Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
trīgintā

(num. adj., indecl.), thirty, 1.269.

3
tapēte, is, n. and tapēs, ētis (acc. pl., tapētas), m.

a coverlet; tapestry, hanging; a carpet, 9.358; abl. pl., tapētīs (perhaps from tapētum, ī), with housings, 7.277.

3
tremulus, a, um

tremulous, quivering, 7.395. (tremō)

3
Trōiugena, ae, c.

of Trojan descent; Trojan, 3.359; Trōiugenae, ārum, c., Trojans, 8.117. (Trōia and cf. gignō)

3
taceō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.

to be silent, not to speak, 2.94; to be still, quiet, hushed, 4.525; leave unmentioned; p., tacēns, entis, noiseless, silent, 6.265.

3
Thēseus (dissyll.), eī or eos, m.

Theseus, son of Aegeus, and king of Athens, who descended with Peirithous into Hades to aid him in his attempt to carry away Proserpina, 6.121, et al.

3
trānsadigō, adēgī, adāctus, 3, a.

to drive through, thrust, 12.508; of the object which is stabbed, pierce, 12.276.

3
trilīx, īcis

adj. (trēs and līcium, thread), of three threads or leashes; of three layers of thread; three-ply; triple, 3.467.

3
tūtor, āvī, ātus sum, 1, dep. intens. a.

to protect, defend, 2.677; befriend, 5.343. (tueor)

3
tigris, is or idis, c.

a tiger or tigress, 4.367, et al.

4
terō, trīvī, trītus, 3, a.

to rub; wear, clash, strike, 5.324; of time, spend, pass, 9.609; waste, 4.271.

4
turpis, e

(adj.), unsightly, unseemly, freq.; squalid, 6.276; foul; besmeared, covered, 5.358; shameful, base, dishonorable, disgraceful, 2.400.

4
Tyrrhēnī, ōrum, m.

the Tyrrheni, a branch of the Pelasgic race who are said to have settled in Etruria; Etrurians, Tuscans, 8.603.

4
tenāx, ācis

adj. (teneō), holding on or fast; tenacious; adhering to, persistent in, w. gen., 4.188.

4
testūdō, inis, f.

a tortoise; a vaulted roof, vault, 1.505; a testudo, formed of the shields of soldiers held over their heads, 2.441.

4
tridēns, entis

adj. (trēs and dēns), three-pronged, trident, 5.143; subst., tridēns, entis, m., a triple-pointed spear; trident, 1.138.

4
tremēscō, 3, inc. n. and a.

to begin to tremble; to tremble, quake, 5.694; to tremble at, 3.648. (tremō)

4
Trītōn, ōnis, m.

Triton, a son of Neptune, 1.144; pl., Trītōnēs, um, m., sea-gods of the form of Triton, 5.824.

4
Tyros (Tyrus), ī, f.

Tyre, the ancient maritime capital of Phoenicia, 1.346.

4
trānsmittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a. and n.

to send across; bear or convey across or over, 3.403; give over, 3.329; to cross, pass over, fly over, with acc. of the space crossed over, 4.154; to make across, of a passage or voyage, 6.313.

4
territō, 1, freq. a.

to fill with alarm; affright, alarm, 4.187. (terreō)

4
trāns

(prep. w. acc.), across, with verbs of motion, over, beyond, across; through, athwart, 7.65; of rest, on the other side of, beyond, 3.403.

4
Trītōnius, a, um

adj. (Trītōn), pertaining to the lake Triton (see Trītōnis); Tritonian, an epithet of Pallas, 2.615, et al.; subst., Trītōnia, ae, Minerva, Tritonia, 2.171.

4
Trīnacria, ae, f.

the three-cornered land; Sicily, Trinacria, 3.440. (Τρινακρία, with three promontories)

5
tundō, tutudī, tūnsus or tūsus, 3, a.

to beat, pound, bruise, strike, smite, 1.481; lash, 5.125; (fig.), importune, assail, 4.448.

5
tunica, ae, f.

the under-garment of men and women; vest, tunic, 9.616; cuirass, corselet, 10.314.

5
texō, texuī, textus, 3, a.

to weave; to build cunningly; form, fashion, fabricate, construct, 2.186; make intricate movements, interweave, 5.593; p., textus, a, um, woven, constructed, made, 5.589.

5
tondeō, totondī, tōnsus, 2, a.

to shear; finish, 1.702; clip, trim, 5.556; browse, feed upon, graze upon.

5
tenus

(prep. w. gen. or abl., placed after its case), as far as; up to, 2.553; down to, to, 3.427; to, 1.737; hāc tenus, separated by tmesis, thus far, 5.603.

5
thōrāx, ācis, acc. pl., -ācas, m.

a corselet, breastplate, cuirass, 7.633.

5
torreō, uī, tostus, 2, a. and n.

to burn, scorch, roast, parch, 1.179; rush, roll, 6.550; of a river bank, 9.105; p., torrēns, entis, subst., a torrent, 7.567.

5
temnō, 3, a.

to despise, disdain, scorn, defy, 1.665; p., temnendus, a, um, to be despised; insignificant, small, 10.737.

5
tābum, ī, n.

corrupt matter; putrid blood; gore, 3.29. (tābeō)

5
Tuscus, a, um

(adj.), Etrurian, Tuscan.

5
Teucrī, ōrum, m.

the Trojans, descendants of Teucer, 1.38, et al.; adj., Teucrian, Trojan, 9.779, et al. (Teucer)

5
tremor, ōris, m.

a trembling; quaking; tremor, a shudder, horror, 2.121. (tremō)

5
tēla, ae, f.

a web; the long thread of a woven fabric; the warp; web, 4.264. (texō)

5
trānstrum, ī, n.

a cross-timber; a thwart, transom, or bench for rowers; bench, 3.289. (trāns)

6
ternī, ae, a.

distrib. num. adj. (trēs), three each, 5.247; as a cardinal, three, 1.266; once in the sing., ternō ōrdine, in triple rank, in three tiers, 5.120.

6
torvus, a, um

stern, grim, wild; savage, lowering, 3.677; fierce, 6.571; shaggy, 3.636; adv., torvum and torva, sternly, wildly, 7.399; 6.467.

6
teres, etis

adj. (terō), rubbed or rounded off smooth; tapering, 7.665; polished, 5.313; well twisted, strong, 11.579.

6
triumphus, ī, m.

the grand procession at Rome awarded to a victorious general; a victory, 2.578.

6
Tiberīnus (Thӯbrinus, 12.35), a, um

adj. (Tiberis), pertaining to the Tiber; Tiberine, 1.13, et al.; subst., Tiberīnus, m., the river-god, Tiber; the Tiber, 6.873.

6
triplex, icis

adj. (trēs and plicō), threefold, triple, 10.784, et al.

6
tumeō, uī, 2, n.

to swell, 2.381; to be puffed up, boastful, 11.854; p., tumēns, entis, swollen, 2.381.

6
tōtus, a, um

(adj.), the whole, total, entire, 1.128, et al.; tōtō corpore, with all one's strength, 12.920.

6
Trōiānus, a, um

adj. (Trōia), Trojan, 1.19; subst., Trōiānus, ī, m., a Trojan, 1.286; pl., Trōiānī, ōrum, m., the Trojans, 5.688.

6
Teucer (Teucrus), crī, m.

1. Teucer, first king of Troy, son of the river-god Scamander, and father-in-law of Dardanus, 1.235. 2. Teucer, son of Telamon and Hesione, half-brother of Ajax, and founder of Salamis in Cyprus, 1.619.

6
talentum, ī, n.

a monetary weight or sum, varying in different periods and countries, but around 60-70 lb., usually gold or silver; a large sum, weight, or amount, 5.112, et al.

6
tepidus, a, um

adj. (tepeō), lukewarm, tepid; warm, 3.66; smoking, reeking, 9.455.

6
tener, era, erum

(adj.), tender, 2.406; young, 11.578; light, delicate, 3.449; thin, 9.699.

6
tardō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to render slow; hinder, cripple, delay, 5.453; impede, enfeeble, 6.731; hold back, detain, retard, 11.21. (tardus)

7
tropaeum, ī, n.

a memorial of the turning (cf. τρέπειν, to turn) or rout of an enemy; the trunk of a tree on which were hung the arms or spoils of an enemy slain; any memento of victory; a trophy.

7
Trīnacrius, a, um

adj. (Trīnacria), Sicilian, 3.384.

7
Trōs, ōis, m.

Trojan, 6.52, et al. (Tros, one of the kings of Troy)

7
turbō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, confuse, disturb, 3.449; scatter, 1.395; overthrow, 11.796; agitate, 4.566; perplex, 1.515; enrage, anger, 8.435; madden, 7.767; without obj. acc., to make disturbance, uproar, 6.857, et a1.; reflex., to be troubled, 6.800. (turba)

7
Tӯdīdēs, ae, m.

the son of Tydeus, Diomedes or Diomed, 1.97, et al.

7
tonō, uī, 1, n. and a.

to thunder, 3.571, et al.; of speech, 11.383; (with acc.), utter, invoke with a loud voice, thunder forth, 4.510.

7
tingō, tīnxī, tīnctus, 3, a.

to wet; moisten, 3.665; wash, dip, bathe, 1.745; imbrue, 12.358.

7
Tartareus, a, um

adj. (Tartarus), pertaining to Tartarus; Tartarean, 6.551; in a general sense, infernal, Tartarean, 6.295.

7
Thrēicius, a, um

(adj.), Thracian, 3.51, et al.; Thracian in character, northern, 11.659.

7
tyrannus, ī, m.

a sovereign prince, chief, ruler, 4.320; in a bad sense, a despot, tyrant, 1.361.

7
tunc

(adv.), then, at that time; then, thereupon, afterwards, 11.208. (tum-ce)

8
tremefaciō, fēcī, factus, 3, a.

to cause to tremble or quake; to shake, 9.106; make to tremble with fear; cause to tremble, 6.803; p., tremefactus, a, um, trembling, 2.382; 10.102; quivering, 2.629. (tremō and faciō)

8
turma, ae, f.

a squadron or troop, properly of Roman cavalry; in general, a troop, squadron, 5.560; host, army, 11.503; in turmās, into or in squadrons, 11.599.

8
terror, ōris, m.

fright, fear, dread, alarm, 7.552, et al. (terreō)

8
Trivia, ae, f.

an epithet of Hecate or Diana, whose images were placed at the forks of roads, 6.13, et al. (trivium)

9
trānseō, iī, itus, īre, irreg. n. and a.

to go across; go through, pass, 12.926; pass by, 5.326; pass away, 1.266; run over, 5.274; pass through, 9.413.

9
terribilis, e

adj. (terreō), frightful, appalling, terrible, fearful, 6.299, et al.

9
tantum

(adv.), so much, 6.877; just so much; only, 2.23; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.

9
tuba, ae, f.

a trumpet, 2.313, et al.; trumpet-signal, 11.424.

9
tardus, a, um

(adj.), slow, sluggish, tardy, 5.154; backward, lingering, coming on late, 1.746; sluggish, gross, carnal, 6.720.

10
trāiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a. and n.

to throw across, over; pass over, cross, 6.536; pierce, 2.273; transfix, 1.355; p., trāiectus, a, um, drawn or passed through, 5.488; transfixed, pierced, 9.419. (trāns and iaciō)

10
totiēns (totiēs)

num. adj. (tot), so many times, so often, 1.407, et al.

10
truncus, ī, m.

the stem, stock, or trunk of a tree; stem, trunk, 6.207; trunk of the human body, 2.557.

10
Tartarus, ī, m., pl., Tartara, ōrum, n.

the lower world, Hades; especially that portion which was set apart for the wicked; Tartarus, 5.734, et al.

10
Tarchō, ōnis or ontis, m.

an Etrurian prince, ally of Aeneas, 11.727, et al.

11
trepidō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to be in trepidation, alarm or panic, 10.788; to hurry, hasten to and fro or about, 2.685; to hasten (with inf.), 9.114; to strive nervously, make trembling effort, 12.403. (trepidus)

11
Tyrius, a, um

adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

11
timor, ōris, m.

fear, apprehension, dread, anxiety, 1.202; personified, Fear, 9.719. (timeō)

11
trabs, trabis, f.

a beam; timber, 1.552; post, jamb, 1.449; trunk, 6.181; tree, 9.87; ship, 3.191.

11
taeda, ae, f.

pitch-pine, 4.505; a brand, 7.71; torch, nuptial torch, 4.18; marriage, 4.339.

12
tumidus, a, um

adj. (tumeō), swollen, 1.142; distended, 10.387; elated, 9.596; incensed, angry, 6.407; causing to swell, swelling, 3.357.

12
tertius, a, um

(ordin. num. adj.), the third, 1.265, et al. (trēs)

13
totidem

(num. adj. pron., indecl.), just, even so many; as many, 4.183, et al.

13
tegmen (tegumen), inis, n.

a means of covering; skin, hide, 1.275; clothing, 3.594; shield, 9.577; tegmen crūrum, close-fitting trousers worn by Phrygians, 11.777. (tegō)

13
Tyrius, a, um

adj. (Tyrus), of Tyre; Tyrian or Phoenician, 1.12; subst., Tyrius, iī, m., a Tyrian, 1.574; pl., 1.747.

14
tuī, ōrum, m.

your friends, kinsmen, countrymen, descendants, etc., 3.488; freq. (tuus)

14
timeō, uī, 2, a. and n.

to fear, dread, 1.661, et al.; show fear or terror; to tremble, 5.505.

14
tumultus, ūs, m.

commotion; uproar; outcry, 9.397; shouting, cries, 3.99; haste, 11.447; uprising, 6.857. (tumeō)

14
tempestās, ātis, f.

a portion of time; a season; weather; flashing light; radiance, 9.20; a storm, tempest, 1.53; cloud, tempest of missiles, 12.284; storm of war, 7.223; calamity, 11.423; cloud, personif., Tempestātēs, um, demons of storms, storms, 5.772. (tempus)

14
tangō, tetigī, tāctus, 3, a.

to touch, 3.324, et al.; of lightning, strike, blast; of touching a shore, reach, enter, arrive at, 4.612; (fig.), affect, move, 1.462; encounter, experience, 4.551; overtake, come home to, 4.596.

15
turbidus, a, um

adj. (turbō), confused; mingled, foul, 6.296; dismal, dark, 6.534; whirling, 5.696; of the mind, sad, troubled, 4.353; startled, in alarm, 11.814; furious, 11.742.

15
torus, ī, m.

a bed, couch, 1.708; seat, 5.388; royal seat, throne, 8.177; bank, 6.674; the swelling part of flesh; a brawny muscle.

17
testor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to testify, bear witness to, with acc. of object witnessed, 3.487; to call to witness, appeal to, with acc. of witness called upon, 2.155; invoke, 12.496; w. object omitted, adjure, implore, 3.599; declare, proclaim, 6.619; beseech (call to witness the offering), 11.559. (testis)

17
turris, is, f.

a tower, 2.445, et al.

17
turbō, inis, m.

a tornado, whirlwind; storm, tempest, 1.442; whirling cloud, 3.573; wind accompanying the lightning; lightning-blast, 1.45; 6.594; whirling or stormy force, 11.284, et al.; a whirling top, a child's top, 7.378. (cf. turba)

17
tenebrae, ārum, f.

darkness, 9.425; gloom, 6.238; 2.92; dark abode, 6.545.

17
Thӯbris, idis, m.

an ancient king of Latium, 8.330.

18
tueor, tuitus or tūtus sum, 2, dep. a.

to look at, gaze upon, behold, regard, 4.451, et al.; watch, guard, defend, maintain, protect, 1.564, et al.; p., tūtus, a, um, secure, safe; in safety, 1.243; sure, 4.373; subst., tūtum, ī, n., safety, place of safety, 1.391; pl., tūta, ōrum, safe places, safety, security, 11.882; adv., tūtō, with safety, safely, without danger, 11.381.

19