Frieze Vocabulary List
|Headword||Definitions||Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort ascending|
(conj. enclit.), and, freq.; and indeed, 7.51; as an adversative, 4.96; -que — que, et — que, both — and, freq.; sometimes irregularly placed, 5.47, et al.; -que — et, both — and.
(conj.), and, freq.; moreover, also, too, freq.; and even, and indeed; and yet; and immediately, 9.22; et — et, both — and, freq.
(prep. w. acc. or abl.); w. acc., into, unto, to, toward, 1.587, et al.; against, 9.424, et al.; on, upon, 5.426, et al.; in expressions of time, unto, to, for; according to, by; denoting purpose, 12.854, et al.; as, for, 11.771; in adversum, contrary, against, opposite, 8.237; in melius, for the better, 1.281; in numerum, in time or order, 8.453; in ūnum, together; in abruptum, headlong, 3.422; w. abl. of situation, in, on, over, upon, freq.; in the midst of, within, among, 1.109, et al.; for, as, 5.537; on account of, at, 10.446; in respect to, 2.541; after its noun, 6.58.
|quī, quae, quod (dat. pl. quīs for quibus, 1.95, et al.)||
(interrog. and rel. pron.; interrog.), who, which, what? (rel.), who, which, what, that; ex quō, from which, from what time; after, 2.163, et al.; abl., quī, m., f., and n., sometimes used for the regular abl.; hence, quīcum, with whom, 11.822.
|hīc, haec, hōc||
(pron., referring to the first person), this; he, she, it; (pl.), these, they; freq., (for meus), 9.205; (for is), 1.742; (repeated), hīc — hīc, one — another, the one — the other, this — that; (pl.), these — those, some — others; hīc — ille, the latter — the former; this — that, the one — the other; freq.
|sum, fuī, esse, irreg. n.||
to be, as the copula between subject and predicate, freq.; to exist, be, 2.325, et al.; to pertain, belong to; one has or possesses, 3.433, et al.; (impers.), to be possible, one can, one may, 6.596; (imperat.), estō, be it so, grant, 4.35; archaic forms, pres, subj., fuam, ās, at, -ant, from fuō, 10.108; imperf. subj., forem, ēs, et, -ent, inf., fore, 1.235; rēs est alicui cum aliquō, one has a contest with one, 9.155.
|tū, pers. pron. pl. vōs||
you, freq.; abl. with cum, tēcum, vōbīscum, with you; vōsmet, yourself, yourselves, 1.207.
|ego, meī, pers. pron.; pl., nōs, nostrī or nostrum||
I, me, etc.; (abl. with cum appended), mēcum, with me, 1.675, et al.; (pl. often for the sing.), I, me, etc.
|ille, a, ud, genit. illīus||
dem. pron. (archaic, olle, 5.197, et al.), that, 6.760, et al.; that, well known, distinguished, great, 1.617; some formidable, some bold, 10.707; 11.809; as subs., he, she, it, they, freq.; ille — hīc, the one — the other, 5.430; the former — the latter, 6.395; joined to an adj. or partic. for emphasis, 1.3, et al.; ex illō, from that time, 8.268.
(prep. w. acc.), through, (of place, time, agency, instrumentality, medium, and manner), 4.357, et al.; along, 1.576; over, 1.498; on, 5.335; by, at, 4.56; through, throughout, during, 1.31; in, 9.31; in entreaties, adjurations, and oaths, by, 2.141, et al.
|quis, quae, quid||
(interrog. pron.), who? what? which? 2.42, et al.; quid, elliptical, what then? what is it? 10.77; quid, (adv.), as to what? how? why? 2.101, et al.; with num, whether any, any? nescio quis, — quid, — quod, I know not who, — what; often equivalent to some one, something, denoting doubt, 2.735.
|nec or neque||
(adv. and conj.), and not; neither, nor, 1.643, et al.; in prohibition, 3.394, et al.; neque (nec) — neque (nec), neither — nor, 5.21, et al.; nec — et, or -que, may be rendered neither — nor, 12.801; 2.534; nec nōn, and also, nor less, 6.183; nec nōn et, and also, 1.707.
(adj.), all, the whole, 6.138; every, 1.160; universal, supreme, 1.236; subst., omnēs, ium, m., all men; omnia, ium, n., all things, 6.33; everything, 1.91.
(prep. followed by acc.) 1. (In relations of place), to, towards, at, by, near, before, freq., present with, among, 6.481; 2. (Of time), at, just at, about, by, 4.513, et al.; 3. (In other relations), in one’s esteem, with, 12.648; ad ūnum, even to a single one, to the last one, to a man, 5.687; ad ūsque, as far as, 11.262, et al.
|dō, dedī, datus, dare, a.||
to give, freq.; grant, 1.79; bestow, 12.394; offer, 8.106; show, betray, 12.69; present, make, render, effect, 9.323; consign, throw, cast, 2.566; yield, resign, 11.162; supply, 2.391; bring, 4.683; give forth, spread, 12.301; make, 11.385; form, 12.575; direct, 3.337; establish, ordain, 12.192; unfurl, 1.35; often w. infin. as object acc., 5.538; sē dare, to intrust one’s self, venture upon, 9.56; to be given or afforded, 4.627; dare dēfēnsum, to defend completely, 12.437; dare poenās, to suffer punishment. Dare, w. a substantive following, may often be translated by the verb kindred with the latter; as, dare complexūs, to embrace, 1.687; dare partū, to bring forth, bear, 1.274.
|atque, or ac||
(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.
|ipse, a, um||
(gen. ipsīus, dem. pron.), self, used to emphasize substantives and pronouns expressed or understood; myself, thyself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, etc., freq.; sometimes equivalent to just, precisely, exactly, very, even, 5.767, et al.; denoting distinction or preëminence, 1.575, et al.; of one's self, spontaneously, 7.492, et al.; the whole as contrasted with the parts, 12.303.
|suī (gen.), sibi (dat.), sē or, emphasized, sēsē (acc. and abl.)||
(reflex. pron., sing. and pl.), of himself, herself, itself, themselves, etc., freq.; (abl. with cum), sēcum, with one's self, 4.29.
|māgnus, a, um; compar., māior, ius; superl., māximus, a, um||
adj. (rel. to μέγας, great), great, 1.602, and freq.; wide, vast, extended, expansive, 1.300; grand, stately, lofty, towering, 3.703; in number, 1.148; in weight, 5.248; in rank, power, character, 1.241; mighty, 5.414; venerable, 6.544; formidable, direful, 2.190; comp., māior, with or without nātū, the elder; māximus, a, um, with or without nātū, eldest, 1.654, et al.; subst., māgnum, ī, n., a great, noble, difficult, lofty thing, freq.; māgna, ōrum, great things; great rewards, 2.161; (adv.), māgnum, largely, widely, greatly, loudly, 9.705.
|arma, ōrum, n.||
arms, defensive and offensive, freq.; armor, 10.181; suits of armor, 8.565; (fig.), or warlike exploits, 1.1; conflict, 12.844; implements, equipments, instruments, utensils, 1.183; sails, 5.15; rudder, helm, 6.353; military power, warlike command, 12.192; war, conflict, 12.6; means of injury, weapons, 2.99; arma movēre (of the lion), to prepare for battle, 12.6; arma colligere, shorten sail.
|ferō, tulī, lātus, ferre, irreg. a.||
to bear, bring, carry, 1.702; bear away, 2.374; bring against, 12.465; carry, drive, 1.536; bear, bring forth, breed; produce, give, 1.605; conduct, lead, 6.295; offer, 3.19; aim, 12.299; cast, throw, 2.570; move, 3.490; induce, cause, attend, 5.356; suffer, allow, 2.94; take away, 2.555; destroy, 2.600; bring, afford, 1.463; grant, put, 3.145; render, make, 3.529; derive, have (others supply sē w. ferēbat), 11.341; bear, suffer, endure, 2.131; carry or lift, in praises, exalt, extol; bring tidings, report, 1.645; bring to light, disclose, 2.158; propose, 10.150; relate, tell, say, 2.230; call, 7.208; impel, prompt, 6.675; direct, 2.34; require, 11.345; mē, tē, sē ferre, to bear, carry, present one’s self; move, stalk, 8.199; return, 7.492; go, 2.456; appear, 1.503; rise, 6.241; rush, 2.672; boast, 5.373; (pass.), ferrī, to be borne, carried, presented; to be rendered, to be, 4.110; rush, hurry, hasten, 2.337; ride, 5.587; march, 11.530; sail, 3.16; p., ferēns, of the wind, blowing; favoring, 4.430; sīgna ferre, to move the standards, move on to war, advance, 8.498; ferre manum, to engage in conflict, 5.403; ferre pedem, to come; return, go, 2.756.
(adv.), not, freq.; sometimes for nē in prohibitions, 12.78.
(adv.), at that time, at this time; even then, even now; already, 1.437, et al.; with tum, even, 1.18; w. imperat., at length, at once, 3.41, et al.; soon, presently, immediately, 4.566; then, at length, 1.272; marking a transition, now, 2.567, et al.; iam iam, emphatic, now indeed, 4.371; now, now, 2.530; iam dūdum, iam prīdem, already for some time, long, 1.580, et al.; iam inde, iam ab illō tempore, even from then or that time, 1.623; iam tum, even then; iam — iam, at one time, at another time, now — now; nōn iam, no longer, 4.431; iamdūdum, at once.
(adv.), then, freq.; then too; at the same time, moreover, 4.250, et al.; referring to a perf. p., 5.719; answering to, cum, cum — tum, while — at the same time; both — and, not only — but; opposed to nunc, 10.14.
|Aenēās, ae, m.||
1. A Trojan chief, son of Venus and Anchises, and hero of the Aeneid, 1.92. 2. Aenēās Silvius, one of the Alban kings, 6.769.
(adv.), now, at this time, 4.283; even now; in our times, at the present time, 6.234.
(conj., indicating an actual and positive alternative, and not, like vel, leaving the choice to the mind), or, 1.70, et al.; but sometimes used indifferently with vel, ve, sive, 1.379; repeated, aut — aut, either — or, 1.396, et al.
|videō, vīdī, vīsus (interrog. viden’ for vidēsne, 6.779), 2, a.||
to see or perceive, in all senses of the words, freq.; see to it, look to it; determine, 10.744; (pass.), vidērī, to be seen, 2.461, et al.; to seem, appear, 1.396, et al.; (impers.), vidētur, vīsum est, it seems to one, seems good, proper, is the will of; one thinks, judges, 2.428, et al.
|manus, ūs, f.||
the hand, 1.487; freq.; (meton.), action, movement of the hand; work, art, handiwork, 3.486; prowess, heroic deed, action, 2.434; force, violence, 2.645; a collection of persons; a band, crew, troop; an army, 2.29; forces, 5.623; multitude, 6.660; pl., manūs, workmen, 11.329; dare manūs, to yield, 11.558; extrēma manus, the finishing hand or touch, 7.572.
(conj.), if, freq.; causal, if, indeed, since, 2.102; equivalent to cum, 5.64, et al.; whether, w. subj., 4.110; w. indic., 1.578; for Ō sī, would that, w. subj., 6.187.
|prīmus, a, um||
(num. adj., superl. of prior), first in space, time, order, degree, or dignity (usually referring to three or more); first, foremost, 5.151; front, fore-, 5.566; nearest, 2.32; first part of, 1.541; edge, border, outskirt of, 9.244; chief, 9.785; earliest, first, 1.345; for the first time, 11.573; as an adv., 1.442; 6.810, et al.; in the earliest times, 1.1; prīma proelia, the beginning of battle, 12.103; subst., prīmum, ī, n., the chief concern, affair, work, 8.408; prīmī, ōrum, m., foremost, first, 2.494; prīma, ōrum, n., the first place, front, van, 10.157; first prize, 5.194; adv., prīmum, first, 2.375; ut prīmum, as soon as, 1.306; prīmō, at first, in the beginning, 4.176; in prīmīs, or imprīmīs, especially, chiefly, 1.303.
|ā, ab, abs||
(prep. with abl.), from, in relations of space, time, source, cause, and agency; from, 1.371; following a substantive directly, with ellipsis of participle, 1.160; at, on, to, 7.106; from the direction, on the side of, 5.19; in respect to, 11.174; according to, 9.235; from a period or point of time, 2.87; since, after, 1.730; (of persons), by, 2.429; ā tergō, from the rear, behind, 1.186; ab ūsque, as far as from, even from, 7.289. In composition, ab is unchanged before vowels and before i(= j), h, b, d, l, n, r, s; becomes abs before c, q, t, as before p; ā in āfui from absum; and au is used in auferō, from ab and ferō, and in aufugiō, from ab and fugiō.
|urbs, urbis, f.||
a city, especially a walled city, 1.12, et al.
|deus, ī, m.||
a god, deity, 1.9, et al.; in general, god the deity, 6.749; a goddess, 2.632; the god Bacchus; (meton.), wine, 9.337.
|bellum, ī, n.||
conflict; war, freq.; a battle, 8.629; personified, Bellum, war, the demon of war, 1.294. (duellum, cf. duo)
|altus, a, um||
raised high; high built, high, lofty, 5.489; on high, aloft, 11.837; high-born, noble, ancient, 4.230; renowned, 10.126; deep, deep or deeply, 12.357; subst., altum, ī, n., the deep; the lofty; the deep sea, the main, the deep, 1.3; the sky, heaven, air, 1.297; from far, far-fetched, remote, 8.395; pl., alta, ōrum, high places, heights of heaven, 6.787; heights, hills, 11.797; battlements, 9.169; alta petere, to aim high, 5.508; comp., altior, ius, higher, taller, 8.162; superl., altissimus, a, um, very high, 8.234. (alō, rear, cause to grow)
|pater, tris, m.||
a father, 1.60, et al.; sire, ancestor, forefather, 1.641; often for Jupiter, 1.60; applied to many of the gods, 5.241, et al; often to rivers and lakes; pl., parents, 2.579; elders, senators, fathers, chiefs, 4.682; pater Rōmānus, Augustus (or, perhaps, the Roman citizen), 9.449. (πατήρ)
|vir, virī, m.||
a man as distinguished by sex, 9.479, and freq.; husband, 2.744; hero, 6.415; pl., virī, ōrum, comrades, friends, 2.668; citizens, 1.264; people in general, 1.532.
(adj.), great, freq.; huge, enormous, 2.400; monstrous, vast, 3.658; mighty, giant-, 1.99; immense, 5.423; great, massive, 1.640; ponderous, 6.222; vast, spacious, 6.81; lofty, towering, 4.89; stately, 1.446; exalted, great, 2.325; dread, 7.241; fearful, 5.523.
|medius, a, um||
(adj.), mid, said of an inner point or part of a thing; midway, midst, 3.665, et al.; of one or of several objects, 1.440, et al.; of the location of a person or thing; intervening, between, 6.634; in the midst, 5.76; disturbing, untimely, 1.682; discordant, 1.348; subst., medius, iī, m., a mediator, 7.536.
(adv.), when, freq.; and then, 3.10; vel cum, then again, 11.406; (conj.), whereas, while, when, though, since, because, freq.
|terra, ae, f.||
the earth; a land, country, 3.13; land as opposed to sea or water, 1.598, et al.; to air, sky, 4.184, et al.; ground, 1.395; an estate, a farm, 6.811; pl., terrae, ārum, lands, for the sing., 6.18; the world, all lands, 4.607; orbis terrārum, the world, the whole earth, 1.233; sub terrās, to the lower world, 4.654; terram petere, to fall upon the ground prostrate in awe and fear, 3.93; in death, 10.489.
|animus, ī, m.||
the rational spirit or soul of man; freq., the mind, 1.464, et al.; design, intention, purpose, 4.639; mind, memory, 1.26; the heart; feeling, disposition, affection, inclination, 1.304, et al.; pl., animī, ōrum, m., lofty spirit, heroism, 6.782; daring; courage, confidence, 2.617; strength; passion; anger, rage, 1.57; arrogance, pride, 11.366; fury, 10.357; of things, life, velocity, 7.383.
(adv.), in this manner; in such a manner; so, thus; explanatory, 2.440, et al.; referring to a preceding participle, 1.225.
|multus, a, um||
(adj.), much, freq.; abundant, abounding, great, 3.151; powerful, 3.372; many a, 1.334; dense, thick, 1.412; pl., many, freq.; (compar.) plūs, plūris, n., more, freq.; pl., plūrēs, plūra, more, freq.; several, many; (superl.) plūrimus, a, um, the most; most abundant, greatest, 11.312; very much, abundant, great, 6.299; very large, high, 1.419; very many a, many a, 2.369; countless, 2.364.
(prep. with abl. and acc.); (with abl.), under, (denoting situation); beneath, under, freq.; at the foot of, 3.5; in the lower part of a thing, in, 1.453; down in, deep in, 1.36; by, close, to, 5.837; (of time), in, 4.560; (of rank or order), just behind, next after, 5.323; close to, in subjection to, subordinate to, under, 9.643; by reason of, under, 2.83; (with acc.), denoting tendency, down to, 4.243; down under, into, 4.654; down before, 6.191; near to, 5.327; in the midst of, 12.811; (of approaching the foot of some high object), up to or close to, 2.442; to or towards, 6.541; (of some object situated above or on high), up to, towards, 3.422, et al.; of time, just before or after; following after, in reply to, 5.394; coming under, subject to, under, 4.618; sub noctem, at nightfall, 1.662.
|Turnus, ī, m.||
the chief of the Rutulians, 7.56, et al.
|dīcō, dīxī, dictus, 3, a. and n.||
to say, 1.81; speak of, mention, 4.43; celebrate; tell, rehearse, relate, recount, 1.753; sing, recite, 6.644; name, call, 1.277; pronounce, 6.231; declare, 12.112; disclose, portend, foretell, 3.362; bid, 5.551; speak, say, 3.312; announce, 1.137.
(adj.), such, in kind or nature; correlative to quālis, such, 1.503; such, of such sort or kind, 1.74; without quālis, such as has been said, 1.50; such as follows; this, 1.131; so distinguished, so great, 1.335; so critical, 11.303; introducing a comparison, 9.710.
|tēlum, ī, n.||
a missile weapon, freq.; a bolt, 1.665; shaft, arrow, 1.191; spear, lance, javelin, 1.99; weapon, 2.447; point, 12.387; blow or caestus, 5.438.
(conj.), except that; but, yet, freq.; sed enim, but indeed, however, 1.19, et al.; sed autem, but yet, 2.101.
|ōs, ōris, n.||
the mouth, 1.559; visage, face, countenance, 12.101; language, speech, words, 2.423; an entrance, door, 6.53; opening, 2.482; ōs summum, the lips, 1.737; pl., ōra, features, face, visage, form, countenance, 4.499; images, 4.62; ante ōra, before one's face, 12.82.
|caelum, ī, n. (pl., caelī, ōrum, m.)||
the sky, the firmament, the heavens; heaven, 1.225; region, 1.331; air, weather, 5.18; the upper world or abode of living men, as distinguished from Hades, 6.896; personif., Caelus, ī, m., the god Caelus, father of Saturn, 7.140.
(prep. with abl.), with, 1.74, et al. With personal pronouns mē, tē, sē, etc., it is suffixed; as mēcum, tēcum, etc.; and usually with the relative; as quōcum, quibuscum, etc. In composition the archaic form com- is employed instead of cum; remaining unchanged before b, m, p; changed to con- before l, cor- before r, co- generally before vowels, h, and gn; and before all other letters, con-.
|eō, īvī or iī, itus, īre, irreg. n.||
to go; walk, come, 8.466; go forth, 2.578; depart, 2.111; issue, 4.130; advance, 12.903; move, appear, 4.149; ascend, 5.451; run down, flow, 9.434; hang, 5.558; enter upon, succeed to, inherit, 6.758; (w. cogn. acc.), to pursue, 4.468; (impers.), ītur, we, they, go, 9.641; p., iēns, euntis, going, etc., freq.
(adv.), here, there, 1.247, et al; of time, hereupon, thereupon, 1.728; now, then, here, 5.340; in this work, 10.73. (hīc)
|teneō, uī, tentus, 2, a. and n.||
to hold, in every sense, freq.; hold fast, grasp, 2.530; 12.754; cling to, 2.490; keep, hold, 1.482; inhabit, 1.12; gain, reach, 1.400; seize upon, 12.673; hold one's course through, traverse, 7.287; hold, direct one's way, 1.370; retain, 6.235; to have, inherit, 5.121; preserve, maintain, observe, 3.408; govern, rule, 1.236; detain, 1.670; withhold, forbid, 12.819; bind, control, 2.159; fill, possess, 1.132; keep in mind or memory; n., have possession, be master, 2.505; prīma tenēre, to take the lead, 10.157; sē tenēre, stand fast, 7.589. (rel. to tendō)
|rēx, rēgis, m.||
a king, freq.; chief, ruler, sovereign, 1.65; prince, 9.223.
|ex or ē||
(prep. w. abl.), out of from; of place, 3.554, and freq; down from, 2.410; of source, material, of, 5.266; (partitive), of, 2.659; (of time), after, from, since, 1.623; (of transition from one condition to another), 10.221; (of correspondence), in, 1.456; according to, after, 5.244; with, 8.621; ex eō, illō, quō (tempore), from that, from which, what, time; since, 8.268.
|at and ast||
(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.
|equus, ī, m.||
a horse, 1.156, et al.
|petō, īvī or iī, ītus, 3, a.||
to fall upon, attack, assail, 3.603; seek, 1.181; strike, 11.9; advance towards, 2.213; follow up, pursue, 5.226; make for, 1.158; repair to, 1.519; hasten, approach to, 1.717; greet, 1.611; aim at, 5.508; (fig.), assail, try, 4.675; purpose, intend, 2.151; apply to, solicit, entreat, beg, beseech, crave, ask, seek, 4.433, et al.; w. inf., 7.96; petere terram, fall prostrate upon the ground, 3.93.
|lītus, oris, n.||
the seashore, beach, strand; shore, coast, 1.3, et al.; shore, 6.900.
|corpus, oris, n.||
the body, 1.484; body, form, frame, size, 3.427; mass, corporeal universe, 6.727; strength, 12.920; a ghost, shade, 6.303; summum corpus, the surface of the body, 12.376.
|Teucrī, ōrum, m.||
the Trojans, descendants of Teucer, 1.38, et al.; adj., Teucrian, Trojan, 9.779, et al. (Teucer)
|fātum, ī, n.||
that which is decreed; fate, lot, destiny, 1.299; a prophecy, an oracle, 1.382; misfortune, destruction, death, 4.20; natural destiny, a natural death, 4.696; the (usual) limits of life, 11.160. (for)
|veniō, vēnī, ventus||
to come, freq.; come forth; approach, 6.755; rise, appear, 1.353; dawn, 10.241; to present one's self or itself, 5.344; descend, spring from, 5.373; impers., ventum est, we, they came or have come, 4.151.
|sequor, secūtus sum, 3, dep. a.||
to follow, 1.185; follow closely, pursue, 5.227; seek after, pursue, 3.327; seek to reach, seek, 4.381; 10.193; pursue a plan or course, 3.368; compass, attain, find, 6.457; follow in narrative, recount, 1.342; follow; of words responding to the will, 12.912; yield to the hand, 6.146; attend, favor, 8.15.
|pectus, oris, n.||
the breast, 1.44; stomach, 5.182; (fig.), mind, 1.227; thought, 5.7; breast, heart, soul, feeling, freq.; spirit, courage, 6.261, et al.; personif.; person, soul, spirit, 2.349.
(conj., denoting result), so that, 6.553, et al.; purpose; in order that, that, 1.685, et al.; with subj. for inf. and acc., that, 11.269.
|tantus, a, um||
(adj.), so great, such, regularly followed by quantus; alone, 1.606, et al.; explanatory, so great, such, 1.33, et al.; followed by quam, so great as, 6.352, et al.; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.
(prep. w. acc.), between; among, amid, in the midst of, 3.646, et al.; through, 2.782; in, 4.70; (implying both to and amid), 12.437; w. sē or sēsē, mutually, 4.193; one with another, 2.455; alternately, in turn, 5.433; against each other, 6.828; on or upon each other, 11.121.
|tuus, a, um||
your, yours. (tū)
|vōx, vōcis, f.||
a voice, 1.328; note, tone, 6.646; language, 12.825; response, answer, 2.119; sound, 3.556.
(prep. with abl.), from, of place, time, source, material, etc., freq.; out of; away from, 6.85; just from, on, 10.478; of 2.78; sprung from, 10.350; by, of, 4.327; according to, after, 1.318; over, upon, 6.502; concerning, for, about, 12.765.
|superus, a, um||
adj. (super), above, upper, supreme, 3.20; of the upper world as opposed to Hades, 2.91; 10.40; superae sēdēs, the sky, Olympus, 11.532; supera, the upper world, 7.562; the sky, heaven, 6.787; subst., superī, ōrum, m., those of the upper world, the living as opposed to the dead, 6.481; the gods above, or gods of Olympus as opposed to the infernal gods, 1.4; superl., suprēmus, a, um, the highest; most exalted, 10.350; illustrious, 7.220; extreme, 3.590; last, final, 2.11; subst., suprēmum, ī, n., the end, 12.803; pl., suprēma, ōrum, the last honors, rites, 6.213; (adv.), suprēmum, for the last time, 3.68; superl., summus, a, um, the uppermost, topmost, highest, 2.463; situated on a height; high, 2.166; the highest part of, summit of, top of, 2.302, et al.; surface of, 5.819, et al.; main, chief, 1.342; utmost, greatest, 5.197; supreme, 1.665; most important, 9.227; latest, last, 2.324, et al.; summa rēs, the chief or common interest, common weal, 11.302; the chief conflict, 2.322; subst., summum, ī, n., the top.
|dextra (dextera), ae (sc. manus), f.||
the right hand, 1.408; valor, 10.610; faith, a pledge, 7.366.
|vīs, vīs, pl., vīrēs, vīrium||
strength, force; persistence, industry, force, power, 2.452; keenness of scent, 4.132; might, 7.432; violence, fury, 1.69; hurt, injury, 3.242; pl., vīrēs, ium, physical power, strength, 2.639; military strength, power, resources, 2.170; natural power, 7.258; personal power, influence, 8.404.
|vocō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.||
to call, name, 3.133; mention, speak of, 3.185; invoke, implore, 3.264; propitiate, 3.253; invite, 3.70; summon, 2.668; challenge, 6.172; incite, 7.614; assemble, rally, 7.508.
|ferrum, ī, n.||
iron; an iron implement or weapon; battleax, ax, 2.55; sword, 1.350; arms; dart, arrow, 4.71; spear, javelin, 9.410; war, 10.10; iron point, 1.313; 9.633; curling iron, 12.100.
|unda, ae, f.||
a wave, billow, 1.161; freq.; the sea, 3.202; water, river, stream, 9.22.
(interj. expressing joy, grief, astonishment, desire, or indignation), O! oh! ah! w. voc., 2.281, et al.; w. sī and the subj., oh that, 11.415; sometimes placed after the word to which it relates, 2.281.
|atque, or ac||
(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.
(adv.), not at all; not, 1.387, et al.
|agō, ēgī, āctus, 3, a.||
to put in motion; to drive, 1.333; force, impel, 3.5; urge, incite, 7.393; advance, 9.505; move, turn, pursue, 10.540; drive away, dispel, lead, 4.546; send forth, raise, 6.873; rear by growth, 11.136; work, 3.695; work out, cut out, cleave, 10.514; convey, 1.391; bear onward, 3.512; bring, 9.18; do in general, 10.675; do, perform, 5.638; to be busy about, aim at, essay, try to accomplish, effect, gain, 11.227; treat, 1.574; derive, 12.530; consider, discuss, debate, 11.445; pass, spend, 5.51; (without an object), to be at work, to work, perform, 12.429; agere sē, to present one’s self, appear, 6.337; (pass.), agī, to move, hover, 12.336.
|alius, a, ud (gen. alīus, dat. aliī)||
(adj. and subst.), other, another; repeated; alius — alius, one — another; pl., aliī — aliī, some — others, 1.427, 428; used once for aliī— aliī, 4.593; (adv.), aliō (old abl.), elsewhere, to another place; aliās (acc. pl. fem., sc. vicēs), at another time.
|rēs, reī, f.||
a thing, in the most general sense; object, 1.450; treasure, store, 12.589; state, situation, condition, 1.563; circumstance; fortune, 1.204; affair, business, interest, 9.227; a side, party, cause, 3.54; 11.400; conflict, 9.154; misfortune, calamity, 1.462; commonwealth, state, empire, dominion, power, 1.268; action, deed, exploit, achievement, 1.641; adventure, fortune, 4.290; pl., the universe, 10.40; the world, 1.282; nature, creation, 9.131; rēs summa, the public interest, common weal, 11.302; the chief conflict, 2.322.
|āgmen, inis, n.||
that which is driven or moved; direction of movement; a train; gathering, winding; herd, flock, drove, 1.186; an army, on the march; battalion, squadron, 5.834; army, 11.60; troop, band, 5.549; company, multitude, throng, 5.378; assemblage, gathering, flood; motion, stroke, of oars, 5.211; stream, current, 2.782; course, 2.212; a leader, 10.561. (agō)
|tōtus, a, um||
(adj.), the whole, total, entire, 1.128, et al.; tōtō corpore, with all one's strength, 12.920.
|sanguis, inis, m.||
blood, 3.30, et al.; parentage, lineage, descent, race, 1.19; offspring, son, 6.835.
|gēns, gentis, f.||
a family stock or gens; a race; a clan or tribe, 10.202; nation, 1.17; people, 3.133; lineage, child, offspring, descendant, 10.228; descent, 11.331; (meton.), a country, land, 1.533; 11.324; pl., gentēs, ium, nations; the world. (genō, gignō)
|socius, iī, m.||
an associate, ally, 9.150; companion, friend, comrade, 1.198, et al.
|possum, potuī, posse, irreg. n.||
to be able; can, 1.242, et al.; to avail, have influence, power, 4.382. (potis and sum)
|ūnus, a, um (gen. ūnīus, dat. ūnī)||
(num. adj.), one, 2.527, et al.; one alone, a single one (emphatically), 1.47; only, alone, 9.544; one in particular, 5.704; with a comparative, 1.15; with a superl., 2.426; with ante aliōs, 3.321; common, 5.308; one and the same, at once, 10.871; pl., one, 2.642; ad ūnum, to a man, without exception, utterly, 5.687; in ūnum, in one, together, 12.714; (adv.), ūnā, in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.
|noster, tra, trum||
(poss. adj. pron.), our, ours, our own, freq.; of us, or me, given by me, 12.51; favorable to us, auspicious, 12.187, et al. (nōs)
|dictum, ī, n.||
a thing said; word, 1.197; command, precept, injunction, 1.695; promise, 8.643. (dīcō)
|for, fātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.||
to speak, report, say, 1.131, 610; ger., fandī; cōpia fandī, opportunity of speaking, 1.520; fandō, by report, 2.81; while speaking, 2.6; p., fandus, a, um; subst., fandum, ī, n., that may be uttered; right, 1.543. (rel. to φημί)
|moenia, ium, n.||
fortified walls, city walls, ramparts, fortifications, walls, 1.7; battlements, 11.506; town, city, 1.410; prison house, 6.549.
|īgnis, is, m.||
fire, 1.175, and freq.; torch, 7.320; conflagration, 2.312; light, 3.585; lightning, 1.90; fiery spirit; wrath, rage, fury, 2.575; 7.577; fire of love, passion, 4.2; the beloved; one's flame, love, firebrand or fiery missile, 7.692; pl., torches, 4.384.
|nōmen, inis, n.||
a name, 1.248, et al.; designation, name, indicating attribute, invention, gift for mischief, 7.337; word, 3.444; fame, renown, 2.583, et al. (nōscō)