Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
subsidium, iī, n.

that which remains behind; a reserve; support; relief, 10.214; aid, 12.733. (sub and cf. sedeō)

2
suffundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour from below; pour through; overspread, suffuse, 1.228. (sub and fundō)

2
sitis, is, f.

thirst; dryness, drought, 4.42.

2
summum, ī, n.

the top. (superus)

2
sēcrētum, ī, n.

anything apart; a solitary place, recess, cave; pl., sēcrēta, ōrum, solitude, chamber, 8.403; secret abode, 6.10. (sēcernō)

2
servitium, iī, n.

slavery, bondage, 3.327. (servus, slave)

2
Sīgēus, a, um

adj. (Sīgēum), pertaining to Sigeum, a promontory and town in the Troad, at the mouth of the Dardanelles, about five miles northwest of Troy; Sigean, 2.312.

2
suggerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.

to bring or put under or up to; supply, reach, 10.333; place beneath, apply to, 7.463. (sub and gerō)

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
sopōrō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to cause to sleep or to render sleepy; to make soporific; to drug, 5.855. (sopor)

2
saxeus, a, um

adj. (saxum), rocky, stony, 9.711.

2
sentis, is, m. and f.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 2.379.

2
Sthenelus, ī, m.

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2
Styx, Stygis, f.

the Styx, the river of Hades which encompassed the final abode of the dead, 6.439, et al. ("the hateful")

2
sībilō, 1, n. and a.

to hiss, 7.447. (sībilus, a hissing)

2
suprēmum

(adv.), for the last time, 3.68. (superus)

2
senātus, ūs, m.

the council of elders; a senate, 1.426. (senex)

2
spīna, ae, f.

a thorn, 3.594, et al.; the vertebrae, spine, backbone, 10.383.

2
Strophades, um, f.

the Strophades, two small islands in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Messenia, where the Harpies were allowed to remain, and where Zetes and Calais turned back from the pursuit of them. Hence the name, from στρέφειν, to turn; the islands of turning, 3.210.

2
salum, ī, n.

the tossing or heaving swell of the sea; the open sea, the main, 1.537.

2
secundō, 1, a.

to direct favorably; aid, favor, prosper; make auspicious, 3.36. (secundus)

2
Sparta, ae, f.

Sparta, or Lacedaemon, in Laconia.

2
scintilla, ae, f.

a spark, 1.174.

2
sēditiō, ōnis, f.

a mutiny; faction, 11.340; uprising, riot; outbreak, tumult, 1.149. (sēd- and eō)

2
sēmēsus, a, um

adj. (sēmi- and edō), half eaten, 3.244.

2
sībilus, a, um

(adj.), hissing, 2.211, et al.

2
Silvia, ae, f.

daughter of Tyrrheus, 7.487. (silva)

2
specula, ae, f.

a lookout; watch-tower, 4.586; eminence, hill, 3.239; a height, 11.526. (speciō, look)

2
subiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to join under or to; fasten, 10.157; (fig.), conquer, 8.502.

2
suprēmum, ī, n.

the end, 12.803; pl., suprēma, ōrum, the last honors, rites, 6.213. (superus)

2
Saliī, ōrum

the Salii, or priests of Mars who had charge of the sacred shields called ancilia, which they bore once a year in solemn procession through the city, with hymns and dances, 8.285. (saliō)

2
sator, ōris, m.

a planter; sire, father, 1.254. (1. serō)

2
Sōracte, is, n.

Soracte, in Etruria, northeast of Rome, on which in ancient times was a temple of Apollo, 7.696.

2
Scaea, ae

(adj.), western; Scaea Porta, and pl., Scaeae Portae, the Scaean or western gate of Troy, 2.612.

2
stimulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to spur; to rouse, urge, 4.576; infuriate, incite, 4.302. (stimulus)

2
sulcō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to plow, 5.158. (sulcus)

2
supīnus, a, um

adj. (sub), on the back; bent backward; of the hands bent back in supplication, suppliant, 3.176.

2
sēdō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to cause to sit, to render quiet. (sedeō)

2
sonor, ōris, m.

a noise, sound; clash, clang, din, 9.651. (sonō)

2
spūmōsus, a, um

adj. (spūma), full of foam; foaming, 6.174.

2
spīra, ae, f.

a fold, coil, especially of serpents, 2.217, et al.

2
Strӯmonius, a, um

adj. (Strӯmon, a river of Thrace), Strymonian, Thracian, 10.265.

2
subnīxus, a, um

resting or seated on, 1.506; sustained, defended by, 3.402; held up by or bound under, 4.217.

2
salūtō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to wish safe or well; greet, salute, 3.524; welcome, hail, 12.257. (salūs)

2
subdō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to put under; place or fasten under, 12.675; bury, 7.347.

2
sēmifer, fera, ferum

(adj.), half wild; savage; half brute, 10.212; subst., sēmifer, ferī, m. (sc. homō), half beast, 8.267.

2
serēnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to make clear or calm, 1.255; spem serēnāre, to exhibit the calm or cheerful look of hope, 4.477. (serēnus)

2
Silvius, iī, m.

the name of several of the descendants of Aeneas, who were kings of Alba, 6.763.

2
superō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

surmount; go over, 6.676; rise above, 2.219; pass by or beyond, 1.244; make one's way through, 8.95; overpower, slay, 1.350; overcome, conquer, 2.311; prevail, 5.22; surmount, 3.368; remain, survive, be still living, 3.339; be left; remain, 12.873; be proud, elated, rejoice, 5.473; superāre ascēnsū, to mount, ascend, 2.303. (super)

2
serpō, serpsī, serptus, 3, n.

to creep, glide, 5.91; steal on or over, 2.269.

2
scandō, scandī, scānsus, 3, a.

to climb, 2.401; ascend, 2.237.

2
Sagaris, is, m.

Sagaris, a slave of Aeneas, 5.263.

2
scītor, ātus sum, 1, dep. intens. a.

to seek to know; ascertain; inquire, 2.105; p., scītāns, antis, consulting, to consult, 2.114. (sciō)

2
Sicānī, ōrum, m.

the Sicanians or Sicilians, 5.293, et al.

2
sōns, sontis

(adj.), hurtful; guilty, 6.570.

2
subligō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bind under; bind, gird on, 8.459; attach, fasten, 11.11.

2
Sabellus, a, um

adj. (Sabellī), of the Sabelli or Sabines; Sabine.

2
sēcernō, crēvī, crētus, 3, a.

to separate.

2
suēscō, suēvī, suētus, 3, inc. n. and a.

to become accustomed, to be wont, used, accustomed, 3.541.

2
sūtilis, e

adj. (suō), stitched together, sewed; made of stitched hides or skins, 6.414.

2
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

2
succingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.

to gird beneath; gird up; wrap, 10.634; gird, 1.323. (sub and cingō)

2
sēcessus, ūs, m.

a going apart; a retreat, retirement; a recess, 1.159. (sēcēdō)

2
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

3
speciēs, ēī, f.

aspect, appearance, 6.208; sight, 2.407; form; in a moral sense, reputation, propriety, honor, 4.170. (speciō, look)

3
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

3
subvectō, 1, freq. a.

to carry up often, carry up, bring up, 11.474; transport, convey, 11.131; carry across, 6.303.

3
succingō, cīnxī, cīnctus, 3, a.

to gird beneath; gird up; wrap, 10.634; gird, 1.323. (sub and cingō)

3
subvehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a.

to carry up; (pass.), ride up, ascend, 11.478; 5.721; sail, float up, 8.58.

3
sata, ōrum, n.

things sown or planted; grain, growing grain; crops, 3.139. (serō, serere, sēvī, satus)

3
Sicānus (Sicānius), a, um

adj. (Sicānī), Sicilian, Sicanian, 5.24, et al.

3
spernō, sprēvī, sprētus, 3, a.

to sever, remove; (fig.), reject, despise, scorn, disdain, 4.678; insult, 1.27.

3
superēmineō, 2, n. and a.

to rise above, tower above, 1.501.

3
suspectus, a, um

suspected, conjectured, guessed at; in suspicion, suspicious, mistrusted, 2.36; causing suspicion, fear, apprehension; distrusted, 3.550. (suspiciō)

3
scaena, ae, f.

the stage of a theatre, 4.471; a sylvan scene, view, 1.164.

3
summa, ae, f.

the chief thing; chief point, 12.572; the sum and substance; all, the whole, 4.237; summa bellī, the command or direction of the war, 10.70. (f. of summus, sc. rēs)

3
sollicitus, a, um

adj. (sollus, whole, and cieō), wholly excited; of the mind, solicitous, troubled, burdened with care, anxious, 3.389.

3
spissus, a, um

(adj.), compact, thick, dense, 2.621; hardened, 5.336.

3
sēmustus, a, um

adj. (sēmi- and ūrō), half burned, half consumed, 3.578.

3
sequāx, ācis

adj. (sequor), prone to follow; following, pursuing, swiftly pursuing; darting, lambent, 8.432; rapid, 5.193.

3
sonipēs, edis

adj. (sonus and pēs), noisy-hoofed; subst. m., horse, courser, steed, 4.135.

3
sōlāmen, inis, n.

a means of consoling; a solace, 3.661; consolation, 10. (sōlor)

3
sedīle, is, n.

a bench, seat, 1.167. (sedeō)

3
sēmen, inis, n.

seed; (fig.), a spark, an element, 6.6; pl., sēmina, seeds of things, vital germs, elements, 6.731. (1. serō)

3
silvestris, e

adj. (silva), pertaining to the woods and fields; sylvan, pastoral; living in the forest, 9.673.

3
summoveō, mōvī, mōtus, 2, a.

to move from beneath; remove, drive away, 6.316; separate, 7.226. (sub and moveō)

3
sudēs, is, f.

a stake; a palisade, 11.473.

3
syrtis, is, f.

a sand-bank or shoal in the sea; esp., Syrtis Maior and Syrtis Minor, on the northern coast of Africa, 4.41; a sand-bank, shoal, 1.111.

3
saetiger, era, erum

adj. (saeta and gerō), bristle-bearing, bristly, 7.17.

3
sēnī, ae, a

distrib. num. adj. (sex), six by six, six each; as a cardinal, six, 1.393, et al.

3
sublābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip or glide beneath, 7.354; sink down, decline, ebb, wane, 2.169; pass silently by, 2.686.

3
sūra, ae, f.

the calf of the leg; the leg, 1.337.

3
secundus, a, um

adj. (sequor), the following; second, 5.258; inferior, 11.441; favorable, fair, 4.562; swiftly flying, 1.156; fortunate, prosperous, 1.207; successful, 2.617; joyful, 8.90; 10.266; auspicious, propitious, 4.45; of a river, easily flowing, downwards.

3
sonōrus, a, um

adj. (sonor), loud-sounding; roaring, 1.53; ringing, resounding, 12.712.

3
squāleō, uī, 2, n.

to be rough, foul, neglected, waste; p., squālēns, entis, foul, filthy, neglected, squalid, 2.277; of armor, scaly, covered with work of scales, embossed, 10.314.

3
succīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut beneath; cut, sever, 9.762. (sub and caedō)

3
sīdereus, a, um

adj. (sīdus), abounding in stars, starry, 10.3; star-lighted, 3.586; glittering, flashing, 12.167.

3
Serrānus, ī, m.

1. Serranus, a surname in the Atilian gens, 6.844. 2. A Rutulian, 9.335.

3
spondeō, spopondī, spōnsus, 2, a.

to promise, pledge, give assurance, 5.18, et al.

3
subtrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.

to draw from beneath; withdraw, 6.465; sweep away, 5.199.

3