Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort ascending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
variō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

a., to diversify; exchange, relieve, 9.164; n., change, waver, 12.223. (varius)

2
vapōrō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to send out steam; to fumigate; perfume, 11.481. (vapor)

1
vapor, ōris, m.

vapor, steam, 7.466; fiery vapor; fire, 5.683.

3
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

1
vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

13
vāllum, ī

a rampart, breastwork, or fort with palisades, 9.524.

9
vāllō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to surround with a rampart; to encamp around, 11.915. (vāllum)

1
vallēs, is, f.

a valley, dell, dale, ravine, vale, 1.186, et al.

14
validus, a, um

adj. (valeō), strong, 1.120; vigorous, powerful, 5.15; mighty, 2.50; heavy, massive.

16
Valerus, ī, m.

a Latin warrior, 10.752.

1
valeō, uī, itus, 2, n.

to be strong physically; to be well, vigorous, powerful; to excel, 5.67; to have power, be able; can, 2.492; to avail; can do, 12.798; imperat., vale, farewell! 2.789.

21
valēns, entis

strong, vigorous, powerful, 5.431. (valeō)

1
vagor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to wander about, 6.886; ride to and fro, career about, 5.560; to be rumored round, spread, 2.17. (vagus, wandering)

5
vāgītus, ūs, m.

a wailing, 6.426. (vāgiō)

1
vāgīna, ae, f.

a scabbard, sheath, 4.579.

5
vadum, ī, n.

a ford; a shallow, shoal, 1.112; sand-bank, 10.303; shallow water, 11.628; bottom, depth, 1.126; water, tide, stream, 6.320; water of the sea, 5.158; wave, sea, 7.198.

20
vadōsus, a, um

adj. (vadum), that can be forded; fordable, shallow, 7.728.

1
vādō, 3, n.

to go, walk, advance, go on, 2.396, et al.; rush, 2.359; move, speed on, 8.702; imperat., vāde, away, go on! 3.462.

9
vacuus, a, um

adj. (vacō), empty, void, 12.592; open, 5.515; deserted, 2.528; solitary, 2.761; 4.82; without employment, unoccupied; subst., vacuum, ī, n., emptiness, void space, 12.906.

11
vacō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to be empty; to be open, 11.179; to be free from, unoccupied by, with abl., 3.123; (impers.), vacat, there is leisure, one has time, 1.373.

4
vacca, ae, f.

cow, 6.251; heifer, 4.61.

2
uxōrius, a, um

adj. (uxor, wife), pertaining to a wife; enslaved to one's wife, uxorious, slave of a wife, 4.266.

1
utrimque

(adv.), on or from either side; on both sides; on every side, 7.566. (uterque)

3
ūtor, ūsus sum, 3, dep. n.

to use, foll. by the abl.; employ, show, display, 5.192; address, 1.64; experience, enjoy, prove, meet with, 6.546.

5
utinam

(interj.), O that! would that! with subj., 1.575.

3
uterus, ī, m.

the womb, belly, 11.813; cavity, 2.38.

8
uterque, utraque, utrumque

each (of two); both, 2.214; subst., utrumque, n., each, either thing or alternative, 2.61; (adv.), utrōque, to or on both sides; on either side, 5.469.

18
uterque, utraque, utrumque

each (of two); both, 2.214; subst., utrumque, n., each, either thing or alternative, 2.61; (adv.), utrōque, to or on both sides; on either side, 5.469.

1
utcumque

(adv.), in whatever way, however, howsoever, 6.822.

1
ut (utī)

(conj., denoting result), so that, 6.553, et al.; purpose; in order that, that, 1.685, et al.; with subj. for inf. and acc., that, 11.269.

118
ut (utī)

(relat. adv. of manner), as, just as, freq.; in oaths, so truly as, 12.206; of time, as soon as, when, 8.1, et al.; ut prīmum, as soon as, 1.306.

26
ut (utī)

(adv., interrog.), in what manner, how? 1.466, et al.; sometimes with indic. in a dependent question, 6.855; how gladly, 8.154.

13
ut (utī)

(adv., interrog.), in what manner, how? 1.466, et al.; sometimes with indic. in a dependent question, 6.855; how gladly, 8.154.

3
ūsus, ūs, m.

a using; use, usage, employment, purpose, 4.647; experience, practice, communication, 2.453; profit, use, advantage, foll. by abl., use for, need of, necessity of, 8.441. (ūtor)

4
ūsque

(adv.), all the way; all along; continuously, constantly, 2.628; quō ūsque, how long, 5.384; ūsque adeō, so far, so much, to such a degree, so, 12.646; ūsque ad or adūsque, quite to, 11.262; ab ūsque, even from, 7.289; super ūsque, even beyond, 11.317; ūsque dum, even while, as long as, 10.321.

6
ūsquam

(adv.), anywhere, 1.604; by any means, at all, 8.568.

8
ursus, ī, m.

a bear.

1
ursa, ae, f.

a she-bear; a bear, 5.37. (ursus)

2
ūrō, ussī, ūstus, 3, a.

to burn; burn up, 2.37; inflame with love, 4.68; trouble, disturb, torment, 1.662.

5
urna, ae, f.

a water-vessel, an urn, 7.792; an urn for casting lots, 6.22; of judges, 6.432.

3
urgeō, ursī, 2, a. and n.

to drive, impel, press forward, 1.111; ply, hasten, 9.489; press, oppress, crush, bear down, 3.579; press around, inclose, surround, hem in, 11.524; weigh upon, oppress, close, 10.745; overpower, 2.653; attack, 10.375; punish, torture, 6.561.

23
urbs, urbis, f.

a city, especially a walled city, 1.12, et al.

196
ūnus, a, um (gen. ūnīus, dat. ūnī)

(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

5
ūnus, a, um (gen. ūnīus, dat. ūnī)

(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

95
unguō (ungō), ūnxī, ūnctus, 3, a.

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

3
unguō (ungō), ūnxī, ūnctus, 3, a.

to anoint, cover with oil, 6.219; envenom, 9.773; p., ūnctus, a, um, oiled over, oiled; of the bottoms of ships, covered with pitch, pitchy, 4.398.

1
ungula, ae, f.

a hoof, 8.596. (unguis)

4
unguis, is, m.

a finger-nail, 4.673; talon, 12.255; claw, 5.352; in unguem, (polished) to the nail.

7
undōsus, a, um

adj. (unda), billowy, stormy, 4.313; sea-washed, 3.693.

2
undō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to rise in waves; of flame, smoke, dust, etc., surge, 2.609; overflow, stream forth, burst forth, gush, 10.908; boil, seethe, 6.218; of lines or reins, hang free, flow, 5.146. (unda)

7
undique

(adv.), from or on every side or all sides; all around, everywhere, 3.193, et al. (unde and -que)

35
unde

(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

19
unde

(adv.), whence, of place; relat., 2.458; interrog., from what place, point, or quarter; of other relations, from which event, 1.6; on which account, 6.242; from whom, 5.123.

7
unda, ae, f.

a wave, billow, 1.161; freq.; the sea, 3.202; water, river, stream, 9.22.

109
uncus, a, um

(adj.), hooked, crooked, 1.169; talon-shaped, hooked, 3.217.

8
ūnanimus, a, um

adj. (ūnus and animus), of one mind or heart; sympathizing, loving, 4.8; with one heart, 12.264.

3
ūnā

(adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

24
umquam

(adv.), even at any time, ever, 6.770; at all, 12.649.

11
ūmidus, a, um

adj. (ūmeō), moist, wet, damp, dewy, 2.8, et al.; liquid, 4.486.

9
umerus, ī, m.

the upper bone of the arm; the shoulder, 1.501, and freq.

54
ūmeō, 2, n.

to be moist; p., ūmēns, entis, wet, dewy, humid, 7.763. (ūmor)

4
ūmectō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to moisten, bedew, bathe, 1.465.

2
umbrōsus, a, um

adj. (umbra), shady; dark, shadowy, 8.242.

2
Umbrō, ōnis, m.

a soothsayer of the Marsi, 7.752.

2
umbrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to shade, 6.772; (pass.), to be thrown into shadow; to be darkened, grow dark, 3.508. (umbra)

2
umbrifer, era, erum

adj. (umbra and ferō), shady, 6.473.

1
umbra, ae, f.

shade, shadow, 1.165, et al.; darkness, night, 2.693, et al.; a shade of doubt, 12.669; the shade of the dead, freq.; a ghost, 4.386; a phantom, 10.636; pl., umbrae, ārum, the Manes, shades, 3.638; freq.; sub umbrās, to the abode of the dead, 4.660.

69
umbō, ōnis, m.

the boss of a shield, 2.546; a shield, 7.633.

5
Umber, bra, brum

(adj.), Umbrian; subst., Umber, brī, m., an Umbrian dog or hound, 12.753.

1
ulva, ae, f.

water-grass, sedge, 2.135.

2
ululō, āvī, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to howl, 6.257; wail, shriek, 4.168; to utter wild cries of triumph, 11.662; shriek the name of; invoke with cries, 4.609.

6
ululātus, ūs, m.

a yelling, howling, 7.395; wailing, shrieking, 4.667. (ululō)

4
ultrō

(adv.), to the farther side; furthermore, over and above, moreover, 2.145, et al.; even, 9.127; beyond the limit of necessity; uncompelled, unasked, unimpelled; apart from all external influences, of one's self, of one's own accord or motion, voluntarily, willingly; unprompted by any words on another's part, first, 2.372; 4.304; unaddressed, 10.606; promptly, 10.282; impetuously, 12.3. (cf. ulterior)

26
ultrīx, īcis

adj. (ulcīscor), avenging, 2.587.

6
ultrā

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

7
ultrā

(prep. with acc.), beyond, 6.114; (adv.), longer, beyond, farther, 3.480.

1
ultor, ōris, m.

an avenger, 2.96; translated adjectively, avenging, 6.818. (ulcīscor)

6
ultimus, a, um

(of space), the farthest, uttermost; remotest, utmost, 4.481; (of time), the last, 2.248; the remotest, 7.49; (of order), the last, 5.347; (of quality), worst, most humiliating, most degrading, 4.537. (superl. of ulterior)

12
ultima, ōrum

the end, goal, 5.317; the last, the final hour; the end, 2.446. (ulterior)

2
ulterior, ius

(adj.), that is beyond; farther, 6.314; (adv.), ulterius, farther, 12.806; superl., ultimus, a, um.

1
ulmus, ī, f.

an elm tree, elm, 6.283.

1
ūllus, a, um (gen. ūllīus, dat. ūllī)

(adj.), any, any one, in clauses expressing or implying a negative; (subst., m.), any one, any, 1.440, et al. (for ūnulus from ūnus)

49
Ulixēs, is, eī or ī, m.

Ulysses, son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy, distinguished for shrewdness and cunning, 2.44, et al.

14
ulcīscor, ultus sum, 3, dep. a.

to take revenge for, to avenge, 2.576.

4
Ūfēns, entis, m.

1. A river of Latium flowing into the sea west of Terracina, 7.802. 2. A chief of the Aequi, 7.745, et al.

6
ūdus, a, um

adj. (ūvidus, moist), wet, moist, 5.357.

4
Ūcalegōn, ontis, m.

a Trojan; (meton.), the house of Ucalegon, 2.312.

1
ubīque

(adv. of place), wheresoever; anywhere, 1.601; everywhere, 2.368.

5
ubī

(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

69
ubī

(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

29
ubī

(adv. of place and time; relat.), where; (indefinite), wheresoever, 7.400; (interrog.), where, 3.312, et al.; (of time), when; whenever, 4.143, et al.; as soon as, 1.81; in comparison, 2.471; 7.719, et al.

10
ūber, eris, n.

a teat, an udder, 3.392; the breast, 5.285; breast, bosom, 3.95; (meton.), richness, fertility, fruitfulness, productiveness, 1.531.

10
ūber, eris

(adj.), fruitful, fertile, 3.106. (compar., ūberior; superl., ūberrimus), (ūber)

4
Tӯdīdēs, ae, m.

the son of Tydeus, Diomedes or Diomed, 1.97, et al.

7
Tӯdeus (dissyll.), eī or eos, m.

son of Oeneus and Periboea, and father of Diomed, 6.479.

1
Tyrrhīdae, ārum, m.

the sons of Tyrrheus, 7.484. (Tyrrheus)

2
Tyrrheus (dissyll.), eī, m., and Tyrrhus, ī, m.

a shepherd of Latium, in the service of Latinus, 7.532, et al.

3
Tyrrhēnus, ī, m.

the name of an Etruscan ally of Aeneas, 11.612.

1
Tyrrhēnus, a, um

adj. (Tyrrhēnī), Tyrrhenian; Etruscan, Tuscan, 1.67; subst., Tyrrhēnus, ī, m., a Tuscan, 10.787.

28

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY