Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort ascending
subter

(prep. w. acc. and abl.), below, beneath, under, 3.695; beneath, 4.182. (sub)

5
syrtis, is, f.

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

5
sēmianimis (in hexam. poetry pron. semyanimis), e

(adj.), half alive; dying, 4.686.

5
successus, ūs, m.

a going up, an advance; success, good fortune, 2.386; speed, 12.616. (succēdō)

5
scālae, ārum, f.

a ladder; scaling ladder, 2.442. (scandō)

5
sulcus, ī, m.

a furrow, 6.844; furrow, 1.425; track, train, 2.697.

5
sociō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make one a socius; to share, unite, associate, 1.600; join in marriage, 12.27. (socius)

5
sēcūrus, a, um

adj. (sē- and cūra), free from anxiety; untroubled, no longer fearing, 1.290; tranquil, undisturbed; peace-giving, peaceful, 6.715;. with gen., reckless, regardless, 1.350; safe from, 7.304.

5
stīpes, itis, m.

a log or post, stem, trunk of a tree, 3.43; club, 7.524.

5
sēminex (nom. not in use), ecis

adj. (semi- and nex), half slain, half dead, 5.275.

5
specus, ūs, m., f., and n.

a cave, cavern; cavity, deep wound, 9.700.

5
sōpiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to put to sleep; p., sōpītus, a, um, lulled to sleep, 1.680; slumbering, 5.743. (sopor)

5
septēnī, ae, a

distrib. num. adj. (septem), seven by seven, seven each; as a cardinal, seven, 5.85.

4
sēmita, ae, f.

a byway, lane, 9.383; path, 1.418. (sē- and cf. meō, to go)

4
strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

4
sollicitō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, agitate; try to pull out, 12.404; make anxious, disquiet, disturb, 4.380. (solicitus)

4
sex

six, 9.272, et al. (num. indecl. adj.)

4
suppōnō, posuī, positus, 3, a.

to put, place under, 6.24; put to the throat, thrust under, 6.248. (sub and pōnō)

4
summergō, mersī, mersus, 3, a.

to plunge beneath; submerge, sink, 1.40. (sub and mergō)

4
sōlācium, iī, n.

a soothing; solace, consolation, 5.367. (sōlor)

4
situs, ūs, m.

position; order, 3.451; being let alone; neglect, roughness, squalor, mold, 6.462; rust, decrepitude, dotage, 7.440. (sinō)

4
suprā

(prep. w. acc., and adv.), over, 3.194; above, 12.839; upon, 9.553; after its case, 4.240; (adv.), above, 7.32.

4
summittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to send or put under; yield, 4.414; p., summissus, a, um, let down; bowing down, kneeling, prostrate, 3.93; submissive, 10.611; humble, 12.807. (sub and mittō)

4
saeta, ae, f.

a bristle; a stiff hair, 6.245; fur.

4
Sinōn, ōnis, m.

a Greek, son of Aesimus, 2.79, et al.

4
subnectō, nexuī, nexus, 3, a.

to tie beneath; to bind under, 1.492; bind, fasten, 4.139; tie or bind up, 10.138.

4
solvō, solvī, solūtus, 3, a.

to unbind, loosen, 6.652, et al.; unfurl, 4.574; unfasten, cast off, 5.773; unyoke, unharness; of the hair, undo, dishevel, 3.65, et al.; dissolve, confound, mix, 12.205; separate, divide, 5.581; (fig.), set free, release, disenthrall, 4.487; exempt, release, 10.111; break, 10.91; pay, fulfill, perform, 3.404; dispel, cast off, banish, 4.55; 1.463; paralyze, 1.92; 12.951; of sleep or drunkenness, relax, 5.856; drown, 9.189; (pass.), solvor, sink, 4.530. (2. sē- and luō)

4
strepō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.

to make a noise; murmur, 6.709; of music, resound, 8.2; of arms, ring, rattle, clash, 10.568.

4
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

4
Sarpēdōn, onis, m.

Sarpedon, son of Jupiter and Europa, killed at the siege of Troy by Patroclus, 1.100, et al.

4
serta, ōrum, n.

things entwined; garlands, festoons, wreaths, 1.417, et al. (sero, serere, serui, sertus)

4
saltem

(adv.), at any rate, at least, 1.557.

4
spīritus, ūs, m.

a breathing; breath; air; blast, 12.365; life, soul, spirit, 4.336; divine air, mien, 5.648. (spīrō)

4
subrīdeō, rīsī, 2, n.

to smile, 1.254; 10.742.

4
sata, ōrum, n.

things sown or planted; grain, growing grain; crops, 3.139. (serō, serere, sēvī, satus)

3
subvehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a.

to carry up; (pass.), ride up, ascend, 11.478; 5.721; sail, float up, 8.58.

3
Sicānus (Sicānius), a, um

adj. (Sicānī), Sicilian, Sicanian, 5.24, et al.

3
spernō, sprēvī, sprētus, 3, a.

to sever, remove; (fig.), reject, despise, scorn, disdain, 4.678; insult, 1.27.

3
superēmineō, 2, n. and a.

to rise above, tower above, 1.501.

3
suspectus, a, um

suspected, conjectured, guessed at; in suspicion, suspicious, mistrusted, 2.36; causing suspicion, fear, apprehension; distrusted, 3.550. (suspiciō)

3
scaena, ae, f.

the stage of a theatre, 4.471; a sylvan scene, view, 1.164.

3
summa, ae, f.

the chief thing; chief point, 12.572; the sum and substance; all, the whole, 4.237; summa bellī, the command or direction of the war, 10.70. (f. of summus, sc. rēs)

3
sollicitus, a, um

adj. (sollus, whole, and cieō), wholly excited; of the mind, solicitous, troubled, burdened with care, anxious, 3.389.

3
spissus, a, um

(adj.), compact, thick, dense, 2.621; hardened, 5.336.

3
sēmustus, a, um

adj. (sēmi- and ūrō), half burned, half consumed, 3.578.

3
sequāx, ācis

adj. (sequor), prone to follow; following, pursuing, swiftly pursuing; darting, lambent, 8.432; rapid, 5.193.

3
sonipēs, edis

adj. (sonus and pēs), noisy-hoofed; subst. m., horse, courser, steed, 4.135.

3
sōlāmen, inis, n.

a means of consoling; a solace, 3.661; consolation, 10. (sōlor)

3
sedīle, is, n.

a bench, seat, 1.167. (sedeō)

3
sēmen, inis, n.

seed; (fig.), a spark, an element, 6.6; pl., sēmina, seeds of things, vital germs, elements, 6.731. (1. serō)

3
silvestris, e

adj. (silva), pertaining to the woods and fields; sylvan, pastoral; living in the forest, 9.673.

3
summoveō, mōvī, mōtus, 2, a.

to move from beneath; remove, drive away, 6.316; separate, 7.226. (sub and moveō)

3
sudēs, is, f.

a stake; a palisade, 11.473.

3
saetiger, era, erum

adj. (saeta and gerō), bristle-bearing, bristly, 7.17.

3
syrtis, is, f.

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

3
sēnī, ae, a

distrib. num. adj. (sex), six by six, six each; as a cardinal, six, 1.393, et al.

3
sublābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip or glide beneath, 7.354; sink down, decline, ebb, wane, 2.169; pass silently by, 2.686.

3
sūra, ae, f.

the calf of the leg; the leg, 1.337.

3
secundus, a, um

adj. (sequor), the following; second, 5.258; inferior, 11.441; favorable, fair, 4.562; swiftly flying, 1.156; fortunate, prosperous, 1.207; successful, 2.617; joyful, 8.90; 10.266; auspicious, propitious, 4.45; of a river, easily flowing, downwards.

3
sonōrus, a, um

adj. (sonor), loud-sounding; roaring, 1.53; ringing, resounding, 12.712.

3
squāleō, uī, 2, n.

to be rough, foul, neglected, waste; p., squālēns, entis, foul, filthy, neglected, squalid, 2.277; of armor, scaly, covered with work of scales, embossed, 10.314.

3
succīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut beneath; cut, sever, 9.762. (sub and caedō)

3
sīdereus, a, um

adj. (sīdus), abounding in stars, starry, 10.3; star-lighted, 3.586; glittering, flashing, 12.167.

3
Serrānus, ī, m.

1. Serranus, a surname in the Atilian gens, 6.844. 2. A Rutulian, 9.335.

3
spondeō, spopondī, spōnsus, 2, a.

to promise, pledge, give assurance, 5.18, et al.

3
subtrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.

to draw from beneath; withdraw, 6.465; sweep away, 5.199.

3
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

3
speciēs, ēī, f.

aspect, appearance, 6.208; sight, 2.407; form; in a moral sense, reputation, propriety, honor, 4.170. (speciō, look)

3
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

3
subvectō, 1, freq. a.

to carry up often, carry up, bring up, 11.474; transport, convey, 11.131; carry across, 6.303.

3
succingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.

to gird beneath; gird up; wrap, 10.634; gird, 1.323. (sub and cingō)

3
stabilis, e

adj. (stō), steadfast, lasting, permanent, 1.73.

2
septimus, a, um

(ordin. num. adj.), the seventh, 1.755. (septem)

2
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

2
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

2
sēmivir, virī, adj., m.

half man, effeminate, unmanly, 4.215.

2
siccō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make dry, drain, suck; dry up, wipe away, 4.687; wash, 10.834. (siccus)

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
suspectus, ūs, m.

a looking up; upward views; distance upward, height, 6.579; elevation, 9.530. (suspiciō)

2
serviō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, n.

to be a slave; dat., to serve, obey, 2.786. (servus, slave)

2
sōspes, itis

(adj.), saved; safe, 11.56; alive, 8.470.

2
stūppeus, a, um

adj. (stūppa), made of tow or flax; flaxen, 2.236.

2
subsidium, iī, n.

that which remains behind; a reserve; support; relief, 10.214; aid, 12.733. (sub and cf. sedeō)

2
suffundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour from below; pour through; overspread, suffuse, 1.228. (sub and fundō)

2
sitis, is, f.

thirst; dryness, drought, 4.42.

2
summum, ī, n.

the top. (superus)

2
sēcrētum, ī, n.

anything apart; a solitary place, recess, cave; pl., sēcrēta, ōrum, solitude, chamber, 8.403; secret abode, 6.10. (sēcernō)

2
servitium, iī, n.

slavery, bondage, 3.327. (servus, slave)

2
Sīgēus, a, um

adj. (Sīgēum), pertaining to Sigeum, a promontory and town in the Troad, at the mouth of the Dardanelles, about five miles northwest of Troy; Sigean, 2.312.

2
suggerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.

to bring or put under or up to; supply, reach, 10.333; place beneath, apply to, 7.463. (sub and gerō)

2
saxeus, a, um

adj. (saxum), rocky, stony, 9.711.

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
sopōrō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to cause to sleep or to render sleepy; to make soporific; to drug, 5.855. (sopor)

2
sentis, is, m. and f.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 2.379.

2
Sthenelus, ī, m.

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2
Styx, Stygis, f.

the Styx, the river of Hades which encompassed the final abode of the dead, 6.439, et al. ("the hateful")

2
sībilō, 1, n. and a.

to hiss, 7.447. (sībilus, a hissing)

2
suprēmum

(adv.), for the last time, 3.68. (superus)

2
salum, ī, n.

the tossing or heaving swell of the sea; the open sea, the main, 1.537.

2
secundō, 1, a.

to direct favorably; aid, favor, prosper; make auspicious, 3.36. (secundus)

2