Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
Velīnus, a, um

adj. (Velia), of Velia, a town on the western coast of Lucania; Velian, 6.366.

1
verbēna, ae, f.

laurel, olive, or myrtle boughs for the altar; sacred boughs. (usually in the plural)

1
vester, tra, trum

possessive pron. (vōs), your, yours, 1.573, et al.

1
Venīlia, ae, f.

a nymph, mother of Turnus, 10.76.

1
virgeus, a, um

adj. (virga), of twigs, rods, osiers; of brushwood, 7.463.

1
ulmus, ī, f.

an elm tree, elm, 6.283.

1
Valerus, ī, m.

a Latin warrior, 10.752.

1
Vesulus, ī, m.

a mountain in the Maritime Alps, west of Liguria, 10.708.

1
vīscum, ī, n.

the mistletoe, 6.205.

1
versus, ūs, m.

a turning; a verse or line of poetry; a rank, row, tier of oars, 5.119. (vertō)

1
vitulus, ī, m.

a young bullock, steer, calf, 5.772.

1
unguō (ungō), ūnxī, ūnctus, 3, a.

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

1
Volusus, ī, m.

a follower of Turnus, 11.463.

1
Ūcalegōn, ontis, m.

a Trojan; (meton.), the house of Ucalegon, 2.312.

1
ulterior, ius

(adj.), that is beyond; farther, 6.314; (adv.), ulterius, farther, 12.806; superl., ultimus, a, um.

1
vēlivolus, a, um

adj. (vēlum and volō), sail-flying, sail-covered, 1.224.

1
Umber, bra, brum

(adj.), Umbrian; subst., Umber, brī, m., an Umbrian dog or hound, 12.753.

1
vāstātor, ōris, m.

ravager, destroyer, 9.772. (vāstō)

1
vesper, eris or erī, m.

the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

1
viduō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bereave, with acc. and abl., 8.571. (viduus)

1
vetitum, ī, n.

that which is forbidden; a prohibition, 10.9. (vetō)

1
utcumque

(adv.), in whatever way, however, howsoever, 6.822.

1
vocātus, ūs, m.

a calling; summons; pl., a call, 12.95. (vocō)

1
vāllō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to surround with a rampart; to encamp around, 11.915. (vāllum)

1
vīsum, ī, n.

anything seen; a vision, 3.172; portent, prodigy, 4.456. (videō)

1
Volscus, a, um

(adj.), Volscian, 7.803.

1
virāgō, inis, f.

a woman of masculine spirit; a heroine, warlike maid, 12.468. (cf. vir)

1
vulnerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to wound; offend, hurt, wound, 8.583. (vulnus)

1
vadōsus, a, um

adj. (vadum), that can be forded; fordable, shallow, 7.728.

1
vectis, is, m.

a pole, lever, bar, bolt, 7.609. (vehō)

1
umbrifer, era, erum

adj. (umbra and ferō), shady, 6.473.

1
volūbilis, e

adj. (volvō), turning, whirling, spinning, 7.382.

1
vulnificus, a, um

adj. (vulnus and faciō), wound-making; hurtful, deadly, 8.446.

1
ursus, ī, m.

a bear.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vergō, 3, a. and n.

to incline; go down, sink, 12.727.

1
vindicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to claim or get by legal process; claim; rescue, save, 4.228. (vindex, defender)

1
victima, ae, f.

an animal offered in sacrifice; a victim, 12.296.

1
virectum, ī, n.

a green or grassy spot; a lawn or meadow, 6.638. (vireō)

1
vorō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to swallow up, 1.117.

1
ultrā

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vītālis, e

adj. (vīta), pertaining to life; essential to life, vital, 1.388.

1
vērus, a, um

(adj.), true, freq.; real, 1.405; vērius est, it is or would be more just, 12.694.

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
vultur, uris, m.

a vulture, 6.597.

1
vāgītus, ūs, m.

a wailing, 6.426. (vāgiō)

1
viridō, 1, n.

to be green, verdant. (viridis)

1
vexō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

harass, 4.615. (vehō)

1
viola, ae, f.

a violet, 11.69.

1
vītisator, ōris, m.

a vine-planter, 7.179. (vītis, a vine, and 1. serō)

1
veneror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to venerate, reverence, revere, 3.79; adore, worship, 5.745; bow before, kneel at, 12.220; p., venerātus, a, um, (pass.), supplicated, entreated, 3.460.

1
vērum

(adv.), in truth; truly.

1
vireō, uī, 2, n.

to be green, 6.206, et al.; p., virēns, entis, green, 6.679.

1
Vulturnus, ī, m.

a river of Campania, 7.729.

1
violābilis, e

adj. (violō), that may be violated; violable; nōn violābile, inviolable, 2.154.

1
uterque, utraque, utrumque

each (of two); both, 2.214; subst., utrumque, n., each, either thing or alternative, 2.61; (adv.), utrōque, to or on both sides; on either side, 5.469.

1
victrīx, īcis, f.

a female conqueror; in triumph, 7.544; as adj., victorious, 3.54. (vincō)

1
valēns, entis

strong, vigorous, powerful, 5.431. (valeō)

1
vepres, is, m.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 8.645.

1
vīlis, e

(adj.), of small value; cheap, worthless, insignificant, base, inferior, 11.372.

1
vapōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to send out steam; to fumigate; perfume, 11.481. (vapor)

1
versicolor, ōris

adj. (versō and color), of various colors, particolored, 10.181.

1
vitreus, a, um

adj. (vitrum), of or like glass, clear, shining, crystal, 7.759.

1
virgātus, a, um

adj. (virga), made of twigs; of basketwork; checkered or striped; plaid-, 8.660.

1
uxōrius, a, um

adj. (uxor, wife), pertaining to a wife; enslaved to one's wife, uxorious, slave of a wife, 4.266.

1
villōsus, a, um

adj. (villus), shaggy, hairy, 8.177.

2
variō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to diversify; exchange, relieve, 9.164; n., change, waver, 12.223. (varius)

2
vēnābulum, ī, n.

a hunting-spear, 4.131. (vēnor)

2
viātor, ōris, m.

a wayfarer, traveler, 5.275. (via)

2
violentus, a, um

adj. (vīs), having much or excessive force; violent, impetuous, 6.356.

2
vacca, ae, f.

cow, 6.251; heifer, 4.61.

2
Velīnus, ī, m.

a lake in the country of the Sabines, 7.517.

2
villus, ī, m.

shaggy hair, 5.352; nap, 1.702.

2
vēnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to hunt, 4.117.

2
vibrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to cause to move tremulously; to dart, flash, 8.524; to move to and fro, brandish, 11.606; curl, 12.100; n., vibrate, 2.211; quiver, 10.484; glitter, flash, 9.769.

2
vesper, eris or erī, m.

the evening; the evening star; the west, 5.19; personif., Vesper, Hesperus, 1.374, et al.

2
vēnātor, ōris, m.

a huntsman, 11.678; vēnātor canis, a hunting-dog, 12.751. (vēnor)

2
vīvō, vīxī, vīctus, 3, n.

to live, 3.311, and freq.; to survive, remain, be still living, 1.218; to support life, live, 7.749; exist, prosper, flourish, 1.445; of inanimate things, live; grow, increase; vīvite, live and be happy; farewell.

2
vulgō

(adv.), in the multitude; in common, generally, 6.283; all around, everywhere, 3.643.

2
vēnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to hunt, 4.117.

2
ultima, ōrum

the end, goal, 5.317; the last, the final hour; the end, 2.446. (ulterior)

2
vīsō, vīsī, vīsus, 3, intens. a.

to look at much; look at carefully, observe, see, 2.63; visit, 8.157. (videō)

2
venter, tris, m.

the belly, 3.216; (fig.), hunger, 2.356.

2
vigeō, 2, n.

to be active, lively, vigorous; to flourish, be strong, 2.88; excel, 4.175.

2
vērē

(adv.), truly, correctly, 6.188. (vērus)

2
vigil, ilis

adj. (vigeō), awake, on the watch; sleepless, 4.182; perpetual, 4.200; subst., vigil, ilis, m., a watchman, guard, sentinel, 2.266, et al.

2
ursa, ae, f.

a she-bear; a bear, 5.37. (ursus)

2
vēndō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to offer for sale; to sell, 1.484; betray, 6.621.(vēnum, sale, and dō)

2
Virbius, iī, m.

a Latin hero, son of Hippolytus and Aricia, 7.762.

2
vectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to convey, 6.391. (vehō)

2
ventūrum, ī, n.

that which is to come, the future, futurity, 6.66. (veniō)

2
viridāns, antis

green, grassy, verdant, 5.388; mossy, 8.630. (viridō)

2
umbrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to shade, 6.772; (pass.), to be thrown into shadow; to be darkened, grow dark, 3.508. (umbra)

2
volāns, antis, f.

a winged creature; a bird, 6.239. (volo -are)

2
Umbrō, ōnis, m.

a soothsayer of the Marsi, 7.752.

2
venerābilis, e

adj. (veneror), deserving of respect; venerable, venerated, revered, 6.408; sacred; 12.767.

2
vīgintī

(num. adj. indecl.), twenty, 1.634.

2
volātilis, e

flying; winged, 4.71. (volō)

2
umbrōsus, a, um

adj. (umbra), shady; dark, shadowy, 8.242.

2