Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort ascending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
subter

(prep. w. acc. and abl.), below, beneath, under, 3.695; beneath, 4.182. (sub)

1
subtēmen, inis, n.

that which is woven under or passed under or across the warp in weaving; the cross thread, weft, woof or filling; thread; 3.483. (subtexō)

1
subsistō, stitī, 3, n. and a.

to stand after; halt, stand still, 2.243; wait, remain, 11.506; tarry, remain behind, 2.739; stop, 12.491; withstand, resist, hold out, 9.806.

10
subsīdō, sēdī, sessus, 3, n. and a.

to sit or settle down, 12.492; to sink down, fall, subside, 5.820; remain, 5.498; subside, remain below, be lost or disappear, 12.836; (w. acc.), to lie in wait for, remain, or watch for the spoils of, 11.268.

5
subsidium, iī, n.

that which remains behind; a reserve; support; relief, 10.214; aid, 12.733. (sub and cf. sedeō)

2
subrigō, 3, a.

to raise up, erect, 4.183; cf. surgō. (sub and regō)

1
subrīdeō, rīsī, 2, n.

to smile, 1.254; 10.742.

4
subrēmigō, 1, n.

to row lightly, swim along, 10.227.

1
subolēs, is, f.

a shoot; twig, sprout; offspring, of men, 4.328.

1
subnīxus, a, um

resting or seated on, 1.506; sustained, defended by, 3.402; held up by or bound under, 4.217.

2
subnīxus, a, um

resting or seated on, 1.506; sustained, defended by, 3.402; held up by or bound under, 4.217.

1
subnectō, nexuī, nexus, 3, a.

to tie beneath; to bind under, 1.492; bind, fasten, 4.139; tie or bind up, 10.138.

4
sublūstris, e

adj. (sub and cf. lūx), faintly gleaming, lurid, 9.373.

1
sublīmis, e

(adj.), raised up, elevated, uplifted, 11.602; aloft; on high, 1.259; through the air, 1.415; on high, 6.720; to heaven, 5.255; of lofty soul, 12.788; (adv.), sublīme, loftily, aloft, on high, 10.664.

15
sublīme

(adv.), loftily, aloft, on high, 10.664.

1
subligō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to bind under; bind, gird on, 8.459; attach, fasten, 11.11.

2
sublevō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lift from beneath; uplift, raise, 10.831.

1
sublābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip or glide beneath, 7.354; sink down, decline, ebb, wane, 2.169; pass silently by, 2.686.

3
subiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to join under or to; fasten, 10.157; (fig.), conquer, 8.502.

2
subitus, a, um

having come up suddenly; unexpected, sudden, 2.692; suddenly, 3.225. (subeō)

27
subitō

(adv.), suddenly, 1.88, et al.

24
subigō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.

to drive under or up; drive, push, force, drive on, urge, compel, 5.794; subdue, subject, conquer, 1.266; urge on, exasperate, 12.494. (sub and agō)

10
subiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast, throw, place or put under, 2.236; (fig.), to excite, kindle, 12.66; to subjoin, utter in reply, answer, 3.314; p., subiectus, a, um, cast under, put under, 6.223; situated under, bowed, bending, 2.721; put down, subdued, conquered, 6.853. (sub and iaciō)

11
subiciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to cast, throw, place or put under, 2.236; (fig.), to excite, kindle, 12.66; to subjoin, utter in reply, answer, 3.314; p., subiectus, a, um, cast under, put under, 6.223; situated under, bowed, bending, 2.721; put down, subdued, conquered, 6.853. (sub and iaciō)

1
sūber, eris, n.

the cork tree, 7.742.

2
subeō, iī, itus (p. subiēns, euntis), 4, n. and a.

to go or come under, into, or up to; alone, or with acc. and prep., or with dat.; without a case, come up, 2.216; go under, bend, stoop down under, 10.522; come after; follow, 2.725; take one's place, 12.471; enter, 1.171; come into or upon the mind, suggest itself, occur, 2.560; with acc. and prep., go, advance towards, 8.359; with dat., come or go up to, down to, into, 5.203; succeed to, 5.176; come after, follow, 10.371; with acc., approach, enter, 1.400; go under a burden, bear, with abl. of instrument, 2.708; go under the yoke, draw, 3.113; enter the mind of, strike, occur to, 9.757; approach, reach, 3.512; approach, 7.22; meet, encounter, 10.798; attack, 9.344.

49
subdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to haul, draw up, 1.573; w. abl. of place, 3.135; (w. acc. and dat.), draw, rescue from, 10.81; draw or take away stealthily, withdraw, 6.524; draw from beneath, 3.565.

8
subdō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to put under; place or fasten under, 12.675; bury, 7.347.

2
sub

(prep. with abl. and acc.); (with abl.), under, (denoting situation); beneath, under, freq.; at the foot of, 3.5; in the lower part of a thing, in, 1.453; down in, deep in, 1.36; by, close, to, 5.837; (of time), in, 4.560; (of rank or order), just behind, next after, 5.323; close to, in subjection to, subordinate to, under, 9.643; by reason of, under, 2.83; (with acc.), denoting tendency, down to, 4.243; down under, into, 4.654; down before, 6.191; near to, 5.327; in the midst of, 12.811; (of approaching the foot of some high object), up to or close to, 2.442; to or towards, 6.541; (of some object situated above or on high), up to, towards, 3.422, et al.; of time, just before or after; following after, in reply to, 5.394; coming under, subject to, under, 4.618; sub noctem, at nightfall, 1.662.

160
suādeō, suāsī, suāsus, 2, n. and a.

to advise, warn, urge, exhort, 1.357, et al.; invite, 2.9; impel, prompt, 11.254; compel, force, 10.367.

11
Styx, Stygis, f.

the Styx, the river of Hades which encompassed the final abode of the dead, 6.439, et al. ("the hateful")

2
Stygius, a, um

adj. (Styx), pertaining to the Styx; of Hades; Stygian, 4.638, et al.

18
stūppeus, a, um

adj. (stūppa), made of tow or flax; flaxen, 2.236.

2
stūppa, ae, f.

the coarse part of flax; the calking of a ship; tow, 5.682.

1
stupeō, uī, 2, n. and a.

to be amazed or dazed; to be bewildered, confounded, lost in wonder, 1.495; wonder at, 2.31.

8
stupefaciō, fēcī, factus, 3, a.

to amaze, stupefy, astound, bewilder, 5.643; surprise, 7.119. (stupeō and faciō)

2
studium, iī, n.

earnest feeling or effort; eager or deep anxiety, 12.131; desire, impatience, 4.400; emulous zeal, rival acclamation, applause, 5.148; desire, purpose, 2.39; pursuit, study, sympathy, interest, 5.450; delight, 11.739; abl., studiō, with zeal, earnestly, thoughtfully, 6.681, et al. (studeō, to be zealous)

11
Strӯmonius, iī, m.

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.414.

1
Strӯmonius, a, um

adj. (Strӯmon, a river of Thrace), Strymonian, Thracian, 10.265.

2
struō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.

to place side by side or upon; to pile up; build, erect, 3.84; cover, load, 5.54; arrange, 1.704; like īnstruō, to form or draw out a line of battle, 9.42; (fig.), to plan, purpose, intend, 4.271; bring about, effect, 2.60. (rel. to sternō)

13
Strophades, um, f.

the Strophades, two small islands in the Ionian Sea off the coast of Messenia, where the Harpies were allowed to remain, and where Zetes and Calais turned back from the pursuit of them. Hence the name, from στρέφειν, to turn; the islands of turning, 3.210.

2
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

19
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

1
strīdulus, a, um

adj. (strīdō), hissing, whizzing, twanging, 12.267.

1
strīdor, ōris, m.

a harsh, grating, or whizzing sound; a creaking, whistling, 1.87; din, clank, rattling, 6.558; humming, 7.65. (strīdō)

7
strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

21
strīdeō, 2, n., and strīdō, strīdī, 3

to produce a grating or shrill sound; to creak, 1.449; gurgle, 4.689; rustle, 1.397; whiz, roar, 1.102; hiss, 8.420; twang, 5.502.

4
strīctūra, ae, f.

a mass or bar of hot iron, 8.421. (stringō)

1
strepō, uī, itus, 3, n. and a.

to make a noise; murmur, 6.709; of music, resound, 8.2; of arms, ring, rattle, clash, 10.568.

4
strepitus, ūs, m.

a noise; an uproar; din, 6.559; stir, noise of festivity, 1.725; confused noise, 1.422. (strepō)

6
strātum, ī, n.

that which is spread out; a layer, cover; bed, couch, 3.513; pavement, 1.422. (sternō)

7
strāmen, inis, n.

something spread out; a couch, litter, 11.67. (sternō)

1
strāgēs, is, f.

a prostrating; slaughter, havoc, carnage, 6.829, et al.; ēdere strāgem, to make havoc, 9.784. (cf. sternō)

6
stomachus, ī, m.

the gullet; chest, stomach, 9.699.

1
stō, stetī, status, 1, n.

to stand; stand up or erect, 2.774; remain standing, remain, 1.268; rise, 6.554; stand one's ground, fight, 5.414; of blood, to be stanched, 12.422; stand complete, be built, 3.110; stand at anchor, be moored, 3.277, 403; to be situated, lie, 3.210; remain firm, persistent, 7.374; to stand out with, be filled with, 6.300; to be thick with, 12.408; emphatic for esse, to be, 6.471, et al.; of the mind, to be fixed, 1.646; to depend, 2.163; (impers.), stat, it is fixed, determined, resolved, 2.750, et al.; stāre prō, to defend, 8; 653.

88
stirps, stirpis, f.

the lower part of the trunk together with the roots of plants and trees; the extremity, end; root; trunk, tree, 12.770; (fig.), origin, descent, lineage, stock, race, 1.626, et al.

19
stīpō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to tread down, compress; pack together, store up, 1.433; load, w. acc. and dat., 3.465; throng around, attend, 4.136.

6
stīpes, itis, m.

a log or post, stem, trunk of a tree, 3.43; club, 7.524.

5
stīpātus, a, um

pressing on, charging together, 10.328; surrounded, 4.544. (stīpō)

1
stimulus, ī, m.

a prick; spur, (fig.), 6.101, et al.; incentive, sting.

6
stimulō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to spur; to rouse, urge, 4.576; infuriate, incite, 4.302. (stimulus)

2
Sthenius, iī, m.

a Rutulian slain by Pallas, 10.388.

1
Sthenelus, ī, m.

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2
Steropēs, is, m.

a lightning-forger; a cyclops at the forge of Vulcan, 8.425.

1
sternō, strāvī, strātus, 3, a.

to spread out, spread, 1.700; stretch on the ground, strike down, slay, 1.190; cast down, prostrate, devastate, 2.306; make level, smooth, calm, 5.763; spread, cover, 8.719; strew, litter; overthrow, conquer, 6.858; pass. (in middle sense), sternor, ī, to stretch one's self, lie down, 3.509.

47
sternāx, ācis

adj. (sternō), throwing flat; throwing the rider; plunging, 12.364.

1
sterilis, e

(adj.), unproductive, unfruitful, 3.141; barren, 6.251.

2
stellō, no perf, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to cover over with stars; to stud with stars; p., stellāns, antis, starry, 7.210; p., stellātus, a, um, set with stars; (fig.), glittering, gleaming, 4.261. (stella)

2
stella, ae, f.

a star, freq.; a meteor, 2.694.

7
status, ūs, m.

a standing; position, state, condition, 7.38. (stō)

1
statuō, statuī, statūtus, 3, a.

to station, place, set, 1.724; to place at or on the altar; found, build, 1.573; set up, 8.271; restore, stay, 12.506; of the mind, resolve, determine, decide, 11.302. (status)

13
statiō, ōnis, f.

a standing; place of standing; station, post, 9.183; anchorage, 2.23; resting-place, haunt, 5.128. (stō)

5
stāgnum, ī, n.

a collection of standing water; a pond, pool, lake; sluggish water or stream, 6.323; pl., stāgna, ōrum, deep waters of the sea, 1.126; waters, 6.330. (stō)

9
stāgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to be stagnant, to form a standing pool; to overflow, so as to form standing pools or lakes; overflow, 3.698. (stāgnum)

1
stabulum, ī, n.

stable, stall, 2.499; a shepherd's dwelling, grange, 7.512; den, haunt, 6.179; cattle-camp, 8.207. (stō)

9
stabulō, 1, n.

to be in a stall or standing-place; to stay, harbor, dwell, 6.286. (stabulum)

1
stabilis, e

adj. (stō), steadfast, lasting, permanent, 1.73.

2
squāmeus, a, um

adj. (squāma), covered with scales; scaly, 2.218.

1
squāma, ae, f.

a scale of fishes, serpents, etc.; of the small plates or scales of armor, 11.488; singular as a collective, scales, 5.88, et al.

6
squālor, ōris, m.

foulness, roughness, filth, squalor, 6.299. (squāleō)

1
squāleō, uī, 2, n.

to be rough, foul, neglected, waste; p., squālēns, entis, foul, filthy, neglected, squalid, 2.277; of armor, scaly, covered with work of scales, embossed, 10.314.

3
spūmōsus, a, um

adj. (spūma), full of foam; foaming, 6.174.

2
spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

12
spūmō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to foam, 3.534, et al. (spūma)

13
spūmeus, a, um

adj. (spūma), foamy, frothy, foaming, 2.419.

5
spūma, ae, f.

froth, foam, spray, 1.35; pl., spray, 3.208. (spuō, spit)

5
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

3
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

2
spōnsa, ae, f.

one promised as a bride; the betrothed, 2.345. (spondeō)

1
spondeō, spopondī, spōnsus, 2, a.

to promise, pledge, give assurance, 5.18, et al.

3
sponda, ae, f.

the frame of a bedstead or couch; a couch, 1.698.

1
spolium, I, n.

that which is taken from the body of a slain man or beast; spoil, trophy, 1.289; spolia opīma, the arms or spoils taken by a victorious general from the body of a hostile commander slain in battle, 6.855.

22
spoliō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to take the spoils; to strip; despoil, 12.297; plunder, rob, 5.661; with acc. and abl., strip, deprive, despoil of, 5.224, et al. (spolium)

8
splendidus, a, um

adj. (splendeō), gleaming, shining, bright, brilliant; splendid, sumptuous, stately, 1.637.

1
splendeō, uī, 2, n.

to shine, gleam, 7.6.

1
splendeō, uī, 2, n.

to shine, gleam, 7.6.

1
spissus, a, um

(adj.), compact, thick, dense, 2.621; hardened, 5.336.

3
spīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to breathe, blow, 5.844; palpitate, 4.64; pant; breathe heavily, 7.510; heave, boil, 10.291; of odors, breathe forth, exhale, emit; w. acc., 1.404; p., spīrāns, antis, lifelike, breathing, 6.847.

12
spīritus, ūs, m.

a breathing; breath; air; blast, 12.365; life, soul, spirit, 4.336; divine air, mien, 5.648. (spīrō)

4
spīrāmentum, ī, n.

a means of breathing; of the lungs, breathing-cell, air-duct, channel, 9.580. (spīrō)

1