Frieze Vocabulary List

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Headword Definitions Occurrences in the Aeneid Sort descending
āvius, a, um

pathless, 2.736; devious, unapproachable, 12.480; that cannot be tracked, inaccessible, eluding pursuit, 11.810; subst., āvium, iī, n., a devious, inaccessible place, or way, 9.58.

1
montōsus, a, um

adj. (mōns), abounding in hills or mountains; hilly, mountainous, 7.744.

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benīgnus, a, um

(adj.), of a kindly spirit; benevolent, friendly, favorable, hospitable, 1.304.

1
nīdor, ōris, m.

vapor, steam; a smell, 12.301.

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captō, āvī, ātus, 1, freq. a.

to lay hold upon vigorously, of the air, 3.514. (capiō)

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omnigenus, a, um

adj. (gen. pl., omnigenum), of all sorts, of every kind, 8.698.

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clāva, ae, f.

a club, 10.318.

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opulentia, ae, f.

wealth, riches, 7.262. (opulēns, wealthy)

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Panopēs, is, m.

Panopes, a Sicilian youth, companion of Achates, 5.300.

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cōnectō, nexuī, nexus, 3, a.

to fasten together, connect; twist together, 8.437.

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parvulus, a, um

adj. (parvus), very little; small, little, 4.328.

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contegō, tēxī, tēctus, 3, a.

to cover, 12.885.

1
paulisper

(adv.), for a short time, a little while, 5.846. (paulum and –per)

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Cūmae, ārum, f.

Cumae, an ancient Greek town of Campania, west of Naples, 6.2.

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Phoebē, ēs, f.

the sister of Apollo; Diana, Luna.

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Dardanis, idis, f.

a daughter or descendant of Dardanus, 2.787.

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Plēmyrium, iī, n.

Plemyrium, a promontory in Sicily, near Syracuse, 3.693.

1
dēcursus, ūs, m.

a running down, descent, 12.523. (dēcurrō)

1
dēlībō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to sip; kiss, 12.434.

1
praefor, fātus sum, 1, dep. n. and a.

to address first, 11.301.

1
Promolus, ī, m.

a Trojan, 9.574.

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prōterreō, terruī, territus, 2, a.

to frighten forth or away; put to flight, 12.291.

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quaerō, quaesīvī or quaesiī, quaesītus, 3, a.

to seek, search, look for, 1.380; inquire, ask, demand, 1.370; ask as a gift, 4.647; desire, 7.449; miss, 10.395.

1
Helōrus, ī, m.

a river on the S. E. coast of Sicily, 3.698.

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Epulō, ōnis, m.

a Rutulian warrior, 12.459.

1
recurvus, a, um

(adj.), curving back or round; bending, crooked, rounding, 7.513.

1
respergō, spersī, spersus, 3, n. and a.

to sprinkle over; besprinkle, stain, 7.547. (re- and spargō)

1
fabrīlis, e

adj. (faber, smith), pertaining to a smith; forging, 8.415.

1
reus, ī, m.

a defendant; the accused; hence, (fig.), reus vōtī, liable in respect to a vow; bound by one's vow, 5.237. (rēs)

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Rōmulidae, ārum, m.

descendants or people of Romulus; Romans, 8.638. (Rōmulus)

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fertilis, e

adj. (ferō), productive, fertile, fruitful, 9.136.

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Sallentīnus, a, um

(adj.), pertaining to the Sallentini, a people in Iapygia, southeast of Tarentum; Salentine, 3.400.

1
furor, ōris, m.

rage, madness, fury, 1.150, et al.; frenzy, 4.91; love, desire; personif. as a deity, a Fury, 1.294. (furō)

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(conj.), if, freq.; causal, if, indeed, since, 2.102; equivalent to cum, 5.64, et al.; whether, w. subj., 4.110; w. indic., 1.578; for Ō sī, would that, w. subj., 6.187.

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Silvānus, ī, m.

Silvanus, the god who presides over woods. (silva)

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spectō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to look at, view, gaze at, 5.655; (fig.), examine, prove, try, test, approve, 8.151; estimate, 9.235; n., look on, 10.760. (speciō, look)

1
Herminius, iī, m.

a Tuscan, 11.642.

1
hīscō, 3, inc. n. and a.

to gape, open the mouth; speak in broken utterances, falter, 3.314. (hiō)

1
Iāniculum, i, n.

the Ianiculum; a mount or high hill on the right bank of the Tiber opposite the Palatine, 8.358. (Iānus)

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suburgeō, 2, a.

to push up to, 5.202.

1
Ilva, ae, f.

an island near the coast of Etruria, now Elba, 10.173.

1
imprōvidus, a, um

(adj.), not looking before; improvident; unsuspecting, blinded; unprepared, 2.200.

1
Tartarus, ī, m., pl., Tartara, ōrum, n.

the lower world, Hades; especially that portion which was set apart for the wicked; Tartarus, 5.734, et al.

1
inolēscō, olēvī, olitus, 3, n.

to grow into, upon, or in, w. dat.; fasten upon, be incorporated, be fixed by growth, without a case foll., 6.738.

1
torpeō, uī, 2, n.

to be numb, torpid; unmoved, 9.499.

1
accītus, ūs, m.

a summons, call, 1.677; used only in the abl. sing. (acciō)

1
adquīrō, quīsīvī, quīsītus, 3, a.

to seek in addition; gain, 4.175. (ad and quaerō)

1
Labīcī, ōrum, m.

the Labici, or people of Labicum or Labici, a Latin town near the present Colonna, 7.796.

1
vēlivolus, a, um

adj. (vēlum and volō), sail-flying, sail-covered, 1.224.

1
laetus, a, um

(adj.), joyful, joyous, glad, 4.418, et freq.; delighting in (w. abl.), 1.275, 696; 2.417; springing, 10.643; sparkling, radiant, 1.591; happy, auspicious, 1.605; abounding, rich, full (w. abl. or gen.), 1.441; well fed, fat, 3.220; blissful, blessed, 6.744.

1
aggerō, gessī, gestus, 3, a.

to bear to; heap upon, add to, 3.63. (ad and gerō)

1
Alcander, drī, m.

a Trojan, 9.767.

1
lūbricus, a, um

(adj.), smooth, slippery, 2.474; (fig.), subtle, cunning, slippery, 11.716; subst., lūbrica, ōrum, n., a slippery place, 5.335.

1
anteeō, īvī or iī, īre, irreg. n. and a.

to go before; surpass, 12.84.

1
mālifer, era, erum

fruit-producing, fruitful, 7.740.

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Arcitenēns, entis

adj. (arcus and tenēns), bow-bearing; subst. m., the archer; Apollo, 3.75.

1
Mārsī, ōrum, m.

a tribe of the Apennines, among the most warlike of the Italians, 10.544, et al.

1
ministra, ae, f.

a female attendant; maid servant; counselor, attendant, 11.658. (minister)

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auricomus, a, um

adj. (aurum and coma), golden-haired; (fig.), golden-leaved, or with golden sprays, 6.141.

1
Brūtus, ī, m.

a surname of the Junian gens, derived from Lucius Junius Brutus, the patrician leader who delivered Rome from the Tarquins, 6.818.

1
neō, nēvī, nētus, 2, a.

to spin; interweave, 10.818.

1
nimis

(adv.), too much, overmuch; too well, 9.472.

1
numerō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to number, count, reckon. (numerus)

1
cēreus, a, um

adj. (cēra), waxen, 12.589.

1
Oechalia, ae, f.

a city of Euboea, 8.291.

1
onustus, a, um

adj. (onus), loaded, laden, 1.289.

1
compositō

(adv.), by compact, 2.129. (compono)

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cōnserō, sēvī, situs or satus, 3, a.

to sow or plant.

1
Patavium, iī, n.

Patavium, now Padua, an ancient town in northern Italy, 1.247.

1
peplum, ī, n.

a mantle, robe, or shawl worn over the other garments; the mantle used for draping the statues of Athena, 1.480.

1
Periphās, antis, m.

Periphas, a Greek warrior, companion of Pyrrhus, 2.476.

1
pistrīx, īcis, f.

a sea monster, 3.427. (cf. pristis)

1
dēbellātor, ōris, m.

a conqueror, 7.651. (dēbellō)

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Podalīrius, iī, m.

a Trojan follower of Aeneas, 12.304.

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dēmetō, messuī, messus, 3, a.

to reap; clip, break off, pluck, 11.68.

1
praepes, etis

(adj.), hastening before, swift, fleet, 3.361; winged, 5.254.

1
prāvus, a, um

(adj.), crooked; subst., prāvum, ī, n., perverseness, wrong, evil, falsehood, 4.188.

1
prō (prōh)

(interj. denoting wonder, surprise, lamentation, distress, agony). O! ah! alas! 4.590.

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discrīminō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to separate; to make distinct, with light; discover, illuminate, 11.144. (discrīmen)

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dīvitiae, ārum, f.

riches, wealth, 6.610. (dīves)

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dōtō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to endow, portion, 7.318. (dōs)

1
Echīonius, a, um

of Echion, one of the Theban ancestors, produced from the dragon’s teeth; Echionian, Theban, 12.515. (Echīon)

1
recipiō, cēpī, ceptus, 3, a.

to take back; receive, take, 2.524; take, draw back or out, 9.348; take in, let in, admit, 9.780; recover, save, 1.178; rescue, 6.111; take from, inflict on, 4.656; win back, recover, secure, 6.818; recipere gressum, to return, 11.29; sē recipere, to resort, withdraw, betake one's self. (re- and capiō)

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exprōmō, prōmpsī, prōmptus, 3, a.

to bring or draw out; to utter, 2.280.

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fēmineus, a, um

adj. (fēmina), pertaining to women; female, 9.142; a woman’s, of a woman, 2.584; of women, 4.667; fit for a woman, 12.53.

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Sacēs, is, m.

a Latin, 12.651.

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fissilis, e

adj. (findō), easily split; fissile, 6.181.

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frondeus, a, um

formed of leaves; covered with leaves; leafy. (frōns)

1
fūnālis, e

adj. (fūnis), made of or pertaining to a rope, cord, or wick; subst., fūnāle, is, n., a wax taper, candle, torch, 1.727.

1
gaesum, ī, n.

a Gallic javelin, long and heavy; a gaesum, 8.662.

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geniālis, e

adj. (genius), pertaining to, or sacred to the birth-spirit, or guardian genius; genial, joyous, happy, festive, 6.603.

1
gracilis, e

(adj.), thin, slender.

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gustō, āvī, ātus, 1, a.

to taste, 1.473. (gustus, taste)

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stāgnō, āvī, ātus, 1, n. and a.

to be stagnant, to form a standing pool; to overflow, so as to form standing pools or lakes; overflow, 3.698. (stāgnum)

1
sūcus, ī, m.

juice.

1
superiaciō, iēcī, iectus, 3, a.

to throw above or over; overcast, overtop, 11.625.

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imperitō, āvī, ātus, 1, intens. a. and n.

to command, govern, rule, 12.719. (imperō)

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Talos, ī, m.

a Rutulian, 12.513.

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Tēleboae, ārum (um), m.

a people of Acarnania, a part of whom migrated to the island of Capreae in the Bay of Naples, 7.735.

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indiscrētus, a, um

(adj.), unseparated; undistinguished, 10.392.

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VERGIL AENEID VOCABULARY