Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort ascending
et

(conj.), and, freq.; moreover, also, too, freq.; and even, and indeed; and yet; and immediately, 9.22; et — et, both — and, freq.

2 083
ego, meī, pers. pron.; pl., nōs, nostrī or nostrum

I, me, etc.; (abl. with cum appended), mēcum, with me, 1.675, et al.; (pl. often for the sing.), I, me, etc.

389
eō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.

to go; walk, come, 8.466; go forth, 2.578; depart, 2.111; issue, 4.130; advance, 12.903; move, appear, 4.149; ascend, 5.451; run down, flow, 9.434; hang, 5.558; enter upon, succeed to, inherit, 6.758; (w. cogn. acc.), to pursue, 4.468; (impers.), ītur, we, they, go, 9.641; p., iēns, euntis, going, etc., freq.

138
ex or ē

(prep. w. abl.), out of from; of place, 3.554, and freq; down from, 2.410; of source, material, of, 5.266; (partitive), of, 2.659; (of time), after, from, since, 1.623; (of transition from one condition to another), 10.221; (of correspondence), in, 1.456; according to, after, 5.244; with, 8.621; ex eō, illō, quō (tempore), from that, from which, what, time; since, 8.268.

131
equus, ī, m.

a horse, 1.156, et al.

128
et

(conj.), and, freq.; moreover, also, too, freq.; and even, and indeed; and yet; and immediately, 9.22; et — et, both — and, freq.

67
ēnsis, is, m.

a sword, 2.393, et al.; knife, 2.155.

62
ēripiō, uī, reptus, 3, a.

to tear or pull away, freq.; w. the object from which in abl., w. prep. or without a prep.; or in the dat.; unsheath; draw, 4.579; snatch, 10.788; catch, 7.119; take away, 2.736; rescue, 1.596; bear safely, 2.665; hasten, 2.619; imperat., away! 3.560; (pass.), ēripī, escape, 12.948; ēripere sē, hasten, fly, 12.917. (ex and rapiō)

46
etiam

conj. (et emphasized by iam), and also, and besides; even, and even, freq.; for praeterea, besides, moreover, 11.352; of time, still, yet, even now, 6.485.

41
ergō

(adv.), therefore; w. gen. (like causā), for the sake of, on account of, 6.670; in a question, 6.456.

39
enim

causal conj., for, 1.198, et al; corroborative, truly, certainly, yes, aye, even, indeed; with pers. pron., precisely, directly, 8.84; nec enim, nor indeed, 2.100; sed enim, but indeed, however, 1.19.

39
ecce

(interj.), see! lo! behold! w. a proposition, 5.793. (en and ce)

37
effundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour out or forth; shed, 2.271; throw, cast out, 7.780; cast, 6.339; overthrow, 11.485; bring out, 9.68; unbind, dishevel, 4.509; dissolve, 2.651; let loose, throw out, 5.818; spend, lose, waste, 5.446; of words, utter, 5.780; (pass.), effundī, dart, 5.145; flow, 6.686. (ex and fundō)

35
exter (exterus), era, erum

adj. (ex), on the outside; external, foreign, 4.350; superl., extrēmus (or extimus), a, um, outermost; outer, 12.925; last, most distant, farthest, 5.327; remotest, hindmost, last, 5.183; final, 3.714; consummating, finishing, 7.572; last in degree; extreme, basest, worst, 11.701; the instant of, verge of, 2.447; subst., extrēma, ōrum, pl. n., the most distant parts, 1.577; the last sufferings, death, 1.219; perils, 3.315; adv.; extrēma, for the last time, one’s last, 11.865.

32
errō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to go astray, wander, 1.578; go to and fro, stray, 7.493; hover, 4.684; float, 3.76; to err, be uncertain, 7.498.

32
equidem

(adv.), indeed, at least, certainly, surely; w. first person, for my part, 1.238. (demonstr. e or ec and quidem)

31
effor, fātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to speak forth; speak, say, 6.560. (ex and for)

28
Euander (-drus, 8.100; Ēvander, -drus), drī, m.

Evander, an Arcadian prince, son of Carmentis, and king of Pallanteum on the Tiber, 8.52.

27
exerceō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to keep in action or motion; hurry, drive along, whip, 7.380; exercise, carry on, pursue, 1.431; employ, 10.808; engage in, cultivate, cherish, 4.110; practice, 4.87; train, lead, 1.499; agitate, torment, harass, 5.779; pursue, 4.623. (ex and arceō)

26
Euryalus, ī, m.

a Trojan youth among the followers of Aeneas, 5.294.

24
excipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to take out or up; except, exempt, 9.271; receive, receive in turn, 1.276; receive, with the notion of hospitality or shelter or favor, 4.374; 5.41; catch, take, surprise, fall upon, 3.332; seize, 6.173; overtake, 9.763; intercept, 11.517; befall, 3.318; hit, 12.507; take up the conversation; reply, answer, 4.114; catch mentally; surmise, suspect, detect, 4.297. (ex and capiō)

23
efferō, extulī, ēlātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to bear, or bring out or forth, 2.297; bear away, rescue, 3.150; raise, elevate, lift up or high, 1.127; elate, puff up, 11.715; efferre gressum or pedem, walk, go, come forth, 2.753; efferre sē, arise, 3.215. (ex and ferō)

23
ēgregius, a, um

adj. (ē and grex), apart from the herd; excellent, distinguished, 7.473; famous, renowned, 1.445; noble, 6.523; w. gen., 11.417.

22
excutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.

to shake out or off, 2.224; throw or cast down, 1.115; cast out, 10.590; drive away, 3.200; expel, 7.299; shake out, uncoil, 3.267; uncoil and arrange (set the sails), 3.683; deprive of, 6.353; throw aside, break, 12.158; hurry forth, call forth, 9.68. (ex and quatiō)

22
eques, itis, m.

a horseman, 4.132; pl., cavalry, 12.408; sing. as collective, cavalry, 10.239. (equus)

18
ēn

(interj.), lo! behold! with nom., 1.461; in indignation, 4.597.

17
ēvādō, vāsī, vāsus, 3, n. and a.

to go out, forth, or up; ascend, 2.458; come in flight, 2.531; come forth from, w. the idea of danger surmounted; (w. acc.), to escape the dangers of, 2.731; escape, 5.689; 6.425; w. dat., 11.702; 9.99.

16
exsultō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. n.

to spring; move with bold or exulting strides, 2.470; 10.643; advance proudly, 10.550; bound, 12.688; rise, surge in billows, swell, 3.557; bubble, 7.464; pant, 5.137; exult, rejoice, triumph, 2.386. (exsiliō)

15
ēducō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to train, breed, 10.518.

14
expediō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to make the foot free; to extricate, disentangle; bring forth, get ready, 1.178; seize, use, 5.209; serve, 1.702; unfold, describe, disclose, 3.379, 460; declare, 11.315; pass. in middle sig., make one’s way out, escape, 2.633. (ex and pēs)

14
extemplō

(adv.), immediately, forthwith, at once, directly, 6.210. (ex and tempus)

14
effugiō, fūgī, 3, n. and a.

to flee forth or away; glide away, 2.226; get off, escape; speed along, 5.151; pass swiftly from, flee from, escape from, 2.793; 3.272; escape, 3.653. (ex and fugiō)

12
exuviae, ārum, f.

that which has been taken off; a garment, vestment, 4.496; armor, arms; spoils, 2.275; memorials, relics, 4.651; skin, 2.473; hide, 11.577. (exuō)

12
externus, a, um

adj. (exter), external; pertaining to foreigners; foreign, 6.94; subst., externus, ī, m., a stranger, 3.43.

11
exterreō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to frighten; alarm, startle, terrify, 3.307; flutter in terror, 5.505; p., exterritus, a, um, startled; roused, 4.571.

11
excēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n.

to go out or away; depart, 6.737; flee from, 1.357; withdraw from, 5.380; retire, 9.789.

11
ēdō, didī, ditus, 3, a.

to give out, put forth, raise; bring forth young; beget, 8.137; produce, make, 9.527; utter, 5.693; p., ēditus, a, um, exposed, raised up, elevated.

11
exspectō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to look out for; to expect, wait for, 4.134; await, 6.614; tarry, linger, delay, 4.225; p., exspectātus, a, um, much looked for; much desired, 2.283; expected, trusted.

11
epulae, ārum, f.

a banquet, feast, 1.79; food, 1.216. (sing. epulum)

11
exstinguō, stīnxī, stīnctus, 3, a. (pluperf. extīnxem, for extīnxissem, 4.606)

to extinguish, put out, quench, 8.267; blot out, extinguish, 6.527; extirpate, kill, destroy, 4.682; p., exstīnctus, a, um, lost, 4.322.

10
exeō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n. and a.

to go out or forth, 1.306; come out, 5.492; overflow, burst forth, 2.497; avoid, elude, 5.438.

10
Eryx, ycis, m.

a mountain on the northwest coast of Sicily, 1.570. A Sicilian giant and king, son of Venus and Butes, and brother of Aeneas; slain by Hercules, 5.419.

10
error, ōris, m.

a wandering, 1.755; a winding maze, 5.591; mistake, error, 3.181; deception, 2.48. (errō)

10
exuō, uī, ūtus, 3, a.

to put off; take off, lay aside, 1.690; unclasp, unbuckle, 9.303; put away, change, 4.319; divest; lay bare, strip, bare, 5.423; w. abl. of the thing from which, free from, 2.153, et al. (cf. induō)

10
experior, pertus sum, 4, dep. a.

to try thoroughly; try, prove, resort to, 4.535; experience, encounter, know by experience, 1.202; employ, use; w. inf., try; p., expertus, a, um, having tried, learned, 11.283; p., acquainted with, skilled in, tried in, w. gen., 10.173.

10
exigō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.

to drive out or work out; drive through, thrust, 10.682; drive, 2.357; investigate, examine, ascertain, 1.309; weigh, consider, determine, 4.476; fulfill; finish, complete, 6.637; of time, spend, pass, 1.75; p. subst., exācta, ōrum, discoveries, 1.309. (ex and agō)

10
ērigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.

to raise up, rear, erect, 4.495; cast upward, 3.423. (ex and regō)

10
expleō, plēvī, plētus, 2, a.

to fill completely; fill up; gorge, 3.630; satisfy, 1.713; finish, complete, 1.270; w. gen., satiate, glut, 2.586.

9
ēminus

(adv.), from afar, at a distance, 10.346. (ē and manus)

9
ēlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip or glide forth or away; escape from, 1.242; spring aside, dodge, 5.445.

8
Eurus, ī, m.

the southeast wind, 1.85, et al.; wind, 1.383, et al.

8
exercitus, ūs, m.

an army, 2.415. (exerceō)

8
exitium, iī, n.

a going out; death; hardship, 7.129; destruction, downfall, ruin, 2.131. (exeō)

8
exūrō, ussī, ūstus, 3, a.

to burn out, consume with fire; burn up, 1.39; dry up, parch, 3.141; burn out, purge, 6.742.

8
ēvertō, vertī, versus, 3, a.

to upturn, 1.43; overthrow, demolish, destroy, 2.603.

8
exorior, ortus sum, 4, dep. n.

to rise up; come forth, appear, rise, 4.130; arise, 3.128; spring up, arise, 4.625.

8
ēmicō, uī, ātus, 1, n.

to leap, spring forth, 6.5; to dart, bound, or spring upward, 2.175; run, rush, dart forward, 5.319.

8
ēruō, ī, tus, 3, a.

to cast out or up; to overthrow, 2.5.

8
exiguus, a, um

adj. (exigō), minute, scanty, little; insignificant, small, 4.212; few, 5.754; thin, slender, feeble, 6.493.

8
exciō, cīvī or ciī, ītus, 4, a., and excieō, itus, 2, a.

to rouse up or forth; call forth, assemble, 5.107; arouse, excite, agitate, 4.301; stir, shake, 12.445.

8
Etrūscus, a, um

adj. (Etrūria), Etrurian, Tuscan, 8.503; subst., Etrūscī, ōrum, m., the Etrurians, Tuscans, 9.150.

8
extendō, tendī, tentus or tēnsus, 3, a.

to stretch forth; stretch, extend, 5.374; continue, 12.909; magnify, advance, 6.806.

8
exanimis, e, and exanimus, a, um

adj. (ex and anima), breathless; lifeless, dead, 1.484; slain, 11.110; breathless with fear, terrified, 4.672.

7
Entellus, ī, m.

a Sicilian boxer, 5.387.

7
excitō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to rouse up completely; excite, awaken, arouse, 2.594; alarm, 2.728; stimulate, impel, 3.343. (exciō)

7
exanimis, e, and exanimus, a, um

adj. (ex and anima), breathless; lifeless, dead, 1.484; slain, 11.110; breathless with fear, terrified, 4.672.

7
ēgredior, gressus sum, 3, dep. n.

to step or walk forth; go out, 2.713; to disembark, land, 1.172. (ex and gradior)

7
effigiēs, ēī, f.

something molded or fashioned; a figure, likeness, or image, 3.148. (effingō)

7
exsuperō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to be completely above; mount upward, rise on high, 2.759; pass by, 3.698; pass over, 11.905; surpass, excel, 12.20; overrule, 7.591; surmount, 10.658; of wrath, boil over, 12.46.

7
exspīrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to breathe out, 1.44; to expire, die, 10.731.

7
exterreō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to frighten; alarm, startle, terrify, 3.307; flutter in terror, 5.505; p., exterritus, a, um, startled; roused, 4.571.

6
egeō, uī, 2, n.

to be in want or need; (w. abl. or gen.), to want, need, 2.522; to be poor, destitute, 1.384; to feel the need of, be desirous of, 5.751.

6
Erebus, ī, m.

the god of darkness, son of Chaos and brother of Night, 6.247; darkness; the lower world, 4.26, et al.

6
efferus, a, um

adj. (ex and ferus, wild), extremely wild; savage, frantic, 4.642; fierce, 8.6; cruel, 8.484.

6
exsilium, iī, n.

banishment, exile, 2.638; place of exile, 2.780. (exsul)

6
extollō, 3, a.

to lift up; (fig.), laud, extol, 11.401.

6
exscindō, scidī, scissus, 3, a.

to tear out; tear down, destroy, 2.177; extirpate, 4.425.

6
excidium, iī, n.

a complete cutting or tearing down; razing, demolition, destruction. (exscindō)

6
excidō, cidī, 3, n.

to fall out; fall from; drop, come from, 2.658; come down, descend, 9.113; depart, 1.26. (ex and cadō)

6
exinde (abbrev. exin)

(adv.), from that place; thence, of place; of time, thereafter; thereupon, then, 6.743, et al.

5
expendō, pendī, pēnsus, 3, a.

to weigh out; (fig.), pay; suffer, 6.740; expiate, 2.229.

5
exstruō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.

to build up; erect; raise, spread, 3.224; build, 4.267; p., exstrūctus, a, um, raised by, reclining on, 9.326. exstrūctum, ī, n., an elevated seat or tribunal, 5.290.

5
exārdēscō, ārsī, ārsus, 3, inc. n.

to begin to burn; (fig.), to be roused to anger; kindle, burn, 2.575; 5.172.

5
exsanguis, e

(adj.), without blood; lifeless, 2.542; pale with terror, terrified, 2.212.

5
exaudiō, īvī, or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to hear distinctly; hear, 1.219; catch the sound, hear from afar, 7.15; listen to, heed, 11.157.

5
exhauriō, hausī, haustus, 4, a.

to draw out, drain, exhaust, toil through, achieve, 4.14; undergo, 1.599; endure, 11.256; inflict, 9.356.

5
ēvinciō, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a.

to bind round; crown, wreathe, 5.269; bind, 5.364.

5
exspectō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to look out for; to expect, wait for, 4.134; await, 6.614; tarry, linger, delay, 4.225; p., exspectātus, a, um, much looked for; much desired, 2.283; expected, trusted.

5
explōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to ascertain by calling out; investigate, search; reconnoiter, explore, examine, 1.307; observe, 3.514; find out, determine, 1.77.

5
exta, ōrum, n. pl.

the inner parts of animals, esp. the upper portions, as distinguished from the lower intestines; entrails, 4.64.

5
excīdō, cīdī, cīsus, 3, a.

to cut out, 1.429; cut off, away, or down, 2.481; destroy, 2.637. (ex and caedō)

5
expōnō, posuī, positus (expostus), 3, a.

to put forth; plunge, 10.305; to land, 6.416; to put out or extend, 10.654; expose to, 10.694.

5
ēmittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to send forth, 6.898; hurl, throw, shoot, 11.676.

5
eximō, ēmī, ēmptus, 3, a.

to take out; remove, 6.746; take away, remove, 1.216. (ex and emō)

4
exsequor, secūtus sum, 3, dep. a.

to follow out or throughout; to perform, conduct, 4.53; execute, 4.396; do, 4.421; pursue, treat of, describe.

4
Eumenides, um, f.

the well-disposed; a deprecatory title given by the Greeks to the Furies; the Eumenides, the Furies, 4.469.

4
epulor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to banquet, feast, 4.207; w. abl., to banquet, feast upon, 3.224; w. acc., feast upon, 4.602. (epulae)

4
ēventus, ūs, m.

an outcome, issue, result, event, fortune, 6.158. (ēveniō)

4
exquīrō, sīvī, sītus, 3, a.

to seek out, 3.96; discover, petition, pray for, implore, 4.57. (ex and quaerō)

4
exsul, is, c.

an exile, 3.11.

4