Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
obsideō, sēdī, sessus, 2, n. and a.

to sit in or on; abide; hold, occupy, 3.421; besiege, beset, 2.441; throng, 12.133; obstruct, fill up, choke. (ob and sedeō)

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caetra, ae, f.

a short Spanish shield, 7.732.

1
olor, ōris, m.

a swan, 11.580.

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oppūgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to fight against; attack, lay siege to, 5.439. (ob and pūgnō)

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Padus, ī, m.

the river Po, the mythical Eridanus, 9.680, et al.

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coniungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to join together, clasp, 1.514; fasten, moor, 10.653; unite, ally, associate, 5.712.

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conventus, ūs, m.

an assembling; assembly, 6.753. (conveniō)

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Crēs, ētis, m.

a Cretan, 4.146.

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Philoctētēs, ae, m.

son of the Thessalian king Poeas of Meliboea, companion of Hercules, from whom he inherited the bow and arrows with which he killed Paris, 3.402.

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pīlentum, ī, n.

a chariot, carriage, 8.666.

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dēcolor, ōris

(adj.), of debased color; of baser metal; vitiated, corrupt, 8.326.

1
Dēiphobē, ēs, f.

a name of the Cumaean Sibyl, daughter of Glaucus and priestess of Apollo and Diana, 6.36.

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praetexō, texuī, textus, 3, a.

to weave in front; to fringe, 6.5; (fig.), palliate, cloak, 4.172; conceal, 4.500.

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diffīdō, fīsus sum, 3, n.

to be distrustful; to distrust, 3.51.

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distineō, uī, tentus, 2, a.

to hold at bay, keep off, 11.381. (dis- and teneō)

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prōmereor, meritus sum, 2, dep. a. and n.

to merit for one's self by favors given; deserve, merit, put under obligation, 4.335.

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Dūlichium, iī, n.

Dulichium, an island southeast of Ithaca, belonging to the kingdom of Ulysses, 3.271.

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quadrupēs, edis

adj. (quattuor and pēs), four-footed; subst., c., a quadruped, animal, beast, 3.542; courser, steed, 11.875.

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Quercēns, entis, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 9.684.

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rēgificus, a, um

adj. (rēx and faciō), made meet for a king; magnificent, royal, 6.605.

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Fabius, iī, m.

the name of a gens conspicuous in Roman history, of whom the most illustrious was Q. Fabius Maximus Verrucosus, who commanded the armies as dictator after the battle of Lake Trasimene, 6.845.

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sagittifer, a, um

adj. (sagitta and ferō), arrow-bearing, 8.725.

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flexilis, e

adj. (flectō), flexible, pliant, 5.559.

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Sarrastēs, um, m.

the Sarrastes, a people dwelling near the Sarnus, 7.738.

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scrūpeus, a, um

adj. (scrūpus, a sharp stone), consisting of jagged stones; flinty, 6.238.

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fraxinus, ī, f.

an ash tree, 11.136.

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sēgniter

(adv.), sluggishly; comp., sēgnius, more backward, less furiously; less impetuously, 12.525. (sēgnis)

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septemplex, icis

(adj.), sevenfold, 12.925. (septem and plicō),

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Gela, ae, f.

Gela, an ancient Greek town of Sicily on the river Gela, 3.702.

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Sīrius, a, um

adj. (Sīrius), of the dog-star; Sirian, 10.273.

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gravis, e

(adj.), heavy, 1.728, et al.; pregnant, 1.274; ponderous, firm, 5.437; (fig.), grave, venerable, 1.151; stern, grave (gravely), 5.387; cruel, 10.630; fierce, 10.755; weighed down with years or disease; infirm, enfeebled, 2.436; grievous, hard, 6.56; painful, deep, 4.1; offensive; comp., graviōra, um, subst., n. pl., greater hardships, sufferings, 1.199.

1
somnium, iī, n.

a dream, 5.840; personified, 6.283. (somnus)

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Haemōn, onis, m.

a Rutulian, 9.685.

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Hippotadēs, ae, m.

the son of Hippotas, Amastrus, 11.674.

1
iecur, oris or iecinoris, n.

the liver, 6.598.

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imprīmīs

(adv.), especially, chiefly, 1.303.

1
incessō, cessīvī, 3, intens. a.

to attack, assail, beleaguer, 12.596. (incēdō)

1
incutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.

to strike into or upon; add, put into, 1.69. (1. in and quatiō)

1
inexplētus, a, um

(adj.), unsatisfied, insatiate, 8.559.

1
Thermōdōn, ontis, m.

a river of Pontus, in the country of the Amazons, 11.659.

1
īnfrēnō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to furnish with a bridle; to rein, harness, 12.287.

1
Tībur, uris, n.

a city on the eastern border of Latium, 7.630.

1
īnspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a.

to look into or overlook, 2.47. (1. in and speciō, look)

1
interclūdō, clūsī, clūsus, 3, a.

to close the way; hinder, detain, 2.111. (inter and claudō)

1
inventor, ōris, m.

a finder; contriver, 2.164. (inveniō)

1
aclys, ydis, f.

a dart with a thong on its shaft, 7.730.

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Lāertius, a, um

adj. (Lāertēs), of Laertes, father of Ulysses; Laertian, 3.272.

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Aequīculus, a, um

adj. (Aequī), of the Aequi, a tribe adjacent to the Latins and Volscians, near Rome; Aequian, 7.747.

1
adficiō, fēcī, fectus, 3, a.

to affect; reward, 12.352. (ad and faciō)

1
Agyllīnus, a, um

(adj.), of Agylla, a town in Etruria, afterwards called Caere, 7.652; subst., Agyllīnī, ōrum, m., the people of Agylla, 12.281.

1
Lernaeus, a, um

adj. (Lerna), of Lerna, Lernaean, 8.300.

1
Allia, ae, f.

the Allia, a small stream running into the Tiber, eleven miles above Rome, where the Romans were defeated by the Gauls, B.C. 389, 7.717.

1
licitus, a, um,

allowed, allowable; free, 8.468. (liceō)

1
līveō, 2, n.

to be bluish, pallid, livid, 7.687.

1
Anius, iī, m.

a king of Delos and priest of Apollo, 3.80.

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Anxurus, a, um

adj. (Anxur), of Anxur, 7.799.

1
magicus, a, um

(adj.), pertaining to magi, or magicians; magic, 4.493.

1
Māximus, ī, m.

a title of Fabius Rullianus (cons. B.C. 322) and his descendants, the most illustrious of whom was Fabius Cunctator, 6.845.

1
adsideō, sēdī, sessus, 2, n.

to sit by, besiege, 11.304. (ad and sedeō)

1
Automedōn, ontis, m.

the charioteer of Achilles, and, after the death of Achilles, armor-bearer of Pyrrhus, 2.477.

1
mulier, eris, f.

a woman, 7.661.

1
murra, ae, f.

the myrrh tree; gum of the myrrh tree; myrrh, 12.100.

1
carchēsium, iī, n.

a large drinking vessel with two handles; bowl, beaker, 5.77.

1
catulus, ī, m.

a young dog; a whelp, the young of wild animals; a cub, whelp, 2.357.

1
Cerberus, ī, m.

Cerberus, the three-headed watch-dog of Pluto, 6.417.

1
obtentus, ūs, m.

a spreading over; a covering, 11.66. (obtendō)

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circumtextus, a, um

woven round, 1.649. (circum and texō)

1
cliēns, entis, m.

a client, dependent, 6.609.(cluō, to hear)

1
conloquium, iī, n.

a talking together; discourse, 7.91. (conloquor)

1
Oscī, ōrum, m.

the Oscans, an ancient people of Campania, 7.730.

1
Palīcī, ōrum, m.

the Palici; two sons of Jupiter and the nymph Thalia or Aetna, 9.585.

1
contexō, uī, tus, 3, a.

to weave together; construct, build, 2.112.

1
peccō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to commit a fault, sin, transgress, offend, 9.140.

1
Cora, ae, f.

a town of the Volsci in Latium, 6.775.

1
cothurnus, ī, m.

the cothurnus; a triple soled shoe, or buskin, worn in tragedy; a kind of half-boot; hunting boot, buskin, 1.337.

1
perversus, a, um

turned the wrong way; contrary, adverse, 7.584. (pervertō)

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Pholoē, ēs, f.

a Cretan woman, slave of Aeneas, 5.285.

1
Cycnus, ī, m.

a king of the Ligurians, friend of Phaëthon, placed among the constellations, as the swan, 10.189.

1
pluvia, ae (sc. aqua), f.

rain (pluvius)

1
dēfēnsor, ōris, m.

a defender, protector; applied also to inanimate things, 2.521. (dēfendō)

1
pōpulus, ī, f.

a poplar tree; a wreath of poplar, 8.276.

1
dēscēnsus, ūs, m.

a going down; descent, 6.126. (dēscendō)

1
praevertō, vertī, versus, 3, a.

to turn before; to preoccupy, prepossess, 1.721; surpass, 7.807; pass. as dep. (only in pres.), praevertor, to surpass, outstrip, 1.317.

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disiungō, iūnxī, iūnctus, 3, a.

to disjoin, separate, drive away from, 1.252.

1
Prīvernus, ī, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 9.576.

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Euphrātēs, is, m.

the Euphrates.

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relegō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to gather again; pass by, survey again; coast again, 3.690.

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explōrātor, ōris, m.

a scout, 11.512. (explōrō)

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Fādus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 9.344.

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Rhēsus, ī, m.

a Thracian king allied with the Trojans, 1.469.

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Fescennīnus, a, um

adj. (Fescennia), of Fescennia, a Tuscan city on the Tiber, 7.695.

1
sēminō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to plant, sow; produce, 6.206. (sēmen)

1
generātor, ōris, m.

one who begets; a breeder, 3.704. (generō)

1
simplex, plicis

(adj.), uncompounded, simple; unmixed, 6.747; single, one, the same.

1
sodālis, e, c.

a comrade, companion, 10.386.

1
Grynēus, a, um

(adj.), of Grynia, a town in Asia Minor, the seat of one of the oracles of Apollo; Gryneian, 4.345

1
squāmeus, a, um

adj. (squāma), covered with scales; scaly, 2.218.

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honōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to honor; keep, observe with honor, 5.50. (honōs)

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hyacinthus, ī, m.

a hyacinth.

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superbus, a, um

adj. (super), overbearing, haughty, proud, insolent, fierce, 1.523; superior, mighty, 1.21; audacious, 12.326; hard, cruel, 12.877; stately, superb, magnificent, splendid, 1.639.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY