Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort descending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
sordidus, a, um

adj. (sordēs, filth), unclean, filthy, unsightly, squalid, 6.301.

1
soror, ōris, f.

a sister, 1.322; sorōrēs Tartareae, the Furies, 7.327.

39
sors, sortis, f.

a lot, 5.490, et al.; fate, lot, destiny, fortune, condition, 6.114; hazard, 12.54; luck, success, victory, 12.932; oracular response, oracle, 4.346; 7.254; allotment, designation, 6.431; division, part, 10.40.

27
sortior, ītus sum, 4, dep. n. and a.

to cast lots; obtain, get, take by lot, 3.634; share, 8.445; distribute, 3.510; assign, allot, appoint, 3.376; select, choose, 2.18; 12.920. (sors)

8
sortītus, ūs, m.

a drawing of lots; allotment, 3.323. (sortior)

1
sōspes, itis

(adj.), saved; safe, 11.56; alive, 8.470.

2
spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.

to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

34
spargō, sparsī, sparsus, 3, a.

to scatter, strew; cast in fragments, 3.605; disperse, 1.602; shower, hurl, 12.51; sprinkle, 4.512; besprinkle, bedew, stain, 8.645; infuse, 4.486; (fig.), spread abroad, disseminate, 2.98; bring over or upon, diffuse, 7.754.

1
Sparta, ae, f.

Sparta, or Lacedaemon, in Laconia.

2
Spartānus, a, um

adj. (Sparta), Spartan, 1.316.

1
sparus, ī, m.

a rustic weapon having an iron head with projecting hook or blade, something like a halberd; a hunting spear, 11.682.

1
spatior, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to walk about or to and fro; move about, 4.62. (spatium)

1
spatium, iī, n.

room, space, distance, 5.321, et al.; course, voyage, 10.219; place, direction, 5.584; respite, time, 4.433; pl., spatia, ōrum, course, track, 5.316.

16
speciēs, ēī, f.

aspect, appearance, 6.208; sight, 2.407; form; in a moral sense, reputation, propriety, honor, 4.170. (speciō, look)

3
specimen, inis, n.

a means of seeing or knowing; token, symbol, emblem, 12.164. (speciō, look)

1
spectāculum, ī, n.

a striking object of sight; a sight, show, spectacle, 6.37. (spectō)

1
spectātor, ōris, m.

a beholder, 10.443. (spectō)

1
spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

1
spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

8
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

2
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

4
speculātor, ōris, m.

a lookout; scout, spy, 12.349. (speculor)

1
speculor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to look out, mark, survey, behold, espy, 7.477; watch, consider, observe, 1.516. (specula)

6
specus, ūs, m., f., and n.

a cave, cavern; cavity, deep wound, 9.700.

5
spēlunca, ae, f.

a cavern, 1.60; retreat, 5.213.

12
spernō, sprēvī, sprētus, 3, a.

to sever, remove; (fig.), reject, despise, scorn, disdain, 4.678; insult, 1.27.

3
spērō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to hope, w. acc.; hope for, 1.451; expect, fear, 1.543; look for, expect, 4.419; w. acc. and inf., 9.158; w. inf. fut., 4.382; w. inf. pres., 4.338. (spēs)

19
spēs, speī, f.

hope, expectation, prospect, freq.

46
spīculum, ī, n.

a sharp point; (meton.), an arrow, a dart, javelin, spear, 5.307.

17
spīna, ae, f.

a thorn, 3.594, et al.; the vertebrae, spine, backbone, 10.383.

2
Spīō, ūs, f.

Spio, one of the Nereids, 5.826.

1
spīra, ae, f.

a fold, coil, especially of serpents, 2.217, et al.

2
spīrābilis, e

adj. (spīrō), that may be breathed; vital, 3.600.

1
spīrāculum, ī, n.

a breathing-place; (fig.), of Hades, breathing vent, mouth, 7.568. (spīrō)

1
spīrāmentum, ī, n.

a means of breathing; of the lungs, breathing-cell, air-duct, channel, 9.580. (spīrō)

1
spīritus, ūs, m.

a breathing; breath; air; blast, 12.365; life, soul, spirit, 4.336; divine air, mien, 5.648. (spīrō)

4
spīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to breathe, blow, 5.844; palpitate, 4.64; pant; breathe heavily, 7.510; heave, boil, 10.291; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; w. acc., 1.404; p., spīrāns, antis, lifelike, breathing, 6.847.

12
spissus, a, um

(adj.), compact, thick, dense, 2.621; hardened, 5.336.

3
splendeō, uī, 2, n.

to shine, gleam, 7.6.

1
splendeō, uī, 2, n.

to shine, gleam, 7.6.

1
splendidus, a, um

adj. (splendeō), gleaming, shining, bright, brilliant; splendid, sumptuous, stately, 1.637.

1
spoliō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to take the spoils; to strip; despoil, 12.297; plunder, rob, 5.661; with acc. and abl., strip, deprive, despoil of, 5.224, et al. (spolium)

8
spolium, I, n.

that which is taken from the body of a slain man or beast; spoil, trophy, 1.289; spolia opīma, the arms or spoils taken by a victorious general from the body of a hostile commander slain in battle, 6.855.

22
sponda, ae, f.

the frame of a bedstead or couch; a couch, 1.698.

1
spondeō, spopondī, spōnsus, 2, a.

to promise, pledge, give assurance, 5.18, et al.

3
spōnsa, ae, f.

one promised as a bride; the betrothed, 2.345. (spondeō)

1
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

3
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

2
spūma, ae, f.

froth, foam, spray, 1.35; pl., spray, 3.208. (spuō, spit)

5
spūmeus, a, um

adj. (spūma), foamy, frothy, foaming, 2.419.

5
spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

12
spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

13
spūmōsus, a, um

adj. (spūma), full of foam; foaming, 6.174.

2
squāleō, uī, 2, n.

to be rough, foul, neglected, waste; p., squālēns, entis, foul, filthy, neglected, squalid, 2.277; of armor, scaly, covered with work of scales, embossed, 10.314.

3
squālor, ōris, m.

foulness, roughness, filth, squalor, 6.299. (squāleō)

1
squāma, ae, f.

a scale of fishes, serpents, etc.; of the small plates or scales of armor, 11.488; singular as a collective, scales, 5.88, et al.

6
squāmeus, a, um

adj. (squāma), covered with scales; scaly, 2.218.

1
stabilis, e

adj. (stō), steadfast, lasting, permanent, 1.73.

2
stabulō, 1, n.

to be in a stall or standing-place; to stay, harbor, dwell, 6.286. (stabulum)

1
stabulum, ī, n.

stable, stall, 2.499; a shepherd's dwelling, grange, 7.512; den, haunt, 6.179; cattle-camp, 8.207. (stō)

9
stāgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to be stagnant, to form a standing pool; to overflow, so as to form standing pools or lakes; overflow, 3.698. (stāgnum)

1
stāgnum, ī, n.

a collection of standing water; a pond, pool, lake; sluggish water or stream, 6.323; pl., stāgna, ōrum, deep waters of the sea, 1.126; waters, 6.330. (stō)

9
statiō, ōnis, f.

a standing; place of standing; station, post, 9.183; anchorage, 2.23; resting-place, haunt, 5.128. (stō)

5
statuō, statuī, statūtus, 3, a.

to station, place, set, 1.724; to place at or on the altar; found, build, 1.573; set up, 8.271; restore, stay, 12.506; of the mind, resolve, determine, decide, 11.302. (status)

13
status, ūs, m.

a standing; position, state, condition, 7.38. (stō)

1
stella, ae, f.

a star, freq.; a meteor, 2.694.

7
stellō, no perf, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to cover over with stars; to stud with stars; p., stellāns, antis, starry, 7.210; p., stellātus, a, um, set with stars; (fig.), glittering, gleaming, 4.261. (stella)

2
sterilis, e

(adj.), unproductive, unfruitful, 3.141; barren, 6.251.

2
sternāx, ācis

adj. (sternō), throwing flat; throwing the rider; plunging, 12.364.

1
sternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.

to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

47
Steropēs, is, m.

a lightning-forger; a cyclops at the forge of Vulcan, 8.425.

1
Sthenelus, ī, m.

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2
Sthenius, iī, m.

a Rutulian slain by Pallas, 10.388.

1
stimulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to spur; to rouse, urge, 4.576; infuriate, incite, 4.302. (stimulus)

2
stimulus, ī, m.

a prick; spur, (fig.), 6.101, et al.; incentive, sting.

6
stīpātus, a, um

pressing on, charging together, 10.328; surrounded, 4.544. (stīpō)

1
stīpes, itis, m.

a log or post, stem, trunk of a tree, 3.43; club, 7.524.

5
stīpō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to tread down, compress; pack together, store up, 1.433; load, w. acc. and dat., 3.465; throng around, attend, 4.136.

6
stirps, stirpis, f.

the lower part of the trunk together with the roots of plants and trees; the extremity, end; root; trunk, tree, 12.770; (fig.), origin, descent, lineage, stock, race, 1.626, et al.

19
stō, stetī, status, 1, n.

to stand; stand up or erect, 2.774; remain standing, remain, 1.268; rise, 6.554; stand one's ground, fight, 5.414; of blood, to be stanched, 12.422; stand complete, be built, 3.110; stand at anchor, be moored, 3.277, 403; to be situated, lie, 3.210; remain firm, persistent, 7.374; to stand out with, be filled with, 6.300; to be thick with, 12.408; emphatic for esse, to be, 6.471, et al.; of the mind, to be fixed, 1.646; to depend, 2.163; (impers.), stat, it is fixed, determined, resolved, 2.750, et al.; stāre prō, to defend, 8; 653.

88
stomachus, ī, m.

the gullet; chest, stomach, 9.699.

1
strāgēs, is, f.

a prostrating; slaughter, havoc, carnage, 6.829, et al.; ēdere strāgem, to make havoc, 9.784. (cf. sternō)

6
strāmen, inis, n.

something spread out; a couch, litter, 11.67. (sternō)

1
strātum, ī, n.

that which is spread out; a layer, cover; bed, couch, 3.513; pavement, 1.422. (sternō)

7
strepitus, ūs, m.

a noise; an uproar; din, 6.559; stir, noise of festivity, 1.725; confused noise, 1.422. (strepō)

6
strepō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.

to make a noise; murmur, 6.709; of music, resound, 8.2; of arms, ring, rattle, clash, 10.568.

4
strīctūra, ae, f.

a mass or bar of hot iron, 8.421. (stringō)

1
strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

21
strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

4
strīdor, ōris, m.

a harsh, grating, or whizzing sound; a creaking, whistling, 1.87; din, clank, rattling, 6.558; humming, 7.65. (strīdō)

7
strīdulus, a, um

adj. (strīdō), hissing, whizzing, twanging, 12.267.

1
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

19
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

1
Strophades, um, f.

the Strophades, two small islands in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Messenia, where the Harpies were allowed to remain, and where Zetes and Calais turned back from the pursuit of them. Hence the name, from στρέφειν, to turn; the islands of turning, 3.210.

2
struō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.

to place side by side or upon; to pile up; build, erect, 3.84; cover, load, 5.54; arrange, 1.704; like īnstruō, to form or draw out a line of battle, 9.42; (fig.), to plan, purpose, intend, 4.271; bring about, effect, 2.60. (rel. to sternō)

13
Strӯmonius, a, um

adj. (Strӯmon, a river of Thrace), Strymonian, Thracian, 10.265.

2
Strӯmonius, iī, m.

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.414.

1
studium, iī, n.

earnest feeling or effort; eager or deep anxiety, 12.131; desire, impatience, 4.400; emulous zeal, rival acclamation, applause, 5.148; desire, purpose, 2.39; pursuit, study, sympathy, interest, 5.450; delight, 11.739; abl., studiō, with zeal, earnestly, thoughtfully, 6.681, et al. (studeō, to be zealous)

11
stupefaciō, fēcī, factus, 3, a.

to amaze, stupefy, astound, bewilder, 5.643; surprise, 7.119. (stupeō and faciō)

2
stupeō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be amazed or dazed; to be bewildered, confounded, lost in wonder, 1.495; wonder at, 2.31.

8