Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
dēnī, ae, a

(adj. num. distrib.), ten by ten; ten each; (as cardinal), ten, 1.381.

4
dēpāscō, pāvī, pāstus, 3, a., and dēpāscor, pāstus sum, 3, dep. a.

to devour, consume, 2.215; taste, 5.93; feed upon, graze.

1
dēpāscō, pāvī, pāstus, 3, a., and dēpāscor, pāstus sum, 3, dep. a.

to devour, consume, 2.215; taste, 5.93; feed upon, graze.

1
dēpellō, pulī, pulsus, 3, a.

to push, drive from or away; drive away from, w. acc. and abl., 5.727.

4
dēpendeō, 2, n.

to hang down; hang, 1.726.

4
dēpōnō, posuī, positus, 3, a.

to put down or aside; recline, 7.108; put off, from, put on shore, 5.751; lay down, lay, 6.632; lay aside, dismiss, banish, 2.76; (pass., of sickness), to be laid down, dying, despaired of, 12.395.

8
dēprecor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to avert by praying; deprecate; beg for mercy, 12.931.

1
dēprēndō, prēndī, prēnsus, 3, a.

to catch, surprise, overtake, 5.52; intercept, 10.98.

4
dēprōmō, prōmpsī, prōmptus, 3, a.

to draw forth, 5.501.

3
Dercennus, ī, m.

an ancient king of Laurentum, 11.850.

1
dērigēscō, riguī, 3, inc. n.

to grow completely stiff; to be cold, stiff; to be cold, stiff, paralyzed with fear, 3.260; stand staring, 7.447.

3
dēripiō, ripuī, reptus, 3, a.

to tear away; cast off; loosen, 3.267; haul down, launch, 4.593; cut off, 10.414. (dē and rapiō)

5
dēsaeviō, iī, 4, n.

to rage furiously; rage, 4.52.

2
dēscendō, scendī, scēnsus, 3, n.

go or come down; to descend, 2.632; to stoop to, 5.782. (dē and scandō)

11
dēscēnsus, ūs, m.

a going down; descent, 6.126. (dēscendō)

1
dēscrībō, scrīpsī, scrīptus, 3, a.

to mark off; divide, distinguish, describe, 6.850; write, 3.445.

2
dēsecō, uī, tus, 1, a.

to cut off, 8.438.

1
dēserō, uī, tus, 3, a.

to disconnect, loosen one’s self; leave, 3.711; forsake, abandon, desert, 4.323; leave behind, 5.220; give up, break off, 9.694.

31
dēserta, ōrum, n.

desert, waste places, 1.384; haunts, 7.404.

2
dēsertor, ōris, m.

one who has deserted; a renegade, 12.15. (dēserō)

1
dēsertus, a, um

desolate; abandoned, 12.664; uninhabited, solitary, lonely, 3.646.

10
dēsidia, ae, f.

sloth. (dēsidō)

1
dēsīdō, sēdī, 3, n.

to sink down, 3.565.

1
dēsīgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to mark out, designate, 5.755.

2
dēsiliō, uī, sultus, 4, n.

to leap or spring down; alight from, 10.453. (dē and saliō)

3
dēsinō, sīvī or iī, situs, 3, a. and n.

(with infin.), to leave off, cease, desist, 4.360; (with acc.), cease, end; n., forbear, 10.881; terminate, 10.211.

5
dēsistō, stitī, stitus, 3, n.

to cease, desist, w. abl., 1.37; w. dat., 10.441.

3
dēsōlō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make solitary, lay waste, 11.367; leave without guidance, deprive of commanders, leave in disorder, 11.870. (dē and sōlus)

2
dēspectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to look down upon, 1.396. (dēspiciō)

3
dēspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a.

to look down upon, 1.224; despise, reject, 4.36. (dē and speciō, look)

2
dēstinō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to place apart; destine, doom, 2.129.

1
dēstruō, strūxī, strūctus, 3, a.

to destroy, tear down, 4.326.

1
dēsuēscō (in poetry trisyll.), suēvī, suētus, 3, a. and n.

to become unaccustomed; p., dēsuētus, a, um, unaccustomed, unused, 6.814; neglected, unfamiliar, unpracticed, 2.509; unused to love; dormant, 1.722.

4
dēsum, fuī, esse, irreg. n.

to be absent, 7.678; to be wanting or missing, 2.744; fail, be wanting, lacking, 10.378. (deest, deeram, deero, etc., often pronounced and sometimes spelled dest, etc.)

7
dēsuper

(adv.), from above; above, 1.165.

9
dētegō, tēxī, tēctus, 3, a.

to uncover, 10.133; lay bare, expose to view, 8.241.

2
dēterior, ius

(comparative adjective) worse; more degenerate, 8.326.

1
dētineō, uī, tentus, 2, a.

to hold from or back; hold, detain, 2.788. (dē and teneō)

3
dētonō, tonuī, 1, n.

to thunder loudly, storm; thunder out, cease to thunder, 10.809.

1
dētorqueō, torsī, tortus, 2, a.

to turn from; turn off, away, or aside, 5.165; bend, turn, 4.196; return, turn back, 5.832.

6
dētrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.

to draw from; take from, 5.260.

1
dētrūdō, trūsī, trūsus, 3, a.

to thrust down or away; push off from, 1.145; drive from, thrust out, 6.584; thrust down, 7.772.

6
dēturbō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to cast down, 5.175; strike down, 10.555; drive away, remove, 6.412.

3
dēveniō, vēnī, ventus, 4, n.

to come down; arrive at, reach, w. acc. of place, 1.365, et al.

4
dēvexus, a, um

adj. (dēvehō), inclined downwards; descending; declining.

1
dēvinciō, vinxī, vinctus, 4, a.

to bind fast; bind, 8.394.

1
dēvincō, vīcī, victus, 3, a.

to conquer completely, to vanquish, 9.264; wage successfully, 10.370.

3
dēvolō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to fly down, 4.702.

1
dēvolvō, volvī, volūtus, 3, a.

to roll down; throw, hurl down, 2.449.

1
dēvoveō, vōvī, vōtus, 2, a.

to set apart by vows; devote, 12.234; p., dēvōtus, a, um, devoted, destined, doomed, 1.712.

3
deus, ī, m.

a god, deity, 1.9, et al.; in general, god the deity, 6.749; a goddess, 2.632; the god Bacchus; (meton.), wine, 9.337.

181
dexter, tra, trum (-tera, -terum)

(adj.), right, as opp. to left, 5.162; on the right hand, 8.237; right handed, adroit, dexterous, 9.769; fit, 4.294; favorable, auspicious, propitious, 4.579; dextrā, on the right.

12
dextra (dextera), ae (sc. manus), f.

the right hand, 1.408; valor, 10.610; faith, a pledge, 7.366.

111
Diāna, ae, f.

a goddess of the Italians, and regarded by them as one with the Greek Artemis, daughter of Latona, and sister of Apollo; called Luna, as goddess of the moon; Hecate, as an infernal deity, invoked in magic rites, 4.511; and Diana, as goddess of the chase, 1.499. (rel. to Iānus = Diānus)

11
diciō, ōnis, f.

dominion, power, sway, rule, 1.622. (only in gen., dat., acc., and abl. sing.)

4
dicō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

devote, consecrate, 5.60; pronounce, 1.73. (rel. to dīcō)

3
dīcō, dīxī, dictus, 3, a. and n.

to say, 1.81; speak of, mention, 4.43; celebrate; tell, rehearse, relate, recount, 1.753; sing, recite, 6.644; name, call, 1.277; pronounce, 6.231; declare, 12.112; disclose, portend, foretell, 3.362; bid, 5.551; speak, say, 3.312; announce, 1.137.

149
Dictaeus, a, um

adj. (Dictē), of Dicte, a mountain in Crete; Dictaean, Cretan, 3.171.

2
dictamnus, ī, f., -um, ī, n.

dittany, an aromatic plant found on Mount Dicte, in Crete, 12.412. (Dicte)

1
dictum, ī, n.

a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)

93
Dīdō, ūs or ōnis, f.

Dido, daughter of Belus, king of Phoenicia, who fled from her brother Pygmalion to Africa, where she founded the city of Carthage, 1.299.

34
dīdō, dīdidī, dīditus, 3, a.

to spread abroad, disseminate, 7.144.

2
dīdūcō, dūxī, ductus, 3, a.

to lead or draw apart; separate, sever, 3.419; distract, 5.720.

3
Didymāōn, onis, m.

Didymaon, an artist, mentioned only by Virgil, 5.359.

1
diēs, ēī (contracted form of gen. diī, 1.636), m. and f.

a day, the diurnal period of twenty-four hours, 1.732, et al.; a day, as distinguished from night, 5.43, et al.; a fixed, definite, or proper season, period, or time; daylight, 1.88; an indefinite period of time; time, 5.783; 6.745; length of time, 11.425.

61
differō, distulī, dīlātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to carry apart; tear asunder or in pieces, 8.643; stay, keep at bay, 9.135; put off, postpone, delay, 6.569.

5
difficilis, e

adj. (dis- and facilis), difficult; struggling, hard, 4.694; unyielding, stubborn, unfruitful; dangerous, 5.865.

2
diffīdō, fīsus sum, 3, n.

to be distrustful; to distrust, 3.51.

1
diffindō, fidī, fissus, 3, a.

to cleave asunder; split, pierce, 9.589.

1
diffugiō, fūgī, 3, n.

to flee apart; run away, flee, 2.212.

6
diffundō, fūdī, fūsus, 3, a.

to pour round about, pour out, 10.908; diffuse; spread, multiply, 7.708; to put in disorder, dishevel, 1.319; spread abroad, 4.195.

5
dīgerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.

to carry apart, separate one thing from another; arrange, dispose, lay in order, 3.446; explain, interpret, 2.182.

2
digitus, ī, m.

a finger, 6.647; toe, 5.426.

3
dīgnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

(w. acc. and abl.), to deem worthy of, 1.335; (w. inf.), think, fit, deign, 4.192; p., dīgnātus, a, um, with pass. meaning, deemed worthy of, honored by, 3.475. (dīgnus)

2
dīgnor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

(w. acc. and abl.), to deem worthy of, 1.335; w. inf., think, fit, deign, 4.192; p., dīgnātus, a, um, with pass. meaning, deemed worthy of, honored by, 3.475. (dīgnus)

5
dīgnus, a, um

(adj., w. abl.), deserving of, worthy of; with depend. clause or absol., fit, due, meet, worthy, 1.600, et al.; dīgna indīgna, worthy (and) unworthy; all fortunes, all things alike, 12.811.

20
dīgredior, gressus sum, 3, dep. n.

to walk or go apart, aside, or away; depart, 3.410; separate, 4.80; come from, 2.718. (di- and gradior)

6
dīgressus, ūs, m.

a going away; a departure, parting, 3.482.

2
disiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to disjoin, separate, drive away from, 1.252.

1
dīlābor, lāpsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to slip, glide, fall apart; depart, pass away, 4.705.

1
dīligō, lēxī, lēctus, 3, a.

to love, 8.590; p., dīlēctus, a, um, loved, dear, 1.344.

4
dīligō, lēxī, lēctus, 3, a.

to love, 8.590; p., dīlēctus, a, um, loved, dear, 1.344.

4
dīluvium, iī, n.

a washing away, flood, deluge, 12.205; desolation, destruction, 7.228. (dīluō, cleanse)

2
dīmētior, mēnsus sum, 4, dep. a.

to measure, mark out; lay out.

1
dīmittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to send apart or away, 1.571; dispatch, 1.577; dismiss, 10.46; give up, 11.706.

9
dīmoveō, mōvī, mōtus, 2, a.

to move apart or away; remove, dispel, 3.589; divide, 5.839.

5
Dindyma, ōrum, n., and Dindymus, ī, m.

Mount Dindymus or Dindyma, in Mysia, sacred to Cybele, 9.618.

1
Dindyma, ōrum, n., and Dindymus, ī, m.

Mount Dindymus or Dindyma, in Mysia, sacred to Cybele, 9.618.

1
dīnumerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to distinguish by number, enumerate, reckon, count, 6.691.

1
Diomēdēs, is, m.

Diomedes, son of Tydeus, and king of Argos, distinguished among the Greeks at Troy, 1.752.

5
Diōnaeus, a, um

adj. (Diōnē), pertaining to Dione, mother of Venus; Dionaean, 3.19.

1
Diōrēs, is, m.

a son of Priam and companion of Aeneas, 5.297.

5
Dioxippus, ī, m.

a Trojan, 9.574.

1
Dīra, ae, f.

a Fury, 12.869; pl., Dīrae, ārum, the Furies, 4.473, et al.

5
dērigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.

to lay straight, bring into a definite line; to aim, direct, 1.401, et al. (dē and regō)

11
dirimō, ēmī, ēmptus, 3, a.

to take asunder; to separate, 7.227; break off, end, 5.467; decide, 12.79. (dis- and emō)

3
dīripiō, ripuī, reptus, 3, a.

to tear apart or off; snatch, tear away, 3.227; plunder, pillage, sack, 2.563. See also dēripiō. (dis- and rapiō)

6
dīruō, uī, utus, 3, a.

to overthrow, tear apart or away from, 10.363.

1
dīrus, a, um

(adj.), accursed; portentous; fearful, dreadful, awful, dire, cruel, horrible, freq.; accursed, 2.261; unhallowed, impious, 6.373; foul, carrion, 3.262; wild, furious, ardent, 9.185; pl., dīra (adv.), fearfully, 10.572.

33
Dīs, ītis, m.

Pluto, the ruler of Hades, 4.702, et al.

9