Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
subligō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bind under; bind, gird on, 8.459; attach, fasten, 11.11.

2
suēscō, suēvī, suētus, 3, inc. n. and a.

to become accustomed, to be wont, used, accustomed, 3.541.

2
sūtilis, e

adj. (suō), stitched together, sewed; made of stitched hides or skins, 6.414.

2
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

2
sēcessus, ūs, m.

a going apart; a retreat, retirement; a recess, 1.159. (sēcēdō)

2
succingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.

to gird beneath; gird up; wrap, 10.634; gird, 1.323. (sub and cingō)

2
Sāmos (-us), ī, f.

Samos, an island southwest of Ephesus, near the coast of Ionia, 1.16.

2
stellō, no perf, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to cover over with stars; to stud with stars; p., stellāns, antis, starry, 7.210; p., stellātus, a, um, set with stars; (fig.), glittering, gleaming, 4.261. (stella)

2
stupefaciō, fēcī, factus, 3, a.

to amaze, stupefy, astound, bewilder, 5.643; surprise, 7.119. (stupeō and faciō)

2
superstitiō, ōnis, f.

religious awe; superstition, 8.187; sacred oath, fear-inspiring oath, 12.817. (superstō)

2
sevērus, a, um

(adj.), stern, strict, exacting; controlled by inflexible laws or fate; fatal, dreadful, 6.374.

2
sūber, eris, n.

the cork tree, 7.742.

2
Sulmō, ōnis, m.

a Latin, 9.412.

2
suppliciter

(adv.), in a suppliant manner; suppliantly; as a suppliant or suppliants, 1.481. (supplex)

2
Sabīnī, ōrum, m.

the Sabines, an ancient people occupying the hill country on the border of Latium, from whom were derived a part of the Roman people or Quirites, 7.706.

2
saturō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to fill; glut, cloy, appease, 5.608. (satur, full)

2
sēclūdō, clūsī, clūsus, 3, a.

to shut apart, off, out; shut up, 3.446; shut out, dismiss, 1.562. (se- and claudō)

2
Sicānus (Sicānius), a, um

adj. (Sicānī), Sicilian, Sicanian, 5.24, et al.

2
serva, ae, f.

a female slave, slave, 5.284.

2
sterilis, e

(adj.), unproductive, unfruitful, 3.141; barren, 6.251.

2
stabilis, e

adj. (stō), steadfast, lasting, permanent, 1.73.

2
septimus, a, um

(ordin. num. adj.), the seventh, 1.755. (septem)

2
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

2
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

2
sēmivir, virī, adj., m.

half man, effeminate, unmanly, 4.215.

2
siccō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make dry, drain, suck; dry up, wipe away, 4.687; wash, 10.834. (siccus)

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
suspectus, ūs, m.

a looking up; upward views; distance upward, height, 6.579; elevation, 9.530. (suspiciō)

2
serviō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, n.

to be a slave; dat., to serve, obey, 2.786. (servus, slave)

2
sōspes, itis

(adj.), saved; safe, 11.56; alive, 8.470.

2
stūppeus, a, um

adj. (stūppa), made of tow or flax; flaxen, 2.236.

2
subsidium, iī, n.

that which remains behind; a reserve; support; relief, 10.214; aid, 12.733. (sub and cf. sedeō)

2
suffundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour from below; pour through; overspread, suffuse, 1.228. (sub and fundō)

2
sitis, is, f.

thirst; dryness, drought, 4.42.

2
summum, ī, n.

the top. (superus)

2
sēcrētum, ī, n.

anything apart; a solitary place, recess, cave; pl., sēcrēta, ōrum, solitude, chamber, 8.403; secret abode, 6.10. (sēcernō)

2
servitium, iī, n.

slavery, bondage, 3.327. (servus, slave)

2
Sīgēus, a, um

adj. (Sīgēum), pertaining to Sigeum, a promontory and town in the Troad, at the mouth of the Dardanelles, about five miles northwest of Troy; Sigean, 2.312.

2
suggerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.

to bring or put under or up to; supply, reach, 10.333; place beneath, apply to, 7.463. (sub and gerō)

2
saxeus, a, um

adj. (saxum), rocky, stony, 9.711.

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
sopōrō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to cause to sleep or to render sleepy; to make soporific; to drug, 5.855. (sopor)

2
sentis, is, m. and f.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 2.379.

2
Sthenelus, ī, m.

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2
Styx, Stygis, f.

the Styx, the river of Hades which encompassed the final abode of the dead, 6.439, et al. ("the hateful")

2
sībilō, 1, n. and a.

to hiss, 7.447. (sībilus, a hissing)

2
suprēmum

(adv.), for the last time, 3.68. (superus)

2
salum, ī, n.

the tossing or heaving swell of the sea; the open sea, the main, 1.537.

2
secundō, 1, a.

to direct favorably; aid, favor, prosper; make auspicious, 3.36. (secundus)

2
senātus, ūs, m.

the council of elders; a senate, 1.426. (senex)

2
spīna, ae, f.

a thorn, 3.594, et al.; the vertebrae, spine, backbone, 10.383.

2
Strophades, um, f.

the Strophades, two small islands in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Messenia, where the Harpies were allowed to remain, and where Zetes and Calais turned back from the pursuit of them. Hence the name, from στρέφειν, to turn; the islands of turning, 3.210.

2
scintilla, ae, f.

a spark, 1.174.

2
sēditiō, ōnis, f.

a mutiny; faction, 11.340; uprising, riot; outbreak, tumult, 1.149. (sēd- and eō)

2
Sparta, ae, f.

Sparta, or Lacedaemon, in Laconia.

2
Saliī, ōrum

the Salii, or priests of Mars who had charge of the sacred shields called ancilia, which they bore once a year in solemn procession through the city, with hymns and dances, 8.285. (saliō)

2
sator, ōris, m.

a planter; sire, father, 1.254. (1. serō)

2
sēmēsus, a, um

adj. (sēmi- and edō), half eaten, 3.244.

2
sībilus, a, um

(adj.), hissing, 2.211, et al.

2
Silvia, ae, f.

daughter of Tyrrheus, 7.487. (silva)

2
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

2
subiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to join under or to; fasten, 10.157; (fig.), conquer, 8.502.

2
suprēmum, ī, n.

the end, 12.803; pl., suprēma, ōrum, the last honors, rites, 6.213. (superus)

2
sēnī, ae, a

distrib. num. adj. (sex), six by six, six each; as a cardinal, six, 1.393, et al.

3
sublābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip or glide beneath, 7.354; sink down, decline, ebb, wane, 2.169; pass silently by, 2.686.

3
sūra, ae, f.

the calf of the leg; the leg, 1.337.

3
secundus, a, um

adj. (sequor), the following; second, 5.258; inferior, 11.441; favorable, fair, 4.562; swiftly flying, 1.156; fortunate, prosperous, 1.207; successful, 2.617; joyful, 8.90; 10.266; auspicious, propitious, 4.45; of a river, easily flowing, downwards.

3
sonōrus, a, um

adj. (sonor), loud-sounding; roaring, 1.53; ringing, resounding, 12.712.

3
squāleō, uī, 2, n.

to be rough, foul, neglected, waste; p., squālēns, entis, foul, filthy, neglected, squalid, 2.277; of armor, scaly, covered with work of scales, embossed, 10.314.

3
succīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut beneath; cut, sever, 9.762. (sub and caedō)

3
sīdereus, a, um

adj. (sīdus), abounding in stars, starry, 10.3; star-lighted, 3.586; glittering, flashing, 12.167.

3
Serrānus, ī, m.

1. Serranus, a surname in the Atilian gens, 6.844. 2. A Rutulian, 9.335.

3
spondeō, spopondī, spōnsus, 2, a.

to promise, pledge, give assurance, 5.18, et al.

3
subtrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.

to draw from beneath; withdraw, 6.465; sweep away, 5.199.

3
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

3
speciēs, ēī, f.

aspect, appearance, 6.208; sight, 2.407; form; in a moral sense, reputation, propriety, honor, 4.170. (speciō, look)

3
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

3
subvectō, 1, freq. a.

to carry up often, carry up, bring up, 11.474; transport, convey, 11.131; carry across, 6.303.

3
succingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.

to gird beneath; gird up; wrap, 10.634; gird, 1.323. (sub and cingō)

3
sata, ōrum, n.

things sown or planted; grain, growing grain; crops, 3.139. (serō, serere, sēvī, satus)

3
subvehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a.

to carry up; (pass.), ride up, ascend, 11.478; 5.721; sail, float up, 8.58.

3
Sicānus (Sicānius), a, um

adj. (Sicānī), Sicilian, Sicanian, 5.24, et al.

3
spernō, sprēvī, sprētus, 3, a.

to sever, remove; (fig.), reject, despise, scorn, disdain, 4.678; insult, 1.27.

3
superēmineō, 2, n. and a.

to rise above, tower above, 1.501.

3
suspectus, a, um

suspected, conjectured, guessed at; in suspicion, suspicious, mistrusted, 2.36; causing suspicion, fear, apprehension; distrusted, 3.550. (suspiciō)

3
scaena, ae, f.

the stage of a theatre, 4.471; a sylvan scene, view, 1.164.

3
summa, ae, f.

the chief thing; chief point, 12.572; the sum and substance; all, the whole, 4.237; summa bellī, the command or direction of the war, 10.70. (f. of summus, sc. rēs)

3
sollicitus, a, um

adj. (sollus, whole, and cieō), wholly excited; of the mind, solicitous, troubled, burdened with care, anxious, 3.389.

3
spissus, a, um

(adj.), compact, thick, dense, 2.621; hardened, 5.336.

3
sēmustus, a, um

adj. (sēmi- and ūrō), half burned, half consumed, 3.578.

3
sequāx, ācis

adj. (sequor), prone to follow; following, pursuing, swiftly pursuing; darting, lambent, 8.432; rapid, 5.193.

3
sonipēs, edis

adj. (sonus and pēs), noisy-hoofed; subst. m., horse, courser, steed, 4.135.

3
sōlāmen, inis, n.

a means of consoling; a solace, 3.661; consolation, 10. (sōlor)

3
sedīle, is, n.

a bench, seat, 1.167. (sedeō)

3
sēmen, inis, n.

seed; (fig.), a spark, an element, 6.6; pl., sēmina, seeds of things, vital germs, elements, 6.731. (1. serō)

3
silvestris, e

adj. (silva), pertaining to the woods and fields; sylvan, pastoral; living in the forest, 9.673.

3
summoveō, mōvī, mōtus, 2, a.

to move from beneath; remove, drive away, 6.316; separate, 7.226. (sub and moveō)

3
sudēs, is, f.

a stake; a palisade, 11.473.

3
saetiger, era, erum

adj. (saeta and gerō), bristle-bearing, bristly, 7.17.

3
syrtis, is, f.

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

3