Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort ascending
suādeō, suāsī, suāsus, 2, n. and a.

to advise, warn, urge, exhort, 1.357, et al.; invite, 2.9; impel, prompt, 11.254; compel, force, 10.367.

11
studium, iī, n.

earnest feeling or effort; eager or deep anxiety, 12.131; desire, impatience, 4.400; emulous zeal, rival acclamation, applause, 5.148; desire, purpose, 2.39; pursuit, study, sympathy, interest, 5.450; delight, 11.739; abl., studiō, with zeal, earnestly, thoughtfully, 6.681, et al. (studeō, to be zealous)

11
subiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast, throw, place or put under, 2.236; (fig.), to excite, kindle, 12.66; to subjoin, utter in reply, answer, 3.314; p., subiectus, a, um, cast under, put under, 6.223; situated under, bowed, bending, 2.721; put down, subdued, conquered, 6.853. (sub and iaciō)

11
sepulcrum, ī, n.

a place of burial; tomb, sepulchre, grave; burial, sepulture, 2.542. (sepeliō)

11
simulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make similar; imitate, 6.591; pretend, 2.17; to make a false show of, feign, 1.209; p., simulātus, a, um, made to imitate, counterfeiting, 4.512; dissembling, 4.105; imitating, resembling, 3.349. (similis)

10
sīn

(conj.), but if, if on the contrary, 1.555, et al.

10
secūris, is, f.

an ax, 2.224, et al. (secō)

10
sustineō, tinuī, tentus, 2, a.

to hold up; sustain, bear, 7.786; hold up, poise, 12.726; hold, wave, 7.398; check, withstand, 10.799; keep off, 11.750; repel, 9.708; maintain, support. (sub and teneō)

10
seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

10
solium, iī, n.

a seat, 8.178; throne, 1.506.

10
sileō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be, keep, remain silent, 2.126; be hushed, calm, still, 1.164; w. acc., to pass over in silence; leave unmentioned, unsung, 10.793.

10
suscitō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, turn up; to rekindle, 5.743; rouse, incite, 2.618; call forth, 8.455.

10
Sergestus, ī, m.

commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.510, et al.

10
Sīdōnius, a, um

(adj.), of Sidon; Sidonian; Phoenician, Tyrian, 1.678, et al.

10
subigō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.

to drive under or up; drive, push, force, drive on, urge, compel, 5.794; subdue, subject, conquer, 1.266; urge on, exasperate, 12.494. (sub and agō)

10
suspendō, pendī, pēnsus, 3, a.

to hang up, 6.859; hang, 1.318; p., suspēnsus, a, um, suspended, scarcely touching the ground or water, 7.810; hanging, 8.190; as adj., in suspense, uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, 6.722; anxious, 2.729; filled with awe, 3.372.

10
sōlor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to solace, console, 5.770; assuage, comfort, aid, relieve, 5.41; console one's self for, 1.239.

10
sanguineus, a, um

adj. (sanguis), of blood; bloodshot, 4.643; of bloody color or aspect, bloody, 2.207; fiery, bloody, 10.273; ruddy, burnished, 8.622; bloodthirsty, 12.332.

10
subsistō, stitī, 3, n. and a.

to stand after; halt, stand still, 2.243; wait, remain, 11.506; tarry, remain behind, 2.739; stop, 12.491; withstand, resist, hold out, 9.806.

10
stāgnum, ī, n.

a collection of standing water; a pond, pool, lake; sluggish water or stream, 6.323; pl., stāgna, ōrum, deep waters of the sea, 1.126; waters, 6.330. (stō)

9
sīgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to distinguish by a mark or symbol, 6.780; mark, mark out; indicate, designate, 2.697; inscribe, record, 3.287; of the mind, observe, mark, notice, 2.423. (sīgnum)

9
serpēns, entis (gen. pl. serpentum, 8.436), m. and f.

a creeping thing; snake, serpent, 2.214, et al. (serpō)

9
Salius, iī, m.

Salius, an Acarnanian, 5.298, et al.

9
Simoīs, Simoentis, m.

a river which falls into the Scamander near Troy, 1.100, et al.

9
socius, a, um

adj. (socius), allied, friendly, 3.15; confederate, 2.613; of one's country or countrymen, 5.36; kindred, 3.352.

9
senex, senis

(adj.), old, aged, hoary, 7.180; (comp.) senior, ōris, older; very aged, 5.179; hoary, 5.704.

9
succurrō, currī, cursus, 3, n.

to run up; run to assist; with dat., to aid, succor, relieve, help, 1.630; impers., succurrit, it comes into the mind, occurs, seems, 2.317. (sub and currō)

9
sonāns, antis

sounding, resounding, murmuring, rustling, rattling, freq. (sonō)

9
suprā

(prep. w. acc., and adv.), over, 3.194; above, 12.839; upon, 9.553; after its case, 4.240; (adv.), above, 7.32.

9
stabulum, ī, n.

stable, stall, 2.499; a shepherd's dwelling, grange, 7.512; den, haunt, 6.179; cattle-camp, 8.207. (stō)

9
saepiō, saepsī, saeptus, 4, a.

to fence in; inclose, surround, 1.506; envelop, 1.411. (saepēs, inclosure)

9
spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

8
spoliō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to take the spoils; to strip; despoil, 12.297; plunder, rob, 5.661; with acc. and abl., strip, deprive, despoil of, 5.224, et al. (spolium)

8
socer, erī, m.

a father-in-law, 6.830, et al.; pl., socerī, ōrum, parents-in-law, parents, 2.457.

8
solidus, a, um

(adj.), the whole, whole, entire, 6.253; massive, 2.765; solid, hard, 6.552; sound, unimpaired, 2.639.

8
sacrātus, a, um

holy, 3.371. (sacrō)

8
subdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to haul, draw up, 1.573; w. abl. of place, 3.135; (w. acc. and dat.), draw, rescue from, 10.81; draw or take away stealthily, withdraw, 6.524; draw from beneath, 3.565.

8
sūs, suis, c.

a hog, swine, 1.635; sow, 3.390.

8
salsus, a, um

adj. (cf. sal), made salty; salted, 2.133; salt-, briny, 2.173.

8
sonus, ī, m.

a sound, noise, 2.728. (sonō)

8
Serestus, ī, m.

a companion of Aeneas, 1.611, et al.

8
sortior, ītus sum, 4, dep. n. and a.

to cast lots; obtain, get, take by lot, 3.634; share, 8.445; distribute, 3.510; assign, allot, appoint, 3.376; select, choose, 2.18; 12.920. (sors)

8
stupeō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be amazed or dazed; to be bewildered, confounded, lost in wonder, 1.495; wonder at, 2.31.

8
supplicium, iī, n.

a kneeling to receive blows; punishment, 4.383; penalty, 6.740; hurt, wound, 6.499. (supplex)

8
saltus, ūs, m.

a leap, bound, spring, 2.565; an ascending, 6.515. (saliō)

8
saeculum and saeclum, ī, n.

a generation, race; century, period, age, time, 1.291, et al.

8
sufficiō, fēcī, fectus, 3, a. and n.

to make or produce underneath or within anything; dye; tinge, suffuse, 2.210; raise up, produce; supply, lend, afford, 2.618; to be adequate to, sufficient for; strong enough, able, 5.22. (sub and faciō)

8
sinistra, ae, f. (sc. manus)

the left hand, 2.443, et al.

8
saucius, a, um

(adj.), wounded, 2.223; pierced, 4.1.

8
sēcrētus, a, um

separated, apart, retired, solitary, 2.299; secret; unnoticed, 4.494. (sēcernō)

8
simulācrum, ī, n.

an effigy, an image, 2.172; phantom, specter, ghost, apparition, 2.772; representation, image, 5.585. (simulō)

7
sīve or seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

7
strātum, ī, n.

that which is spread out; a layer, cover; bed, couch, 3.513; pavement, 1.422. (sternō)

7
senecta, ae, f.

old age, 5.395. (senex)

7
Siculus, a, um

adj. (Siculī), pertaining to the Siculi, an ancient race, part of which migrated from Latium to Sicily; Sicilian, 1.34, et al.

7
sūdor, ōris, m.

sweat, 2.174. (sūdō)

7
scelerō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to make impious; desecrate, pollute, 3.42; p., scelerātus, a, um, foul with crime; polluted, impious, wicked, 2.231; accursed, 6.563; pertaining to the guilty or to guilt, due to wickedness, 2.576; sacrilegious, 9.137. (scelus)

7
senex, senis (gen. pl., senum, 9.309)

an old man, 4.251; (comp.) senior, ōris, a very aged person; old man, 5.469; sire, 2.509.

7
stella, ae, f.

a star, freq.; a meteor, 2.694.

7
supplex, icis, c.

a suppliant, 2.542. (supplicō, beseech)

7
Sāturnus, ī, m.

a deified king of Latium, whose reign was the “golden age"; identified by the Romans with the Greek Cronos, 8.319, et al.

7
serēnus, a, um

(adj.), clear, calm, tranquil, serene, 3.518, et al.; fair, 2.285; subst., serēnum, ī, n. (sc. caelum), a clear sky.

7
suscipiō, cēpī (succēpī, 1.175), ceptus, 3, a.

to take up, 4.391; receive, catch, 1.175; conceive, beget, 4.327; undertake, 6.629; reply, 6.723; to take up the new-born child; (pass.), to be born, 4.327. (sub and capiō)

7
sēnsus, ūs, m.

feeling; emotion, 4.408; faculty of sense; sense, 7.355; inclination, affection, 4.22; spirit, soul, 6.747; thought, purpose, 12.914. (sentiō)

7
sāl, salis, m.

salt; brine, salt water, 1.173; (meton.), the sea, 1.35.

7
strīdor, ōris, m.

a harsh, grating, or whizzing sound; a creaking, whistling, 1.87; din, clank, rattling, 6.558; humming, 7.65. (strīdō)

7
Sӯchaeus, ī, m.

a Tyrian prince, the husband of Dido, 1.343, et al.

7
scīlicet

(adv.), one may know or understand; be assured; certainly, in sooth, doubtless; for this purpose, 6.750; ironical, forsooth, 2.577, et al. (sciō and licet)

7
Scylla, ae, f.

1. A dangerous rock on the Italian side of the Straits of Messana opposite Charybdis, 3.420; personified as a monster, half woman and half fish, 3.424. 2. The name of one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.122.

7
semel

(adv.), once, even once, 3.431; once for all, finally, 11.418.

7
siccus, a, um

(adj.), dry, 3.135; thirsty, dry, hungry, fasting, 2.358; nearly equivalent to carēns or prīvātus, with abl. foll., drained of blood, 8.261; hence, thirsting for blood, 9.64; subst., siccum, ī, n., dry ground, sand, or land, 10.301.

7
suspēnsus, a, um

in suspense, uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, 6.722; anxious, 2.729; filled with awe, 3.372.

7
suspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a. and n.

to look up to, 6.668; behold, see; look upon with wonder; admire; survey, 1.438. (sub and speciō, look)

6
strepitus, ūs, m.

a noise; an uproar; din, 6.559; stir, noise of festivity, 1.725; confused noise, 1.422. (strepō)

6
senectūs, ūtis, f.

old age, 5.416; personified, 6.275. (senex)

6
sustentō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to uphold; hold up, support, sustain, 10.339; poise, 10.304; second, support, 11.224; maintain, 12.662; bear up against, withstand, 11.873. (sustineō)

6
sepeliō, pelīvī or peliī, pultus, 4, a.

to perform the rites of sepulture, whether by interring (humāre), or cremation (cremāre); to bury, 3.41; p., sepultus, a, um, buried, 4.34; of slumber, 6.424, et al.

6
stimulus, ī, m.

a prick; spur, (fig.), 6.101, et al.; incentive, sting.

6
speculor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to look out, mark, survey, behold, espy, 7.477; watch, consider, observe, 1.516. (specula)

6
solitus, a, um

having been accustomed, wont, 9.591; p., wonted, usual, habitual, 7.357, et al.

6
seges, etis, f.

a field of grain; standing corn, 2.304; crop, harvest, growth of spears, 3.46; pasture land, 4.129.

6
silēns, entis (gen. pl. -tum, 6.432)

still, silent, noiseless, voiceless, 6.264.

6
silentium, iī, n.

of the absence of any kind of sound; noiselessness, silence, stillness, 1.730; pl., 2.255. (silēns)

6
squāma, ae, f.

a scale of fishes, serpents, etc.; of the small plates or scales of armor, 11.488; singular as a collective, scales, 5.88, et al.

6
stīpō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to tread down, compress; pack together, store up, 1.433; load, w. acc. and dat., 3.465; throng around, attend, 4.136.

6
singulī, ae, a.

(distrib. num. adj.), one by one; one each; separate, single, 3.348, et al.; subst., singula, ōrum, n., all things individually, 1.453; everything, every object or part, 8.618.

6
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

6
sopor, ōris, m.

sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

6
sinister, tra, trum

(adj.), left, 7.689; on the left side or left hand, 6.548; (fig.), wrong-headed, perverse, 11.347; adverse, inauspicious, unlucky, ill-boding.

6
sōl, sōlis, m.

the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

6
satis or sat

(adj. and adv.), sufficient, enough; w. gen., 2.314; alone as subject, 2.291; as predicate, 2.642; comp., satius, better, preferable, 10.59.

6
strāgēs, is, f.

a prostrating; slaughter, havoc, carnage, 6.829, et al.; ēdere strāgem, to make havoc, 9.784. (cf. sternō)

6
salveō, 2, n.

to be well; imperative, all hail! hail! 5.80. (salvus, safe)

6
spūmeus, a, um

adj. (spūma), foamy, frothy, foaming, 2.419.

5
statiō, ōnis, f.

a standing; place of standing; station, post, 9.183; anchorage, 2.23; resting-place, haunt, 5.128. (stō)

5
saniēs, em, ē, f.

putrid, corrupt blood; bloody matter; gore, 3.618. (rel. to sanguis)

5
subter

(prep. w. acc. and abl.), below, beneath, under, 3.695; beneath, 4.182. (sub)

5
syrtis, is, f.

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

5
sēmianimis (in hexam. poetry pron. semyanimis), e

(adj.), half alive; dying, 4.686.

5
successus, ūs, m.

a going up, an advance; success, good fortune, 2.386; speed, 12.616. (succēdō)

5