dare fugam, w. dat., to yield, i.e. take flight, 12.367. (fugiō)

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to bereave, with acc. and abl., 8.571. (viduus)

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the horse, cavalry, 8.585. (equitō)

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adj. (dīvus), relating to the gods; heaven-descended, divine, 5.47; heavenly, 1.403; inspired, prophetic, 3.373.

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to dig through; run through, transfix, 9.544.

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the stalk of a plant; a staff wreathed with ivy and vine-leaves, and borne by Bacchus and his worshipers; the thyrsus, 7.390.

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(adv.), cruelly, barbarously, 6.495. (crūdēlis)

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daughter of Acrisius, and mother of Perseus, 7.410.

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adj. (Sӯmaethum), of Symaethum, a river and town on the eastern coast of Sicily; Symaethian, 9.584.

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a Rutulian slain by Pallas, 10.388.

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to plant, sow; produce, 6.206. (sēmen)

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a fortress, stronghold, castle, 5.440. (castrum)

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a beast, large, monstrous, or hideous, 6.287.

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to push for; attack, assail, 11.277. (ad and petō)

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to slip forward, tumble down; p., prōlāpsus, a, um, fallen, in ruins, 2.555.

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to turn before; to preoccupy, prepossess, 1.721; surpass, 7.807; pass. as dep. (only in pres.), praevertor, to surpass, outstrip, 1.317.

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(adv.), promptly, immediately, 9.255. (āctus)

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to swear off; deny upon oath; deny, disavow, 8.263.

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a boot or high shoe made of rawhide, 7.690.

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to commit a fault, sin, transgress, offend, 9.140.

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(adj.), deprived, bereaved, w. abl., 11.216.

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(adv.), secretly, 12.418. (occultus)

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one of the Furies, 12.846.

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a wailing, cry of grief, lamentation, mourning, moaning, 4.667. (sing. not in good use)

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a hero worshiped as a god of his native land, 12.794. (indu-, an old form of in-, and genō)

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adj. (Getae), pertaining to the Getae; Getan, Thracian, 3.35.

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a violet, 11.69.

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to redden; to blush; feel shame before; to revere, respect, 2.542.

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a drum, timbrel, tambourine, 9.619.

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adj. (timeō), subject to fear; fearful, cowardly, trembling, timid, 6.263, et al.

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a plowshare; a knife, 6.248. (colō)

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a city of the Peloponnesus, destroyed by Mummius, B.C. 146, 6.836.

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adj. (cōnus and ferō), cone-bearing, 3.680.

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to cast light upon; to look at, inspect, survey, 3.651.

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(adj.), uncompounded, simple; unmixed, 6.747; single, one, the same.

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adj. (sentis), thorny; rugged; squalid, 6.462.

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a wrinkle, 7.417.

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to divine, conjecture, 7.273. (augur)

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Ancus Martius, the fourth king of Rome, 6.815.

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weeping, 10, 628. (p. of obsol. adlacrimō, shed tears)

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to drag or lead away, 8.263.

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turned the wrong way; contrary, adverse, 7.584. (pervertō)

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adj. (Pelops), of Pelops; Pelopeian, Argive, Greek, 2.193.

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adj. (odor and ferō), bearing odor; sweet, sweet-scented, 12.419.

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a Sabine town, 7.716.

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adj. (Mycēnae), of Mycenae; the Mycenaean (king); Agamemnon, 11.266.

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a mourning; sorrow, grief, woe, lamentation, 2.298, and freq.; personif., 6.274. (lūgeō)

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(adj.), difficult of approach, perilous to be approached; dangerous, 7.11; impervious, 8.195.

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to bind on; attach to; impede, encumber (separated by tmesis), 10.794.

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a Trojan, 10.747.

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(adj.), of Gortyna, a town in Crete; Gortynian, Cretan.

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adj. (falx), scythe-shaped; hooked, crooked, 7.732.

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adj. (Etrūria), Etrurian, Tuscan, 8.503; subst., Etrūscī, ōrum, m., the Etrurians, Tuscans, 9.150.

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a marriage portion, dowry, 7.423. (dō)

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adj. (tolerō), that can be borne; endurable, 5.768.

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to cut off, 8.438.

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a Rutulian, 12.539.

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several illustrious Romans of the Decian gens, especially the father and son Decius Mus, one killed in the battle of Vesuvius, B.C. 340, the other in the battle of Sentinum, B.C. 295, 6.824.

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to burst completely, break up; destroy, ruin; spoil, injure, damage, 1.177; infect, 3.138. (com- and rumpō)

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trade; negotiation, compact, 10.532. (com- and merx, merchandise)

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to make into a fold or folds; to coil, wind, 2.208. (sinus)

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to roll round; (pass.), to complete, 3.284.

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adj. (bis and via), leading two ways, 11.516; subst., bivium, iī, n., the meeting of two roads; a crossway, 9.238.

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(adv.), backwards, back; again, 3.690. (retrō and versus from vertō)

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to gather again; pass by, survey again; coast again, 3.690.

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and, more frequently, adsentior, sēnsus sum, 4, dep. n., to give consent; to assent, agree, 2.130.

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king of the Marsi, 7.752.

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courageous, full of spirit, bold, 12.277. (animus)

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to leap or spring forth, 5.140. (prō and saliō)

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a Rutulian warrior, 9.576.

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to strive after; grasp, seize, 3.670; seek. (adficiō)

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(adj.), very rich, opulent, wealthy, 11.213.

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rain (pluvius)

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adj. (pharetra), bearing the quiver, 11.649.

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(adv.), manifestly; comp., manifēstius, more plainly, evidently, clearly, 8.16. (manifēstus)

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priests of Lupercus or Lycean Pan, 8.663.

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(adv.), without restraint, freely, 7.557. (licēns), (comp. licentius)

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adj. (imitor), that can be imitated; imitable, 6.590.

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Gabii, a town of Latium at the foot of the Alban hills, 6.773.

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to deprive of wrongfully; cheat, defraud (w. abl. of the thing), 4.355. (fraus)

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a vine-planter, 7.179. (vītis, a vine, and 1. serō)

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an over-thrower, destroyer, 12.545. (ēvertō)

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the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

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to be discordant in sound; (fig.), to differ, 10.434.

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the daughter of Thaumas, Iris, 9.5. (Thaumas)

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to fly over or above, 10.522.

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adj. (splendeō), gleaming, shining, bright, brilliant; splendid, sumptuous, stately, 1.637.

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to bring together, carry away, 9.613.

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a comrade, companion, 10.386.

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to become clear to the ear or eye; grow loud, increase, 2.301.

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adj. (brūma), of the winter; wintry, 6.205.

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a Thracian king allied with the Trojans, 1.469.

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adj. (argentum), silver-, silvery, white, 8.655.

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(adj. num. distr.), by fours, four by four; of four kinds, 10.202. (quattuor)

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to grow up, of animals or plants; become mature, ripen, 12.438; burn, blaze, 4.379; p., adultus, a, um, grown up; mature, 1.431. (adoleō)

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a Cretan woman, slave of Aeneas, 5.285.

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adj. (per and annus), throughout the year; lasting, continual, perpetual, endless, 9.79.

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