Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
saucius, a, um

(adj.), wounded, 2.223; pierced, 4.1.

8
sēcrētus, a, um

separated, apart, retired, solitary, 2.299; secret; unnoticed, 4.494. (sēcernō)

8
spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

8
serpēns, entis (gen. pl. serpentum, 8.436), m. and f.

a creeping thing; snake, serpent, 2.214, et al. (serpō)

9
Salius, iī, m.

Salius, an Acarnanian, 5.298, et al.

9
Simoīs, Simoentis, m.

a river which falls into the Scamander near Troy, 1.100, et al.

9
socius, a, um

adj. (socius), allied, friendly, 3.15; confederate, 2.613; of one's country or countrymen, 5.36; kindred, 3.352.

9
senex, senis

(adj.), old, aged, hoary, 7.180; (comp.) senior, ōris, older; very aged, 5.179; hoary, 5.704.

9
succurrō, currī, cursus, 3, n.

to run up; run to assist; with dat., to aid, succor, relieve, help, 1.630; impers., succurrit, it comes into the mind, occurs, seems, 2.317. (sub and currō)

9
sonāns, antis

sounding, resounding, murmuring, rustling, rattling, freq. (sonō)

9
suprā

(prep. w. acc., and adv.), over, 3.194; above, 12.839; upon, 9.553; after its case, 4.240; (adv.), above, 7.32.

9
stabulum, ī, n.

stable, stall, 2.499; a shepherd's dwelling, grange, 7.512; den, haunt, 6.179; cattle-camp, 8.207. (stō)

9
saepiō, saepsī, saeptus, 4, a.

to fence in; inclose, surround, 1.506; envelop, 1.411. (saepēs, inclosure)

9
stāgnum, ī, n.

a collection of standing water; a pond, pool, lake; sluggish water or stream, 6.323; pl., stāgna, ōrum, deep waters of the sea, 1.126; waters, 6.330. (stō)

9
sīgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to distinguish by a mark or symbol, 6.780; mark, mark out; indicate, designate, 2.697; inscribe, record, 3.287; of the mind, observe, mark, notice, 2.423. (sīgnum)

9
simulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make similar; imitate, 6.591; pretend, 2.17; to make a false show of, feign, 1.209; p., simulātus, a, um, made to imitate, counterfeiting, 4.512; dissembling, 4.105; imitating, resembling, 3.349. (similis)

10
sīn

(conj.), but if, if on the contrary, 1.555, et al.

10
secūris, is, f.

an ax, 2.224, et al. (secō)

10
sustineō, tinuī, tentus, 2, a.

to hold up; sustain, bear, 7.786; hold up, poise, 12.726; hold, wave, 7.398; check, withstand, 10.799; keep off, 11.750; repel, 9.708; maintain, support. (sub and teneō)

10
seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

10
solium, iī, n.

a seat, 8.178; throne, 1.506.

10
sileō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be, keep, remain silent, 2.126; be hushed, calm, still, 1.164; w. acc., to pass over in silence; leave unmentioned, unsung, 10.793.

10
suscitō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, turn up; to rekindle, 5.743; rouse, incite, 2.618; call forth, 8.455.

10
Sergestus, ī, m.

commander of one of the ships of Aeneas, 1.510, et al.

10
Sīdōnius, a, um

(adj.), of Sidon; Sidonian; Phoenician, Tyrian, 1.678, et al.

10
subigō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.

to drive under or up; drive, push, force, drive on, urge, compel, 5.794; subdue, subject, conquer, 1.266; urge on, exasperate, 12.494. (sub and agō)

10
suspendō, pendī, pēnsus, 3, a.

to hang up, 6.859; hang, 1.318; p., suspēnsus, a, um, suspended, scarcely touching the ground or water, 7.810; hanging, 8.190; as adj., in suspense, uncertain, doubtful, in doubt, 6.722; anxious, 2.729; filled with awe, 3.372.

10
sōlor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to solace, console, 5.770; assuage, comfort, aid, relieve, 5.41; console one's self for, 1.239.

10
sanguineus, a, um

adj. (sanguis), of blood; bloodshot, 4.643; of bloody color or aspect, bloody, 2.207; fiery, bloody, 10.273; ruddy, burnished, 8.622; bloodthirsty, 12.332.

10
subsistō, stitī, 3, n. and a.

to stand after; halt, stand still, 2.243; wait, remain, 11.506; tarry, remain behind, 2.739; stop, 12.491; withstand, resist, hold out, 9.806.

10
studium, iī, n.

earnest feeling or effort; eager or deep anxiety, 12.131; desire, impatience, 4.400; emulous zeal, rival acclamation, applause, 5.148; desire, purpose, 2.39; pursuit, study, sympathy, interest, 5.450; delight, 11.739; abl., studiō, with zeal, earnestly, thoughtfully, 6.681, et al. (studeō, to be zealous)

11
subiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast, throw, place or put under, 2.236; (fig.), to excite, kindle, 12.66; to subjoin, utter in reply, answer, 3.314; p., subiectus, a, um, cast under, put under, 6.223; situated under, bowed, bending, 2.721; put down, subdued, conquered, 6.853. (sub and iaciō)

11
sepulcrum, ī, n.

a place of burial; tomb, sepulchre, grave; burial, sepulture, 2.542. (sepeliō)

11
sīve or seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

11
suādeō, suāsī, suāsus, 2, n. and a.

to advise, warn, urge, exhort, 1.357, et al.; invite, 2.9; impel, prompt, 11.254; compel, force, 10.367.

11
sērus, a, um

(adj.), late, freq.; late in life, 6.764; slow, tardy, 2.373; too late, 5.524; (adv.), sērum, late, 12.864.

12
Sibylla, ae, f.

a prophetess, a sibyl; the Cumaean sibyl, Deiphobe, 3.452, et al.

12
septem

(num. adj.), seven, freq.

12
sacrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to set apart to the gods; devote, consecrate, 2.502; w. acc. and dat., devote, 10.419. (sacer)

12
spēlunca, ae, f.

a cavern, 1.60; retreat, 5.213.

12
spīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to breathe, blow, 5.844; palpitate, 4.64; pant; breathe heavily, 7.510; heave, boil, 10.291; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; w. acc., 1.404; p., spīrāns, antis, lifelike, breathing, 6.847.

12
supersum, fuī, esse, irreg., n.

to be over; to be left, remain (separated by tmesis), 2.567; survive, 8.399.

12
spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

12
sūmō, sūmpsī, sūmptus

to take up, 2.518; to take, accept, receive; to exact, take, inflict, 2.576; adopt, select, choose, 4.284; assume, put on. (sub and emō)

12
struō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.

to place side by side or upon; to pile up; build, erect, 3.84; cover, load, 5.54; arrange, 1.704; like īnstruō, to form or draw out a line of battle, 9.42; (fig.), to plan, purpose, intend, 4.271; bring about, effect, 2.60. (rel. to sternō)

13
sciō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to know, understand, 1.63, et al.; know how, be able, can.

13
statuō, statuī, statūtus, 3, a.

to station, place, set, 1.724; to place at or on the altar; found, build, 1.573; set up, 8.271; restore, stay, 12.506; of the mind, resolve, determine, decide, 11.302. (status)

13
scūtum, ī, n.

an oblong shield carried by the Roman legionary; a shield in general, 1.101, et al. (σκύτος, hide)

13
scindō, scidī, scissus, 3, a.

to cut asunder; split, 6.182; part, separate, divide, 1.161; tear, 9.478; (fig.), divide, 2.39.

13
soleō, solitus sum, 2, n.

to be wont, accustomed, 2.456.

13
spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

13
senex, senis

(adj.), old, aged, hoary, 7.180; (comp.) senior, ōris, older; very aged, 5.179; hoary, 5.704.

14
saeviō, iī, ītus, 4, n.

to be fierce; to be furious, rage; be angry, 6.544. (saevus)

15
supplex, icis

adj. (supplicō, beseech), kneeling, entreating, suppliant, 3.439; subst., supplex, icis, c., a suppliant, 2.542.

15
secus

following, late; otherwise, differently; nōn or haud secus, not otherwise, not less; likewise, even so, 2.382, et al.; none the less, nevertheless, 5.862; haud secus ac, nor otherwise than, just as. (comp. adv.), sētius, less, the less; haud sētius, not the less, 7.781.

15
sublīmis, e

(adj.), raised up, elevated, uplifted, 11.602; aloft; on high, 1.259; through the air, 1.415; on high, 6.720; to heaven, 5.255; of lofty soul, 12.788; (adv.), sublīme, loftily, aloft, on high, 10.664.

15
sistō, stitī, status, 3, a. and n.

to cause to stand, put, set, place, w. abl. of place, 2.245, et al.; place before one, bring, 4.634; fix, plant, 10.323; stop, 12.355; arrest, stay, 6.465; support, sustain, maintain, 6.858; set, place, 6.676; n., stand still, to stop, remain, abide, 3.7; stand in fight, 11.873.

15
sānctus, a, um

sacred, holy, 2.700; sacred, venerable, 1.426; unstained, with untarnished honor, 12.648. (sanciō)

15
sermō, ōnis, m.

the joining of words; language, conversation, talk, discourse, 1.217; report, rumor, 4.189; speech, words, 12.223; a language, 12.834. (2. serō)

15
serō, sēvī, satus, 3, a.

to sow or plant; with indefinite object omitted, 6.844; scatter, spread, disseminate, 12.228.

15
suī, ōrum, m.

one's friends, kinsmen, countrymen, followers, etc., 6.611, et al. (suus)

15
sēgnis, e

(adj.), tardy, sluggish, dilatory, backward, 11.736; slothful, inactive, 3.513; mean-spirited, cowardly, 9.787; helpless, 10.700; (fig.), idle, exhausted; comp., sēgnior, less glorious, less divine, 4.149; less rapid, 7.383.

16
seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

16
spatium, iī, n.

room, space, distance, 5.321, et al.; course, voyage, 10.219; place, direction, 5.584; respite, time, 4.433; pl., spatia, ōrum, course, track, 5.316.

16
sentiō, sēnsī, sēnsus, 4, a.

to perceive by the senses; hear, 3.669; see, 4.588; perceive, 1.125; of the intellect and moral faculties, understand, know, 3.360; think, 10.534; will, desire, 10.623; (w. acc. of person), know, 7.434.

16
salūs, ūtis, f.

the state of being well; safety, 1.555; preservation, means of safety, remedy, relief, deliverance, 1.451. (rel. to salvus, safe)

17
superī, ōrum, m.

those of the upper world, the living as opposed to the dead, 6.481; the gods above, or gods of Olympus as opposed to the infernal gods, 1.4.2.302, et al.

17
spīculum, ī, n.

a sharp point; (meton.), an arrow, a dart, javelin, spear, 5.307.

17
scēptrum, ī, n.

a royal staff; scepter, 1.653; freq.; (meton.), rule, sway, power, royal court, realm, 9.9; 1.253; authority, 11.238.

18
Stygius, a, um

adj. (Styx), pertaining to the Styx; of Hades; Stygian, 4.638, et al.

18
sinus, ūs, m.

a fold, 1.320; (fig.), sail, canvas, 5.16; bosom, 4.686; a gulf or bay, 1.243; winding stream, a winding, 6.132; a winding, curvature, depth, 1.16l; curving billow, 11.626.

19
stirps, stirpis, f.

the lower part of the trunk together with the roots of plants and trees; the extremity, end; root; trunk, tree, 12.770; (fig.), origin, descent, lineage, stock, race, 1.626, et al.

19
spērō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to hope, w. acc.; hope for, 1.451; expect, fear, 1.543; look for, expect, 4.419; w. acc. and inf., 9.158; w. inf. fut., 4.382; w. inf. pres., 4.338. (spēs)

19
sententia, ae, f.

a feeling or thinking; opinion; resolution, design, purpose, 1.237; 11.21; judgment, 2.35; plan, 4.287; idea, thought, 1.582. (sentiō)

19
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

19
satis or sat

(adj. and adv.), sufficient, enough; w. gen., 2.314; alone as subject, 2.291; as predicate, 2.642; comp., satius, better, preferable, 10.59.

19
scelus, eris, n.

an evil or atrocious deed; a crime, freq.; wickedness, 6.742; (meton.), punishment, 7.307; like nefās for wretch, imp; hence, scelus artificis = artifex scelestus, the accursed deceiver, 11.407.

20
Sāturnius, a, um

adj. (Sāturnus), belonging to Saturn; Saturnian; sprung from Saturn; Saturnian, 4.372; subst., Sāturnius, iī, m., the son of Saturn, 5.799; Sāturnia, ae, f., 1. Daughter of Saturn, Juno, 1.23; 2. The city of Saturnia, built by Saturn on the Capitoline hill, 8.358.

21
similis, e

adj. (comp., similior, ius; superl., simillimus, a, um), like, similar, 1.136, et al.

21
strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

21
spolium, I, n.

that which is taken from the body of a slain man or beast; spoil, trophy, 1.289; spolia opīma, the arms or spoils taken by a victorious general from the body of a hostile commander slain in battle, 6.855.

22
saepe

adv. (comp., saepius), often, frequently, 2.108, et al.; cum saepe, when, as often happens, 1.148.

22
subitō

(adv.), suddenly, 1.88, et al.

24
succēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n. and a.

to go, come up to or under, with dat., or acc. and prep., or without a case, to go up to, visit, 8.507; ascend, 12.235; come up to, advance to, 2.478; approach, 7.214; encounter, 10.847; enter, 1.627; creep under, disappear beneath, 5.93; to descend into the earth, to be buried, 11.103; take up, take upon one's self, 2.723; go under, be yoked to, 3.541; to follow, 11.481; to turn out well; succeed, come to pass, 11.794. (sub and cēdō)

25
sacerdōs, ōtis, c.

a priest or priestess, 2.201; 1.273; a poet or bard (as priest of the Muses), 6.645. (sacer)

26
scopulus, ī, m.

a projecting ledge of rock; a high cliff or rock, 1.180; crag, 1.45; ledge, reef, 1.145; detached rock, fragment of rock, 12.531.

27
sors, sortis, f.

a lot, 5.490, et al.; fate, lot, destiny, fortune, condition, 6.114; hazard, 12.54; luck, success, victory, 12.932; oracular response, oracle, 4.346; 7.254; allotment, designation, 6.431; division, part, 10.40.

27
sacrum, ī, n.

a holy thing; pl., sacra, ōrum, n., sacred symbols, rites, 12.13; sacred rites, ceremonies, sacrifices, 2.132; sacred things, utensils, symbols, 2.293; mysteries, 3.112.

27
semper

(adv.), always, ever, 2.97, et al.

27
subitus, a, um

having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

27
secundus, a, um

adj. (sequor), the following; second, 5.258; inferior, 11.441; favorable, fair, 4.562; swiftly flying, 1.156; fortunate, prosperous, 1.207; successful, 2.617; joyful, 8.90; 10.266; auspicious, propitious, 4.45; of a river, easily flowing, downwards.

28
sagitta, ae, f.

an arrow, 1.187, et al.

28
sonō, sonuī, sonitus, 1, n. and a.

to sound, resound, freq.; murmur, 3.442, et al.; chirp, 12.477; rattle, 4.149; roar, 1.246; thunder, 2.113; (w. acc.), indicate by sound, betray, reveal, 1.328; boast, 12.529.

28
sine

(prep. with abl.), without, 1.133, et al.; (connecting substantives), 6.292; 10.636. For sē- or sēd- in composition, see sē-.

29
superō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

surmount; go over, 6.676; rise above, 2.219; pass by or beyond, 1.244; make one's way through, 8.95; overpower, slay, 1.350; overcome, conquer, 2.311; prevail, 5.22; surmount, 3.368; remain, survive, be still living, 3.339; be left; remain, 12.873; be proud, elated, rejoice, 5.473; superāre ascēnsū, to mount, ascend, 2.303. (super)

29
secō, secuī, sectus, 1, a.

to cut, freq.; cut off, 4.704; engrave, carve, 3.464; cut through, cleave, 5.218, et al.; of the channel of a river, 8.63; sail through, pass, 8.96; speed, 6.899; shape out mentally, form, 10.107.

29
solum, ī, n.

the bottom or ground of anything; soil, earth, ground, 1.367, et al.; land, 3.698; foundation, 10.102; the water beneath a ship, as its support; the water, sea, 5.199; support, table, 7.111.

30
sōl, sōlis, m.

the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

31
sinō, sīvī, situs, 3, a.

to allow, permit, suffer, 1.18; leave off, forbear, 10.15; (with inf. or subj. following), suffer, let, 10.433; 5.163; spare, 10.598; leave, (w. acc. and dat.), 9.620.

31
sonitus, ūs, m.

a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

32