Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
Sāturnius, a, um

adj. (Sāturnus), belonging to Saturn; Saturnian; sprung from Saturn; Saturnian, 4.372; subst., Sāturnius, iī, m., the son of Saturn, 5.799; Sāturnia, ae, f., 1. Daughter of Saturn, Juno, 1.23; 2. The city of Saturnia, built by Saturn on the Capitoline hill, 8.358.

1
Sēbēthis, idis or idos, f.

the daughter of Sebethus, a river or river-god of Campania, 7.734.

1
sublevō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lift from beneath; uplift, raise, 10.831.

1
Samē, ēs, f.

Same, a name of Cephallenia, in the Ionian sea, west of the Gulf of Corinth, 3.271.

1
senectūs, ūtis, f.

old age, 5.416; personified, 6.275. (senex)

1
sordidus, a, um

adj. (sordēs, filth), unclean, filthy, unsightly, squalid, 6.301.

1
spīrābilis, e

adj. (spīrō), that may be breathed; vital, 3.600.

1
status, ūs, m.

a standing; position, state, condition, 7.38. (stō)

1
Strӯmonius, iī, m.

an Arcadian follower of Pallas, 10.414.

1
subnīxus, a, um

resting or seated on, 1.506; sustained, defended by, 3.402; held up by or bound under, 4.217.

1
sūdus, a, um

adj. (se- and udus), dry; subst., sūdum, ī, n., clear weather; clear sky, 8.529.

1
Sarnus, ī, m.

a river running into the Bay of Naples near Pompeii, 7.738.

1
Sīrēnes, um, f.

the Sirens, fabulous beings, in the form of birds with the faces of virgins, dwelling on dangerous rocks near the coast of Campania, to which they attracted mariners by their songs, 5.864.

1
somnifer, era, erum

adj. (somnus and ferō), sleep-bringing; soothing, 7.758.

1
spatior, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to walk about or to and fro; move about, 4.62. (spatium)

1
sponda, ae, f.

the frame of a bedstead or couch; a couch, 1.698.

1
stīpātus, a, um

pressing on, charging together, 10.328; surrounded, 4.544. (stīpō)

1
subtexō, texuī, textus, 3, a.

to weave beneath; to veil or cover from below; cover, veil, 3.582.

1
sulphur, uris, n.

sulphur, 2.698.

1
Salmōneus (trisyll.), eī, m.

Salmoneus, king, of Elis, son of Aeolus and brother of Sisyphus; for attempting to imitate the thunder of Jupiter, cast into Tartarus by a thunderbolt, 6.585.

1
sēmihomō, inis, m.

a half man, 8.194. (in hexam. poetry the oblique cases are pronounced semyomin-)

1
serēnum, ī, n.

(sc. caelum), a clear sky. (serenus, clear, calm, tranquil, serene)

1
squālor, ōris, m.

foulness, roughness, filth, squalor, 6.299. (squāleō)

1
strīctūra, ae, f.

a mass or bar of hot iron, 8.421. (stringō)

1
succidō, 3, n.

to fall down; sink down, 12.911. (sub and cadō)

1
superbia, ae. f.

haughtiness, pride, arrogance, audacity, insolence, 1.529. (superbus)

1
sacrilegus, a, um

adj. (sacer and legō), impious, 7.595.

1
Samothrācia, ae, f.

Thracian Samos, a small island about thirty-eight miles south of the Thracian coast, supposed by some to have been colonized from Samos, 7.208.

1
Sidicīnus, a, um

adj. (Sidicīnī), pertaining to the Sidicini, or people of Teanum and its territory in the northern part of Campania; Sidicinian, 7.727.

1
singultō, no perf., ātus, 1, n. and a.

to sob, rattle in the throat, gulp, 9.333.

1
spīrāculum, ī, n.

a breathing-place; (fig.), of Hades, breathing vent, mouth, 7.568. (spīrō)

1
subolēs, is, f.

a shoot; twig, sprout; offspring, of men, 4.328.

1
superstes, itis

adj. (superstō), remaining over, surviving, 11.160.

1
septemgeminus, a, um

(adj.), sevenfold, said of the Nile on account of its seven mouths, 6.800.

1
Sīrius, iī, m.

Sirius or Canicula, the dog-star, 3.141.

1
sulphureus, a, um

adj. (sulphur), sulphureous, 7.517.

1
Sabīnae, ārum, m.

the Sabine women, an ancient people occupying the hill country on the border of Latium, from whom were derived a part of the Roman people or Quirites, 8.635.

1
Sicānia, ae, f.

Sicily, 1.557.

1
stringō, strīnxī, strīctus, 3, a.

to draw tight, bind; of a sword, draw out, draw, 2.334; graze, touch lightly, go near, 5.163; trim up, cut, 1.552; (fig.), touch the mind, 9.294.

1
sublīme

(adv.), loftily, aloft, on high, 10.664.

1
scelerō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to make impious; desecrate, pollute, 3.42; p., scelerātus, a, um, foul with crime; polluted, impious, wicked, 2.231; accursed, 6.563; pertaining to the guilty or to guilt, due to wickedness, 2.576; sacrilegious, 9.137. (scelus)

1
sīdō, sīdī, 3, n.

to seat one’s self; perch, alight, 6.203.

1
singultus, ūs, m.

a gasp.

1
spīrāmentum, ī, n.

a means of breathing; of the lungs, breathing-cell, air-duct, channel, 9.580. (spīrō)

1
subrēmigō, 1, n.

to row lightly, swim along, 10.227.

1
suēscō, suēvī, suētus, 3, inc. n. and a.

to become accustomed, to be wont, used, accustomed, 3.541.

1
suus, a, um

his, her, its, their; his own, etc., 6.641, et al.; proper, appropriate, peculiar; fitting, 5.54; favorable, friendly, propitious, 5.832; emphatic for ēius, 4.633. (suī)

1
sagittifer, a, um

adj. (sagitta and ferō), arrow-bearing, 8.725.

1
Sarrastēs, um, m.

the Sarrastes, a people dwelling near the Sarnus, 7.738.

1
scrūpeus, a, um

adj. (scrūpus, a sharp stone), consisting of jagged stones; flinty, 6.238.

1
sēgniter

(adv.), sluggishly; comp., sēgnius, more backward, less furiously; less impetuously, 12.525. (sēgnis)

1
septemplex, icis

(adj.), sevenfold, 12.925. (septem and plicō),

1
Sīrius, a, um

adj. (Sīrius), of the dog-star; Sirian, 10.273.

1
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

1
sēminō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to plant, sow; produce, 6.206. (sēmen)

1
simplex, plicis

(adj.), uncompounded, simple; unmixed, 6.747; single, one, the same.

1
sodālis, e, c.

a comrade, companion, 10.386.

1
squāmeus, a, um

adj. (squāma), covered with scales; scaly, 2.218.

1
superbus, a, um

adj. (super), overbearing, haughty, proud, insolent, fierce, 1.523; superior, mighty, 1.21; audacious, 12.326; hard, cruel, 12.877; stately, superb, magnificent, splendid, 1.639.

1
sanciō, sānxī, sānctus, 4, a.

to make sacred; sanction, ratify, 12.200. (sacer)

1
Sīdōn, ōnis, f.

one of the capitals of Phoenicia, 1.619.

1
sufferō, sustulī, sublātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to carry from beneath, bear up, sustain; resist; withstand, 2.492. For the tenses of the perfect stem and participle in the sense of lift up, take away, etc., see tollō. (sub and ferō)

1
superstō, no perf. nor sup., 1, n.

to stand over, 10.540.

1
sagulum, ī, n.

a soldier's cloak, 8.660. (sagum, a military cloak)

1
scūtātus, a, um

adj. (scūtum), equipped or armed with a shield, 9.370.

1
sēgnitiēs, ēī, f.

sloth, tardiness, delay, 2.374. (sēgnis)

1
Sevērus, ī, m.

a mountain in the Sabine country, 7.713.

1
silēscō, 3, inc. n.

to become still, 10.101. (sileō)

1
specimen, inis, n.

a means of seeing or knowing; token, symbol, emblem, 12.164. (speciō, look)

1
spōnsa, ae, f.

one promised as a bride; the betrothed, 2.345. (spondeō)

1
Sabīnus, ī, m.

Sabinus or Sabus, the founder of the race of Sabines, 7.138.

1
satus, a, um

begotten of, born of, sprung from, with abl., 2.540; offspring, son of, 5.244; daughter of, 7.331. (serō, serere, sēvī, satus)

1
sēclūsus, a, um

sequestered, retired, 6.704. (sēclūdō)

1
sublūstris, e

adj. (sub and cf. lūx), faintly gleaming, lurid, 9.373.

1
succumbō, cubuī, cubitus, 3, n.

to fall down; succumb, yield, 4.19. (sub and cubō)

1
septimus, a, um

(ordin. num. adj.), the seventh, 1.755. (septem)

2
somnus, ī, m.

sleep, slumber, 1.680, et al.; a dream, 1.353; night, 1.470, et al.; personif., Somnus, the god of sleep, 5.838, et al.

2
sponte, f.

abl. of obs. spōns, of which only the gen., spontis, and abl. occur, by or of one's own will, of its own or their own will, 4.341; of one's self, of itself, of themselves, 6.82; freely, voluntarily, spontaneously; nōn sponte, helplessly, 11.828.

2
sēmivir, virī, adj., m.

half man, effeminate, unmanly, 4.215.

2
siccō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make dry, drain, suck; dry up, wipe away, 4.687; wash, 10.834. (siccus)

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
suspectus, ūs, m.

a looking up; upward views; distance upward, height, 6.579; elevation, 9.530. (suspiciō)

2
serviō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, n.

to be a slave; dat., to serve, obey, 2.786. (servus, slave)

2
sōspes, itis

(adj.), saved; safe, 11.56; alive, 8.470.

2
stūppeus, a, um

adj. (stūppa), made of tow or flax; flaxen, 2.236.

2
subsidium, iī, n.

that which remains behind; a reserve; support; relief, 10.214; aid, 12.733. (sub and cf. sedeō)

2
suffundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour from below; pour through; overspread, suffuse, 1.228. (sub and fundō)

2
sitis, is, f.

thirst; dryness, drought, 4.42.

2
summum, ī, n.

the top. (superus)

2
sēcrētum, ī, n.

anything apart; a solitary place, recess, cave; pl., sēcrēta, ōrum, solitude, chamber, 8.403; secret abode, 6.10. (sēcernō)

2
servitium, iī, n.

slavery, bondage, 3.327. (servus, slave)

2
Sīgēus, a, um

adj. (Sīgēum), pertaining to Sigeum, a promontory and town in the Troad, at the mouth of the Dardanelles, about five miles northwest of Troy; Sigean, 2.312.

2
suggerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.

to bring or put under or up to; supply, reach, 10.333; place beneath, apply to, 7.463. (sub and gerō)

2
saxeus, a, um

adj. (saxum), rocky, stony, 9.711.

2
simul

(adv.), at once, together, at the same time, 1.144, et al.; w. abl. (cum being omitted), 5.357; simul ac or atque, as soon as, 4.90; without ac, as soon as, when; w. et, 1.144; simul — simul, and at the same time — and, 1.631; both — and, 1.513, et al.; as soon as — then, no sooner — than, 12.268.

2
sopōrō, no perf., ātus, 1, a.

to cause to sleep or to render sleepy; to make soporific; to drug, 5.855. (sopor)

2
sentis, is, m. and f.

a thorn, brier, bramble, 2.379.

2
Sthenelus, ī, m.

1. Sthenelus, an Argive chief, charioteer of Diomedes, 2.261. 2. A Trojan slain by Turnus, 12.341.

2
Styx, Stygis, f.

the Styx, the river of Hades which encompassed the final abode of the dead, 6.439, et al. ("the hateful")

2
sībilō, 1, n. and a.

to hiss, 7.447. (sībilus, a hissing)

2