Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
bēlua, ae, f.

a beast, large, monstrous, or hideous, 6.287.

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Mygdonidēs, ae, m.

Mygdonides or Coroebus, a son of Mygdon, king of Phrygia, and ally of the Trojans, 2.342.

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bivius, a, um

adj. (bis and via), leading two ways, 11.516; subst., bivium, iī, n., the meeting of two roads; a crossway, 9.238.

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Nealcēs, ae, m.

a Latin, 10.753.

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nesciō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

not to know, to be ignorant of, 1.565; w. object clause, 2.735, et al. (nē and sciō)

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nīxor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n. intens. (nītor)

to lean upon with the idea of effort; struggle forward on, 5.279.

1
castellum, ī, n.

a fortress, stronghold, castle, 5.440. (castrum)

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obscūrus, a, um

(adj.), dim, dark, dusky, obscure, 1.411; uncertain; of persons, unseen, 2.135; in the darkness, 6.268; pl., obscūra, ōrum, dim places; obscurity, uncertainty, 6.100.

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Cethēgus, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 12.513.

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olīvifer, fera, ferum

adj. (olīva and ferō), olive-bearing, abounding in olives, 7.711.

1
clārēscō, claruī, 3, inc. n.

to become clear to the ear or eye; grow loud, increase, 2.301.

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commercium, iī, n.

trade; negotiation, compact, 10.532. (com- and merx, merchandise)

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conclūdō, clūsī, clūsus, 3, a.

to shut completely; shut around, inclose, surround, 1.425. (com- and claudō)

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Pān, Pānos (acc. Pāna), m.

the god of fields and woods, 8.344, et al.

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cōnifer, era, erum

adj. (cōnus and ferō), cone-bearing, 3.680.

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corrumpō, rūpī, ruptus, 3, a.

to burst completely, break up; destroy, ruin; spoil, injure, damage, 1.177; infect, 3.138. (com- and rumpō)

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perficiō, fēcī, fectus, 3, a.

to make completely; finish, complete, 6.745; perform, 3.178; p., perfectus, a, um, worked, wrought, executed, 5.267; fulfilled, 3.548. (per and faciō)

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culter, trī, m.

a plowshare; a knife, 6.248. (colō)

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Pheneos (-us), eī, f.

a town of Arcadia, 8.165.

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pīla, ae, f.

a pier; mole, 9.711.

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plānitiēs, ēī, f.

a level surface, plain, 11.527. (plānus, flat)

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dēclārō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make clear; to declare, proclaim, 5.246.

1
pōmum, ī, n.

any kind of tree fruit; an apple, pear, fig, etc., freq.

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posthabeō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to hold next; esteem less, 1.16.

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dēpāscō, pāvī, pāstus, 3, a., and dēpāscor, pāstus sum, 3, dep. a.

to devour, consume, 2.215; taste, 5.93; feed upon, graze.

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praedūrus, a, um

(adj.), very hard; hardy, sturdy, powerful, 10.748.

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praesēns, entis

(adj.), being before, present in person; present before one, 3.174; propitious, 9.404; immediate, instant, 1.91; prompt, 12.152; urgent, powerful, 12.245. (praesum)

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prīmōris, e

adj. (primus), first; subst., prīmōrēs, um, the chiefs, princes, nobles, 9.309.

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dīruō, uī, utus, 3, a.

to overthrow, tear apart or away from, 10.363.

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procūrō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to care for; attend to; refresh, 9.158.

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prōsper, or, more frequently, prōsperus, a, um

adj. (prō and spēs), favorable to one's hope; propitious, favorable, auspicious, 3.362.

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dulcēdō, inis, f.

sweetness; delight, joy, 11.538. (dulcis)

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pullulō, āvī, ātus, inc.

to spring out; sprout, shoot, bristle, 7.329. (pullus, young animal)

1
quadrupedāns, antis

(adj.), going on four feet; galloping, 8.596; subst., gen. pl., horses, 11.614.

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eōus, a, um

(adj.), belonging to the dawn, eastern, 1.489.

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remurmurō, 1, a.

to give back a murmur; resound, 10.291.

1
resīgnō, āvī, ātus

to unseal; (fig.), to open, of the eyes, 4.244.

1
fastus, ūs, m.

haughtiness, pride, arrogance, 3.326.

1
Sarnus, ī, m.

a river running into the Bay of Naples near Pompeii, 7.738.

1
gaudium, iī, n.

joyful feeling; delight, pleasure, joy, 1.502; pl., joyful hope, 10.652; love, 10.325; personif., Gaudia, ōrum, Pleasures, 6.279. (gaudeō)

1
Sīrēnes, um, f.

the Sirens, fabulous beings, in the form of birds with the faces of virgins, dwelling on dangerous rocks near the coast of Campania, to which they attracted mariners by their songs, 5.864.

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somnifer, era, erum

adj. (somnus and ferō), sleep-bringing; soothing, 7.758.

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Hādriacus, a, um

adj. (Hādria), pertaining to the Adriatic Sea; Adriatic, 11.405.

1
spatior, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to walk about or to and fro; move about, 4.62. (spatium)

1
sponda, ae, f.

the frame of a bedstead or couch; a couch, 1.698.

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Hippolytē, ēs, f.

an Amazon, captured by Theseus, 11.661.

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stīpātus, a, um

pressing on, charging together, 10.328; surrounded, 4.544. (stīpō)

1
subtexō, texuī, textus, 3, a.

to weave beneath; to veil or cover from below; cover, veil, 3.582.

1
Idmōn, onis, m.

a follower of Turnus, 12.75.

1
sulphur, uris, n.

sulphur, 2.698.

1
illinc

(adv.), from that side, thence; on that side, 4.442.

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tābēs, is, f.

a melting, wasting away; repining, woe, grief, 6.442. (tābeō)

1
Tarpēia (trisyll.), ae, f.

a follower of Camilla, 11.656.

1
tholus, ī, m.

a cupola, dome, the vault of a temple, vaulted shrine, 9.408.

1
īnsalūtātus, a, um

(adj.), not saluted; without farewell greeting (separated by tmesis), 9.288.

1
internectō, 3, a.

to bind together, bind up, 7.816.

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accommodus, a, um

fit, suitable, 11.522. (ad and commodus)

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vānus, a, um

(adj.), containing nothing, empty; devoid of truth, deceitful, false, 1.352; unavailing, 8.259; groundless, 4.12; ignorant, 10.631; subst., vāna, ōrum, n., useless things, 2.287; (adv.), vāna, vainly, 11.854.

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aeripēs, edis

adj. (aes and pēs), brazen- or bronze-footed, or hoofed, 6.802.

1
Alpēs, ium, f.

the Alps.

1
vītālis, e

adj. (vīta), pertaining to life; essential to life, vital, 1.388.

1
limbus, ī, m.

a border, hem, fringe, 4.137.

1
ambrosia, ae, f.

ambrosia, the food of the gods.

1
Machāōn, onis, m.

a Greek prince, surgeon of the Greeks at Troy, and said to have been the son of Aesculapius, 2.263.

1
Argyripa, ae, f.

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

1
Asbȳtēs, ae, m.

a Trojan, 12.362.

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mītis, e

(adj.), mellow; ripe, ripening; of a lake or pool, mild, gentle; calm, still, 8.88.

1
Aulis, idis, f.

the port on the eastern shore of Greece, whence the Greek fleet sailed to the siege of Troy, 4.426.

1
mūniō, īvī or iī, ītus, 4, a.

to inclose with walls; fortify; construct, build, 1.271. (moenia)

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Nārycius, a, um

adj. (Nāryx or Nāricium), of Naryx, a town of the Locri; Narycian, 3.399.

1
Noēmōn, onis, m.

a Trojan, 9.767.

1
centumgeminus, a, um

(adj.), hundredfold; of the hundred- (or many-) handed Briareus, 6.287.

1
obtegō, tēxī, tēctus, 3, a.

to cover up or over, 2.300.

1
compingō, pēgī, pāctus, 3, a.

to join together; p., compāctus, a, um, close-jointed, 12.674. (com- and pangō)

1
Palamēdēs, is, m.

Palamedes, son of the Euboean king Nauplius, who derived his lineage from the Egyptian king Belus, and one of the Greek chiefs at Troy; killed through the intrigues of Ulysses, 2.82.

1
pennātus, a, um

adj. (penna), winged, 9.473.

1
Cossus, ī, m.

a family name in the Cornelian gens; especially, A. Cornelius Cossus, who won the spolia opima from the king of Veii (B.C. 428), 6.841.

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perterreō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to fill with terror; to affright, dismay, 10.426.

1
cunctor, ātus sum, 1, dep. n.

to delay, hesitate, linger, wait, 4.133; keep one's ground, stand at bay, 10.717.

1
dator, ōris, m.

a giver, 1.734. (1. dō)

1
pluō, uī or ūvī, 3, n. and a. pers. and impers.

to rain, 10.807.

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populor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a., and populō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to lay waste; ravage; ransack, 4.403; devastate, plunder, 1.527; rob, deprive, 6.496; of things, 12.525. (populus)

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dēvexus, a, um

adj. (dēvehō), inclined downwards; descending; declining.

1
praevehor, vectus sum, 3, dep.

to ride before, ride up, 7.166.

1
pristis, is, f.

1. A sea-monster, 10.211. 2. Pristis, the Pristis, one of the ships of Aeneas, 5.154. (another form for pistrīx)

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discolor, ōris

(adj.), of different color, 6.204.

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Donūsa, ae, f.

an island between the Cyclades and Crete; one of the Sporades, 3.125.

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pūrgō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to render pure, clean, or clear; sē pūrgāre, to dissolve, disappear, 1.587. (pūrus and agō)

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Ēmathiōn, ōnis, m.

a Trojan warrior, 9.571.

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repercutiō, cussī, cussus, 3, a.

to strike back; reflect, 8.23.

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respōnsō, 1, intens. a. and n.

to make answer; echo, reply, 12.757. (respondeō)

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Rhēa, ae, f.

a priestess, mother of Aventinus, 7.659, et al.

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favor, ōris, m.

good will, partiality, favor, 5.343. (faveō)

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rosa, ae, f.

a rose, 12.69.

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Salmōneus (trisyll.), eī, m.

Salmoneus, king, of Elis, son of Aeolus and brother of Sisyphus; for attempting to imitate the thunder of Jupiter, cast into Tartarus by a thunderbolt, 6.585.

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forsitan

(adv.), perchance, perhaps, 2.506. (fors sit an)

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sēmihomō, inis, m.

a half man, 8.194. (in hexam. poetry the oblique cases are pronounced semyomin-)

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serēnum, ī, n.

(sc. caelum), a clear sky. (serenus, clear, calm, tranquil, serene)

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Harpalycē, ēs, f.

a Thracian huntress, daughter of King Harpalycus, 1.317.

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erus, ī, m.

an owner, householder, master, lord, 3.324.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY