Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort ascending
sors, sortis, f.

a lot, 5.490, et al.; fate, lot, destiny, fortune, condition, 6.114; hazard, 12.54; luck, success, victory, 12.932; oracular response, oracle, 4.346; 7.254; allotment, designation, 6.431; division, part, 10.40.

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placidus, a, um

adj. (placeō), gentle, calm, tranquil, peaceful, serene, 5.848; inactive, idle, 9.187; friendly, propitious, 3.266; (adv.), placidē, gently, softly, quietly, calmly, 5.86.

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sacrum, ī, n.

a holy thing; pl., sacra, ōrum, n., sacred symbols, rites, 12.13; sacred rites, ceremonies, sacrifices, 2.132; sacred things, utensils, symbols, 2.293; mysteries, 3.112.

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tantum

(adv.), so much, 6.877; just so much; only, 2.23; in tantum, to such a degree or height, so high, 6.876; tantum — quantum, so great (such, so much) — as.

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loquor, locūtus sum, 3, dep. n. and a.

to speak, 1.614, et al.; tell, 6.266; say, 1.731; sing, 6.662.

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sacerdōs, ōtis, c.

a priest or priestess, 2.201; 1.273; a poet or bard (as priest of the Muses), 6.645. (sacer)

26
exerceō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to keep in action or motion; hurry, drive along, whip, 7.380; exercise, carry on, pursue, 1.431; employ, 10.808; engage in, cultivate, cherish, 4.110; practice, 4.87; train, lead, 1.499; agitate, torment, harass, 5.779; pursue, 4.623. (ex and arceō)

26
Italus, a, um

Italian, 3.440, et al.; subst., Italī, ōrum, m., the Italians, 1.109. (Ītalia)

26
dolus, ī, m.

artifice, device, stratagem, 2.390; fraud, treachery, wile, 2.34; deception, craft, 1.684; secret or hidden crime, crafty misdeed, 6.567; (fig.), maze, 5.590; treacherous work or fabric, 2.264.

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vērō

(adv.), in truth; in fact, but in fact, but, 2.438, et al. (vērus)

26
levis, e

(adj.), of little weight, light, 2.682, et al.; thin, slender, 10.817; delicate, tender, 12.207; light-armed, 11.868; fleeting, fleet, swift, flying, 1.147; flitting, airy, 10.663; sudden, 12.489; insignificant, small, 7.232; mean, 12.764.

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legō, lēgī, lēctus, 3, a.

to gather, collect, 5.209; cull, pick, gather; gather in, furl, 3.532; wind up, 10.815; select, elect, choose, 1.426; take to one's self, claim, 10.79; take in point after point in travel or with the eye, coast along, pass by, 3.292; trace, pursue, 9.393; traverse, 2.208; 12.481; read; survey, review, 6.755.

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ultrō

(adv.), to the farther side; furthermore, over and above, moreover, 2.145, et al.; even, 9.127; beyond the limit of necessity; uncompelled, unasked, unimpelled; apart from all external influences, of one's self, of one's own accord or motion, voluntarily, willingly; unprompted by any words on another's part, first, 2.372; 4.304; unaddressed, 10.606; promptly, 10.282; impetuously, 12.3. (cf. ulterior)

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pār, paris

(adj.), equal, 1.705; like, 2.794; equal, well-poised, steady, 4.252; side by side, 5.580; well-matched, 5.114.

26
iterum

(adv.), a second time, again, freq.; iterumque iterumque, both again and again, again and again, 2.770.

26
ops, opis, f.

power, might, ability, 1.601; splendor, pomp, magnificence, 8.685; aid, assistance, 2.803; pl., opēs, um, means, resources, strength, riches, wealth, 1.14; supplies, assistance, 1.571; power, dominion, 2.4. (in the sing. only the gen., acc., and abl. are used)

26
inimīcus, a, um

unfriendly; inimical, hostile, 2.622; of one's foe, 10.795; adverse, 12.812; dangerous, 11.880; fatal, destructive, 1.123.

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ut (utī)

(relat. adv. of manner), as, just as, freq.; in oaths, so truly as, 12.206; of time, as soon as, when, 8.1, et al.; ut prīmum, as soon as, 1.306.

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optō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to choose, w. acc., 3.109; desire, wish, 1.76; w. inf., 6.501; p., optātus, a, um, desired, longed for, much desired, 1.172; adv., optātō, according to one's wish; in good time, 10.405.

25
cōgō, coēgī, coāctus, 3, a.

to drive, lead, assemble together, 4.289; condense, 5.20; close up, 12.457; urge, impel, 9.463; force (of tears), feign, 2.196; compel, 1.563; with two accusatives, 3.56. (com- and agō)

25
prior, ius, ōris (superl., prīmus, wh. see)

first or foremost, of two, 5.155; first in order of time, 1.581; earlier, former, first, 3.213; beforehand, anticipating, 11.760; superior, 11.292; (subst.), priōrēs, m., ancestors, 3.693.

25
quoque

(conj.), also, too, as well, even, 1.407.

25
fluvius, iī, m.

a stream; river, 1.607; water, fountains, abundant water; secundō fluviō, by the favoring stream, with or down the stream, 7.494. (fluō)

25
harēna, ae, f.

sand, 1.112; sandy shore, strand, 1.540; sandy ground, arena; space for races; an arena, 5.336.

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succēdō, cessī, cessus, 3, n. and a.

to go, come up to or under, with dat., or acc. and prep., or without a case, to go up to, visit, 8.507; ascend, 12.235; come up to, advance to, 2.478; approach, 7.214; encounter, 10.847; enter, 1.627; creep under, disappear beneath, 5.93; to descend into the earth, to be buried, 11.103; take up, take upon one's self, 2.723; go under, be yoked to, 3.541; to follow, 11.481; to turn out well; succeed, come to pass, 11.794. (sub and cēdō)

25
numerus, ī, m.

a number, 1.193; multitude, 2.424; order, 3.446; in music or poetry, measure, number, 6.646; pl., numbers, measures; melody, tune.

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fallō, fefellī, falsus, 3, a.

to deceive, cheat, ensnare, beguile, 1.688; counterfeit, assume, 1.684; to be unobserved by, escape the notice of, 2.744; make useless or deceptive, 5.591; disappoint, 4.17; to violate an oath, 6.324; (pass.), to deceive one’s self, be mistaken, err, 5.49; (impers.), fallit, it escapes one, is hid from or unknown to, 4.96.

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trepidus, a, um

(adj.), agitated, uneasy, disturbed, trembling, affrighted, 2.380; excited, tumultuous, 11.300; confused, in disorder, 10.283; alarmed, fearful of, anxious for, w. gen., 12.589; panic-stricken, 12.583.

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fidēs, eī, f.

a trusting; confidence, faith, belief, reliance, trust, 3.69; confident hope, trust, 9.260; trustiness, faithfulness, sincerity, fidelity, honor, 2.143; 4.597; an alliance, league, 10.71; truth, fact, 2.309; certainty, assurance, 3.375; personified as a goddess, Faith, Fides, 1.292, et al. (fīdō)

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auris, is, f.

the ear, 2.119, et al. (rel. to audiō)

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accendō, ī, cēnsus, 3, a.

to set fire to, light up, enkindle, 5.4; enrage, exasperate, incense, 1.29; incite, rouse, 4.232. (ad and candō, rel. to candeō)

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malum, ī, n.

an evil, a misfortune, calamity, adversity; suffering, woe, misery, 1.198; misdeed, crime, sin, wickedness, 6.739; pest, curse, scourge, 4.174; mischief, poison, 7.375.

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iuventūs, ūtis, f.

youthfulness; the age of youth; collective, young people, the youth; warriors, 1.467. (iuvenis)

25
licet, licuit or licitum est

it is allowed; permitted, proper, lawful, right; one may, 5.82, et al. (liceō)

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impōnō, posuī, positus (p. impostus, 9.716), 3, a.

to put or lay on, in, into, over, upon, 1.49; put, 2.619; place over the dead, erect, build, 6.233; lay down, prescribe, 6.852; (impers.), impositum est, it is incumbent, a necessity, 8.410.

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laus, laudis, f.

praise, 1.609, et al.; fame, glory, 2.584; praiseworthy conduct, prowess, heroism, virtue, merit, 1.461, et al.

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ambō, ae, ō

(adj.), both, 1.458.

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fōrma, ae, f.

form, figure, shape, 1.72; beauty, 1.27; kind, species, sort (of penalty), 6.615; (of crime), 6.626.

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dīversus, a, um

turned apart; opposite, contrary; away, 5.166; different, various, 2.298; distant, far remote, 3.4; pl., apart, 9.623; in different directions, 1.70; different parts of, 5.676; in different places, 12.501; dīversa urbs, different parts of the city, 12.621; in dīversa, different or opposite ways; asunder, 8.642.

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quīcumque, quaecumque, quodcumque

(indef. rel.), whoever, whatever, whosoever, whatsoever, 1.610; no matter who; who, 12.143. (quī and indef. adv. -cumque)

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mēnsa, ae, f.

a table, 1.640; dish, food, viands, 1.216; course of food, 1.723.

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celer, eris, ere

(adj.), fleet, rapid, active, nimble, swift, 4.180, et al; in a predicate, swiftly, 6.425.

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pandō, pandī, passus or pānsus, 3, a.

to spread out or open, 7.641; unfurl, 3.520; extend, expose, 6.740; break through, open, 2.234; unbind, dishevel, 1.480; (fig.), disclose, declare, explain, reveal, 3.179.

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perīculum (perīclum), ī, n.

a trial; risk, hazard, danger, peril, 1.615, et al.

25
coma, ae, f.

the hair, 1.319; mane, 10.726; (fig.), foliage, leafy crown, 2.629; leaves, branches.

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Olympus, ī, m.

Olympus, the name of several mountains in Greece and Asia Minor, the most famous of which was Mount Olympus in the northeastern part of Thessaly; the home of the superior gods; heaven, Olympus, 1.374; referring to the gods, 8.533.

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mollis, e

(adj.), soft, tender, delicate; pliant, flexible, soft, 1.693; soft-cushioned, 8.666; subtle, 4.66; tamed, gentle; yielding, accessible, favorable, 4.293; haud mollia, things hard, difficult, harsh, unwelcome, 12.25.

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cūstōs, ōdis, c.

a guard; overseer, watchman, keeper, freq.; guardian, governor, master, 5.546; collectively, a patrol, a guard, 1.564.

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subitō

(adv.), suddenly, 1.88, et al.

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ita

(adv.), thus, so, in such a manner, 4.533, et al.; in oaths, 9.208. (rel. to is)

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quīn

(conj.), why not, wherefore not? nay but, 1.279; nay even, 2.768; that not, 5.456.

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impleō, plēvī, plētus, 2, a.

to fill up; fill, 1.729; with sound, fill, 3.313; reach, 11.896; regale (w. gen.), 1.215; satisfy, 1.716; inspire, 3.434.

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Euryalus, ī, m.

a Trojan youth among the followers of Aeneas, 5.294.

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Īliacus, a, um

(adj.), belonging to Ilium; Ilian, Trojan, 1.97, et al.

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antrum, ī, n.

a cave, cavern, grotto, 1.166.

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cōnsīdō, sēdī, sessus, 3, n.

to sit or settle down together or completely; sink, 2.624; sit, 4.573; sit in mourning, 11.350; take a seat, 5.136; alight, 3.245; settle, 10.780; dwell, 1.572; abide, rest, 11.915; to lie at anchor, to anchor, 3.378; to be moored, stationed, 7.431.

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prōlēs, is, f.

that which springs forth; offspring, race, progeny, 1.75; lineage, 3.180.

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rōbur, oris, n.

hard oak or wood, 6.181; a tree, 8.315; (meton.), timber, a wooden structure; fabric, 2.260; (fig.), sturdiness, strength, firmness, courage, vigor, 2.639; pl., rōbora, wood, timber, 4.399; vigor, flower, 8.518.

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incipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to undertake; begin, 1.721; begin to speak, 2.348; cherish, 12.832.

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lātus, a, um

(adj.), wide, broad, 1.313; spacious, ample, large, 4.199; widespread, far-extending, 1.225.

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quam

(adv. interrog. and rel.) how, freq.; as, answering to tam, expressed or understood, even as, just as, so far as, 6.96; quam māgnus, so great as, 10.763; with a superl., to denote the highest degree possible; quam prīmum, as soon as possible, instantly, 4.631; after the comparative, than, freq.; antequam, priusquam (often separated by tmesis), before that, before, 4.27, freq.; postquam, often separated, after that, after, as soon as, 3.463, et al.

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inānis, e

(adj.), empty, void, 3.304; light; vain, idle, fruitless, 4.210; valueless, trivial; little, brief, 4.433; lifeless, unreal, 1.464; shadowy, 6.269; unsubstantial, shadowy, airy, phantom, 6.651; subst., ināne, is, n., void space, a void, 12.354.

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vehō, vexī, vectus, 3, a. and n.

to carry, 1.113, et al.; bring, usher in, 5.105; (pass.), vehor, vectus sum, to be carried, fly, 7.65; with or without equō, nāvibus, etc., to ride, go, sail, 1.121; 12.162; with acc., sail over, 1.524.

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vestīgium, iī, n.

a footstep; step, 2.711; footprint, track, 8.209; course, 5.592; footprint or foot; foot or hoof, 5.566; trace, 3.244; sign, vestige, 4.23. (vestīgō)

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Penātēs, ium, m.

gods of the household; hearth-, fireside gods, 2.514, et al.; tutelary gods of the state as a national family, 1.68; (fig.), fireside, hearth, dwelling-house, abode, 1.527. (penus)

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vel

(conj.), or implying indifference as to the alternative or choice, or, freq.; even, or whether, and, 6.769; vel — vel, either — or, 4.24, 25, et al.

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terreō, uī, itus, 2, a.

to frighten, alarm, appall, terrify, freq.; threaten, seek to terrify, 10.879.

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convertō, ī, versus, 3, a.

to turn completely; turn back, to invert, reverse, 1.81; wheel or turn against, 12.548; turn, 2.191; change, 2.73; p., conversus, a, um, turned, turning, 12.172; opposing, 12.716; returning, 7.543; transformed, 12.623.

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ūnā

(adv.), in one place or at one time, together with, at once, at the same time, 3.634, et al.; with -que following, 11.864.

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īnferō, intulī, inlātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to bear into, upon, or to; convey to, 1.6; offer in sacrifice, 3.66; bring, make, wage war, 3.248; sē īnferre, to betake, present one's self, appear, 5.622; move, advance, 1.439; (pass.), īnferrī, as middle, go against, pursue, 4.545.

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cārus, a, um

(adj.), dear, 4.91, et al.; poet., active, loving, fond, 1.677; affectionate, tender, 11.215.

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nimbus, ī, m.

a violent rain; storm, tempest, 1.51; a black cloud, thunder-cloud, cloud, 3.587; a bright cloud; the nimbus surrounding a god, 2.616; cloud of smoke, 5.666; a multitude, 7.793.

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praeceps, cipitis

adj. (prae and caput), head foremost; headlong, 2.307; deep, 11.888; hurried, hasty, quick, speedy, 4.573; flying, running swiftly, 2.516; 3.598; rash, impetuous, fiery, 9.685; prolept., ready to sink, 10.232; subst., praeceps, n., a steep, precipice, verge, 2.460; in praeceps, headlong; downwards, 6.578.

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mīror, ātus sum, 1, dep. a. and n.

to wonder at, admire, 1.421; marvel, wonder, 6.317; w. genit., 11.126

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furor, ōris, m.

rage, madness, fury, 1.150, et al.; frenzy, 4.91; love, desire; personif. as a deity, a Fury, 1.294. (furō)

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agger, eris, m.

materials gathered to form an elevation; a heap of earth or stones, dike, embankment, bank, 1.112; 2.496; heap of earth, 9.567; top, summit, ridge, raised surface, 5.44, 273; a rampart, 9.769, et al.; a height or rising ground, 12.446; aggerēs, mountains, mountain ramparts, 6.830. (aggerō)

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albus, a, um

(adj.), white, 3.392; blank, undecorated, 9.548; subst., album, ī, n., whiteness, white.

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urgeō, ursī, 2, a. and n.

to drive, impel, press forward, 1.111; ply, hasten, 9.489; press, oppress, crush, bear down, 3.579; press around, inclose, surround, hem in, 11.524; weigh upon, oppress, close, 10.745; overpower, 2.653; attack, 10.375; punish, torture, 6.561.

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armō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

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excipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to take out or up; except, exempt, 9.271; receive, receive in turn, 1.276; receive, with the notion of hospitality or shelter or favor, 4.374; 5.41; catch, take, surprise, fall upon, 3.332; seize, 6.173; overtake, 9.763; intercept, 11.517; befall, 3.318; hit, 12.507; take up the conversation; reply, answer, 4.114; catch mentally; surmise, suspect, detect, 4.297. (ex and capiō)

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Mānēs, ium, m.

the deities of the lower world, 6.896; gods or powers below, 12.646; the spirits or souls of the dead in Hades; ghosts, shades, Manes, 3.63; penalties of the lower world, punishments, expiations, purgatory, 6.743; abode of the dead, 4.387; infernal regions, the world below, 10.820.

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immittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to send upon or to; drive to, 6.312; bring upon, 4.488; let in, 2.495; let fly, go, loosen, 6.1; hurl, fling, cast, 11.562; (with sē), rush into, 6.262; p., immissus, a, um, of the reins of horses, let loose; hence, (fig.), swiftly running, 5.146; unchecked, unbridled, 5.662; of the hair or beard, descending, left growing, neglected, long, 3.593.

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verbum, ī, n.

a word, 1.710, et al.

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celsus, a, um

adj. (cellō, rise), high, lofty, 1.56, et al.

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decus, oris, n.

that which is becoming; grace, ornament, decoration, 1.429; glory, honor, distinction, 2.89; pride, 10.858; beauty, 1.592; dignity, honor, 5.174; an honor, honorable gift, 12.83. (decet)

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tam

correlative to quam, so much, by so much, 7.787; without quam, so as, so much, in such a manner, to such a degree, freq.

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lūctus, ūs, m.

a mourning; sorrow, grief, woe, lamentation, 2.298, and freq.; personif., 6.274. (lūgeō)

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efferō, extulī, ēlātus, ferre, irreg. a.

to bear, or bring out or forth, 2.297; bear away, rescue, 3.150; raise, elevate, lift up or high, 1.127; elate, puff up, 11.715; efferre gressum or pedem, walk, go, come forth, 2.753; efferre sē, arise, 3.215. (ex and ferō)

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dēmittō, mīsī, missus, 3, a.

to send down, 1.297; shed, 6.455; let down into, receive, admit, (of the mind or the senses), 4.428; consign, condemn, 2.85; convey, conduct, 5.29; transmit, hand down, 1.288; dēmittere mentem, to lose heart, sink into despair, 12.609.

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ductor, ōris, m.

a leader, 1.189; captain, commander, 5.133; prince, king, 9.691. (dūcō)

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arcus, ūs, m.

a bow, 5.500, et al.; the rainbow, 5.88.

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hērōs, ōis, m.

a demigod; a hero, 6.192, et al.; an illustrious man, champion, hero, 5.453.

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cornū, ūs, n.

a horn, 4.61; horny substance, horn; a trumpet or horn, 7.615; bow, 7.497; the knob or tip of the helmet in which the crest is inserted, 12.89; pl., cornua, uum, the ends of sail yards, 3.549; horns of the moon, 3.645; in cornua surgere, to rise as to the horns; i.e., having high-branching horns, 10.725; īrāscī in cornua, to throw fury into the horns, 12.104.

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dulcis, e

(adj.), sweet, 1.433; pure, clear, pleasant, delightful, 1.694; dear, 2.777.

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fīdus, a, um

adj. (fīdō), trustworthy, faithful, trusty, 1.188; safe, secure, hospitable, 5.24; w. gen., tuī fīdissima, most faithful to thee, 12.659.

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nihil (nīl), n. indecl.

nothing, 2.287; (adv.), not at all; by no means, not, 2.402, and freq. (nē and hīlum, a trifle)

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clārus, a, um

(adj.), clear, of sight or sound; clear, 1.588; shining, bright, lustrous, 9.582; making clear; fair, bright; shrill, loud, 3.519; (fig.), renowned, 1.284; noble, illustrious, honored, 1.550.

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magis, and short form, mage

(adv.), in a greater measure; more, 5.94; 10.481; the more, 7.787; for potius, by preference, rather, 5.29; better, 4.452. (rel. to māgnus)

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artus, ūs, m.

a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

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furō, uī, 3, n.

to be mad; freq., to rave, be frantic, rage, 1.491; to be furious, burn, storm (for war), 7.625; to be burning or mad with love, 1.659; to be frenzied, in a frenzy, 6.100; inspired, 2.345; distracted with grief, 3.313; plunge madly, 9.552; boil, 7.464; with cognate acc., give vent to one's fury, 12.680.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY