Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort ascending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
spīrāculum, ī, n.

a breathing-place; (fig.), of Hades, breathing vent, mouth, 7.568. (spīrō)

1
spīrābilis, e

adj. (spīrō), that may be breathed; vital, 3.600.

1
spīra, ae, f.

a fold, coil, especially of serpents, 2.217, et al.

2
Spīō, ūs, f.

Spio, one of the Nereids, 5.826.

1
spīna, ae, f.

a thorn, 3.594, et al.; the vertebrae, spine, backbone, 10.383.

2
spīculum, ī, n.

a sharp point; (meton.), an arrow, a dart, javelin, spear, 5.307.

17
spēs, speī, f.

hope, expectation, prospect, freq.

46
spērō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to hope, w. acc.; hope for, 1.451; expect, fear, 1.543; look for, expect, 4.419; w. acc. and inf., 9.158; w. inf. fut., 4.382; w. inf. pres., 4.338. (spēs)

19
spernō, sprēvī, sprētus, 3, a.

to sever, remove; (fig.), reject, despise, scorn, disdain, 4.678; insult, 1.27.

3
spēlunca, ae, f.

a cavern, 1.60; retreat, 5.213.

12
specus, ūs, m., f., and n.

a cave, cavern; cavity, deep wound, 9.700.

5
speculor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to look out, mark, survey, behold, espy, 7.477; watch, consider, observe, 1.516. (specula)

6
speculātor, ōris, m.

a lookout; scout, spy, 12.349. (speculor)

1
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

2
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

4
spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

1
spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

8
spectātor, ōris, m.

a beholder, 10.443. (spectō)

1
spectāculum, ī, n.

a striking object of sight; a sight, show, spectacle, 6.37. (spectō)

1
specimen, inis, n.

a means of seeing or knowing; token, symbol, emblem, 12.164. (speciō, look)

1
speciēs, ēī, f.

aspect, appearance, 6.208; sight, 2.407; form; in a moral sense, reputation, propriety, honor, 4.170. (speciō, look)

3
spatium, iī, n.

room, space, distance, 5.321, et al.; course, voyage, 10.219; place, direction, 5.584; respite, time, 4.433; pl., spatia, ōrum, course, track, 5.316.

16
spatior, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to walk about or to and fro; move about, 4.62. (spatium)

1
sparus, ī, m.

a rustic weapon having an iron head with projecting hook or blade, something like a halberd; a hunting spear, 11.682.

1
Spartānus, a, um

adj. (Sparta), Spartan, 1.316.

1
Sparta, ae, f.

Sparta, or Lacedaemon, in Laconia.

2
spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.

to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

34
spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.

to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

1
sōspes, itis

(adj.), saved; safe, 11.56; alive, 8.470.

2
sortītus, ūs, m.

a drawing of lots; allotment, 3.323. (sortior)

1
sortior, ītus sum, 4, dep. n. and a.

to cast lots; obtain, get, take by lot, 3.634; share, 8.445; distribute, 3.510; assign, allot, appoint, 3.376; select, choose, 2.18; 12.920. (sors)

8
sors, sortis, f.

a lot, 5.490, et al.; fate, lot, destiny, fortune, condition, 6.114; hazard, 12.54; luck, success, victory, 12.932; oracular response, oracle, 4.346; 7.254; allotment, designation, 6.431; division, part, 10.40.

27
soror, ōris, f.

a sister, 1.322; sorōrēs Tartareae, the Furies, 7.327.

39
sordidus, a, um

adj. (sordēs, filth), unclean, filthy, unsightly, squalid, 6.301.

1
sorbeō, uī, 2, a.

to suck; absorb, draw on, 3.422.

1
Sōracte, is, n.

Soracte, in Etruria, northeast of Rome, on which in ancient times was a temple of Apollo, 7.696.

2
sopōrus, a, um

adj. (sopor), sleep-bringing, drowsy, 6.390.

1
sopōrō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to cause to sleep or to render sleepy; to make soporific; to drug, 5.855. (sopor)

2
sopōrifer, era, erum

adj. (sopor and ferō), somniferous, sleep-bringing, 4.486.

1
sopor, ōris, m.

sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

6
sopor, ōris, m.

sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

1
sōpiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to put to sleep; p., sōpītus, a, um, lulled to sleep, 1.680; slumbering, 5.743. (sopor)

5
sonus, ī, m.

a sound, noise, 2.728. (sonō)

8
sōns, sontis

(adj.), hurtful; guilty, 6.570.

2
sonōrus, a, um

adj. (sonor), loud-sounding; roaring, 1.53; ringing, resounding, 12.712.

3
sonor, ōris, m.

a noise, sound; clash, clang, din, 9.651. (sonō)

2
sonō, sonuī, sonitus, 1, n. and a.

to sound, resound, freq.; murmur, 3.442, et al.; chirp, 12.477; rattle, 4.149; roar, 1.246; thunder, 2.113; (w. acc.), indicate by sound, betray, reveal, 1.328; boast, 12.529.

28
sonitus, ūs, m.

a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

32
sonipēs, edis

adj. (sonus and pēs), noisy-hoofed; subst. m., horse, courser, steed, 4.135.

3
sonāns, antis

sounding, resounding, murmuring, rustling, rattling, freq. (sonō)

9
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

40
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

2
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

2
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

1
somnifer, era, erum

adj. (somnus and ferō), sleep-bringing; soothing, 7.758.

1
solvō, solvī, solūtus, 3, a.

to unbind, loosen, 6.652, et al.; unfurl, 4.574; unfasten, cast off, 5.773; unyoke, unharness; of the hair, undo, dishevel, 3.65, et al.; dissolve, confound, mix, 12.205; separate, divide, 5.581; (fig.), set free, release, disenthrall, 4.487; exempt, release, 10.111; break, 10.91; pay, fulfill, perform, 3.404; dispel, cast off, banish, 4.55; 1.463; paralyze, 1.92; 12.951; of sleep or drunkenness, relax, 5.856; drown, 9.189; (pass.), solvor, sink, 4.530. (2. sē- and luō)

34
solvō, solvī, solūtus, 3, a.

to unbind, loosen, 6.652, et al.; unfurl, 4.574; unfasten, cast off, 5.773; unyoke, unharness; of the hair, undo, dishevel, 3.65, et al.; dissolve, confound, mix, 12.205; separate, divide, 5.581; (fig.), set free, release, disenthrall, 4.487; exempt, release, 10.111; break, 10.91; pay, fulfill, perform, 3.404; dispel, cast off, banish, 4.55; 1.463; paralyze, 1.92; 12.951; of sleep or drunkenness, relax, 5.856; drown, 9.189; (pass.), solvor, sink, 4.530. (2. sē- and luō)

4
sōlus, a, um

(adj.), alone, sole, only, 1.664, et al.; solitary, 4.82; lonely, 4.462; remote, solitary, 11.545; one only, an only, 7.52; (adv.), sōlum, only.

61
solum, ī, n.

the bottom or ground of anything; soil, earth, ground, 1.367, et al.; land, 3.698; foundation, 10.102; the water beneath a ship, as its support; the water, sea, 5.199; support, table, 7.111.

30
sōlor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to solace, console, 5.770; assuage, comfort, aid, relieve, 5.41; console one's self for, 1.239.

10
sollicitus, a, um

adj. (sollus, whole, and cieō), wholly excited; of the mind, solicitous, troubled, burdened with care, anxious, 3.389.

3
sollicitō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, agitate; try to pull out, 12.404; make anxious, disquiet, disturb, 4.380. (solicitus)

4
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

3
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

6
solium, iī, n.

a seat, 8.178; throne, 1.506.

10
solitus, a, um

having been accustomed, wont, 9.591; p., wonted, usual, habitual, 7.357, et al.

6
solidus, a, um

(adj.), the whole, whole, entire, 6.253; massive, 2.765; solid, hard, 6.552; sound, unimpaired, 2.639.

8
solidum, ī, n.

solid ground; fig.; 11.427.

1
soleō, solitus sum, 2, n.

to be wont, accustomed, 2.456.

13
sōlāmen, inis, n.

a means of consoling; a solace, 3.661; consolation, 10. (sōlor)

3
sōlācium, iī, n.

a soothing; solace, consolation, 5.367. (sōlor)

4
sōl, sōlis, m.

the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

31
sōl, sōlis, m.

the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

6
sodālis, e, c.

a comrade, companion, 10.386.

1
socius, iī, m.

an associate, ally, 9.150; companion, friend, comrade, 1.198, et al.

95
socius, a, um

adj. (socius), allied, friendly, 3.15; confederate, 2.613; of one's country or countrymen, 5.36; kindred, 3.352.

9
sociō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make one a socius; to share, unite, associate, 1.600; join in marriage, 12.27. (socius)

5
socer, erī, m.

a father-in-law, 6.830, et al.; pl., socerī, ōrum, parents-in-law, parents, 2.457.

8
sīve or seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

11
sīve or seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

7
situs, ūs, m.

position; order, 3.451; being let alone; neglect, roughness, squalor, mold, 6.462; rust, decrepitude, dotage, 7.440. (sinō)

4
sitis, is, f.

thirst; dryness, drought, 4.42.

2
sīstrum, ī, n.

a metallic rattle, consisting of a small frame of horseshoe form with sliding cross-bars, used by the priests of Isis, 8.696.

1
sistō, stitī, status, 3, a. and n.

to cause to stand, put, set, place, w. abl. of place, 2.245, et al.; place before one, bring, 4.634; fix, plant, 10.323; stop, 12.355; arrest, stay, 6.465; support, sustain, maintain, 6.858; set, place, 6.676; n., stand still, to stop, remain, abide, 3.7; stand in fight, 11.873.

15
Sīrius, iī, m.

Sirius or Canicula, the dog-star, 3.141.

1
Sīrius, a, um

adj. (Sīrius), of the dog-star; Sirian, 10.273.

1
Sīrēnes, um, f.

the Sirens, fabulous beings, in the form of birds with the faces of virgins, dwelling on dangerous rocks near the coast of Campania, to which they attracted mariners by their songs, 5.864.

1
sinus, ūs, m.

a fold, 1.320; (fig.), sail, canvas, 5.16; bosom, 4.686; a gulf or bay, 1.243; winding stream, a winding, 6.132; a winding, curvature, depth, 1.16l; curving billow, 11.626.

19
sinuōsus, a, um

adj. (sinus), winding, tortuous, 11.753.

1
sinuō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make into a fold or folds; to coil, wind, 2.208. (sinus)

1
Sinōn, ōnis, m.

a Greek, son of Aesimus, 2.79, et al.

4
sinō, sīvī, situs, 3, a.

to allow, permit, suffer, 1.18; leave off, forbear, 10.15; (with inf. or subj. following), suffer, let, 10.433; 5.163; spare, 10.598; leave, (w. acc. and dat.), 9.620.

31
sinistra, ae, f. (sc. manus)

the left hand, 2.443, et al.

8
sinister, tra, trum

(adj.), left, 7.689; on the left side or left hand, 6.548; (fig.), wrong-headed, perverse, 11.347; adverse, inauspicious, unlucky, ill-boding.

6
singultus, ūs, m.

a gasp.

1
singultō, no perf., ātus, 1, n. and a.

to sob, rattle in the throat, gulp, 9.333.

1
singulī, ae, a.

(distrib. num. adj.), one by one; one each; separate, single, 3.348, et al.; subst., singula, ōrum, n., all things individually, 1.453; everything, every object or part, 8.618.

6
sine

(prep. with abl.), without, 1.133, et al.; (connecting substantives), 6.292; 10.636. For sē- or sēd- in composition, see sē-.

29
sīn

(conj.), but if, if on the contrary, 1.555, et al.

10
simulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make similar; imitate, 6.591; pretend, 2.17; to make a false show of, feign, 1.209; p., simulātus, a, um, made to imitate, counterfeiting, 4.512; dissembling, 4.105; imitating, resembling, 3.349. (similis)

10