Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort descending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
careō, uī, itus, 2, n.

to be without, to be free from, 2.44; to be deprived of, 4.432.

7
Cārēs, ium, Gr. acc., as (sing., Cār, Cāris), m.

the Carians, of Caria in the southwestern part of Asia Minor, 8.725. (Cāria)

1
carīna, ae, f.

the keel of a ship, ship, 4.398; a boat, 6.391; frame, timber, 5.682.

22
Carīnae, ārum, f.

the Carinae, a quarter of Rome between the Caelian and Esquiline, 8.361.

1
carmen, inis, n.

a song, hymn, ode or poem, freq.; a line or verse, 3.287; a response, prophecy, 3.445; an incantation, charm, spell, 4.487; cry, moan, 4.462.

14
Carmentālis, e

adj. (Carmentis), of Carmentis, 8.338.

1
Carmentis, is, f.

Carmentis, a prophetess, mother of King Evander, 8.336. (carmen)

2
Carpathius, a, um

(adj.), of Carpathus, an island northeast of Crete; subst., Carpathium, iī, n., the Carpathian Sea, 5.595.

1
carpo, carpsī, carptus, 3, a.

to pluck or pull, crop, browse upon, eat, graze; cause to graze, pasture; gather, 6.146; (fig.), catch, breathe, enjoy, 1.388; consume, 4.2; devour, waste, 4.32; carpere prāta, etc., to course over.

11
cārus, a, um

(adj.), dear, 4.91, et al.; poet., active, loving, fond, 1.677; affectionate, tender, 11.215.

24
Casmilla, ae, f.

the mother of Camilla, 11.543.

1
Casperia, ae, f.

a town of the Sabines, 7.714.

1
Caspius, a, um

(adj.), of the Caspian Sea, Caspian; Asiatic, 6.798.

1
Cassandra, ae, f.

a daughter of Priam, beloved of Apollo, and inspired by him with prophecy; but because she did not requite his love, condemned to foretell the destruction of Troy without being believed by her countrymen, 2.246.

7
cassida, ae, and cassis, idis, f.

a helmet (of metal), 11.775.

1
cassus, a, um

(adj.), void; deprived of, 2.85; fruitless, vain, 12.780.

3
castellum, ī, n.

a fortress, stronghold, castle, 5.440. (castrum)

1
castīgō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to chastise, punish; chide, reprove, rebuke, 5.387. (castus and agō)

3
Castor, oris, m.

a Trojan warrior, 10.124.

1
castra, ōrum, n.

a camp, 2.462; fleet, 4.604; naval camp, station, 3.519; hive, 12.589. (sing., castrum, ī, n., castle, fort)

50
Castrum Inuī

a town in Latium near Antium and Ardea, 6.775.

1
Castrum Inuī

a town in Latium near Antium and Ardea, 6.775.

1
castus, a, um

(adj.), pure, 6.563; pious, 3.409; sacred, holy, 6.661.

8
cāsus, ūs, m.

a falling; close; fall, destruction, 2.507; fortune, chance, fate, 1.615; event, 8.533; hardship, misfortune, 1.599; danger, peril, 2.563; juncture, crisis, 4.560; fate, death, 5.869. (cadō)

47
catēia, ae, f.

a slender javelin, 7.741.

1
catēna, ae, f.

a chain, fetter, 6.558.

2
caterva, ae, f.

a troop, squadron, band, 2.370; crowd, throng, multitude, 2.40; flock, 11.456.

15
Catilīna, ae, m.

L. Sergius Catiline, the conspirator, 8.668.

1
Catillus, ī, m.

Catillus, with his brother, Tiburtus, founder of Tibur, 7.672.

2
Catō, ōnis, m.

a family name in the Porcian gens. 1. M. Porcius Cato, called the Censor and also Senex, 6.841. 2. M. Porcius Cato the younger, who perished by his own hand at Utica; hence, called Uticensis, 8.670.

2
catulus, ī, m.

a young dog; a whelp, the young of wild animals; a cub, whelp, 2.357.

1
Caucasus, ī, m.

the Caucasus; the Caucasian Mountains, between the Caspian and Euxine, 4.367.

1
cauda, ae, f.

the tail, 3.428, et al.

4
caulae, ārum, f.

an opening, a passage; sheepfold, 9.60.

1
caulis, is, m.

a stalk, 12.413.

1
Caulōn, ōnis, m.

Caulon, or Caulonia, a town on the east coast of Bruttium, 3.553.

1
causa, ae, f.

a cause, reason, 1.25; cause, occasion, 2.285; pretext, excuse, occasion, 4.51; a reason, an argument, 8.395; a cause (judicial), 6.849; with infin., 10.90.

33
cautēs, is, f.

a craggy or pointed rock, or cliff; rock, crag, 3.534.

7
cautius

(adv.), comp. of cautē; more cautiously, 11.153.

1
cavea, ae, f.

a hollow place; that part of the theater or circus which was occupied by the spectators, 8.636; a theater; natural amphitheater, 5.340. (cavus)

2
caveō, cāvī, cautus, 2, n. and a.

to be on one’s guard; to beware, w. subst., 11.293.

1
caverna, ae, f.

a hollow; cavern, 2.53, et al. (cavus)

5
cavō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to hollow or scoop out; p., cavātus, a, um, hollowed out; vaulted, 1.310. (cavus)

2
cavō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to hollow or scoop out; p., cavātus, a, um, hollowed out; vaulted, 1.310. (cavus)

2
cavus, a, um

(adj.), hollow, 1.81; concave, 8.599; arching, vaulted, 2.487; cavae manūs, the palms of the hands, 12.86.

34
Cēcropidēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Cecrops; pl., the Athenians, 6.21.

1
cēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, a. and n.

to go, freq., go away, depart, 6.460; retire, withdraw, recede, 3.496; desist from, 9.620; give way, 7.636; abate, 9.126; draw back, 5.445; submit, yield, 2.704; fall to, come into one’s possession, 3.297; to come behind, 3.484; result, turn out; turn out well, prosper, 12.148.

41
cedrus, ī, f.

the cedar, 11.137; cedar wood, 7.178.

3
Celaenō, ūs, f.

one of the Harpies, 3.211.

4
celebrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to attend or be present in great numbers; to attend, honor, 1.735; celebrate, 5.58; observe, 8.268. (celeber, frequented)

11
Celemna, ae, f.

a town of Campania, 7.739.

1
celer, eris, ere

(adj.), fleet, rapid, active, nimble, swift, 4.180, et al; in a predicate, swiftly, 6.425.

25
celerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to speed, hasten, 1.357, et al. (celer)

8
cella, ae, f.

a storeroom, granary, wine-cellar; cell of the honeycomb, 1.433; shrine, of a temple.

1
cēlō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to hide, conceal, 1.351, et al.

4
celsus, a, um

adj. (cellō, rise), high, lofty, 1.56, et al.

23
Centaurus, ī, m.

1. A Centaur, a fabulous monster, with a human head and neck and the body of a horse, 6.286. 2. The name of a ship in the fleet of Aeneas (fem.), 5.122.

6
centēnus, a, um

distr. num. adj. (centum); pl., a hundred each, 9.162; sing. (after the analogy of multus, many a), a unit repeated the hundredth time, render by the plural, a hundred, 10.207; as cardinal, a hundred, 10.566.

3
centum

(indecl. num. adj.), hundred, 6.625.

32
centumgeminus, a, um

(adj.), hundredfold; of the hundred- (or many-) handed Briareus, 6.287.

1
Ceraunia, ōrum, n. pl.

the Ceraunian peaks, a range of mountains on the coast of Epirus, 3.506.

1
Cerberus, ī, m.

Cerberus, the three-headed watch-dog of Pluto, 6.417.

1
Cereālis, e

adj. (Cerēs), of Ceres; pertaining to Ceres or to grain; Cereālia arma, utensils for preparing grain or making bread; instruments of Ceres, 1.177.

2
cerebrum, ī, n.

the brain, 5.413, et al.

7
Cerēs, eris, f.

daughter of Saturn and Ops, and goddess of agriculture; (meton.), corn, grain, 1.177; bread, 1.701; cake, loaf, 7.113; Cerēs labōrāta, bread, 8.181.

8
cēreus, a, um

adj. (cēra), waxen, 12.589.

1
cernō, crevī, crētus, 3, a.

to distinguish; discern, perceive, see, behold, 1.413; freq., descry, 3.552; for dēcernere, to contend, decide, 12.709. (rel. to κρίνω, decide)

47
cernuus, a, um

(adj.), with head or face prone downward; pitching, bending with the head to the ground, prostrate, 10.894.

1
certāmen, inis, n.

a striving, a struggle; effort, 5.197; combat, emulation, strife, 3.128; battle, war, 8.639; contest, game, 5.286. (certō)

33
certātim

(adv.), with striving or contention; emulously, vying one with another; with every blow, 2.628; emulously, 3.290; impatiently, 11.486; as if in rivalry; fiercely, 11.209. (certō)

11
certē

(adv.), certainly, surely, at any rate, at least, 1.234, et al.

3
certō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to make certain by conflict; to contend, 2.30; struggle, strive, 3.668; with dat., to struggle against, contend with, rival; with infin., 4.443; impers., certātur, it is fought; we fight; certātum est, we have fought, 11.313; certandum est, we must fight, 12.890. (certus)

22
certus, a, um

determined; distinct; separate, peculiar; fixed, 2.350; 6.673; stated; direct, 2.212; resolved, 2.554; certain of, resolved on, 4.554; confident, stout, 9.249; unerring, 12.490; secure, 9.96; trustworthy, sure, faithful, 1.576; undoubted, true, 6.322; certum est, it is determined, I resolve, we resolve, 3.686; (aliquem) certum facere, to inform, 3.179; (adv.), certē, certainly, surely, at any rate, at least, 1.234, et al. (cernō)

29
cerva, ae, f.

a hind, 4.69; stag, 6.802. (cervus)

2
cervīx, īcis, f.

the neck, including the back or nape of the neck, 1.477, et al.

14
cervus, ī, m.

a stag, deer, 1.184, et al.

7
cessō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.

to remit action; stay, linger, rest; be inactive, 1.672; cease, 2.468; delay, 6.51; impers., cessātum est, delay has been made, has happened, 11.288. (cēdō)

9
cētera

adv. (n. pl. of cēterus, a, um), in other respects, 3.594; as to the rest, henceforth, 9.656.

1
cēterus, a, um

adj. (nom. sing. masc. not used), the other, 2.207; other; the rest of, 5.74, freq.; n. pl., cētera, adverbially, in other respects, 3.594; as to the rest, henceforth, 9.656.

5
cēterus, a, um

adj. (nom. sing. masc. not used), the other, 2.207; other; the rest of, 5.74, freq.; n. pl., cētera, adverbially, in other respects, 3.594; as to the rest, henceforth, 9.656.

16
Cethēgus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 12.513.

1
cētus, ī, m.; cētos, ī, n.; pl.

cētē, κῆτος, whales, sharks, sea-monsters, 5.822.

1
ceu

(adv. and conj.), as, just as, 5.88; as if, 2.438, et al. (ce-ve)

1
ceu

(adv. and conj.), as, just as, 5.88; as if, 2.438, et al. (ce-ve)

18
Chalcidicus, a, um

(adj.), of Chalcis, the chief town of Euboea; Chalcidian, 6.17.

1
Chalybes, um, m.

a people of Pontus, skillful in making steel; the Chalybes; (meton.), masses of steel or iron, 8.421; metalla Chalybum, mines of iron, 10.174.

2
chalybs, ybis, m.

steel, 8.446.

1
Chāōn, onis, m.

a Trojan, brother of Helenus, 3.335.

1
Chāonia, ae, f.

a country of Epirus, named after Chaon, 3.335.

1
Chāonius, a, um

(adj.), of Chaonia; Chaonian, 3.293.

2
Chaos (only in nom. and acc. sing.), n.

1. Void and boundless space. 2. Chaos, father of Night and Erebus, 4.510; placed among the infernal gods, 6.265.

2
Charōn, ōntis, m.

son of Erebus and Night, and ferryman of the Styx, 6.299.

2
Charybdis, is, f.

a whirlpool near the Sicilian coast, in the Straits of Messina, opposite the rock of Scylla; personified as a monster, 3.420.

4
Chimaera, ae, f.

1. A monster, said to have infested Lycia, having the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon, and breathing out fire, 6.288. 2. The name of one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.118.

4
chlamys, ydis, f.

a mantle or cloak of woolen cloth, worn by the Greeks; a mantle, 3.484.

7
Chlōreus (dissyll.), eī and eos, m.

Chloreus, a Trojan, priest of Cybele, 11.768.

2
chorēa, ae, f.

a circling dance, 10.224; a dance, 6.644.

3
chorus, ī, m.

a dance in a circle; a dance; a company of singers or dancers, choir, train, 1.499; band, troop, 5.581; festival, 11.737.

13
Chromis, is, m.

a Trojan, 11.675.

1
cieō, cīvī, citus, 2, a.

to cause, to move; stir, 2.419; agitate, move, 4.122; excite, kindle, rouse, 6.165; raise, 12.104; call upon, invoke, 3.68; call up, exhibit, 5.585; of tears, shed, 6.468.

17

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY