Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Sort descending Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid
armātī, ōrum, m.

armed men, warriors, 2.485. (armō)

2
armātus, a, um

armed, charged, 12.857. (armō)

11
armentālis, e

adj. (armentum), of a drove; of the herd; unbroke, 11.571.

1
armentum, ī, n.

collective (arō), beasts used for plowing; cattle, 2.499, et al.; of all kinds of animals, a herd, drove; of deer, 1.185; of horses, 3.540.

11
armiger, erī, m.

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

5
armiger, erī, m.

an armor bearer, 2.477; armiger Iovis, the eagle as the bearer of the thunderbolts of Jupiter; Jove’s armor bearer, 9.564. (arma and gerō)

1
armipotēns, entis

adj. (arma and potēns), powerful in arms; valiant, brave, warlike, 2.425.

5
armisonus, a, um

adj. (arma and sonō), making arms to resound; with resounding arms, 3.544.

1
armō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to equip with arms; arm, equip, 2.395, et al.; fit out, make ready, prepare, 4.299; (fig.), imbue, charge, 9.773; p., armātus, a, um, armed, charged, 12.857; subst., armātī, ōrum, m., armed men, warriors, 2.485. (arma)

23
armus, ī, m.

the shoulder, strictly at the shoulder blade; of beasts, shoulder, 11.497; flank, side, 6.881; of men, the shoulder, 11.644

6
arō, āvi, ātus, 1, a. and n.

to plow; till, cultivate, 4.212; of navigation, to plow, 2.780; of age, to furrow, 7.417.

6
Arpī, ōrum

Argyripa, afterwards Arpi, a town built by Diomedes in Apulia, 11.246.

3
arrigō, rēxī, rēctus, 3, a.

to raise up; erect; bristle up, 10.726; (fig.), to excite, rouse; p., arrēctus, a, um, standing up, rising; erect, 5.426; bristling, 11.754; attentive, 1.152; animated, roused, encouraged, 1.579; ardent, intent; intense, 5.138; in fearful expectation, 12.731. (ad and regō)

21
arripiō, uī, reptus, 3, a.

to seize for one’s self; seize, 9.561; lay hold upon; surprise, 9.13; (fig.), hasten to, gain, 3.477. (ad and rapiō)

7
Arrūns, untis, m.

Arruns or Aruns, an Etruscan follower of Tarchon, 11.759.

7
ars, artis, f.

acquired skill; dexterity, 5.521; art, 2.15; warlike device, craft, 5.442; skillful effort or toil, 5.270; attainment, science, 7.772; prophetic wisdom, 5.705; aim, vocation, pursuit, 6.852; avocation, craft, 12.519; artifice, plot, stratagem, intrigue, 1.657; craft, subtlety, cunning, 2.152; skillful or cunning workmanship, 5.359.

37
artifex, icis, m.

an artist, 1.455; artificis scelus, the iniquity of the deceiver = the accursed falsifier, 11.407; subtle schemer, artful deviser, 2.125. (ars and faciō)

4
artus, a, um

(adj.), straitened, narrow; close, tight, 1.293.

2
artus, ūs, m.

a joint of the body of man or beast, 5.422; a limb, 2.173, et al.; part, member, 6.726; frame, body, 9.490. (generally in the pl., except in later writers)

23
arundō, inis, f.

a reed, arrow, 4.73.

7
arvīna, ae, f.

grease, tallow, 7.627.

1
arvum, ī, n.

arable land; land; a field, 1.246; soil; plain, the ground, 12.237; the shore, 2.209; pl., arva, ōrum, fields, lands, country; waters, 8.695. (arō)

53
arx, arcis, f.

a citadel, stronghold, fortress, tower, 2.56, et al.; high abode, heaven, 1.250; a summit, height, 1.56; mountain, hill, 6.783; palace, 4.410. (arceō)

52
Asbȳtēs, ae, m.

a Trojan, 12.362.

1
Ascanius, iī, m.

Ascanius, son of Aeneas, and traditional founder of Alba Longa, 1.267.

41
ascendō, scendī, scēnsus, 3, a. and n.

to climb, mount, ascend, 1.419; scale, 9.507. (ad and scandō)

5
ascēnsus, ūs, m.

a climbing or ascending, 2.303. (ascendō)

1
Āsia, ae, f.

1. Asia, a town of Lydia, near the river Cayster. 2. Asia Minor; Asia, 7.224, et al.

8
Asīlās, ae, m.

1. A Trojan warrior, 9.571. 2. An Etruscan chief and soothsayer, 10.175.

5
Āsius, a, um

adj. (Āsia), of Asia, a town near the Cayster; Asian, 7.701.

1
Āsius, iī, m.

a Trojan warrior, 10.123.

1
aspargō, inis, f.

a sprinkling upon; spray, 3.534. (aspergō)

1
aspectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a.

to look at or upon, behold, 10.4; survey earnestly, 6.186; with admiration, 1.420; with regret, 5.615. (ad and spectō)

7
aspectus, ūs, m.

a looking at; (meton.), that which is looked at; a vision, 9.657; a view, sight, 4.314; appearance, presence, 1.613. (aspiciō)

7
asper, era, erum

(adj.), rough, 2.379; rugged, craggy, jagged, 6.360; chased, embossed, 5.267; (fig.), of the weather, stormy, 2.110; of temperament, spirit, or nature, barbarous, 5.730; formidable, fierce, 1.14; full of strife, warlike, 1.291; cruel, stern, 6.882; angry, 1.279; bitter, 2.96; displeased, 8.365.

31
aspergō, spersī, spersus, 3, a.

to sprinkle upon, to sprinkle. (ad and spargō)

1
aspernor, ātus sum, 1, dep. a.

to slight, despise, 11.106. (ab and spernor)

1
asperō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to make rough; raise, arouse, lift up, 3.285. (asper)

1
aspiciō, spexī, spectus, 3, a.

to look at; to behold, see, 1.393, et al.; (fig.), to consider, 1.526; regard, pity, 2.690. (ad and speciō, look)

34
Assaracus, ī, m.

Assaracus, a king of Phrygia, son of Tros, brother of Ganymede and Ilus, and grandfather of Anchises, 1.284; Assaracī, ōrum, m. the Assaraci, two Trojan heroes, 10.124.

7
astrum, ī, n.

a star, constellation; pl., astra, ōrum, heaven, 3.158; Tītānia astra, the heavenly bodies; the sun, moon, or stars, 6.725.

20
Astur, uris, m.

Astur, an Etruscan chief, 10.180.

2
astus, ūs, m.

cunning; abl. astū, with cunning, craftily, 10.522.

2
Astyanax, actis, m.

Astyanax, the son of Hector and Andromache, put to death by Ulysses after the capture of Troy, to prevent the fulfillment of the prophecy which said that Troy should be restored by him, 2.457.

2
asȳlum, ī, n.

1. A place of refuge; an asylum; a temple, sanctuary, 2.761. 2. The Asylum established by Romulus on the Capitoline, 8.342.

2
at and ast

(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.

17
at and ast

(conj., denoting addition either with the notion of difference, or of decided opposition), but, 1.46; yet, still, after conditional propositions; in adding new particulars, and in transitions, but also, but, now, 4.1; denoting indignation, with execration, 2.535.

129
atavus, ī, m.

a great-great-great-grandfather, or forefather of the fifth previous generation; forefather, 7.474.

3
āter, tra, trum

(adj.), black; dark, gloomy, 1.60, et al.; smoky, lurid, 7.456; 4.384; clotted, dark, 3.622; soiled, blackened, 2.272; (fig.), sad, fatal, 6.429; venomous, deadly; of the odor of smoke, 12.591.

71
Athesis, is, m.

the Athesis, a river in the N.E. part of Upper Italy, 9.680.

1
Athōs (acc. on, ōna), m.

a mountain in Macedonia on the Strymonian gulf, 12.701.

1
Atiī, ōrum, m.

the Atii, a Roman gens, 5.568.

1
Ātīna, ae, f.

a town of Latium, 7.630.

1
Atīnas, ātis, m.

Atinas, a Latin chief, 12.661.

2
Atlantis, idis, f.

a daughter or female descendant of Atlas; Electra, 8.135.

1
Atlās, antis, m.

Atlas, a king of Mauretania, famed for his knowledge of the stars, and hence said to have borne the heavens on his head and shoulders, transformed, according to mythology, by Perseus with the Gorgon’s head into the mountain that bears his name, 1.741, et al.

8
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

106
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561.

6
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

290
atque, or ac

(conj.), and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and, 1.575; freq.; even, 2.626; in comparisons, as, 4.90; than, 3.561; repeated, atque — atque, both — and.

3
Atrīdēs, ae, m.

a son or descendant of Atreus; pl., Atrīdae, ārum, the Atridae (Agamemnon and Menelaus), 2.104.

8
ātrium, iī, n.

a rectangular area in the middle of a dwelling, partly open to the sky; and often surrounded with a colonnade; the court or principal apartment of a dwelling; or, in a house containing more than one court, the forecourt or first hall; a court, hall, 2.483, et al.

6
atrox, ōcis

adj. (āter), cruel, fierce, relentless, 1.662.

2
attāctus, ūs (only in the abl., attāctū), m.

a touching; touch, 7.350. (attingō)

1
attingō, tigī, tāctus, 3, a.

to touch against; touch, grasp, 9.558; (fig.), attain, reach, arrive at, 5.797; come upon, overtake, 4.568. (ad and tangō)

7
attollō, 3, a.

to lift or raise up, throw, cast up, 3.574; rear, build, 2.185; (fig.), to rouse, excite, 2.381; with se, lift one’s self or itself, 4.690; come into view, appear, 3.205; (fig.), arise, be exalted, 4.49; (pass.), attollī, to rise, 5.127. (ad and tollō)

29
attonō, uī, itus, 1, a.

to thunder at; p., attonitus, a, um, (fig.), stunned; agitated, 7.580; amazed, astonished, 3.172; afflicted, overwhelmed, 12.610; spellbound, hushed, 6.53. (ad and tonō)

7
attonō, uī, itus, 1, a.

to thunder at; p., attonitus, a, um, (fig.), stunned; agitated, 7.580; amazed, astonished, 3.172; afflicted, overwhelmed, 12.610; spellbound, hushed, 6.53. (ad and tonō)

1
attorqueō, 2, a.

to swing or hurl, 9.52. (ad and torqueō)

1
attrahō, trāxī, trāctus, 3, a.

to draw or bring to, 11.250; fetch, bring up. (ad and trahō)

1
attrectō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to handle or touch, with the notion of violating, 2.719. (ad and tractō)

1
Atys, yos, m.

a young comrade of Ascanius, 5.568.

2
auctor, ōris, m.

one who increases, promotes, or produces; an originator, author, contriver, 2.150; founder, father, 4.365; adviser, counselor, guide, 5.17; favorer, patron, abettor, 12.159; messenger, 10.510; sender, 9.421. (augeō)

17
audāx, ācis

adj. (audeō), daring, bold, warlike, 4.615; rash, 12.786, freq.

13
audēns, entis

venturing, daring, 2.347; bold, brave, 10.284; (compar.), audentior, bolder, more boldly, 6.95.

2
audeō, ausus sum, semi-dep., 2, a. and n.

to dare; with inf., freq.; dare, venture upon, attempt, with acc., 10.811, et al.; to venture, 2.347; p., ausus, a, um, having dared, daring, 5.792.

38
audiō, īvī, ītus, 4, a.

to hear, with acc., or acc. and infin., freq.; to listen to, hear of, 2.11; to heed, 4.612; p., audītus, a, um, heard of, known by report, 7.96; p., subst., audītum, ī, n., a thing heard; report, 3.107.

55
auferō, abstulī, ablātus, auferre, irreg. a.

to carry, bear, or take away, 4.29, et al.; remove, cut off, 4.699; lay aside, leave off, 8.439; with se, withdraw, 4.389. (ab and ferō)

20
Aufidus, ī, m.

the Aufidus, a river in Apulia, 11.405.

1
augeō, auxī, auctus, 2, a.

to cause to grow or increase; increase, 5.565; load, pile, 7.111; augment, 7.211; multiply, 9.407.

4
augur, uris, m., and rarely f.

a soothsayer, foretelling from any kind of sign; augur, diviner, prophet, 4.376.

4
augurium, iī, n.

the business of the augur; augury, divination, 1.392; an augury, omen, portent, 2.703; oracle, 3.89; presage, 5.523. (augur)

11
augurō, āvī, ātus, 1, n.

to divine, conjecture, 7.273. (augur)

1
augustus, a, um

(adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

2
augustus, a, um

(adj.), venerable, 7.153; the surname given to Octavius Caesar by the senate, B.C. 27, and, after him, to the emperors generally, 6.792.

2
aula, ae, archaic genit. āī, f.

a forecourt, atrium; court, peristyle (as surrounded with columns), hall, 3.354; palace, royal seat, 1.140.

3
aulaeum, ī, n.

a curtain, covering, hangings, embroidered stuff, tapestry, 1.697.

1
Aulestēs, is, m.

an Etruscan chief, 10.207.

2
Aulis, idis, f.

the port on the eastern shore of Greece, whence the Greek fleet sailed to the siege of Troy, 4.426.

1
Aunus, ī, m.

an Italian chief, 11.700.

2
aura, ae (archaic genit. āī), f.

the air in gentle motion; a breeze, 3.356, et al.; air, 4.278, et al.; a blast; ether, spirit, 6.747; splendor, brightness, 6.204; favor, applause, 6.816; pl., air, 1.59, 387; ad auras, to or into the air, on high, upward.

85
aurātus, a, um

adj. (aurum), gilded, golden, of gold, 12.163; embroidered with gold, 5.250.

10
aureus, a, um

adj. (aurum), of gold, golden, armed with gold, 11.490; gilded, 6.13; (fig.), beautiful, fair, 10.16; perfectly pure and happy, golden, 6.792.

36
auricomus, a, um

adj. (aurum and coma), golden-haired; (fig.), golden-leaved, or with golden sprays, 6.141.

1
aurīga, ae, m.

a charioteer, 5.146; a groom, 12.85.

8
auris, is, f.

the ear, 2.119, et al. (rel. to audiō)

25
aurōra, ae, f.

the dawn, morning, 3.521; personified, Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, who precedes the horses of the sun-god, 4.585; the east, 8.686; the sun, 6.535.

19
aurum, ī, n.

gold, 1.349, et al.; (meton.), a golden goblet, 7.245; golden bit, 7.279.

77
Auruncus, a, um

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3
Auruncus, a, um

adj. (Aurunca), Auruncan, of Aurunca, an ancient town of Campania, 12.94.

3

VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY