Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
siccus, a, um

(adj.), dry, 3.135; thirsty, dry, hungry, fasting, 2.358; nearly equivalent to carēns or prīvātus, with abl. foll., drained of blood, 8.261; hence, thirsting for blood, 9.64; subst., siccum, ī, n., dry ground, sand, or land, 10.301.

7
sīcubi

(adv.), if anywhere, 5.677.

1
Siculus, a, um

adj. (Siculī), pertaining to the Siculi, an ancient race, part of which migrated from Latium to Sicily; Sicilian, 1.34, et al.

7
sīcut (sīcutī)

(adv.), so as, just as, even as, 8.22.

1
sīdereus, a, um

adj. (sīdus), abounding in stars, starry, 10.3; star-lighted, 3.586; glittering, flashing, 12.167.

3
Sidicīnus, a, um

adj. (Sidicīnī), pertaining to the Sidicini, or people of Teanum and its territory in the northern part of Campania; Sidicinian, 7.727.

1
sīdō, sīdī, 3, n.

to seat one’s self; perch, alight, 6.203.

1
Sīdōn, ōnis, f.

one of the capitals of Phoenicia, 1.619.

1
Sīdōnius, a, um

(adj.), of Sidon; Sidonian; Phoenician, Tyrian, 1.678, et al.

10
sīdus, eris, n.

a constellation; (fig.), season, 4.309; star, 6.338; bright aspect; weather; storm, 12.451; pl., sīdera, um, weather, vicissitudes of weather, 5.628.

57
Sīgēus, a, um

adj. (Sīgēum), pertaining to Sigeum, a promontory and town in the Troad, at the mouth of the Dardanelles, about five miles northwest of Troy; Sigean, 2.312.

2
sīgnificō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to make a sign, signal, beckon, 12.692. (sīgnum and faciō)

1
sīgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to distinguish by a mark or symbol, 6.780; mark, mark out; indicate, designate, 2.697; inscribe, record, 3.287; of the mind, observe, mark, notice, 2.423. (sīgnum)

9
sīgnum, ī, n.

a sign, mark, impress; token, 1.443; sign, 3.388; signal, of games, 5.315; of battle, 10.310; goal, 5.130; figure, 1.648; standard, 7.628; (meton.), a body of men following a standard, troop, battalion, 11.517.

39
Sīla, ae, f.

an extensive forest in the country of the Bruttii in Southern Italy, 12.715.

1
silēns, entis (gen. pl. -tum, 6.432)

still, silent, noiseless, voiceless, 6.264.

6
silentium, iī, n.

of the absence of any kind of sound; noiselessness, silence, stillness, 1.730; pl., 2.255. (silēns)

6
sileō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be, keep, remain silent, 2.126; be hushed, calm, still, 1.164; w. acc., to pass over in silence; leave unmentioned, unsung, 10.793.

10
silēscō, 3, inc. n.

to become still, 10.101. (sileō)

1
silex, icis, m. and f.

a hard stone, flint, 1.174; rock, 6.602; crag, 6.471.

5
silva, ae, f.

a forest, wood, or grove, 6.444, et al.; stubble, 10.406; (fig.), forest or mass of spears, 10.887.

68
Silvānus, ī, m.

Silvanus, the god who presides over woods. (silva)

1
silvestris, e

adj. (silva), pertaining to the woods and fields; sylvan, pastoral; living in the forest, 9.673.

3
Silvia, ae, f.

daughter of Tyrrheus, 7.487. (silva)

2
silvicola, ae, c.

an inhabitant of the woods, 10.551. (silva and colō)

1
Silvius, iī, m.

the name of several of the descendants of Aeneas, who were kings of Alba, 6.763.

2
similis, e

adj. (comp., similior, ius; superl., simillimus, a, um), like, similar, 1.136, et al.

21
Simoīs, Simoentis, m.

a river which falls into the Scamander near Troy, 1.100, et al.

9
simplex, plicis

(adj.), uncompounded, simple; unmixed, 6.747; single, one, the same.

1
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

60
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

1
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
simulācrum, ī, n.

an effigy, an image, 2.172; phantom, specter, ghost, apparition, 2.772; representation, image, 5.585. (simulō)

7
simulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make similar; imitate, 6.591; pretend, 2.17; to make a false show of, feign, 1.209; p., simulātus, a, um, made to imitate, counterfeiting, 4.512; dissembling, 4.105; imitating, resembling, 3.349. (similis)

10
sīn

(conj.), but if, if on the contrary, 1.555, et al.

10
sine

(prep. with abl.), without, 1.133, et al.; (connecting substantives), 6.292; 10.636. For sē- or sēd- in composition, see sē-.

29
singultō, no perf., ātus, 1, n. and a.

to sob, rattle in the throat, gulp, 9.333.

1
singultus, ūs, m.

a gasp.

1
singulī, ae, a.

(distrib. num. adj.), one by one; one each; separate, single, 3.348, et al.; subst., singula, ōrum, n., all things individually, 1.453; everything, every object or part, 8.618.

6
sinister, tra, trum

(adj.), left, 7.689; on the left side or left hand, 6.548; (fig.), wrong-headed, perverse, 11.347; adverse, inauspicious, unlucky, ill-boding.

6
sinistra, ae, f. (sc. manus)

the left hand, 2.443, et al.

8
sinō, sīvī, situs, 3, a.

to allow, permit, suffer, 1.18; leave off, forbear, 10.15; (with inf. or subj. following), suffer, let, 10.433; 5.163; spare, 10.598; leave, (w. acc. and dat.), 9.620.

31
Sinōn, ōnis, m.

a Greek, son of Aesimus, 2.79, et al.

4
sinuō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make into a fold or folds; to coil, wind, 2.208. (sinus)

1
sinuōsus, a, um

adj. (sinus), winding, tortuous, 11.753.

1
sinus, ūs, m.

a fold, 1.320; (fig.), sail, canvas, 5.16; bosom, 4.686; a gulf or bay, 1.243; winding stream, a winding, 6.132; a winding, curvature, depth, 1.16l; curving billow, 11.626.

19
Sīrēnes, um, f.

the Sirens, fabulous beings, in the form of birds with the faces of virgins, dwelling on dangerous rocks near the coast of Campania, to which they attracted mariners by their songs, 5.864.

1
Sīrius, iī, m.

Sirius or Canicula, the dog-star, 3.141.

1
Sīrius, a, um

adj. (Sīrius), of the dog-star; Sirian, 10.273.

1
sistō, stitī, status, 3, a. and n.

to cause to stand, put, set, place, w. abl. of place, 2.245, et al.; place before one, bring, 4.634; fix, plant, 10.323; stop, 12.355; arrest, stay, 6.465; support, sustain, maintain, 6.858; set, place, 6.676; n., stand still, to stop, remain, abide, 3.7; stand in fight, 11.873.

15
sīstrum, ī, n.

a metallic rattle, consisting of a small frame of horseshoe form with sliding cross-bars, used by the priests of Isis, 8.696.

1
sitis, is, f.

thirst; dryness, drought, 4.42.

2
situs, ūs, m.

position; order, 3.451; being let alone; neglect, roughness, squalor, mold, 6.462; rust, decrepitude, dotage, 7.440. (sinō)

4
sīve or seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

11
sīve or seu

(conj.), or if, freq.; or, 5.69; elliptical, 11.327; sīve (seu) — sīve (seu), whether — or, 1.569, 570; either — or, 4.240, 241.

7
socer, erī, m.

a father-in-law, 6.830, et al.; pl., socerī, ōrum, parents-in-law, parents, 2.457.

8
sociō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make one a socius; to share, unite, associate, 1.600; join in marriage, 12.27. (socius)

5
socius, iī, m.

an associate, ally, 9.150; companion, friend, comrade, 1.198, et al.

95
socius, a, um

adj. (socius), allied, friendly, 3.15; confederate, 2.613; of one's country or countrymen, 5.36; kindred, 3.352.

9
sodālis, e, c.

a comrade, companion, 10.386.

1
sōl, sōlis, m.

the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

31
sōl, sōlis, m.

the sun, 1.431, et al.; a day, 3.203; sunlight, 2.475; as a god, Sōl, 1.568, et al.; pl., sōlēs, days, 3.203.

6
sōlācium, iī, n.

a soothing; solace, consolation, 5.367. (sōlor)

4
sōlāmen, inis, n.

a means of consoling; a solace, 3.661; consolation, 10. (sōlor)

3
soleō, solitus sum, 2, n.

to be wont, accustomed, 2.456.

13
solidum, ī, n.

solid ground; fig.; 11.427.

1
solidus, a, um

(adj.), the whole, whole, entire, 6.253; massive, 2.765; solid, hard, 6.552; sound, unimpaired, 2.639.

8
solitus, a, um

having been accustomed, wont, 9.591; p., wonted, usual, habitual, 7.357, et al.

6
solium, iī, n.

a seat, 8.178; throne, 1.506.

10
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

3
sollemnis, e

adj. (sollus, whole, and annus), coming at the completion of a year; annual; stated; ceremonial; religious, solemn, 5.53; festive, 2.202; customary, 12.193; subst., sollemne, is, n., pl., sollemnia, ium, solemnities, sacrificial rites, offerings, 5.605.

6
sollicitō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to stir up, agitate; try to pull out, 12.404; make anxious, disquiet, disturb, 4.380. (solicitus)

4
sollicitus, a, um

adj. (sollus, whole, and cieō), wholly excited; of the mind, solicitous, troubled, burdened with care, anxious, 3.389.

3
sōlor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to solace, console, 5.770; assuage, comfort, aid, relieve, 5.41; console one's self for, 1.239.

10
solum, ī, n.

the bottom or ground of anything; soil, earth, ground, 1.367, et al.; land, 3.698; foundation, 10.102; the water beneath a ship, as its support; the water, sea, 5.199; support, table, 7.111.

30
solvō, solvī, solūtus, 3, a.

to unbind, loosen, 6.652, et al.; unfurl, 4.574; unfasten, cast off, 5.773; unyoke, unharness; of the hair, undo, dishevel, 3.65, et al.; dissolve, confound, mix, 12.205; separate, divide, 5.581; (fig.), set free, release, disenthrall, 4.487; exempt, release, 10.111; break, 10.91; pay, fulfill, perform, 3.404; dispel, cast off, banish, 4.55; 1.463; paralyze, 1.92; 12.951; of sleep or drunkenness, relax, 5.856; drown, 9.189; (pass.), solvor, sink, 4.530. (2. sē- and luō)

34
sōlus, a, um

(adj.), alone, sole, only, 1.664, et al.; solitary, 4.82; lonely, 4.462; remote, solitary, 11.545; one only, an only, 7.52; (adv.), sōlum, only.

61
solvō, solvī, solūtus, 3, a.

to unbind, loosen, 6.652, et al.; unfurl, 4.574; unfasten, cast off, 5.773; unyoke, unharness; of the hair, undo, dishevel, 3.65, et al.; dissolve, confound, mix, 12.205; separate, divide, 5.581; (fig.), set free, release, disenthrall, 4.487; exempt, release, 10.111; break, 10.91; pay, fulfill, perform, 3.404; dispel, cast off, banish, 4.55; 1.463; paralyze, 1.92; 12.951; of sleep or drunkenness, relax, 5.856; drown, 9.189; (pass.), solvor, sink, 4.530. (2. sē- and luō)

4
somnifer, era, erum

adj. (somnus and ferō), sleep-bringing; soothing, 7.758.

1
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

2
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

1
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

40
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

2
sonāns, antis

sounding, resounding, murmuring, rustling, rattling, freq. (sonō)

9
sonipēs, edis

adj. (sonus and pēs), noisy-hoofed; subst. m., horse, courser, steed, 4.135.

3
sonitus, ūs, m.

a sounding; noise, 2.732, et al.; roaring, 2.209; thunder, 6.586. (sonō)

32
sonō, sonuī, sonitus, 1, n. and a.

to sound, resound, freq.; murmur, 3.442, et al.; chirp, 12.477; rattle, 4.149; roar, 1.246; thunder, 2.113; (w. acc.), indicate by sound, betray, reveal, 1.328; boast, 12.529.

28
sonor, ōris, m.

a noise, sound; clash, clang, din, 9.651. (sonō)

2
sonōrus, a, um

adj. (sonor), loud-sounding; roaring, 1.53; ringing, resounding, 12.712.

3
sōns, sontis

(adj.), hurtful; guilty, 6.570.

2
sonus, ī, m.

a sound, noise, 2.728. (sonō)

8
sōpiō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to put to sleep; p., sōpītus, a, um, lulled to sleep, 1.680; slumbering, 5.743. (sopor)

5
sopor, ōris, m.

sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

6
sopor, ōris, m.

sleep; sound, deep slumber, 2.253; personified, 6.278.

1
sopōrifer, era, erum

adj. (sopor and ferō), somniferous, sleep-bringing, 4.486.

1
sopōrō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to cause to sleep or to render sleepy; to make soporific; to drug, 5.855. (sopor)

2
sopōrus, a, um

adj. (sopor), sleep-bringing, drowsy, 6.390.

1
Sōracte, is, n.

Soracte, in Etruria, northeast of Rome, on which in ancient times was a temple of Apollo, 7.696.

2
sorbeō, uī, 2, a.

to suck; absorb, draw on, 3.422.

1