Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort descending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
venter, tris, m.

the belly, 3.216; (fig.), hunger, 2.356.

2
ventōsus, a, um

adj. (ventus), windy, stormy, 6.335; fleeting, unreal, inflated, windy, noisy, 11.390; empty, vain boasting, 11.708; fleet as the wind, 12.848.

5
ventūrum, ī, n.

that which is to come, the future, futurity, 6.66. (veniō)

2
ventus, ī, m.

wind, 1.43, et al.; blast, 2.649.

87
Venulus, ī, m.

a Latin messenger, 8.9.

3
Venus, eris, f.

Venus, goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Aphrodite, daughter of Jupiter and Dione, 1.411, et al.; (meton.), love, lust, 6.26.

34
vepres, is, m.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 8.645.

1
verbēna, ae, f.

laurel, olive, or myrtle boughs for the altar; sacred boughs. (usually in the plural)

1
verber, eris, n.

a lash, whip; a stripe, blow, 6.558, et al.; flapping, beating, 12.876.

7
verberō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lash, beat, strike, 3.423, et al. (verber)

6
verbum, ī, n.

a word, 1.710, et al.

23
vērē

(adv.), truly, correctly, 6.188. (vērus)

2
vereor, itus sum, 2, dep. a. and n.

to fear.

4
vergō, 3, a. and n.

to incline; go down, sink, 12.727.

1
vērō

(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

26
vērō

(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

18
verrō, no perf., versus, 3, a.

to sweep; snatch, bear, sweep away, 1.59; sweep over, 3.208.

7
versicolor, ōris

adj. (versō and color), of various colors, particolored, 10.181.

1
versō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.

to turn much; writhe, 11.753; turn, 5.408; handle, wield, 9.747; to buffet, drive, beat round and round, 5.460; drive to and fro, 12.664; toss about, 6.362; turn, hurry, 4.286; involve in or distract with, 7.336; with or without mente, pectore, etc., revolve, meditate, devise, consider, 1.657. (vertō)

20
versus, ūs, m.

a turning; a verse or line of poetry; a rank, row, tier of oars, 5.119. (vertō)

1
vertex, icis, m.

a whirl; whirlpool, 7.567; vortex, 1.117; whirling column of flame, 12.673; the top, crown of the head, the head, 1.403; summit, top, 1.163; mountain summit, height, 3.679; ā vertice, from on high, from above, 1.114. (vertō)

40
vertō, vertī, versus, 3, a. and n.

a., to turn, freq.; turn round, 12.462; turn back, put to flight, 10.512; turn toward, send to, 11.798; direct, 3.146; transfer, 11.282; reverse, 8.210; upturn, invert, 1.478; turn out, empty, drain, 9.165; overthrow, destroy, 1.20; subvert, 11.264; change, 1.237; transform, 12.891; sē vertere, to change; to be directed, to result, issue, tend, 1.671; (pass.), vertī, of the heavens, to turn round, revolve, 2.250; of the year or seasons, to come round, revolve, return, 5.526; to move about, career about, 11.683; to turn upon, depend on, 10.529; to move, be conducted, 7.101; n., to turn, be transformed, changed.

73
verū, ūs, n.

a spit, 1.212; a slender, tapering lance; spit-dart, 7.665.

3
vērum

but indeed, but yet, yet, but, 3.670, et al.

5
vērum

(adv.), in truth; truly.

1
vērum, ī, n.

that which is true; truth, justice, right, 2.141.

9
vērus, a, um

(adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

1
vērus, a, um

(adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

14
vēsānus, a, um

insane, mad, furious, 9.340.

3
vescor, 3, dep. n. and a.

(with abl., or absolute); to feed upon, 3.622; breathe, 1.546; banquet, feast, 6.657.

5
vesper, eris or erī, m.

the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

2
vesper, eris or erī, m.

the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

1
Vesta, ae, f.

Vesta, daughter of Saturn, and granddaughter of Vesta, wife of Coelus; goddess of the hearth and household, 2.296, et al.; (meton.), the hearth, the fire.

5
vester, tra, trum

possessive pron. (vōs), your, yours, 1.573, et al.

33
vester, tra, trum

possessive pron. (vōs), your, yours, 1.573, et al.

1
vestibulum, ī, n.

entrance, porch, portal, vestibule, 2.469, et al.

5
vestīgium, iī, n.

a footstep; step, 2.711; footprint, track, 8.209; course, 5.592; footprint or foot; foot or hoof, 5.566; trace, 3.244; sign, vestige, 4.23. (vestīgō)

24
vestīgō, 1, a.

to track; trace, explore, search; seek out, hunt, 12.467; 6.145; descry, 12.588.

6
vestiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to clothe; (fig.), deck, array, cover, clothe, 6.640, et al. (vestis)

2
vestis, is, f.

a garment, freq.; robe, 6.645; vestment, 1.404; clothing, 6.359; covering, drapery, tapestry, 1.639.

32
Vesulus, ī, m.

a mountain in the Maritime Alps, west of Liguria, 10.708.

1
vetitum, ī, n.

that which is forbidden; a prohibition, 10.9. (vetō)

1
vetō, uī, itus, 1, a.

to prohibit, 1.39; with infin., to forbid, 1.541; (with acc.), oppose, 2.84.

10
vetus, eris

(adj.), old, aged, freq.; ancient, early, former, 1.23, et al.

28
vetus, eris

(adj.), old, aged, freq.; ancient, early, former, 1.23, et al.

3
vetustās, ātis, f.

oldness; age, antiquity; length of time, duration, continuance, 3.415; period, length of time, 10.792. (vetus),

3
vetustus, a, um

old, ancient, 2.713. (vetus)

6
vexō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

harass, 4.615. (vehō)

1
via, ae, f.

a highway, road, path, 1.401, et al.; limit, tropic, zodiac, 6.796; course, 5.28; voyage, wandering, 3.714; passage, entrance, 2.494; method, way, means, 12.405. (vehō)

78
viātor, ōris, m.

a wayfarer, traveler, 5.275. (via)

2
vibrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to cause to move tremulously; to dart, flash, 8.524; to move to and fro, brandish, 11.606; curl, 12.100; n., vibrate, 2.211; quiver, 10.484; glitter, flash, 9.769.

2
vibrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to cause to move tremulously; to dart, flash, 8.524; to move to and fro, brandish, 11.606; curl, 12.100; n., vibrate, 2.211; quiver, 10.484; glitter, flash, 9.769.

4
vīcīnus, a, um

adj. (vīcus, village), of the same district or village; neighboring, near, 3.382.

6
vicis, gen. f.

a change, turn in affairs; stage, interchange, 6.535; vicissitude, event, 3.376; combat, encounter, peril, 2.433, part, place, post, 3.634; watch, guard, 9.175. (nom. sing. wanting)

8
vicissim

(adv.), in turn, 4.80; in one’s turn, on one’s part, 6.531. (vicis)

6
victima, ae, f.

an animal offered in sacrifice; a victim, 12.296.

1
victor, ōris, m.

a conqueror, victor, freq.; as adj., successful, 3.439; in triumph, 2.329; with success, 8.50; victorious, 1.192. (vincō)

55
victōria, ae, f.

victory, 2.584; personified, Victory, 11.436. (victor)

7
victrīx, īcis, f.

a female conqueror; in triumph, 7.544; as adj., victorious, 3.54. (vincō)

1
victrīx, īcis, f.

a female conqueror; in triumph, 7.544; as adj., victorious, 3.54. (vincō)

2
vīctus, ūs, m.

a living; nourishment, sustenance, food, 1.214. (vīvō)

4
videō, vīdī, vīsus (interrog. viden’ for vidēsne, 6.779), 2, a.

to see or perceive, in all senses of the words, freq.; see to it, look to it; determine, 10.744; (pass.), vidērī, to be seen, 2.461, et al.; to seem, appear, 1.396, et al.; (impers.), vidētur, vīsum est, it seems to one, seems good, proper, is the will of; one thinks, judges, 2.428, et al.

214
viduō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bereave, with acc. and abl., 8.571. (viduus)

1
vigeō, 2, n.

to be active, lively, vigorous; to flourish, be strong, 2.88; excel, 4.175.

2
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

2
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

4
vigilō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

n., to be awake, watch, 10.228; wake up, awake, 4.573; a., to watch against, look out for, guard against; p., vigilāns, antis, watchful, 5.438. (vigil)

5
vīgintī

(num. adj. indecl.), twenty, 1.634.

2
vigor, ōris, m.

activity, force, vigor, energy, 6.730. (vigeō)

2
vīlis, e

(adj.), of small value; cheap, worthless, insignificant, base, inferior, 11.372.

1
villōsus, a, um

adj. (villus), shaggy, hairy, 8.177.

2
villus, ī, m.

shaggy hair, 5.352; nap, 1.702.

2
vīmen, inis, n.

a flexible twig; osier, sprout, shoot, sprig, stem, 3.31.

3
vinciō, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a.

to bind, 11.81; bind round, 1.337; wreathe, bind round, 12.120.

4
vincō, vīcī, victus, 3, a. and n.

a., to conquer, 1.529, et al.; slay, 10.842; overcome, overpower, overwhelm, 1.122; dispel, 1.727; win, possess, 6.148; persuade, 2.699; n., to be victorious, gain the victory, conquer, 11.712.

59
vinculum (vinclum), ī, n.

that which serves for binding; a chain, 6.395; fetter, bond, 1.54; a rope, cable, 1.168; 2.236; cord, 5.510; a halter, 11.492; morally, a bond, tie, 4.16; pl., vincula or vincla, ōrum, n., gauntlets, 5.408; a sandal, 4.518; (fig.), constraint, compulsion, 7.203. (vinciō)

22
vindicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to claim or get by legal process; claim; rescue, save, 4.228. (vindex, defender)

1
vīnum, ī, n.

wine, 1.195, et al.

20
viola, ae, f.

a violet, 11.69.

1
violābilis, e

adj. (violō), that may be violated; violable; nōn violābile, inviolable, 2.154.

1
violentia, ae, f.

violence, 11.354; fierceness, impetuosity, fire, passion, fury, rage, 12.9. (violentus)

4
violentus, a, um

adj. (vīs), having much or excessive force; violent, impetuous, 6.356.

2
violō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to exercise force upon; hurt, wound, 11.277; break, 7.114; devastate, 11.255; desecrate, profane, 2.189; stain, 12.67. (vīs)

9
vīpereus, a, um

adj. (vīpera, viper), pertaining to vipers or snakes; viperous, snaky, 6.281.

3
vir, virī, m.

a man as distinguished by sex, 9.479, and freq.; husband, 2.744; hero, 6.415; pl., virī, ōrum, comrades, friends, 2.668; citizens, 1.264; people in general, 1.532.

170
virāgō, inis, f.

a woman of masculine spirit; a heroine, warlike maid, 12.468. (cf. vir)

1
Virbius, iī, m.

a Latin hero, son of Hippolytus and Aricia, 7.762.

2
virectum, ī, n.

a green or grassy spot; a lawn or meadow, 6.638. (vireō)

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
virga, ae, f.

a twig, bough, branch, 6.144; a wand (the caduceus of Mercury), 4.242. (vireō)

5
virgātus, a, um

adj. (virga), made of twigs; of basketwork; checkered or striped; plaid-, 8.660.

1
virgeus, a, um

adj. (virga), of twigs, rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7.463.

1
virgineus, a, um

adj. (virgō), pertaining to a virgin; of a virgin, of virgins; a maiden's, 11.68; maiden-, virgin-, 2.168.

5
virginitās, ātis, f.

virginity, 12.141. (virgo)

3
virgō, inis, f.

a maiden, virgin, freq.; virgin daughter, 2.403; virgin child, 11.565; the transformed virgin, Io, 7.791.

47
virgultum, ī, n.

(used only in the plural) a growth of brambles; a thicket, grove, 12.522; shrubs, 3.23; shoots or sprigs, 12.207. (virga)

6
viridāns, antis

green, grassy, verdant, 5.388; mossy, 8.630. (viridō)

2
viridis, e

adj. (vireō), verdant, green, 3.24; green wood-, 7.677; fresh, blooming, 5.295; vigorous, 6.304.

15
viridō, 1, n.

to be green, verdant. (viridis)

1

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY